Phyla lanceolata

Family:VERBENACEAE
Species:Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
Common Name:Marsh Frogfruit; Northern Frogfruit; Lance Leaf Frogfruit
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PHLA3
Plant Notes:Marsh Frogfruit is a native herbaceous perennial in the Verbena family (Verbenaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama, but is most common in areas with basic, heavy clay soils such as the Black Belt and Tennessee Valley. Marsh Frogfruit grows along streams and rivers, around ponds and lakes, and in wet roadside ditches. It is a perennial from rhizomes with creeping stems that root at the nodes. Flowering stems are upright. The stems are angled, green in color, and pubescent (when young) or glabrous. The leaves are opposite, lanceolate to elliptic in outline with an acute apex. They are short petiolate, with toothed margins from below the middle. The leaves are pubescent or glabrous. Flowers are produced in dense spikes from the axils of the leaves. The flowering stalks are longer than the leaves. The flowers open in whorls from the base to the apex of the spike. The corolla is white, light purple, or light pink in color with a yellow throat. The corolla has 5 lobes. The fruit separates into two nutlets. Marsh Frogfruit is available from nurseries that specialize in aquatic plants. The flowers are visited by many species of butterflies and bees, and Ducks and Geese consume the foliage and seed. Marsh Frogfruit prefers a consistently moist soil and full sun. Marsh Frogfruit is a rapid grower and can form dense stands that exclude other vegetation.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVERBENACEAE - Verbena family
Genus Phyla
Species Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene - Marsh Frogfruit; Northern Frogfruit; Lance Leaf Frogfruit

Citation

Citation PHYLA LANCEOLATA (Michaux) Greene, Pittonia 4: 47. 1899.
Basionym: Lippia lanceolata Michaux 1803.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: Ashley River, s.d., Michaux s.n. (holotype: P?).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lippia nodiflora var. acutifolia Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. acutifolia Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 508. 1891. OHIO: Hamilton Co.: Cincinnati, 27 Aug 1874, Kuntze 2736 (holotype: NY).
Lippia nodiflora var. lanceolata Lippia nodiflora (Linnaeus) Michaux, var. lanceolata (Michaux) A. W. Wood, Class-Book Bot., ed. 2. 413. 1847.Lippia lanceolata Michaux 1803. 
Lippia lanceolata Lippia lanceolata Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 15. 1803. SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: Ashley River, s.d., Michaux s.n. (holotype: P?).
Lippia lanceolata var. recognita Lippia lanceolata Michaux, var. recognita Fernald & Griscom, Rhodora 37: 178, t. 350(2). 1935. IOWA: Fremont Co.: Without locality, 30 Jul 1898, Fitzpatrick s.n. (holotype: GH).
Phyla lanceolata var. recognita Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene, var. recognita (Fernald & Griscom) Soper, Trans. Roy. Canad. Inst. 34: 35. 1962.Lippia lanceolata Michaux, var. recognita Fernald & Griscom 1935. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Choctaw, Clarke, Colbert, Dallas, Elmore, Etowah, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Shelby, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00039662 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
UWAL0004370 Marengo 21 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
0936
UWAL
Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene
UNA00039666 Greene 5 Aug 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2324
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx. var. recognita Fern. & Grisc.
JSU136794 Jefferson 20 Jul 1984 J. P. Barber
898
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
TROY000044566 Wilcox 16 Aug 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
13055
TROY
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
JSU136796 Limestone 28 Jun 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18178
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
AUA_ACC020809 Marengo 28 AUG 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
692-69
AUA
PHYLA LANCEOLATA (MICHX.) GREENE
UNA00039688 Colbert 31 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
689
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
SAMF0003114 Hale 02 Jun 2015 Davenport, L. J.
5778
SAMF
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
TROY000024316 Jefferson 11 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13534
TROY
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UWAL0019955 Morgan 15 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5606
UWAL
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
JSU136802 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18473
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
JSU136804 Talladega 13 Jul 1992 J. M. Ballard
343
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
TROY000024412 Butler 29 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19651
TROY
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
AUA_ACC071579 Clarke 7 SEP 2003 KEENER, BRIAN R.
2967
AUA
PHYLA LANCEOLATA (MICHX.) GREENE
UNA00024158 Greene 31 May 1963 Rebecca Deramus
394
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
SAMF0005052 Jefferson 25 Aug 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4811
SAMF
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UWAL0004373 Sumter 17 Jun 2000 Holland, Richard
AP00-17
UWAL
Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene
UNA00039661 Lawrence 1 Aug 1978 L. J. Davenport
712
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
JSU136783 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1472
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UWAL0004371 Montgomery 16 Jul 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20788
UWAL
Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene
USAM000015154 Baldwin 05 Jun 1981 Michael G. Lelong
12052
USAM
Lippia lanceolata Michaux
TROY000028251 Montgomery 16 Jul 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20788
TROY
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
AUA_ACC061099 Choctaw 25 AUG 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1159B
AUA
PHYLA LANCEOLATA (MICHX.) GREENE
UNA00039689 Sumter 2 Jul 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2282
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx. var. recognita Fern. & Grisc.
JSU136795 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 J. P. Barber
832
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
JSU136799 Marshall 02 Aug 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4325
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
JSU136798 Madison 10 Jun 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1832
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
JSU136793 Jefferson 23 Jul 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13475
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
AUA_ACC039533 Dallas 15 JUL 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
954
AUA
PHYLA LANCEOLATA (MICHX.) GREENE
UNA00039687 Dallas 24 Sep 1977 L. J. Davenport
166
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
AUA_ACC060764 Perry 30 JUN 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
149
AUA
PHYLA LANCEOLATA (MICHX.) GREENE
TROY000024315 Sumter 07 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19730
TROY
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UWAL0004372 Sumter 07 Aug 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19730
UWAL
Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene
JSU136784 Calhoun 05 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11828
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UNA00039686 Wilcox 5 Aug 1978 John H. Wiersema
409
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
UNA00039665 Tuscaloosa s.d. Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
AUA_ACC055997 Clarke 1 JUN 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
47079
AUA
PHYLA LANCEOLATA (MICHX.) GREENE
SAMF0005050 Shelby 22 Sep 2006 Davenport, L. J.
3579
SAMF
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UWAL0004368 Butler 29 Jul 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19651
UWAL
Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene
UNA00039676 Lauderdale 1 Aug 1978 L. J. Davenport
697
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
JSU136790 Jackson 06 Aug 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1055
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
JSU136801 Marshall 21 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2377
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
USAM000015153 Baldwin 05 Jun 1981 Michael G. Lelong
12052
USAM
Lippia lanceolata Michaux
UNA00039667 Hale 14 Jun 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
28
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
AUA_ACC061100 Choctaw 22 JUN 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1061
AUA
PHYLA LANCEOLATA (MICHX.) GREENE
UNA00039684 Greene 6 Aug 1966 H. Naugle
G 155
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
JSU136791 Jackson 29 Jun 1996 J. M. Ballard
6019
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
JSU136785 Calhoun 30 Jul 1986 C. L. Lawler
865
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UNA00039668 Wilcox 4 Aug 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6855
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
UWAL0014536 Marengo 27 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
2937
UWAL
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UNA00039677 Monroe 20 Aug 1978 L. J. Davenport
772
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
JSU136788 Etowah 14 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3027
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UNA00064857 Clarke 7 Sep 2003 Brian R. Keener
2967
UNA
Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene
UWAL0001841 Montgomery 18 Jun 2010 Davenport, L.J.
4332
UWAL
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
JSU136792 Jackson 05 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5731
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UNA00039691 Morgan 4 Jun 1979 John H. Wiersema
793
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
UWAL0012344 Bullock 29 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0975
UWAL
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UNA00039683 Mobile 6 Jun 1981 Charles N. Horn
405
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
AUA_ACC020619 Marengo 18 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
328-69
AUA
PHYLA LANCEOLATA (MICHX.) GREENE
AUA_ACC033027 Dallas 3 AUG 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
250
AUA
PHYLA LANCEOLATA (MICHX.) GREENE
TROY000042782 Lowndes 27 Aug 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26763
TROY
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UNA00069262 Marengo 21 Aug 2008 Kevin England
936
UNA
Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene
TROY000038658 29 Jun 2012 Bailee Dykes
975
TROY
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
JSU136803 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9200
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UNA00039681 Dallas 15 Jul 1982 S. C. Gunn
954
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
UWAL0002349 Wilcox 16 Aug 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13055
UWAL
Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene
UNA00039678 Talladega 21 Jun 1980 John H. Wiersema
1940
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
USAM000015155 Wilcox 04 Aug 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6855
USAM
Lippia lanceolata Michaux
UNA00039673 Bibb 16 Sep 1985 Charles N. Horn
940
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
UWAL0030241 Lowndes 27 Aug 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26763
UWAL
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
AUA_ACC013497 Jackson 31 JUL 1966 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
PHYLA LANCEOLATA (MICHX.) GREENE
USAM000015157 Baldwin 29 May 1981 Michael G. Lelong
12026
USAM
Lippia lanceolata Michaux
SAMF0006665 Hale 17 Jun 2016 Davenport, L.J.
6375
SAMF
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
TROY000024413 Marengo 21 Aug 2008 J. Kevin England
936
TROY
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
JSU136800 Marshall 12 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2319
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
SAMF0005053 Elmore 10 Jul 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4712
SAMF
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UNA00059244 Jefferson 11 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13534
UNA
Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene
JSU136786 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18871
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
JSU136797 Limestone 29 Jun 1996 J. M. Ballard
5961
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
TROY000024317 Sumter 01 Jul 2002 Brian R. Keener
2224
TROY
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
SAMF0005051 Montgomery 18 Jun 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4332
SAMF
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UNA00039685 Choctaw 26 Jul 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6763
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
UWAL0015716 Lawrence 20 Jun 2007 England, J. Kevin
0616
UWAL
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UNA00039675 Jackson 2 Aug 1978 L. J. Davenport
730
UNA
Lippia lanceolata Michx.
JSU136787 Etowah 04 Sep 1995 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4333
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
UNA00058118 Sumter 1 Jul 2002 Brian R. Keener
2224
UNA
Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene
UWAL0004369 Clarke 07 Sep 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2967
UWAL
Phyla lanceolata (Michx.) Greene
USAM000015156 Baldwin 05 Jun 1981 Michael G. Lelong
12052
USAM
Lippia lanceolata Michaux
JSU136789 Jackson 05 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5731
JSU
Phyla lanceolata (Michaux) Greene
AUA_ACC013712 Macon 16 JUL 1966 DALY, JR., ROBERT
AUA
PHYLA LANCEOLATA (MICHX.) GREENE
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