Dirca palustris

Family:THYMELAEACEAE
Species:Dirca palustris Linnaeus
Common Name:Eastern Leatherwood; Wicopee; Rope Bark
Habitat:Calcareous woodlands and woodland stream edges.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Eastern Leatherwood is a native deciduous shrub in the Mezereum family (Thymelaeaceae). It can be found in scattered locations throughout most of Alabama. Eastern Leatherwood occurs in hardwood forests along streams, on calcareous slopes, in ravines, and on steep river banks. It is a shrub or small tree reaching 9 feet in height but more commonly 3-6 feet. The bark is smooth and tan to gray in color. The bark is tough and flexible and was once used for ropes and baskets. Leaves are petiolate, alternate, obovate to ovate in outline, entire, and glabrous. The leaves turn yellow before dropping in the autumn. Flowers are produced in pendent racemes before or with the emergence of the leaves. The flowers are subtended by large leaf-like pubescent bracts. The flowers are tubular, yellow green in color, unlobed with undulate margins or with 4-5 shallow lobes. The stamens and stigma are exserted beyond the corolla. The fruit is an ovoid drupe, green in color changing to red as it dries. Eastern Leatherwood can cause contact dermatitis in some people. The fruit are mildly poisonous to mammals but are eaten by birds. Eastern Leatherwood is available from some native plant nurseries. It prefers a partially shaded location with rich, moist soil. Full sun can damage the foliage.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyTHYMELAEACEAE - Mezereum family
Genus Dirca
Species Dirca palustris Linnaeus - Eastern Leatherwood; Wicopee; Rope Bark

Citation

Citation DIRCA PALUSTRIS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 358. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data (lectotype: LINN 501.1). Lectotypified by Nevling, J. Arnold Arbor. 45: 158-159. 1964.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Colbert, Dallas, DeKalb, Henry, Jackson, Limestone, Marengo, Marshall, Monroe, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2010 - 2010

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU135721 Walker 18 Apr 1979 R. D. Whetstone
10557
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
TROY000024374 Wilcox 13 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4053
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
TROY000009401 Monroe 27 Mar 2002 Robert Kral
92275
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0004281 Colbert 27 Mar 2008 Davenport, L.J.
3776
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0039679 Monroe 16 May 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28328
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0010933 Clarke 10 Mar 2007 Kral, R.
97823
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
JSU135709 Jackson 2 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1670
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC039489 Wilcox 9 SEP 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1261
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
AUA_ACC072194 Dallas 15 JUN 2012 KEENER, BRIAN R.
7325
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
UWAL0010670 Washington 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7179
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
JSU135716 Talladega 20 Sep 1984 J. P. Barber
1023
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0004285 Monroe 04 Oct 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18464
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
JSU135718 Tuscaloosa 19 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6777
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00019157 Clarke _-_-1853 Dr. T. Denny
s.n.
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0012051 Dallas 15 Jun 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7325
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00019158 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 1985 Robert Burckhalter
301
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
JSU135722 Winston 6 May 1978 R. Kral
61651
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0004287 Wilcox 13 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4053
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000038548 Washington 04 May 2012 Brian R. Keener
7179
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
TROY000009404 Wilcox 18 Mar 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12298
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC072197 Clarke 2 MAR 2012 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6878
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
UWAL0009823 Tuscaloosa 02 Apr 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7085
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
UNA00047154 Henry 8 Jun 1997 John R. MacDonald
10654
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000034383 Monroe 18 Oct 2009 Brian R. Keener
5643
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0019462 Wilcox 13 Mar 2011 England, J. Kevin
2670
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135715 Marshall 21 Jun 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15287
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC051564 Henry 22 JUL 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7044
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
UWAL0033707 Clay 22 Jun 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9705
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC069404 Wilcox 5 MAR 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3626
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
UWAL0004284 Monroe 18 Oct 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5643
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
SAMF0003424 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4071
SAMF
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0001048 Wilcox 20 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6021
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
JSU135717 Talladega 20 Sep 1984 C. F. Nixon
820
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135714 Marshall 16 Apr 1994 D. D. Spaulding
5444
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC057559 Marshall 15 APR 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
49624
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
UWAL0017765 Washington 28 Mar 1986 Kral, R.
73180
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
JSU135720 Tuscaloosa 2 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8073
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00019154 Tuscaloosa 7 Mar 1967 Joab L. Thomas
903
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000046328 Monroe 16 May 2018 Alvin R. Diamond
28328
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135705 Choctaw 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19028
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC042067 Monroe 5 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2261
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
TROY000028761 Marengo 27 Feb 2009 J. Kevin England
1635
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0004282 Colbert 18 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2541
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000038514 Dallas 15 Jun 2012 Brian R. Keener
7325
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
USAM000014952 Monroe 16 May 1973 Michael G. Lelong
7076
USAM
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC070479 Wilcox 20 MAY 2010 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6021
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
UWAL0009797 Clarke 02 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6878
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
UNA00019155 Marengo 2 Feb 1974 M. L. Cameron
211
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000032332 Wilcox 20 May 2010 Brian R. Keener
6021
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0039611 Wilcox 27 Feb 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28074
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000009399 Marengo 15 Mar 2003 Robert Kral
93634
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135711 Limestone 21 Apr 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00423
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
USAM000014950 Monroe 10 Apr 1970 B. Eugene Wofford
10409
USAM
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
TROY000046245 Wilcox 27 Feb 2018 Alvin R. Diamond
28080
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135708 DeKalb 11 Apr 1998 K. R. Brodeur
828
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC058539 Wilcox 16 APR 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
498
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
UWAL0038326 Monroe 27 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8389
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00064847 Colbert 18 Apr 2003 Brian R. Keener
2541
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
UNA00008874 Wilcox 22 Mar 1982 S. C. Gunn
350
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
AUA_ACC025585 Clarke 27 MAR 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
34034
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
TROY000028590 Choctaw 18 Mar 2009 Brian R. Keener
5071
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
TROY000009400 Monroe 04 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18464
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135707 Clay 2 May 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10635
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC049827 Monroe 19 MAR 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5731
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
UWAL0038588 Choctaw 17 Mar 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10495
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
SAMF0003425 Colbert 27 Mar 2008 Davenport, L. J.
3776
SAMF
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0004280 Choctaw 18 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5071
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
SAMF0003423 Clarke 06 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6313
SAMF
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0016929 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 2008 England, J. Kevin
0604
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135712 Marshall 13 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1618
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC070882 Clarke 6 MAR 2011 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6313
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
UWAL0003094 Clarke 06 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6313
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
AUA_ACC062669 Colbert 28 MAR 2003 VALENTE, M. J.
12
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
TROY000033671 Clarke 06 Mar 2011 Brian R. Keener
6313
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
TROY000009398 Clarke 10 Mar 2002 Robert Kral
92145
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
TROY000028646 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4071
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0004283 Marengo 27 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1635
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
JSU135719 Tuscaloosa 2 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1139
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC067246 Monroe 22 JUN 2002 SORRIE, BRUCE A.
10921
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
TROY000046112 Wilcox 27 Feb 2018 Alvin R. Diamond
28074
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00019156 Monroe 25 Jul 1885 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0005849 Wilcox 11 Apr 1983 Kral, R.
69892
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
UNA00068762 Wilcox 13 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4053
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
JSU135713 Marshall 8 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1139
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC025587 Marengo 27 MAR 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
34029
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
UWAL0004286 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4071
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
AUA_ACC043401 Wilcox 1 MAR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2074
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
UWAL0039714 Wilcox 27 Feb 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28080
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
TROY000009402 Wilcox 27 Mar 2002 Robert Kral
92246
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0039232 Wilcox 13 Mar 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28795
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UWAL0019459 Wilcox 06 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
82017
UWAL
Dirca palustris L.
UWAL0036784 DeKalb 27 Mar 2017 Keener, Brian R.
9940
UWAL
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135710 Jackson 18 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1442
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
AUA_ACC039488 Wilcox 22 MAR 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
350
AUA
DIRCA PALUSTRIS L.
TROY000009403 Wilcox 24 Mar 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
12973
TROY
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
UNA00019153 Monroe 10 Mar 1968 Sidney McDaniel
10354
UNA
Dirca palustris L.
USAM000014951 Monroe 27 Apr 1975 Michael G. Lelong
8389
USAM
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
JSU135706 Clay 20 Mar 1993 J. M. Ballard
1400
JSU
Dirca palustris Linnaeus
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