Palhinhaea cernua

Family:LYCOPODIACEAE
Species:Palhinhaea cernua (Linnaeus) Vasconcellos & Franco
Common Name:Staghorn Clubmoss; Nodding Clubmoss
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Staghorn Clubmoss is a native perennial member of the Clubmoss family (Lycopodiaceae). It is found in the southern third of Alabama. It is often weedy, occurring on wet roadside banks, in seeps, bogs, and under bridges. Staghorn Clubmoss occurs in tropical and sub-tropical areas around the world. It is probably the most common member of the family. Staghorn Clubmoss resembles a small evergreen, with an upright stem producing alternate lateral branches. Other stems arch over the soil, rooting at their tips and forming more upright stems. The spores are produced in a cone-shaped structure called a strobilus that is located at the tip of the lateral branches. In Alabama Staghorn Clubmoss is listed as an S1/S2 species (S1 - Typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology making it especially vulnerable in the state, S2 - Typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state). Globally it is listed as a G5 species (demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery). Staghorn Clubmoss is sometimes collected and dried for floral arrangements. It is also sometimes sold as a terrarium plant.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI), S1S2 (State Rank), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLYCOPODIACEAE - Clubmoss family
Genus Palhinhaea
Species Palhinhaea cernua (Linnaeus) Vasconcellos & Franco - Staghorn Clubmoss; Nodding Clubmoss

Citation

Citation Palhinhaea cernua (Linnaeus) Vasconcellos & Franco, Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2 41: 25. 1967.
Basionym: Lycopodium cernuum Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 1257.13). Lectotypified by Proctor, in R. A. Howard, Fl. Less. Antill., Pterid. 33. 1977.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lepidotis cernua Lepidotis cernua (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, Prodr. Aethéogam. 108. 1805.Lycopodium cernuum Linnaeus 1753. 
Lycopodiella cernua LYCOPODIELLA CERNUA (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli, Webbia 23: 166. 1968.Lycopodium cernuum Linnaeus 1753. 
Lycopodium boryanum Lycopodium boryanum A. Richard, in Dumont d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe 2: 42. 1834. MASCARENE ISLANDS:
Lycopodium capillaceum Lycopodium capillaceum (Spring) Willdenow ex Hieronymus, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: 573. 1905.Lycopodium cernuum Linnaeus, var. capillaceum Spring 1842.  
Lycopodium cernuum var. capillaceum Lycopodium cernuum Linnaeus, var. capillaceum Spring, Nouv. Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 15: 80. 1842. VENEZUELA: Monagas: Guanaguana, s.d., Humboldt 473 (holotype: B-W).
Lycopodium cernuum var. lehmannii Lycopodium cernuum Linnaeus, var. lehmannii (Hieronymus) Nessel, Bärlappgewächse 356. 1939.Lycopodium lehmannii Hieronymus 1905. 
Lycopodium cernuum var. panamense Lycopodium cernuum Linnaeus, var. panamense Werckle ex Nessel, Revista Sudamer Bot. 6: 173, t. XIX(102). 1940. PANAMA: Panama: Environs of Balboa, s.d., Powell 1921 (holotype: BONN; isotypes: P).
Lycopodium cernuum var. trianae Lycopodium cernuum Linnaeus, var. trianae (Hieronymus) Nessel, Bärlappgewächse 358. 1939.Lycopodium trianae Hieronymus 1905. 
Lycopodium cernuum var. watsonianum Lycopodium cernuum Linnaeus, var. watsonianum Nessel, Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 173, t. XIX(101). 1940. PANAMA: Without data, Biolley s.n. (holotype: P).
Lycopodium cymosum Lycopodium cymosum L'Herminier ex Hieronymus, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: 574. 1905. COLOMBIA
Lycopodium heeschii Berolinensis Lycopodium heeschii Müller Berolinensis, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 19: 164. 1861. SIERRA LEONE
Lycopodium hupeanum Lycopersicon esculentum 01cRB Lycopodium hupeanum Müller Berolinensis, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 19: 165. 1861. BORNEO
Lycopodium lehmannii Lycopodium lehmannii Hieronymus, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: 574. 1905. COLOMBIA
Lycopodium marianum Lycopodium marianum Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 5(1): 31. 1810. PHILIPPINE ISLANDS:
Lycopodium moritzii Lycopodium moritzii Müller Berolinensis, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 19: 165. 1861. JAVA
Lycopodium sikkimense Lycopodium sikkimense Müller Berolinensis, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 19: 164. 1861. SIKKIM
Lycopodium trianae Lycopodium trianae Hieronymus, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: 574. 1905. COLOMBIA
Lycopodium cernuum Lycopodium cernuum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1103. 1753. Without data (lectotype: LINN 1257.13). Lectotypified by Proctor, in R. A. Howard, Fl. Less. Antill., Pterid. 33. 1977.
Palhinhaea capillacea Palhinhaea capillacea (Spring) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 20: 78. 1985.Lycopodium cernuum Linnaeus, var. capillaceum Spring 1842. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Butler, Clarke, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1878 - 2006

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00060569 Crenshaw 09 Dec 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13753
UNA
Lycopodiella cernua (L.) Pichi Sermolli
UNA00045739 Geneva 06 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11385
UNA
Lycopodium cernuum L.
AMAL00005405 Butler 20 Dec 2001 A.R. Diamond
12839
AMAL
Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Franco & Vasc.
TROY000000282 Pike 13 Aug 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12006
TROY
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli
AUA_ACC057587 Houston 19 SEP 1992 MACDONALD, JOHN R.
5575
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
UNA00066706 Barbour 06 Jul 1998 John R. MacDonald
11584
UNA
Lycopodium cernuum L.
AMAL00017460 Baldwin 10 Oct 2007 T. Wayne Barger
Perd-85
AMAL
Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Franco & Vasc.
AMAL00017398 Pike 18 Oct 2006 A.R. Diamond
17087
AMAL
Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Franco & Vasc.
TROY000000271 Covington 11 Nov 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17229
TROY
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli
UWAL0009503 Crenshaw 15 Sep 1976 Short, J.W.
0806
UWAL
Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Vasc. & Franco
AMAL00011844 Crenshaw 24 May 2006 A.R. Diamond
16432
AMAL
Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Franco & Vasc.
UNA00066191 Covington 11 Nov 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17229
UNA
Lycopodiella cernua (L.) Pichi Sermolli
UNA00051146 Mobile 07 Aug 1953 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Lycopodium cernuum L.
TROY000000273 Henry 14 Nov 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17253
TROY
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli
UWAL0038191 Mobile 07 Nov 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8888
UWAL
Palhinhaea cernua (Linnaeus) Vasconcellos & Franco
AUA_ACC044917 Conecuh 1 JAN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2996
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
AUA_ACC054481 Covington 23 DEC 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9474
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
UNA00064328 Covington 24 Nov 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14905
UNA
Lycopodiella cernua (L.) Pichi Sermolli
USAM000000153 Mobile 8 Mar 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8267
USAM
Palhinhaea cernua (Linnaeus) Vasconcellos & Franco
TROY000013284 Butler 23 Aug 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17961
TROY
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli
UWAL0044486 Baldwin 02 Mar 2000 Larsen, H.S.
282
UWAL
Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Vasc. & Franco
AMAL00007727 Pike 08 Nov 2002 Wes Edmonds
19
AMAL
Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Franco & Vasc.
TROY000000281 Dale 26 Oct 2000 Tiffany Pennington
1132
TROY
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli
UNA00066787 Pike 18 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17087
UNA
Lycopodiella cernua (L.) Pichi Sermolli
TROY000000278 Butler 20 Dec 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12839
TROY
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli
TROY000000280 Crenshaw 09 Dec 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13753
TROY
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli
AUA_ACC058910 Crenshaw 25 OCT 1998 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11500
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
AUA_ACC051036 Dale 20 OCT 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6543
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
AUA_ACC050138 Dale 9 FEB 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5657
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
AUA_ACC025628 Washington 5 SEP 1965 KRAL, ROBERT
25903
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
TROY000000283 Pike 08 Nov 2002 Wes Edmonds
19
TROY
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli
AMAL00017390 Henry 14 Nov 2006 A.R. Diamond
17253
AMAL
Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Franco & Vasc.
UNA00051143 Mobile 04 Jul 1887 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lycopodium cernuum L.
TROY000000279 Covington 24 Nov 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14905
TROY
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli
AUA_ACC057030 Crenshaw 12 OCT 1997 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11136
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
TROY000000275 Pike 25 Oct 2006 Dustin C. Merritt
53
TROY
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli
AUA_ACC071237 Covington 11 AUG 1993 OBERHOLSTER, SUZANNE
527
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
AMAL00016469 Covington 11 Nov 2006 A.R. Diamond
17229
AMAL
Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Franco & Vasc.
AUA_ACC051987 Escambia 7 NOV 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8950
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
UNA00051142 Baldwin 04 Jul 1878 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lycopodium cernuum L.
TROY000000272 Crenshaw 24 May 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16432
TROY
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli
AUA_ACC059762 Escambia 14 JUL 1995 SORRIE, BRUCE A.
8507
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
AUA_ACC067224 Monroe 19 APR 1988 SORRIE, BRUCE A.
9658
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
AUA_ACC065674 Crenshaw 24 MAY 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16432
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
AUA_ACC031999 Clarke 14 SEP 1976 PIERCE, ROBERT W.
AUA
PALHINHAEA CERNUA (L.) VASCONCELLOS & FRANCO
UNA00066606 Henry 14 Nov 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17253
UNA
Lycopodiella cernua (L.) Pichi Sermolli
USAM000000152 Mobile 7 Nov 1975 Michel G. Lelong
8888
USAM
Palhinhaea cernua (Linnaeus) Vasconcellos & Franco
AMAL00016356 Covington 24 Nov 2004 A.R. Diamond
14905
AMAL
Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Franco & Vasc.
TROY000000274 Pike 18 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17087
TROY
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli
UWAL0038182 Mobile 08 Mar 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8267
UWAL
Palhinhaea cernua (Linnaeus) Vasconcellos & Franco
TROY000000284 Pike 08 Nov 2002 Steven Colbert
s.n.
TROY
Lycopodiella cernua (Linnaeus) Pichi Sermolli
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