Penstemon australis

Family:PLANTAGINACEAE
Species:Penstemon australis Small
Common Name:Southern Beardtongue; Sandhill Beardtongue; Eustis Lake Beardtongue
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PEAU
Plant Notes:Southern Beardtongue is a native short-lived perennial in the Plantain family (Plantaginaceae). It can be found throughout most of Alabama. Southern Beardtongue occurs in sandhills, on old dunes, on roadside banks, and in other dry, sandy areas. It is a perennial with a tap root. Plants consist of 1 or more upright flowering stems from a basal rosette of leaves. The basal rosette leaves are oblanceolate to obovate in outline, glabrous to pubescent, with entire or sparsely dentate (toothed) margins. Cauline (stem) leaves are opposite, narrowly lanceolate in outline, with entire or sparsely toothed margins. Stems are typically densely glandular pubescent, especially within the inflorescence. Flowers are produced in a terminal thyrse. The corolla is tubular, inflated, and two lipped. The upper lip is 2-lobed and the lower lip is three-lobed. The corolla is pink to rose-purple in color on the outside and white with dark purple lines on the inside. The prominent staminode (non-functional stamen) is densely pubescent with golden yellow hairs. The staminode protrudes from the opening of the corolla like a tongue from an open mouth, giving these plants their common name of “beard tongue”. The fruit is a capsule. Southern Beardtongue is occasionally available as plants or seed from native plant nurseries. Plants flourish in dry, nutrient poor, sandy soils in full sun. As the plants are generally short-lived, a few seed should be planted each year to assure a constant supply of flowering plants.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPLANTAGINACEAE - Plantain family
Genus Penstemon
Species Penstemon australis Small - Southern Beardtongue; Sandhill Beardtongue; Eustis Lake Beardtongue

Citation

Citation PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1060, 1337. 1903.
Basionym: **
Type: FLORIDA: Lake Co.: Vicinity of Eustis, 28 May-15 Jun 1895, Nash 1822 (holotype: NY; isotype: PH).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Penstemon australis subsp. laxiflorus Penstemon australis Small, subsp. laxiflorus (Pennell) R. W. Bennett, Phytologia 9: 58. 1963.Penstemon laxiflorus Pennell 1935. 
Penstemon australis var. ameles CITATION? FLORIDA?
Penstemon laxiflorus Penstemon laxiflorus Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 229. 1935. OKLAHOMA: Pittsburg Co.: McAlester, 27 May 1920, Pennell 10586 (holotype: PH; isotypes: GH, K, NY).
Penstemon wherryi Penstemon wherryi Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 228. 1935. ARKANSAS: Yell Co.: 2 mi. N of Havana, 29 Apr 1934, Wherry s.n. (holotype: PH).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Randolph, Russell, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
4261AUA_ACC Lee 29 APR 1955 WILLIAM, HARVEY
S.N.
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
52179AUA_ACC Coffee 26 APR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8200
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
22078AUA_ACC Lee 9 MAY 1970 REDMOND, BILL
74
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000023890 Cleburne 30 Apr 2004 Robert Kral
95043
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
TROY000009166 Pike 05 May 1989 Lola M. Blanton
s.n.
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
21873AUA_ACC Cleburne 16 MAY 1970 SHEHANE, RONNIE
107
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
JSU141478 Calhoun 04 May 1970 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
26936AUA_ACC Crenshaw 28 APR 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
34603
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
UWAL0004145 Covington 09 May 2005 Kral, R.
96311
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
TROY000009143 Bullock 27 Apr 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16320
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
JSU141475 Calhoun 02 May 1979 Tony Broome
s.n.
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
UWAL0004146 Sumter 13 Apr 1998 White, James E.
B-116
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
64589AUA_ACC Chilton 3 MAY 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15268
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000032735 Bullock 26 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21973
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
23983AUA_ACC Chilton 20 MAY 1971 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
718
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
USAM000014538 Baldwin 20 Apr 1974 Michael G. Lelong
7587
USAM
Penstemon australis Small
UWAL0038502 Baldwin 15 Jun 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7844
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
65860AUA_ACC Bullock 27 APR 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16320
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000009151 Pike 29 Apr 1993 Dennis Coleman
7
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
30276AUA_ACC Cleburne 14 MAY 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2688
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
USAM000014543 Mobile 30 Jun 1967 Michael G. Lelong
3329
USAM
Penstemon australis Small
4267AUA_ACC Lee 2 MAY 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
S.N.
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
4276AUA_ACC Lee 2 MAY 1949 TURNER, H. F.
S.N.
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
UNA00060109 Bibb 23 May 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10370
UNA
Penstemon australis Small
46551AUA_ACC Escambia 6 MAY 1978 LAMB, TRIP
115
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
JSU141473 Blount 29 May 1974 R. David Whetstone
2953
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
4262AUA_ACC Lee 8 APR 1955 ALFORD, H. G.
S.N.
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
52774AUA_ACC Geneva 5 MAY 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6894
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
UWAL0033744 Geneva 29 Apr 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9545
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
TROY000009149 Pike 19 Jul 2001 Steven J. Threlkeld
1464
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
14599AUA_ACC Macon 9 MAY 1969 GREGORY, J. M.
139
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
UWAL0016192 Elmore 20 Apr 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24987
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
UWAL0032996 Houston 24 Apr 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27346
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
65735AUA_ACC Russell 27 APR 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16298
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000009147 Escambia 07 May 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
181
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
4277AUA_ACC Lee 20 APR 1949 RICHARDS, HELEN
S.N.
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
USAM000014537 Baldwin 27 Apr 1975 Michael G. Lelong
8377
USAM
Penstemon australis Small
UNA00064504 Dale 11 May 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15333
UNA
Penstemon australis Small
17209AUA_ACC Lee 12 JUL 1969 THORNHILL, RANDY
110
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
JSU141477 Calhoun 04 May 1970 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
26472AUA_ACC Geneva 7 JUN 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
35101
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
UWAL0030394 Bibb 23 May 1993 Kral, R.
82496
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
JSU141485 Randolph 16 May 1973 R. David Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
AUA000031246 Covington 18 May 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4699
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
UWAL0019209 Chilton 18 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4226
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
52751AUA_ACC Covington 5 MAY 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6880
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
UWAL0013818 Bullock 19 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0558
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
12405AUA_ACC Cleburne 13 APR 1967 GRAY, BILL
S.N.
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000046352 Covington 19 Apr 2018 Alvin R. Diamond
28213
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
48978AUA_ACC Henry 22 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4832
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
UNA00014053 St. Clair 25 May 1892 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Penstemon australis Small
37127AUA_ACC Monroe 22 APR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
86
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000023891 St. Clair 16 May 1980 Robert Kral
65102
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
34045AUA_ACC Bibb 12 MAY 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1326
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
JSU141476 Calhoun 04 May 1970 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
12258AUA_ACC Crenshaw 30 APR 1965 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
2303
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000023889 Chilton 03 May 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15268
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
TROY000009152 Russell 27 Apr 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16298
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
JSU141484 Limestone 10 May 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00451
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
TROY000037624 Houston 30 Apr 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23972
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
UNA00048855 Houston 4 May 1993 John R. MacDonald
5973
UNA
Penstemon australis Small
TROY000029241 Butler 18 Apr 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20594
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
UNA00017640 Talladega 30 Apr 1972 R. Kral
46068
UNA
Penstemon australis Small
USAM000014539 Mobile 20 Apr 1967 Michael G. Lelong
3063
USAM
Penstemon australis Small
UWAL0038329 Baldwin 27 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8377
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
TROY000009150 Pike 22 Apr 1991 Brenda Dean
11
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
52763AUA_ACC Dale 29 APR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6850
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
UNA00042361 Autauga 15 Apr 1982 S. C. Gunn
458
UNA
Penstemon australis Small
28805AUA_ACC Clay 4 MAY 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2390
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000043754 Houston 24 Apr 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27346
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
65150AUA_ACC Dale 11 MAY 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15333
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000039102 Elmore 20 Apr 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24987
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
UNA00042364 Clay 30 Apr 1987 Robert R. Haynes
9071
UNA
Penstemon australis Small
67170AUA_ACC Wilcox 7 APR 2006 MCKINNEY, K. A.
019
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
JSU141474 Blount 29 May 1974 R. David Whetstone
2953
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
11435AUA_ACC Houston 8 APR 1967 BARRICK, WILLIAM E.
S.N.
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
49031AUA_ACC Pike 9 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4724
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
UWAL0030557 Covington 04 May 1987 Kral, R.
73925
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
TROY000009146 Dale 27 Apr 2000 Tiffany Pennington
597
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
39521AUA_ACC Autauga 15 APR 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
458
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
UWAL0016325 Crenshaw 20 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25118
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
UNA00014055 Mobile 14 Apr 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Penstemon australis Small
UWAL0014666 Houston 30 Apr 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23972
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
22332AUA_ACC Lee 7 MAY 1970 MURCHISON, GROVER R.
142
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000023713 Geneva 10 May 2005 Robert Kral
96367
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
34000AUA_ACC Bibb 10 MAY 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1261
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
JSU141483 Lee 05 May 1966 J. R. Wilson
s.n.
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
22333AUA_ACC Lee 17 MAY 1970 KNOTTS, CARL R.
236
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000023714 Henry 01 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19135
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
TROY000009144 Crenshaw 21 Apr 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13055
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
JSU141480 Cleburne 09 May 1996 S. E. Hruska
1231
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
22331AUA_ACC Macon 28 MAY 1970 BLANKENCHIP, B. P.
183
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
JSU146047 Cleburne 31 May 1993 F. Hutchinson
1564A
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
USAM000014544 Mobile 07 Apr 1968 Michael G. Lelong
3013
USAM
Penstemon australis Small
JSU141479 Cleburne 14 Apr 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9665
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
USAM000014542 Mobile 17 Apr 1968 Michael G. Lelong
4352
USAM
Penstemon australis Small
UWAL0038313 Mobile 24 May 1968 Scott, D.L.
0228
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
UNA00024302 Randolph 15 May 1984 C. F. Nixon
681
UNA
Penstemon australis Small
TROY000036516 Bullock 19 Apr 2012 Bailee Dykes
558
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
19311AUA_ACC Escambia 25 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
497-69
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
28898AUA_ACC Clay 6 MAY 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2497
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000044707 Chilton 18 Apr 2008 Brian R. Keener
4226
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
15287AUA_ACC Lee 11 MAY 1966 SEARCY, JAMES W.
S.N.
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
USAM000014540 Mobile 24 May 1968 D. L. Scott and B. E. Wofford
228
USAM
Penstemon australis Small
TROY000009145 Dale 11 May 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15333
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
35477AUA_ACC Macon 10 APR 1974 HUTTO, T. A.
177
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
45433AUA_ACC Tallapoosa 3 MAY 1979 MERRILL, L. E.
98
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
JSU141482 Houston 02 May 1972 R. Kral
46164
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
11474AUA_ACC Lee 29 APR 1959 BECKERT, HEINO
S.N.
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
49010AUA_ACC Bullock 9 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4740
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
JSU141486 Randolph 01 Jun 1985 C. F. Nixon
1291
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
63167AUA_ACC Bibb 23 MAY 2003 HAYNES, ROBERT R.
10370
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
UWAL0016328 Crenshaw 20 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25118
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
UNA00014073 Tuscaloosa 24 May 1973 Charles & Sharon Wooten
40
UNA
Penstemon australis Small
UWAL0004144 Butler 18 Apr 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20594
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
17885AUA_ACC Lee 27 APR 1970 MURCHISON, GROVER R.
82
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000023712 Covington 09 May 2005 Robert Kral
96311
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
UWAL0039712 Covington 19 Apr 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28213
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
14598AUA_ACC Lee 7 MAY 1969 SEAY, J. R.
112
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
TROY000009148 Geneva 18 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17583
TROY
Penstemon australis Small
4274AUA_ACC Lee JOHNSTONE, GEORGE R.
S.N.
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
63324AUA_ACC Lowndes 20 APR 2003 MOHNING, K. R.
39
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
JSU141481 Geneva 04 Jun 1972 R. Kral
47190
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
22079AUA_ACC Macon 15 MAY 1970 BLANKENCHIP, B. P.
110
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
JSU146022 Cleburne 21 May 1993 F. Hutchinson
1525
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
21872AUA_ACC Clay 9 MAY 1970 EVANS, R. W.
93
AUA
PENSTEMON AUSTRALIS SMALL
JSU141487 St. Clair 12 May 1983 C. M. De Fiori
079
JSU
Penstemon australis Small
USAM000014541 Mobile 17 Apr 1968 Michael G. Lelong
4352
USAM
Penstemon australis Small
UWAL0010883 Pike 24 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22975
UWAL
Penstemon australis Small
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