Gratiola virginiana

Family:PLANTAGINACEAE
Species:Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
Common Name:Round Fruit Hedge Hyssop; Virginia Hedge Hyssop
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Round Fruit Hedge Hyssop is a native annual or weak perennial in the Plantain family (Plantaginaceae). It occurs throughout Alabama. Round Fruit Hedge Hyssop grows in shallow water or mud of springs and seeps, along small streams, and in wet roadside ditches. The lower branches of the stems are reclining and root at the nodes, forming mats. Stems grow to a height of 3-10 inches. Stems are thick, succulent, green or purple in color, and glabrous. The leaves are opposite, sessile, entire or toothed, and elliptic to linear-oblong in outline. Flowers are produced from the axils of the leaves on stout, erect, glabrous pedicels that are less than 10 mm long. Flowers are tubular, white in color and lined with purple stripes. The fruit is a round capsule. Clammy Hedge Hyssop (Gratiola neglecta Torrey) is a similar species that occurs in the same type of habitats. It differs from Round Fruit Hedge Hyssop by having pedicels that are filiform, divergent, glandular pubescent, and 10 mm or more in length.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPLANTAGINACEAE - Plantain family
Genus Gratiola
Species Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus - Round Fruit Hedge Hyssop; Virginia Hedge Hyssop

Citation

Citation GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 17. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 379 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Pennell, Monogr. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1: 92. 1935.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Gratiola carolinensis Gratiola carolinensis Leconte, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 1: 105. 1824. NORTH CAROLINA: Surry Co.: Shallowford, s.d., Leconte s.n. (lectotype: PH). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 93. 1935.
Gratiola megalocarpa Gratiola megalocarpa Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 16. 1816. VIRGINIA: Suffolk Co.: Nansemond, 1806, Pursh s.n. (lectotype: PH). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 92. 1935.
Gratiola mesochora Gratiola mesochora Peattie, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 130. 1926. INDIANA: Lake Co.: Clarke, 10 Sep 1898, Umbach s.n. (holotype: F).
Gratiola odorata Gratiola odorata Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 43. 1840, nom. illegit.Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus 1753. 
Nibora aquatica Nibora aquatica Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 37. 1817. LOUISIANA
Gratiola sphaerocarpa Gratiola sphaerocarpa Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 14. 1816. SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: 4 mi. from Charleston on the Neck, s.d., Elliott s.n. (holotype: CHARL).
Gratiola virginiana var. aestuariorum Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus, var. aestuariorum Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 96. 1935. MARYLAND: Wicomico Co.: Salisbury, 4 Sep 1925, Pennell 12845 (holotype: PH; isotypes: GH, K, NY, US).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Lamar, Lee, Limestone, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU141356 Limestone 21 Apr 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00411
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
USAM000014439 Mobile 06 Apr 1974 Michael G. Lelong
7542
USAM
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
AUA000030728 Escambia 21 Mar 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4960
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
UNA00042019 Russell 10 Jul 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6634
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
UNA00059150 Tallapoosa 17 Mar 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11118
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L. var. virginiana
UWAL0014511 Marengo 11 Jun 2010 England, J. Kevin
2553
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
JSU141349 Cherokee 29 May 1993 J. M. Ballard
2731
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000031796 Butler 03 Apr 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21232
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
USAM000014432 Baldwin 27 Jun 1980 Michael G. Lelong
11227
USAM
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
JSU141362 Talladega 18 Mar 1995 D. D. Spaulding
8894
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0017636 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26116
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
45438AUA_ACC Tallapoosa 22 APR 1979 ATCHLEY, CECIL G.
68
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
UNA00064380 Dale 21 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15003
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
UWAL0009882 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7050
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana L.
JSU141353 Clay 01 May 1993 J. M. Ballard
1675
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00042023 Henry 13 Jun 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7237
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
UNA00042014 Tuscaloosa _ May _ Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
UWAL0038258 Baldwin 20 Apr 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7584
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
JSU141348 Bibb 01 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1654
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0001661 Sumter 21 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3431
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
USAM000014435 Baldwin 30 Jul 1976 Michael G. Lelong
9326
USAM
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00042026 Hale 5 Aug 1966 Norris H. Williams
392
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
UWAL0012139 Lamar 23 Mar 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7716
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
JSU141358 Madison 06 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1220
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000042168 Covington 01 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22011
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
JSU141352 Clay 15 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5298
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
29332AUA_ACC Clay 4 MAY 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2425
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
USAM000014437 Mobile 09 Apr 1968 Michael G. Lelong
4310
USAM
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000009064 Pike 04 Apr 1997 Jeanese Holmes
276
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0016269 Montgomery 13 Apr 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24966
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
USAM000014431 Baldwin 15 May 1976 Michael G. Lelong
9245
USAM
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
23821AUA_ACC Lee 6 MAY 1971 DONOVAN, LOIS A.
292
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
64901AUA_ACC Dale 21 MAR 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15003
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
UWAL0001657 Marion 13 Aug 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2425
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UWFP017111 Escambia 07 May 2000 James R. Burkhalter
17175
UWFP
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000031963 Sumter 21 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3431
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00042025 Greene 1 May 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7778
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
UWAL0009587 Marengo 23 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1688
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000009063 Dale 27 Mar 2000 Tiffany Pennington
499
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000032023 Montgomery 13 Apr 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21251
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
JSU141357 Limestone 01 Apr 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00387
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000042061 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26116
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00059460 Cleburne 1 Sep 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11534
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
USAM000014440 Baldwin 20 Apr 1974 Michael G. Lelong
7584
USAM
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000023803 Tallapoosa 17 Mar 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11118
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
JSU141359 Randolph 05 May 1986 C. F. Nixon
2142
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0012664 Monroe 05 Jul 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
RH-227
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000037622 Houston 30 Apr 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23976
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0030971 Henry 30 Mar 1986 Kral, R.
73235
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana L.
JSU141361 Talladega 09 May 1980 R. D. Whetstone
9988
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
61938AUA_ACC Choctaw 31 MAR 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1332
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
USAM000014434 Mobile 08 Nov 1980 Michael G. Lelong
11848B
USAM
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
JSU141355 Cleburne 12 Jul 1993 J. M. Ballard
2894
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
37053AUA_ACC Monroe 8 APR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
61
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
TROY000023802 Cleburne 01 Sep 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11534
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000009062 Dale 23 Feb 1999 Hannelore Rundell
696
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00042017 Jackson 7 Jul 1978 John H. Wiersema
377
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
UNA00042021 Hale 22 Apr 1975 Carol J. Brooks
s.n.
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
UWAL0002228 Butler 03 Apr 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21232
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana L.
USAM000014438 Mobile 20 Mar 1968 Michael G. Lelong
4237
USAM
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00054142 Blount 11 Apr 1998 Brian R. Keener
577
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
4234AUA_ACC Lee 14 MAY 1950 BURNS, JOE D.
S.N.
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
JSU141350 Cherokee 05 May 1994 J. M. Ballard
7305
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00022148 Coffee 28 Mar 1993 Robert R. Haynes
9425
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
57171AUA_ACC Crenshaw 28 APR 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10209
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
UNA00042020 Tuscaloosa 29 Mar 1979 John H. Wiersema
512
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
UWAL0032570 Franklin 28 May 2016 England, J. Kevin
6432
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000009060 Coffee 03 May 2000 Brian H. Martin
668
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UWAL0005436 Lee Jun 1950 Davis, D.E.
s.n.
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana L.
70328AUA_ACC Lee 13 MAY 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3925
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
USAM000014441 Mobile 08 Nov 1980 Michael G. Lelong
11848B
USAM
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
JSU141354 Cleburne 09 Apr 1995 S. E. Hruska
614
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
4228AUA_ACC Lee JUN 1950 DAVIS, DONALD E.
S.N.
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
JSU141351 Clay 14 Jun 1993 J. M. Ballard
2769
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
11179AUA_ACC Lee 24 APR 1963 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
S.N.
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
TROY000046121 Marengo 11 Jun 2010 J. Kevin England
2553
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
7023AUA_ACC Lee 25 APR 1960 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
S.N.
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
52289AUA_ACC Dale 5 APR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8056
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
51936AUA_ACC Clarke 20 MAR 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5749
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
UWAL0005667 Butler 05 Jun 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22188
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UWFP017112 Escambia 02 May 1987 James R. Burkhalter
10574
UWFP
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
USAM000014436 Mobile 23 Apr 1968 Michael G. Lelong
4391
USAM
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
USAM000014433 Mobile 08 Nov 1980 Michael G. Lelong
11848B
USAM
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000009061 Dale 21 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15003
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
61834AUA_ACC Choctaw 20 APR 1996 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1540
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
JSU141360 Talladega 10 Apr 1994 J. M. Ballard
3527
JSU
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
UNA00042016 Randolph 30 Apr 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8981
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
51863AUA_ACC Pike 28 MAR 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5776
AUA
GRATIOLA VIRGINIANA L.
UNA00042022 Dale 30 Mar 1980 John H. Wiersema
1456
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
UNA00069715 Lee 13 May 2009 C. J. Hansen
3925
UNA
Gratiola virginiana L.
UWAL0004977 Covington 01 May 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22011
UWAL
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
TROY000035980 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
7050
TROY
Gratiola virginiana Linnaeus
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