Aureolaria virginica

Family:OROBANCHACEAE
Species:Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
Common Name:Downy False Foxglove; Downy Oak Leach; Downy Yellow False Foxglove
Habitat:Deciduous forests and woodland edges.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Downy False Foxglove is a native perennial in the Broomrape family (Orobanchaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Downy False Foxglove is a hemi-parasite (half parasitic—it contains chlorophyll and can produce its own sugars) on the roots of members of the white oak group. It occurs in hardwood forests, particularly in areas where there is disturbance such as along streams, along roads, and on banks. Downy False Foxglove forms connections with the roots of its host by way of a haustorium, a specialized root. Unlike many parasitic plants, Downy False Foxglove seed will germinate after a cold treatment even without the presence of the host. Downy False Foxglove grows from 1-5 feet in height. The stem is square, pubescent, rigid, and brittle. Lower stem leaves are petiolate, opposite, pubescent, and lanceolate in outline. The margins may be entire or pinnately lobed. Upper stem leaves are smaller, and usually have entire margins. Flowers are produced in terminal racemes in the axils of large bracts. The corolla is bright lemon yellow. It is 5 lobed with the stigma and stamens located at the top of the flower. The flowers are pollinated by large bees, and rarely last beyond noon. Most flowers will show damage from the bees in the form of torn and discolored areas. The fruit is a pubescent capsule with many small seed. This is the earliest of our Foxglove species to flower.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyOROBANCHACEAE - Broomrape family
Genus Aureolaria
Species Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell - Downy False Foxglove; Downy Oak Leach; Downy Yellow False Foxglove

Citation

Citation AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (Linnaeus) Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 409. 1913.
Basionym: Rhinanthus virginicus Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 488 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Pennell, Torreya 19: 207. 1919.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Dasistoma brachycarpum Dasistoma brachycarpum Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 452. 1901. GEORGIA: DeKalb Co.: Stone Mountain, 6-12 Sep 1894, Small s.n. (holotype: NY).
Dasistoma dispersum Dasistoma dispersum Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 452. 1901. LOUISIANA: "Feliciana", s.d., Carpenter s.n. (holotype: NY).
Dasistoma pubescens Dasistoma pubescens Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 520. 1846.  
Dasistoma quercifolium var. intermedium Dasistoma quercifolium Bentham, var. intermedium Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 520. 1846.  
Gerardia brachycarpa Gerardia brachycarpa (Small) K. Schumann, Just's Bot. Jahresber. 29(1): 580. 1903.Dasistoma brachycarpum Small 1901. 
Gerardia dispersa Gerardia dispersa (Small) K. Schumann, Just's Bot. Jahresber. 29(1): 580. 1903.Dasistoma dispersum Small 1901. 
Gerardia quercifolia Gerardia quercifolia Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 423. 1814, nom. illegit.Rhinanthus virginicus Linnaeus 1753. 
Rhinanthus virginicus Rhinanthus virginicus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 603. 1753. VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 488 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Pennell, Torreya 19: 207. 1919.
Agalinis virginica Agalinis virginica (Linnaeus) S. F. Blake, Rhodora 20: 71. 1918.Rhinanthus virginicus Linnaeus 1753. 
Aureolaria dispersa Aureolaria dispersa (Small) Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 411. 1913.Dasistoma dispersum Small 1901. 
Aureolaria microcarpa Aureolaria microcarpa Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 71: 270. 1920. ALABAMA: Jackson Co.: Stevenson, 17 Oct 1913, Pennell 5720 (holotype: PH).
Dasistoma quercifolium Dasistoma quercifolium Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 520. 1846, nom. illegit.Gerardia quercifolia Prush 1814, nom. illegit.; Rhinanthus virginicus Linnaeus 1753. 
Dasistoma virginica    
Gerardia virginica    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, DeKalb, Etowah, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2007 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000009005 Bullock 12 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13575
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UNA00041528 Tuscaloosa 27 May 1976 Denise Harvey
46
UNA
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139330 DeKalb 30 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5586
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UNA00059269 Crenshaw 7 Jul 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13467
UNA
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139315 Clarke 23 Sep 1973 C. R. Bedwell
104
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
11301AUA_ACC Sumter 7 SEP 1963 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
1764
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
JSU139348 Talladega 02 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
395
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000033191 St. Clair 17 Sep 2007 Brian R. Keener
3854
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139331 Jackson 03 Jul 1998 K. R. Brodeur
987
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0005420 Tallapoosa 19 Aug 1971 Moore, Harold D.
1193
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
UNA00053909 Blount 26 Jul 1997 Brian R. Keener
269
UNA
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139343 Marshall 13 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6351
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0004083 Henry 07 Nov 2008 Diamond, A.R.
20419
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
TROY000042468 Houston 07 May 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26306
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
37197AUA_ACC Clarke 20 MAY 1981 HENDERSON, T.
99
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
UNA00041523 Washington 22 Jun 1895 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139312 Cherokee 22 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5000
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139308 Calhoun 28 Jun 1986 C. L. Lawler
679
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0032178 Houston 04 Jun 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26447
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0018094 Limestone 22 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
78994
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
UNA00056920 Barbour 12 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11710
UNA
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139336 Jefferson 17 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1480
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
SAMF0004724 St. Clair 20 Sep 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4886
SAMF
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139326 Etowah 09 Jun 1994 L. M. Hodge
2276
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139332 Jackson 05 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5823
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
SAMF0004726 St. Clair 17 Sep 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3854
SAMF
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000023652 Henry 07 Nov 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20419
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
70540AUA_ACC St. Clair 17 SEP 2007 KEENER, BRIAN R.
3854
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
TROY000009012 Dale 21 Jul 1998 Hannelore Rundell
594
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0004082 Crenshaw 20 Jul 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19578
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
UNA00041525 Calhoun 19 Jul 1892 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139322 Cullman 20 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4847
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139307 Calhoun 20 Sep 1986 C. L. Lawler
1229
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0004081 Colbert 08 Jun 1981 Kral, R.
67396
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
UWAL0001787 Crenshaw 11 Aug 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21528
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
UNA00022733 Jackson 26 Jul 1956 Joab L. Thomas
194
UNA
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139321 Cleburne 10 Jul 1992 J. M. Ballard
306
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0035050 Morgan 10 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
8010
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139327 Etowah 04 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3491
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
64698AUA_ACC Chilton 16 JUN 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15463
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
JSU139346 St. Clair 03 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12094
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
SAMF0004725 St. Clair 04 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3803
SAMF
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UNA00041520 Calhoun 25 Jul 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7499
UNA
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
22370AUA_ACC DeKalb 24 JUL 1970 HOPSON, GEORGE R.
.00102
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
USAM000014371 Mobile 12 Aug 1972 Michael G. Lelong
6735
USAM
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UNA00041522 Calhoun 28 Sep 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139314 Chilton 22 Jun 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11696
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139310 Calhoun 28 Jun 1986 C. L. Lawler
679
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
14065AUA_ACC Lee 28 JUL 1966 DALY, JR., ROBERT
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
33149AUA_ACC Bibb 10 AUG 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
332
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
TROY000036274 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Bailee Dykes
886
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139337 Jefferson 23 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1535
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
65935AUA_ACC Crenshaw 24 MAY 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16414
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
TROY000009011 Dale 20 Jun 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
181
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000042636 Houston 04 Jun 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26447
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139344 Morgan 07 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6074
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
40893AUA_ACC Cherokee 1 SEP 1983 WHETSTONE, R. DAVID
13582
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
JSU139320 Cleburne 09 Jun 1994 S. E. Hruska
234
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000009015 Pike 16 Aug 1996 Jeanese Holmes
238
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0014706 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0886
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
UNA00041524 29 Jul 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139319 Cleburne 23 Jul 1980 R. D. Whetstone
10166
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139311 Calhoun 30 Jul 1986 C. L. Lawler
905
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
14483AUA_ACC Lee 28 JUL 1966 DALY, JR., ROBERT
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
34927AUA_ACC Jefferson 23 JUN 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1639
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
JSU139324 DeKalb 20 Aug 1992 F. W. Clearman, Jr.
209
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139335 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
266
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
70527AUA_ACC St. Clair 4 AUG 2007 KEENER, BRIAN R.
3803
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
UNA00041527 Cleburne 18 Aug 1979 L. J. Davenport
1537
UNA
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
TROY000033188 St. Clair 04 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3803
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000009014 Pike 07 Jul 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11770
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139329 DeKalb 11 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3503
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
19063AUA_ACC Lowndes 20 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
797
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
JSU139318 Cleburne 20 Jul 1995 S. E. Hruska
823
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000009010 Dale 06 Jun 2000 Michael Woods
8141
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
SAMF0004723 Jefferson 16 Jun 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4311
SAMF
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000009009 Crenshaw 16 Jul 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11858
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139309 Calhoun 15 Jun 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11314
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
35065AUA_ACC Bibb 11 AUG 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1802
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
JSU139328 Randolph 28 Jul 1988 C. F. Nixon
4071
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0001029 St. Clair 17 Sep 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3854
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139338 Lee 13 Jul 1973 Tom W. French
202
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139317 Clay 05 Jul 1992 J. M. Ballard
290
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0035116 Lawrence 08 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
7949
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139339 Lee 13 Jul 1973 Kenneth G. Johnson
111
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
44527AUA_ACC Pike 23 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
JSU139313 Cherokee 01 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13582
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0001031 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3818
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
TROY000009007 Crenshaw 24 May 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16414
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
21358AUA_ACC Tallapoosa 19 AUG 1971 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1193
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
JSU139342 Marshall 29 Jun 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2178
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000009004 Barbour 15 Jul 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12555
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UNA00027151 Chilton _ Aug 1872 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
17204AUA_ACC Morgan 2 AUG 1969 ATKESON, THOMAS D.
210
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
JSU139345 Randolph 19 Aug 1986 C. F. Nixon
2795
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000029212 Montgomery 09 Aug 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20863
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000009006 Coffee 31 Jul 2000 Brian H. Martin
811
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
33192AUA_ACC Shelby 26 AUG 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
410
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
JSU139347 Talladega 02 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
395
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0001032 St. Clair 04 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3803
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139333 Jackson 12 Jul 1999 K. R. Brodeur
2082
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0004084 Jackson 04 Jul 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12684
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139316 Clay 19 Jul 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
772
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000031547 Tallapoosa 19 Aug 1971 Harold D. Moore
1193
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UWAL0037854 Winston 07 Jun 2017 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14816
UWAL
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139341 Marshall 21 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2391
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
UNA00041529 Bibb 23 Jul 1985 Charles N. Horn
693
UNA
Aureolaria virginica (L.) Pennell
JSU139334 Jackson 28 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5358
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000009013 Dale 06 Jun 2000 Tiffany Pennington
742
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139306 Calhoun 30 Jul 1986 C. L. Lawler
905
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
17205AUA_ACC Lee 20 JUL 1969 THORNHILL, RANDY
144
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
35046AUA_ACC Jefferson 28 JUL 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1763
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
JSU139325 DeKalb 20 Aug 1992 F. W. Clearman, Jr.
217
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
USAM000014370 Baldwin 19 Sep 1976 Michael G. Lelong
9487
USAM
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000023755 Clay 16 Aug 1981 Robert Kral
67659
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000033190 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Brian R. Keener
3818
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000009008 Crenshaw 07 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13467
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139323 DeKalb 12 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15667
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
JSU139340 Madison 09 Sep 1995 S. J. Threlkeld
007
JSU
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
TROY000023754 Chilton 16 Jun 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15463
TROY
Aureolaria virginica (Linnaeus) Pennell
20429AUA_ACC Henry 29 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
466
AUA
AUREOLARIA VIRGINICA (L.) PENNELL
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