Aureolaria pectinata

Family:OROBANCHACEAE
Species:Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
Common Name:Sticky False Foxglove; Southern Oak Leach; Comb Leaf Yellow False Foxglove
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Southern Oak Leach is a native herbaceous annual in the Broomrape family (Orobanchaceae). It can be found throughout most of Alabama. Southern Oak Leach is a hemi-parasitic plant on the roots of various species of the red or black oak group (Quercus Section Lobatae). It occurs most often under oaks in dry or rocky areas and on roadside banks. Southern Oak Leach is an annual with a tap root. The stem is much branched, green or reddish in color, and glandular pubescent. The stems are up to 3 feet in height. Leaves are opposite or sub-opposite, petiolate to sessile, elliptic to lanceolate in outline, with deeply serrate margins or pinnately dissected. The leaves are densely glandular pubescent. Buds are orange-red in color and densely glandular pubescent. Flowers are solitary and axillary. The calyx is 5 lobed, the lobes deeply serrate. The calyx is glandular pubescent. The corolla is campanulate, yellow in color, and 5 lobed. The exterior of the corolla is glandular pubescent. The fruit is a capsule with many small seed. Southern Oak Leach is a hemi-parasite (half parasite), meaning that it contains chlorophyll and is capable of photosynthesis, but has a weak root system and requires a host in order to develop. This makes transplanting plants impossible. Some success has been obtained by sowing seed under suitable oak trees where the leaf litter had been removed and the soil roughly raked to expose fine roots. Injured plant parts turn black.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyOROBANCHACEAE - Broomrape family
Genus Aureolaria
Species Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell - Sticky False Foxglove; Southern Oak Leach; Comb Leaf Yellow False Foxglove

Citation

Citation AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (Nuttall) Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 414. 1913
Basionym: Gerardia pedicularia Linnaeus, var. pectinata Nuttall 1818.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Nuttall s.n. (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 403. 1935.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Agalinis pedicularia var. pectinata Agalinis pedicularia (Linnaeus) S. F. Blake, var. pectinata (Nuttall) S. F. Blake, Rhodora 20: 70. 1918.Gerardia pedicularia Linnaeus. var. pectinata Nuttall 1818. 
Aureolaria pectinata subsp. floridana Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, subsp. floridana Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 414. 1913. FLORIDA: Franklin Co.: Fort Gadsden, 20 Sep 1912, Pennell 4683 (holotype: PH).
Aureolaria pectinata subsp. typica Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, subsp. typica Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 403. 1935, nom. inadmis.Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell 1913; Gerardia pedicularia Linnaeus, var. pectinata Nuttall 1818. 
Aureolaria pectinata var. eurycarpa Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, var. eurycarpa Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 80: 425. 1928. GEORGIA: DeKalb Co.: Lithonia, 15 Oct 1913, Pennell 5700 (holotype: PH).
Aureolaria pectinata var. ozarkensis Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, var. ozarkensis Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 80: 425. 1928. MISSOURI: Howell Co.: Mountain View, 31 Aug 1913, Pennell 5337 (holotype: PH).
Aureolaria pectinata var. transcendens Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, var. transcendens Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 80: 424. 1928. SOUTH CAROLINA: Aiken Co.: Aiken, 23 Jul 1900, Biltmore Herb. 4816 (holotype: US).
Gerardia pedicularia var. pectinata Gerardia pedicularia Linnaeus, var. pectinata Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 48. 1818.  
Aureolaria pectinata ssp. eurycarpa Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, subsp. eurycarpa (Pennell) Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 404. 1935.Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, var. eurycarpa Pennell 1928. 
Aureolaria pectinata ssp. transcedens Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, subsp. transcendens (Pennell) Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 404. 1935.Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell, var. transcendens Pennell 1928. 
Aureolaria pedicularia var. pectinata    
Dasistoma pectinata Dasistoma pectinatum(Nuttall) Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 521. 1846.Gerardia pedicularia Linnaeus, var. pectinata Nuttall 1818. 
Gerardia pectinata Gerardia pectinata (Nuttall) Torrey ex Bentham, in Hooker, Companion Bot. Mag. 1: 206. 1836.Gerardia pedicularia Linnaeus, var. pectinata Nuttall 1818. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Bibb, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Franklin, Hale, Jackson, Mobile, Perry, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Walker, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
SAMF0004721 Shelby 30 Sep 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4526
SAMF
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU138872 Clay 09 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12759
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA_ACC037792 Cherokee 1 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
505
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
AUA_ACC034176 Bibb 24 AUG 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1860
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
TROY000036663 Clarke 28 Aug 2009 Brian R. Keener
5606
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00066286 Conecuh 26 Aug 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16817
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
AUA_ACC052043 Pike 27 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6435
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
TROY000009000 Cleburne 15 Sep 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11623
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00041508 Cleburne 7 Sep 1874 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
UNA00041509 Clay 30 Jul 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138878 DeKalb 11 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3532
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00041514 Shelby 23 Nov 1962 Rebecca Deramus
242
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000032900 Butler 08 Sep 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22502
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
USAM000014369 Mobile 18 Aug 1974 Michael G. Lelong
8146
USAM
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU139301 Etowah 14 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3025
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0004078 Etowah 01 Sep 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4798
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000023750 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3094
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00041511 Autauga 28 Sep 1966 Sidney McDaniel
7769
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
UWAL0003113 Butler 28 Sep 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22566
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00041512 Mobile 2 Aug 1897 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138870 Calhoun 09 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12224
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00041505 Jackson 27 Aug 1970 R. Kral
40697
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000009001 Conecuh 26 Aug 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16817
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
TROY000023749 St. Clair 24 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3083
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
TROY000009003 Pike 07 Oct 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12760
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
TROY000041183 Elmore 19 Sep 2011 Robert Pullen
263
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00041504 Hale 6 Sep 1965 Sherrie E. Maginness
80
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000008999 Barbour 02 Oct 1999 John R. MacDonald
13514
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
USAM000014366 Mobile 28 Jun 1967 Michael G. Lelong
3323
USAM
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
TROY000028635 Autauga 06 Oct 2006 Brian R. Keener
3119
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA_ACC035917 Bibb 11 SEP 1979 BECKETT, SCOTT W.
266
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
UWAL0033610 Choctaw 09 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9829
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
SAMF0004720 St. Clair 29 Sep 2009 Davenport, L. J.
4084c
SAMF
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0004077 Autauga 06 Oct 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3119
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138877 Cleburne 02 Sep 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
861
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UNA00056020 Covington 30 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11544
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
USAM000014367 Mobile 25 Jun 1968 B. Eugene Wofford
250
USAM
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU139302 Randolph 28 Jul 1988 C. F. Nixon
4131
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU139305 Winston 07 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5130
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA000035284 Covington 15 Aug 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5191
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
JSU139303 Talladega 02 Sep 1994 J. M. Ballard
4872
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0033343 Walker 15 Oct 2016 England, J. Kevin
6909
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA_ACC044357 Escambia 31 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2769
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
JSU138876 Cleburne 28 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
535a
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0015234 Perry 29 Sep 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8192
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
UWAL0004080 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3094
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
UNA00066863 St. Clair 24 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3083
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU139730 Clay 18 Oct 1980 R. D. Whetstone
10413
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU138874 Cleburne 28 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
594
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU138873 Clay 09 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12759
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA_ACC062512 Talladega 19 SEP 2002 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
02-14
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
AUA_ACC057023 Crenshaw 8 SEP 1997 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11110
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
AUA_ACC052593 Perry 17 OCT 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8880
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
AUA_ACC050316 Dale 26 AUG 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8424
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
UNA00066870 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3094
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
AUA_ACC054484 Chilton 1 OCT 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8842
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
UNA00059897 Cleburne 15 Sep 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11623
UNA
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
JSU138879 DeKalb 11 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3532
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0004079 St. Clair 24 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3083
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
SAMF0004722 Shelby 24 Sep 1993 Davenport, L. J.
2763
SAMF
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0001878 St. Clair 29 Sep 2009 Davenport, L.J.
4084.3
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU138880 Etowah 24 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3884
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA_ACC058640 Clay 19 SEP 1980 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
005
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
TROY000009002 Dale 26 Oct 2000 Tiffany Pennington
1109
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU138871 Chambers 01 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4285
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0033420 Franklin 13 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6769
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU139304 Winston 07 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5130
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
AUA_ACC069516 Escambia 15 AUG 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3490
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
AUA_ACC044358 Conecuh 30 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2752
AUA
AUREOLARIA PECTINATA (NUTT.) PENNELL
TROY000044595 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Matthew R. Parker
277
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU138875 Cleburne 28 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
535a
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
UWAL0010363 Clarke 28 Aug 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5606
UWAL
Aureolaria pectinata (Nutt.) Pennell
TROY000048809 Autauga 29 Sep 2016 Matthew R. Parker
141
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
JSU138869 Calhoun 26 Sep 1986 C. L. Lawler
1284
JSU
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
TROY000033868 Butler 28 Sep 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22566
TROY
Aureolaria pectinata (Nuttall) Pennell
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