Agalinis setacea

Family:OROBANCHACEAE
Species:Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
Common Name:Threadleaf False Foxglove
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Threadleaf False Foxglove is a native hemi-parasitic annual in the Broomrape family (Orobanchaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Threadleaf False Foxglove occurs in open, dry woodlands, in sandhills, on roadsides, and in prairies. It has a weak root system with a short taproot and is parasitic on the roots of grasses. Stems are 1-2 feet tall, much branched, the branches erect. The stem is green or reddish-purple in color, and glabrous. Leaves are opposite, filiform in outline, and glabrous or minutely pubescent on the upper surface. The leaves are approximately 1 inch in length. Flowers are solitary, axillary or terminal. The pedicel is ½ to 1 inch in length. There are no veins on the cup-shaped calyx. The 5 corolla lobes are spreading, pubescent, and pink-lavender in color. The corolla is campanulate in shape with the lobes shorter than the tube. The throat of the corolla is densely pubescent at the base of the two upper corolla lobes. The throat of the corolla has two yellow lines and round rose-purple spots. The fruit is a capsule with many small seed.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyOROBANCHACEAE - Broomrape family
Genus Agalinis
Species Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque - Threadleaf False Foxglove

Citation

Citation AGALINIS SETACEA (J. F. Gmelin) Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 64. 1837 ("1836").
Basionym: Gerardia setacea J. F. Gmelin 1792.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Walter s.n. (neotype: BM). Neotypified by Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 71: 282. 1920; D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 410. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Agalinis holmiana Agalinis holmiana (Greene) Pennell, Bull. Torrrey Bot. Club 40: 429. 1913.Gerardia holmiana Greene 1899. 
Agalinis oligophylla Agalinis oligophylla Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 432. 1913.Gerardia microphylla Small 1903; Gerardia plukenetii Elliott, var. microphylla A. Gray 1878, nom. illegit.; Gerardia aphylla Nuttall, var. grandiflora Bentham 1836. 
Gerardia aphylla var. grandiflora Gerardia aphylla Nuttall, var. grandiflora Bentham, in Hooker, Companion Bot. Mag. 1: 174. 1836. LOUISIANA [mis-cited as Florida]: Washington Par.: Jacksonville [near present-day Sheridan], s.d., Drummond s.n. (holotype: K; isotype: GH).
Gerardia filifolia var. gatesii Gerardia filifolia Nuttall, var. gatesii Bentham, in de Candolle, Prodr. 10: 518. 1846. ALABAMA: Without data, Gates s.n. (holotype: K).
Gerardia gatesii Gerardia gatesii (Bentham) Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 635. 1935.Gerardia filifolia Nuttall, var. gatesii Bentham 1846. 
Gerardia holmiana Gerardia holmiana Greene, Pittonia 4: 56, pl. 10. 1899. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: Brookland, 16 Oct 1898, Greene & Holm s.n. (lectotype: NY). Lectotypified by Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 430. 1913.
Gerardia microphylla Gerardia microphylla Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1077, 1338. 1903.Gerardia plukenetii Elliott, var. microphylla A. Gray 1878, nom. illegit.; Gerardia aphylla Nuttall, var. grandiflora Bentham 1836.  
Gerardia plukenetii var. microphylla Gerardia plukenetii Elliott, var. microphylla A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 293. 1878, nom. illegit.Gerardia aphylla Nuttall, var. grandiflora Bentham 1836. 
Gerardia setacea Gerardia setacea J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 928. 1792. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Walter s.n. (holotype: BM).
Gerardia stenophylla Gerardia stenophylla (Pennell) Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 452. 1935.Agalinis stenophylla Pennell 1920. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Chilton, Clarke, Cleburne, Covington, Crenshaw, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Houston, Jackson, Mobile, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00041427 Tuscaloosa 7 Sep 1966 Joab L. Thomas
878
UNA
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmel.) Raf.
JSU138816 Tuscaloosa 16 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7221
JSU
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
JSU139299 Blount 05 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
1713
JSU
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
TROY000008975 Geneva 13 Oct 1978 Robert Kral
62980
TROY
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
56579AUA_ACC Chilton 1 OCT 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8844
AUA
AGALINIS SETACEA (J.F. GMEL.) RAF.
USAM000014415 Mobile 12 Oct 1976 Michael G. Lelong
9583
USAM
Gerardia setacea J. F. Gmelin
JSU138812 Etowah 24 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3881
JSU
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
TROY000027733 Tallapoosa 26 Sep 2006 Terry Wayne Barger
386
TROY
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
TROY000008974 Covington 13 Oct 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15934
TROY
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
UNA00041426 Bibb 11 Sep 1985 Charles N. Horn
863
UNA
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmel.) Raf.
UWAL0032076 Houston 15 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26900
UWAL
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
TROY000023732 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
2035
TROY
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
JSU138810 Clarke 10 Oct 1974 R. Kral
54681
JSU
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
TROY000045600 Autauga 29 Sep 2016 Matthew Parker
449
TROY
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
JSU138815 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
2035
JSU
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
UNA00054478 Blount 19 Sep 1998 Brian R. Keener
1669
UNA
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmel.) Raf.
JSU138811 Cleburne 01 Oct 1995 S. E. Hruska
1417
JSU
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
UWAL0011387 Pike 08 Oct 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23500
UWAL
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
TROY000036506 Bullock 12 Oct 2012 Bailee Dykes
1355
TROY
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmel.) Raf.
56644AUA_ACC Crenshaw 15 OCT 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10040
AUA
AGALINIS SETACEA (J.F. GMEL.) RAF.
UNA00041429 Russell 26 Sep 1976 Robert R. Haynes
6027
UNA
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmel.) Raf.
UNA00054544 Blount 5 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
1713
UNA
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmel.) Raf.
UWAL0013933 Bullock 12 Oct 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1355
UWAL
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmel.) Raf.
TROY000044383 Butler 04 Oct 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27697
TROY
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
UWAL0039273 Geneva 03 Oct 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28524
UWAL
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
TROY000023730 Chilton 15 Oct 1979 Robert Kral
63079
TROY
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
JSU138814 Jackson 21 Sep 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9994
JSU
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
JSU138813 Jackson 09 Oct 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1498
JSU
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
UNA00053676 Tuscaloosa 23 Sep 1987 Frederick C. Gabrielson
s.n.
UNA
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmel.) Raf.
UNA00059890 Cleburne 22 Sep 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11630
UNA
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmel.) Raf.
TROY000023683 Covington 25 Oct 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20350
TROY
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
UWAL0034894 Escambia 03 Oct 1994 Kral, R.
84248
UWAL
Agalinis setacea (J.F.Gmel.) Raf.
TROY000008985 Pike 06 Oct 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13709
TROY
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
65393AUA_ACC Covington 13 OCT 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15934
AUA
AGALINIS SETACEA (J.F. GMEL.) RAF.
TROY000043210 Houston 15 Oct 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26900
TROY
Agalinis setacea (J.F. Gmelin) Rafinesque
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