Agalinis fasciculata

Family:OROBANCHACEAE
Species:Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
Common Name:Beach False Foxglove; Fascicled Gerardia
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Fascicled Gerardia is a native herbaceous annual in the Broomrape family (Orobanchaceae). It can be found throughout most of Alabama, but is most abundant in the southern half of the state. Fascicled Gerardia grows in pine woods, in pastures, in clear cuts, in young pine plantations, along powerline right-of-ways, and on roadsides. It is an annual with a tap root. Fascicled Gerardia is hemiparasitic. Seedlings must establish a connection to the roots of grass plants for continued growth. Stems are erect, 2-4 feet in height, green in color, and much branched above the middle. The branches are upright, but become divergent with age. The stems are pubescent and rough to the touch. Leaves are linear, entire, often revolute, and occur in fascicles. The leaves are pubescent with short hairs. Flowers occur in terminal racemes. The calyx is glabrous and cup shaped with the lobes shorter than the tube. The corolla is pubescent and 5 lobed with the lobes shorter than the tube. The lobes are spreading. The corolla is pink to rose-purple in color. The throat of the corolla has purple spots and yellow or white lines. The base of the upper two corolla lobes is pubescent with long hairs. The fruit is a capsule. Fascicled Gerardia is one of our most common and abundant species of Agalinis. It can be very abundant in open, sunny areas.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyOROBANCHACEAE - Broomrape family
Genus Agalinis
Species Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque - Beach False Foxglove; Fascicled Gerardia

Citation

Citation AGALINIS FASCICULATA (Elliott) Rafinesque, New Fl. 2: 63. 1837 ("1836").
Basionym: Gerardia fasciculata Elliott 1822.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Beaufort Co.: Edings Island, s.d., Elliott s.n. (holotype: CHARL).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Agalinis delicatula Agalinis delicatula Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 425. 1913. FLORIDA: Holmes Co.: Ponce de Leon, 17 Sep 1912, Pennell 4661 (holotype: PH).
Agalinis domingensis Agalinis domingensis (Sprengel) D'Arcy, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 65: 770. 1978.Gerardia domingensis Sprengel 1825. 
Agalinis fasciculata var. insulomontana Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque, var. insulomontana Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 81: 179. 1929. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: Valle Nuevo near Constanza, Aug 1910, Tuerckheim 3544 (holotype: US; isotype: GH).
Agalinis fasciculata var. peninsularis Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque, var. peninsularis Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 81: 178. 1929. FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Between Homestead and Camp Jackson, 11 Apr 1904, Small & Wilson 1579 (holotype: NY).
Agalinis oligophylla var. pseudaphylla Agalinis oligophylla Pennell, var. pseudaphylla Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 81: 199. 1929. MISSISSIPPI: Harrison Co.: Biloxi, 5 Oct 1896, Kearney s.n. (holotype: NY).
Agalinis pinetorum Agalinis pinetorum Pennell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 424. 1913. FLORIDA: Wakulla Co.: St. Marks, 26 Sep 1916, Pennell 4708 (holotype: PH).
Agalinis pinetorum var. delicatula Agalinis pinetorum Pennell, var. delicatula (Pennell) Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 81: 174. 1929.Agalinis delicatula Pennell 1913. 
Agalinis pseudaphylla Agalinis pseudaphylla (Pennell) Shinners, Castanea 27: 88. 1962.Agalinis oligophylla Pennell, var. pseudaphylla Pennell 1929. 
Agalinis purpurea var. carteri Agalinis purpurea (Linnaeus) Pennell, var. carteri Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 81: 169. 1929. FLORIDA: Miami-Dade Co.: Between Long Prairie and Camp Longview, 31 Oct 1906, Small & Carter 2692 (holotype: NY).
Gerardia asprella Gerardia asprella Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 109. 1910. LOUISIANA: Saint Martin Par.: Near Saint Martinville, 27 Sep 1892, Langlois s.n. (holotype: ND).
Gerardia domingensis Gerardia domingensis Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 807. 1825. Hispaniola
Gerardia fasciculata subsp. typica Gerardia fasciculata Elliott, subsp. typica Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 441. 1835, nom. inadmiss.Gerardia fasciculata Elliott 1822. 
Gerardia fasciculata subsp. peninsularis Gerardia fasciculata Elliott, subsp. peninsularis (Pennell) Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 444. 1935.Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque, var. peninsularis Pennell 1929. 
Gerardia galvesiana Gerardia galvesiana Greene, Pittonia 5: 138. 1903. TEXAS: Galveston Co.: Galveston Island, 24 Sep 1901, Tracy s.n. (holotype: ND).
Gerardia langloisii Gerardia langloisii Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 108. 1910. LOUISIANA: Saint Landry Par.: Eunice, 12 Sep 1894, Langlois s.n. (holotype: ND).
Gerardia pseudaphylla Gerardia pseudaphylla (Pennell) Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 455. 1935.Agalinis oligophylla Pennell, var. pseudaphylla Pennell 1929. 
Gerardia pulchella Gerardia pulchella Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 440. 1935.Agalinis pinetorum Pennell 1913. 
Gerardia pulchella var. delicatula Gerardia pulchella Pennell, var. delicatula (Pennell) Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 441. 1935.Agalinis delicatula Pennell 1913. 
Gerardia purpurea var. carteri Gerardia purpurea Linnaeus, var. carteri (Pennell) Pennell, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia Monogr. 1: 439. 1935.Agalinis purpurea (Linnaeus) Pennell, var. carteri Pennell 1929. 
Gerardia purpurea var. fasciculata Gerardia purpurea Linnaeus, var. fasciculata (Elliott) Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 300. 1860.Gerardia fasciculata Elliott 1822. 
Gerardia fasciculata Gerardia fasciculata Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 115. 1822. SOUTH CAROLINA: Beaufort Co.: Edings Island, s.d., Elliott s.n. (holotype: CHARL).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Escambia, Fayette, Geneva, Greene, Houston, Lee, Lowndes, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, St. Clair, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000008943 Bullock 28 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14183
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
TROY000043232 Covington 18 Oct 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26936
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC044459 Barbour 11 OCT 1975 WALLACE, CHIP
053
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
AUA_ACC047443 Covington 3 OCT 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3688
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
AUA_ACC051791 Crenshaw 24 SEP 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6418
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
TROY000008946 Coffee 06 Oct 2003 Stephanie Thomas
11
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UWAL0008902 Tuscaloosa 19 Oct 2010 Davenport, L.J.
4597
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Raf.
JSU138773 Calhoun 29 Oct 1996 S. E. Hruska
1501
JSU
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UNA00041392 Wilcox 27 Sep 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6944
UNA
Agalinis fasciculata (Ell.) Raf.
AUA_ACC061225 Barbour 18 OCT 2001 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-14)
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
JSU138775 Clay 11 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5213
JSU
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC048264 Russell 2 OCT 1980 BOZEMAN, L. L.
065
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
AUA_ACC023014 Lee 24 SEP 1971 HUDSON, MARY
013
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
TROY000008944 Butler 29 Sep 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13672
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
TROY000032917 Montgomery 05 Oct 2010 Derek Morrison
4
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
SAMF0005137 Randolph 13 Oct 2009 Davenport, L. J.
4121
SAMF
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
USAM000014319 Mobile 06 Oct 1973 Michael G. Lelong
7332
USAM
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC044451 Autauga 27 SEP 1975 WILLIS, STEPHEN F.
040
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
AUA_ACC044031 Conecuh 23 SEP 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
TROY000008954 Dale 01 Sep 1999 Tiffany Pennington
84
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UWAL0037145 Baldwin 30 Sep 2017 Bryson, Charles T.
25421
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Ell.) Raf.
UWAL0036228 Perry 29 Sep 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8197
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UNA00041396 Wilcox 27 Sep 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6944
UNA
Agalinis fasciculata (Ell.) Raf.
SAMF0006708 Tuscaloosa 19 Oct 2010 Davenport, L.J.
4597
SAMF
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
JSU138776 Clay 11 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5213
JSU
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC049564 Barbour 15 OCT 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5597
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
AUA_ACC070256 Covington 28 OCT 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3546
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
UNA00041387 Geneva 18 Sep 1880 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Agalinis fasciculata (Ell.) Raf.
AUA_ACC070240 Covington 28 OCT 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3546
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
AUA_ACC047394 Bullock 25 SEP 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3644
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
USAM000014323 Baldwin 23 Sep 1978 Michael G. Lelong
10526
USAM
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
JSU138772 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1484
JSU
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC039544 Lowndes 3 OCT 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1386
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
TROY000008953 Dale 30 Sep 1997 Hannelore Rundell
389
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC026318 Geneva 6 OCT 1968 KRAL, ROBERT
33800
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
JSU138774 Chambers 06 Oct 1984 C. F. Nixon
857
JSU
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
TROY000008950 Covington 14 Oct 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12184
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UWAL0006333 Monroe 23 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
69637
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Ell.) Raf.
AUA_ACC051453 Coffee 6 OCT 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6458
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
USAM000014324 Greene 28 Oct 1978 Michael G. Lelong
10681
USAM
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC047442 Conecuh 3 OCT 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3711
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
AUA_ACC050524 Dale 15 SEP 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7733
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
TROY000043680 Conecuh 10 Oct 2015 J. Kevin England
5791
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
USAM000014320 Mobile 13 Oct 1978 Michael G. Lelong
10575
USAM
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC052889 Bullock 28 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6445
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
TROY000008957 Pike 21 Aug 2000 James A. Hall
135
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC058438 Lee 10 OCT 1999 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
99-28
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
TROY000008945 Butler 05 Oct 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14218
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UWAL0031157 Conecuh 10 Oct 2015 England, J. Kevin
5791
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
TROY000008955 Montgomery 15 Oct 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12205
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UWAL0042769 Baldwin 13 Oct 2003 Larsen, H.S.
1306
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Ell.) Raf.
AUA_ACC037678 Mobile 1 OCT 1981 HENDERSON, T.
684
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
TROY000008952 Dale 20 Oct 1998 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UWAL0014791 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1313
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UWAL0012472 Montgomery 18 Sep 2012 Spaulding, Dan
13492
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
TROY000008947 Coffee 24 Sep 1999 Brian H. Martin
260
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC061439 Barbour 6 OCT 2001 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-11)
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
UNA00034517 Mobile 9 Oct 1977 L. J. Davenport
233
UNA
Agalinis fasciculata (Ell.) Raf.
UWAL0042771 Baldwin 17 Oct 2007 Larsen, H.S.
1648
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Ell.) Raf.
AUA_ACC034689 Lee 15 OCT 1979 GARRETT, BILL
001A
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
TROY000036084 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1313
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
USAM000014322 Mobile 10 Oct 1969 Michael G. Lelong
5280
USAM
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC034421 Escambia 15 OCT 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
UWAL0033235 Houston 22 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26969
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
USAM000014321 Greene 29 Oct 1977 Michael G. Lelong
10046
USAM
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC029552 Cleburne 12 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1771
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
AUA_ACC034980 Butler 26 SEP 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
UWAL0037399 Bullock 23 Sep 2016 Soehren, Eric C.
0407
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Raf
TROY000008942 Coosa 26 Oct 2002 Robert Kral
93574
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
USAM000014326 Pickens 19 Sep 1969 Robert Kral
37050
USAM
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC066071 Bullock 28 SEP 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14183
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
TROY000008956 Pike 18 Oct 1996 Jeanese Holmes
247
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UNA00029108 Fayette 20 Sep 1997 Robert R. Haynes
9576
UNA
Agalinis fasciculata (Ell.) Raf.
UWAL0037982 Mobile 06 Oct 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7332
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
TROY000008951 Crenshaw 01 Nov 2003 Y. Y. Cho
3
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC034998 Butler 10 OCT 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
AUA_ACC044461 Autauga 27 SEP 1975 DUPREE, W. G.
043
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
TROY000008948 Conecuh 30 Sep 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12150
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UWAL0007856 Montgomery 05 Oct 2010 Morrison, Derek
0004
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Raf.
TROY000033516 Barbour 17 Sep 2011 Lauren Ryan
90
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC049608 Coffee 17 SEP 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5515
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
AUA_ACC047174 Pike 13 SEP 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3621
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
UNA00062188 Butler 5 Oct 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14218
UNA
Agalinis fasciculata (Ell.) Raf.
UWAL0032802 Wilcox 05 Oct 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9289
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC007113 Lee ANONYMOUS
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
TROY000023715 Randolph 01 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4337
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
SAMF0006709 St. Clair 23 Sep 2014 Davenport, L.J.
5684
SAMF
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
USAM000014318 Baldwin 07 Oct 1967 Michael G. Lelong
3840
USAM
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC048427 Elmore 14 OCT 1980 BOZEMAN, L. L.
104
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
UWAL0030653 Covington 18 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26936
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UNA00034516 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Agalinis fasciculata (Ell.) Raf.
UWAL0036514 Tuscaloosa 30 Sep 2017 England, J. Kevin
8509
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UWAL0012646 Monroe 25 Sep 2012 Spaulding, Dan
13637
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
USAM000014325 Greene 20 Oct 1979 Michael G. Lelong
11001
USAM
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC058422 Tallapoosa 4 OCT 1997 TYLER, PATRICIA J.
TYLER168
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
JSU138777 Colbert 26 Aug 1965 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
UWAL0042770 Baldwin 24 Sep 2000 Larsen, H.S.
501
UWAL
Agalinis fasciculata (Ell.) Raf.
AUA_ACC044452 Chambers 28 SEP 1975 WILKINS, DAVID H.
016
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
JSU138778 Randolph 01 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4337
JSU
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
TROY000008949 Conecuh 14 Oct 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12179
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliott) Rafinesque
TROY000045750 Autauga 29 Sep 2016 Matthew R. Parker
151
TROY
Agalinis fasciculata (Elliot) Rafinesque
AUA_ACC023015 Lee 3 OCT 1971 LANDERS, SUSAN
066
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
AUA_ACC061238 Barbour 6 OCT 2001 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-11)
AUA
AGALINIS FASCICULATA (ELL.) RAF.
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