Sarracenia leucophylla

Family:SARRACENIACEAE
Species:Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
Common Name:Whitetop Pitcher Plant; Crimson Pitcher Plant; Fiddler's Trumpet
Habitat:Pitcher Plant Bog
Associated Ecological Communities:Pitcher Plant Bog
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SALE4
Plant Notes:Whitetop Pitcher Plant is a native herbaceous perennial in the Pitcher-Plant family (Sarraceniaceae). It is native to the southern third of Alabama. Whitetop Pitcher Plant occurs in bogs, along streams, in seeps, in low pine woods, and on roadsides. It is a perennial with a thick rhizome. Two types of leaves are produced—trap leaves and phyllodia. The phyllodia are flattened leaf stalks that function as leaves. They are green in color, non-inflated, and lanceolate in outline. They are produced most abundantly in the fall or when the plant is in shade. The trap leaves are erect, hollow, tubular in shape with an arching hood over the opening. The trap leaves are green towards the base and white with red veins near the opening. They are pubescent with downward pointing hairs. The hollow interior of the leaf in partially filled with rain water and digestive enzymes. Insects attracted to the colorful leaves drown in the fluid and are digested by the plant. Flowers are solitary on a long scape. The flowers are nodding and red in color. Each flower has 5 persistent triangular sepals and 5 petals. The petals droop between the lobes of the enlarged style disc. The fruit is a capsule. Whitetop Pitcher Plant is listed as a S3 species in Alabama (typically 21 to 100 occurrences, limited acreage, or miles of stream in the state), and globally as a G3 species (imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors). Whitetop Pitcher Plant is available from nurseries specializing in carnivorous plants. It requires a wet acidic soil in full sun.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI), S3 (State Rank), G3 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilySARRACENIACEAE - Pitcher-Plant family
Genus Sarracenia
Species Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque - Whitetop Pitcher Plant; Crimson Pitcher Plant; Fiddler's Trumpet

Citation

Citation SARRACENIA LEUCOPHYLLA Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 14. 1817.
Basionym: **
Type: FLORIDA: Escambia Co.: Near Pensacola,

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Sarracenia drummondii var. alba Sarracenia drummondii Croom, var. alba Macfarlane, in L. H. Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 6: 3080. 1917. "S. Ga. and W. Fla.",
Sarracenia drummondii var. rubra Sarracenia drummondii Croom, var. rubra Macfarlane, in L. H. Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 6: 3080. 1917. FLORIDA
Sarracenia drummondii var. undulata Sarracenia drummondii Croom, var. undulata (Decaisne) L. H. Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 161. 1902.Sarracenia undulata Decaisne 1852. 
Sarracenia gronovii var. drummondii Sarracenia gronovii A. W. Wood, var. drummondii (Croom) A. W. Wood, Class-Book Bot., ed. 1861. 222. 1861, nom. illegit.Sarracenia drummondii Croom 1848. 
Sarracenia undulata Sarracenia undulata Decaisne, Rev. Hort., ser. 4. 1: 126. 1852.  
Sarracenia drummondii Sarracenia drummondii Croom, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 4: 100. 1848. FLORIDA: Franklin Co.: Near Apalachicola, 1835, Drummond 6 (holotype: ?; isotype: GH).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1949 - 2002

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0034268 Washington 10 Jun 1995 Kral, R.
84971
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
JSU133290 Baldwin 16 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12883
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UWAL0010953 Washington 03 May 2007 Kral, R.
97952
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
TROY000030610 Escambia 05 Jan 1993 Billy Scott
1
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
TROY000008899 Coffee 05 Nov 2000 Julie Crowell
7
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UWAL0044104 Baldwin 10 Apr 1995 Larsen, H.S.
18
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
JSU133295 Crenshaw 1 Jun 1954 James C. Wilkes
s.n.
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
TROY000044136 Geneva 08 Aug 2016 Cameron Byrd
35A
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
TROY000008898 Baldwin 14 Aug 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12316
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00054735 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10125
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054744 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10134
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054764 Baldwin 28 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10154
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054795 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10185
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055708 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10197
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00023518 Escambia 16 Aug 1994 Robert R. Haynes
9468
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UWAL0002369 Washington 09 Jun 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12930
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
TROY000008903 Dale 27 Mar 2000 Tiffany Pennington
487
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00011020 Washington 08 Sep 1949 Lloyd C. Crawford
s.n.
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UWAL0018680 Baldwin 27 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79195
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
USAM000016102 Baldwin 02 May 1976 Shawn Plash
3
USAM
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
JSU133300 Escambia 14 Apr 1973 William Ponder
111
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UWAL0004029 Escambia 19 May 2004 Kral, R.
95244
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00011064 Mobile 28 Aug 1951 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
JSU133287 Baldwin 26 Jul 1968 S. C. Johnson
X-49-223
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00054731 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10121
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054742 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10132
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054762 Baldwin 28 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10152
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054793 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10183
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055706 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10195
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055719 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10208
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
TROY000034810 Washington 09 Jun 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12930
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00011079 s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
TROY000008904 Monroe 27 May 2001 Robert Kral
91175
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00011025 Washington 30 Jul 1949 Lloyd C. Crawford
s.n.
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UWAL0018309 Covington 26 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79153
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
TROY000023673 Coffee 29 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19859
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
USAM000014250 Mobile 24 Apr 1970 Kelva Corbitt
s.n.
USAM
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00011094 Baldwin 12 Apr 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
JSU133289 Baldwin 17 May 1974 R. David Whetstone
2675
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00054724 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10115
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054740 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10130
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054761 Baldwin 28 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10151
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054792 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10182
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055705 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10194
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055717 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10206
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
USAM000016101 Baldwin 18 Apr 1976 Dan Marley
s.n.
USAM
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00011084 Mobile _ Jul 1878 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
JSU133299 Escambia 17 Jun 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4140
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00045727 Covington 10 May 1998 John R. MacDonald
11172
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00017088 Mobile 27 Apr 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1668
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
TROY000038437 Conecuh 18 Sep 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24556
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
JSU133286 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
JSU133423 Mobile 17 May 1974 R. David Whetstone
2655
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00054723 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10113
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054739 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10129
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054760 Baldwin 28 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10150
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054774 Baldwin 28 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10164
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055703 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10192
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055716 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10205
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
USAM000016100 Baldwin 18 Apr 1976 Dan Marley
s.n.
USAM
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
JSU133291 Baldwin 15 May 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
JSU133297 Crenshaw 9 May 1954 D. C. Wilkes
s.n.
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
SAMF0004010 Baldwin 20 Apr 1962 Ingram, Dianne
99
SAMF
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UWAL0034331 Geneva 15 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74270
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
JSU133292 Baldwin 16 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12884
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
JSU133294 Baldwin 14 Apr 1973 Benny Campbell
109
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
TROY000008902 Covington 07 Sep 2002 Kenneth Thomason
1
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UWAL0044103 Baldwin 17 May 1995 Larsen, H.S.
42
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
JSU133293 Baldwin 22 Aug 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
TROY000045182 Geneva 13 Apr 2017 Cameron Byrd
982
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054707 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10097
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054736 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10126
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054747 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10137
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054766 Baldwin 28 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10156
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054800 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10189
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055709 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10198
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00011099 Baldwin 24 May 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7801
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UWAL0016927 Baldwin 23 Apr 2006 England, J. Kevin
0508
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00058030 Baldwin 26 May 2002 Brian R. Keener
2064
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
TROY000008906 Pike 17 May 1991 Bernie Tucker
8
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00011015 Crenshaw 01 May 1954 James C. Wilkes
s.n.
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00060414 Baldwin 25 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8090
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
JSU133285 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
JSU133422 Mobile 17 May 1974 R. David Whetstone
2655
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00054721 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10111
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054738 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10128
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054749 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10139
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054773 Baldwin 28 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10163
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055702 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10191
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055714 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10203
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
TROY000023672 Escambia 09 May 2005 Robert Kral
96334
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
JSU133296 Crenshaw 9 May 1954 Dr. J. C. Wilkes
s.n.
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
SAMF0004015 Mobile 23 Sep 1989 Green, LeAnne
50
SAMF
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UWAL0030734 Washington 02 May 1987 Kral, R.
73864
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UWAL0004030 Washington 16 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3518
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
USAM000011194 Mobile 28 May 2004 Tad Zebryk
8543
USAM
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
TROY000008901 Covington 14 Apr 1997 Jeanese Holmes
L-4
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UWAL0037096 Washington 30 Sep 2017 Bryson, Charles T.
25461
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
JSU133424 Washington 1 Nov 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
354
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
USAM000014248 Baldwin 31 May 1963 Michael G. Lelong
2429
USAM
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
TROY000008900 Coffee 27 Aug 1999 Brian H. Martin
117
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00054732 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10122
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054743 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10133
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054763 Baldwin 28 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10153
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054794 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10184
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055707 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10196
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055721 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10210
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UWAL0034832 Baldwin 28 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79273
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
USAM000014247 Baldwin 20 Jul 1974 Michael G. Lelong
8008
USAM
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
TROY000008905 Monroe 27 May 2001 Robert Kral
91203
TROY
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
JSU133288 Baldwin 26 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15256
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
JSU133298 Crenshaw s.d. Botany Class
s.n.
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00059618 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8009
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
JSU133284 Baldwin 17 May 1974 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
SAMF0004011 Mobile 06 Apr 1991 Davenport, L. J.
2748
SAMF
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
JSU133421 Mobile 17 May 1974 R. David Whetstone
2655
JSU
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
UNA00054718 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10108
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054737 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10127
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054748 Mobile 27 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10138
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00054772 Baldwin 28 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10162
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055701 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10190
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00055712 Mobile 29 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10201
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UNA00053355 Escambia 05 May 2000 Robert R. Haynes
10040
UNA
Sarracenia leucophylla Raf.
UWAL0014722 Washington 25 May 2014 England, J. Kevin
4876
UWAL
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
USAM000014249 Mobile 08 Sep 1973 Michael G. Lelong
7278
USAM
Sarracenia leucophylla Rafinesque
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  • Pitcher Plant Bog – Moist sandy acidic areas mostly along the coastal plain that are dominated by the carnivorous genus Sarracenia (Pitcher Plants) as well as other herbaceous plants. The habitat requires occassional fire to maintain balance and suppress the succession of woody plants.

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