Bowlesia incana

Family:APIACEAE
Species:Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
Common Name:Hoary Bowlesia
Habitat:Weed of lawns, cemeteries, and other disturbed sites.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:BOIN3
Plant Notes:Hoary Bowlesia is an introduced herbaceous winter annual in the Carrot family (Apiaceae). It is native to the southwestern United States south into South America. In Alabama it can be found in the central and southern portions of the state. Hoary Bowlesia occurs as a weed in nursery stock, in lawns and flowerbeds, in cemeteries, and in moist to wet woodlands. This species was first collected in Alabama in the 1970’s in Mobile and seems to be spreading. It is an annual with a taproot. It is a low growing plant forming clumps of mats. The stems are decumbent, green in color, stellate pubescent, and up to 2 feet in length. Leaves are petiolate, opposite on the stem, palmately 5-7 lobed and stellate pubescent. The leaves resemble those of some Buttercup (Ranunculus) species. Flowers are produced in unbranched axillary umbels of 2-6 flowers. The peduncles are shorter than the petioles. Sepals and petals are minute and scale-like. The petals are green or reddish in color. The fruit is a stellate pubescent schizocarp splitting into two one-seeded segments. Hoary Bowlesia is resistant to many herbicides and is difficult to control once established.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FAC+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyAPIACEAE - Carrot/Parsley family
Genus Bowlesia
Species Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón - Hoary Bowlesia

Citation

Citation BOWLESIA INCANA Ruiz López & Pavón, Fl. Peruv. 3: 28, t. 268(a). 1802.
Basionym: **
Type: PERU: Without data, Dombey s.n. (neotype: F; isoneotypes: BM, F, G, W). Neotypified by Mathias & Constance, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 38: 33. 1965.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bowlesia asiatica Bowlesia asiatica Nasir, Madroño 12: 217. 1954. PAKISTAN: Ropi Park, Rawalpindi, May 1936, Ramchand s.n. (holotype: UC).
Bowlesia geraniifolia Bowlesia geraniifolia Chamisso & Schlechtendal, Linnaea 1: 382. 1826. CHILE: Concepción: Near Talcaguano, s.d., Eschscholz s.n. (holotype: ?).
Bowlesia nodiflora Bowlesia nodiflora C. Presl ex de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 75. 1830. CHILE/PERU
Bowlesia rotundifolia Bowlesia rotundifolia Philippi, Linnaea 28: 651. 1856. CHILE: Concepción: Near Tome, Nov 1855, Germain s.n. (holotype: SGO; isotypes: BM, F, MI, G, GH, K, P, W).
Bowlesia tenera Bowlesia tenera Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 880. 1825. URUGUAY: Montevideo, s.d., Sello s.n. (holotype: B?; isotypes: BM, F, G, GH, K, L, W).
Pterostegia drymarioides Pterostegia drymarioides Fischer & C. A. Meyer, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 2: 48. 1835.  
Bowlesia septentrionalis Bowlesia septentrionalis J. M. Coulter & Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 7: 31. 1900. ARIZONA: Pima Co.: Near Tucson, 16 May 1896, Zuck s.n. (holotype: US).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Chilton, Coffee, Conecuh, Dallas, Elmore, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Jefferson, Marengo, Mobile, Montgomery, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, TROY, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0033000 Coffee 03 Jan 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27127
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0035320 Mobile 22 Mar 2015 Horne, Howard E.
2798
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
USAM000001091 Mobile 15 Mar 1980 Michel G. Lelong
11038
USAM
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0003635 Geneva 06 Mar 2008 Diamond, A.R.
18726
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
AMAL00019929 Mobile 05 Apr 2013 Howard E. Horne
2064
AMAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
TROY000039482 Elmore 05 Mar 2012 Robert Pullen
343
TROY
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0038754 Tuscaloosa 08 Apr 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10528
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
USAM000001093 Mobile 16 Apr 1976 Michel G. Lelong
9133
USAM
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0002155 Conecuh 11 Mar 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21165
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
AMAL00019777 Mobile 24 Feb 2013 Howard E. Horne
1986
AMAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
AMAL00000117 Jefferson 02 Apr 2009 D. D. Spaulding
13151
AMAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
AMAL00002812 Montgomery 21 Feb 2013 Dan Spaulding
13690
AMAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
TROY000000923 Montgomery 02 May 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14369
TROY
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
TROY000043803 Coffee 03 Jan 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27127
TROY
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0019203 Chilton 20 Mar 1992 Kral, R.
80094
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz&Pav.
UWAL0009898 Mobile 01 Feb 2011 Olive, John
s.n.
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0016036 Autauga 09 Feb 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24779
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
AUA_ACC072494 Montgomery 21 FEB 2013 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
13690
AUA
BOWLESIA INCANA R. & P.
UWAL0036349 Baldwin 07 Aug 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4082
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0016596 Montgomery 21 Feb 2013 Spaulding, Dan
13690
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
TROY000039039 Autauga 09 Feb 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24779
TROY
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0037963 Mobile 10 Apr 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
7568
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0009775 Dallas 04 Feb 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6843
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
AUA_ACC072116 Jefferson 2 APR 2009 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
13151
AUA
BOWLESIA INCANA R. & P.
UWAL0016092 Henry 11 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24834
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
TROY000033217 Conecuh 11 Mar 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21165
TROY
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
UWAL0034938 Wilcox 04 Apr 2013 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
UWAL0009954 Jefferson 02 Apr 2009 Spaulding, D.D.
13151
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
USAM000001096 Mobile 06 Mar 1976 Michel G. Lelong
8982
USAM
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0038762 Marengo 08 Apr 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10541
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0038959 Jefferson 04 Apr 2009 Hansen C. J.
09-0012
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pav.
UWAL0002214 Montgomery 26 Feb 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21154
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
TROY000036000 Dallas 04 Feb 2012 Brian R. Keener
6843
TROY
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
TROY000033200 Montgomery 26 Feb 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21154
TROY
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
USAM000001094 Mobile 10 Apr 1974 Michel G. Lelong
7568
USAM
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000046175 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26140
TROY
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0042806 Baldwin 12 Apr 2006 Larsen, H.S.
1484
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
AUA_ACC070194 Mobile 1 FEB 2011 OLIVE, JOHN W.
AUA
BOWLESIA INCANA R. & P.
UWAL0016817 Mobile 24 Feb 2013 Horne, Howard E.
1985
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
UWAL0009254 Montgomery 28 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6416
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0036306 Mobile 07 Mar 2015 Horne, Howard E.
2786
UWAL
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000039062 Henry 11 Mar 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24834
TROY
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000034676 Jefferson 02 Apr 2009 Daniel D. Spaulding
13151
TROY
Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pavon
TROY000045621 Autauga 09 Mar 2017 Matthew Parker
395
TROY
Bowlesia incana Ruiz and Pavon
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