Houstonia procumbens

Family:RUBIACEAE
Species:Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
Common Name:Creeping Bluet; Roundleaf Bluet; Fairy Footprints
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:HOPR
Plant Notes:Innocence is a native perennial herbaceous plant in the Coffee family (Rubiaceae). It occurs in the southern third of Alabama. Innocence grows in sandy pine forests, on roadside banks, in lawns, and in cemeteries. It is a mat forming perennial with creeping stems that root at the nodes. The leaves are sessile or short petiolate, opposite on the stem, ovate to orbicular in outline, with ciliate margins. They are yellowish-green in color. Flowers are solitary on short pedicels from the leaf axils. Two types of flowers are produced, chasmogamous (fully opened flowers) and cleistogamous (non-opening buds that self-pollinate). In addition, the chasmogamous flowers are distylous (having flowers with styles of differing length). The chasmogamous flowers are salverform with a tubular lower portion and 4 lobes. The flowers are pure white in color and glabrous within. The fruit is a two-locular capsule. Innocence is not usually available from native plant nurseries. It can be propagated from seed or by dividing rooted portions of the mat. It prefers a moist, sandy soil and full sun. It makes an interesting low growing cover, rock garden plant, or terrarium plant. Because of its small size and ground hugging growth form it is often over looked. It also tends to get covered over by larger plants or pine straw if the forest has not burned recently.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRUBIACEAE - Madder/Coffee family
Genus Houstonia
Species Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley - Creeping Bluet; Roundleaf Bluet; Fairy Footprints

Citation

Citation HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (J. F. Gmelin) Standley, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 32: 26. 1918.
Basionym: Poiretia procumbens J. F. Gmelin 1791.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: Charleston, 2-10 Jun 1902, Palmer s.n. (neotype: US). Neotypified by W. H. Lewis, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 378. 1966.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Anotis rotundifolia Anotis rotundifolia (Michaux) de Candolle, Prodr. 4: 433. 1830.Houstonia rotundifolia Michaux 1803. 
Hedyotis procumbens var. hirsuta Hedyotis procumbens (J. F. Gmelin) Fosberg, var. hirsuta W. H. Lewis, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 378. 1966. FLORIDA: Walton Co.: Villa Tasso, 1 mi. W of Choctaw Bay, 28 May 1964, McDaniel 4707 (holotype: FSU).
Hedyotis rotundifolia Hedyotis rotundifolia (Michaux) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 2: 39. 1841, non Sprengel 1815.Houstonia rotundifolia Michaux 1803. 
Hedyotis veronicifolia Hedyotis veronicifolia Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 1: 729. 1840, nom. illegit.Poiretia procumbens J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Houstonia procumbens var. hirsuta Houstonia procumbens (J. F. Gmelin) Standley, var. hirsuta (W. H. Lewis) D. B. Ward, Novon 14: 370. 2004.Hedyotis procumbens (J. F. Gmelin) Fosberg, var. hirsuta W. H. Lewis 1966. 
Oldenlandia rotundifolia Oldenlandia rotundifolia (Michaux) A. Gray ex Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 180. 1860.Houstonia rotundifolia Michaux 1803. 
Panetos rotundifolius Panetos rotundifolius (Michaux) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 93. 1915.Houstonia rotundifolia Michaux 1803. 
Poiretia procumbens Poiretia procumbens J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 263. 1791. SOUTH CAROLINA: Charleston Co.: Charleston, 2-10 Jun 1902, Palmer s.n. (neotype: US). Neotypified by W. H. Lewis, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 53: 378. 1966.
Hedyotis procumbens Hedyotis procumbens (J. F. Gmelin) Fosberg, Castanea 19: 32. 1954.Poiretia procumbens J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Houstonia rotundifolia Houstonia rotundifolia Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 85. 1803. "Floridae, et Carolinae",

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Marengo, Mobile, Pike, Russell

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000008705 Dale 25 Feb 1998 Hannelore Rundell
492
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
USAM000014001 Mobile 27 Feb 1969 D. L. Scott & B. E. Wofford
256
USAM
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
56597 Crenshaw 24 MAR 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10152
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
44069 Conecuh 13 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2314
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
TROY000023282 Russell 25 Mar 2003 Robert Kral
93736
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UNA00043743 Mobile _ Jun _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
JSU132459 Mobile 29 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1229
JSU
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
73670 Covington 22 OCT 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4568
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
42056 Conecuh 18 MAR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2131
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
UWAL0038901 Covington 14 Sep 2010 Hansen C. J.
4909
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
UNA00043745 Mobile 6 Mar 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D268
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
UWAL0009608 Marengo 21 Feb 2012 England, J. Kevin
3219
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UWAL0018316 Covington 08 Apr 1988 Kral, R.
74582
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.)
UWAL0015776 Escambia 14 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24866
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
TROY000041716 Marengo 21 Feb 2012 J. Kevin England
3219
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
52087 Coffee 23 JAN 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8521
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
UNA00043738 Crenshaw 21 Mar 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8862
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
TROY000008706 Dale 27 Feb 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
TROY000039091 Escambia 14 Mar 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24866
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UWAL0012148 Choctaw 07 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7735
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
TROY000023281 Butler 13 Mar 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18752
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UWAL0036624 Mobile 14 Feb 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3677
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UNA00043746 Mobile 24 Mar 1963 Rebecca Deramus
273
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
USAM000014002 Mobile 12 Mar 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4169
USAM
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
UWAL0003935 Butler 13 Mar 2008 Diamond, A.R.
18752
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walt ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
AUA000032677 Covington 14 Sep 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4909
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
TROY000030117 Covington 05 Mar 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
3628
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
44068 Conecuh 26 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2434
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
TROY000008708 Dale 15 Feb 2000 Tiffany Pennington
341
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
AUA000036715 Covington 15 Aug 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5175
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS
TROY000039478 Coffee 31 Mar 2014 Robert Pullen
452
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
46322 Covington 1 APR 1978 LAMB, TRIP
24
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
TROY000046132 Choctaw 07 Apr 2013 Brian R. Keener
7735
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
36990 Clarke 24 MAR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
008
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
UNA00043747 Baldwin 12 Apr 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
52876 Dale 21 FEB 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7901
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
UNA00043737 Covington 21 Mar 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8849
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
UWAL0037372 Bullock 07 Mar 2017 Soehren, Eric C.
0453
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. Ex J.F. Gmel.) Standley
UNA00043739 Baldwin 21 Feb 1959 Jackie Edwards
30
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
69415 Covington 5 MAR 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3628
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
TROY000008707 Dale 03 Apr 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15056
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
49997 Pike 21 FEB 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5695
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
UNA00043741 Clarke 15 Apr 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7715
UNA
Houstonia procumbens (Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
UWAL0003936 Mobile 22 Mar 1941 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Houstonia procumbens (Walt ex J.F. Gmel.) Standl.
SAMF0004194 Covington 21 Mar 1981 Davenport, L. J.
2131
SAMF
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J. F. Gmelin) Standley
USAM000014000 Mobile 22 Mar 1968 D. L. Scott & B. E. Wofford
100
USAM
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
42054 Conecuh 23 MAR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2196
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
41537 Conecuh 10 MAR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
175
AUA
HOUSTONIA PROCUMBENS (WALT. EX J. F. GMEL.) STANDL.
TROY000008703 Coffee 11 Mar 2000 Brian H. Martin
484
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
TROY000008704 Covington 26 Feb 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
14953
TROY
Houstonia procumbens (Walter ex J.F. Gmelin) Standley
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