Houstonia longifolia

Family:RUBIACEAE
Species:Houstonia longifolia Gaertner
Common Name:Eastern Longleaf Bluet
Habitat:Clearing in dry woodlands.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:HOLO
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, G4G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRUBIACEAE - Madder/Coffee family
Genus Houstonia
Species Houstonia longifolia Gaertner - Eastern Longleaf Bluet

Citation

Citation HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 226, t. 49. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (neotype: B-W). Neotypified by Terrell, Phytologia 65: 119-120. 1988.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Anotis longifolia Anotis longifolia (Gaertner) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 3: 535. 1834.Houstonia longifolia Gaertner 1788. 
Chamisme longifolia Chamisme longifolia (Gaertner) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 92. 1915.Houstonia longifolia Gaertner 1788. 
Chamisme tenuifolia Chamisme tenuifolia (Nuttall) Nieuwland, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 92. 1915.Houstonia tenuifolia Nuttall 1818. 
Hedyotis longifolia var. compacta Hedyotis longifolia (Gaertner) Hooker, var. compacta (Terrell) W. H. Lewis, Amer. J. Bot. 49: 865. 1962.Houstonia longifolia Gaertner, var. compacta Terrell 1959. 
Hedyotis longifolia var. glabra Hedyotis longifolia (Gaertner) Hooker, var. glabra (Terrell) W. H. Lewis, Amer. J. Bot. 49: 865. 1962.Houstonia longifolia Gaertner, var. glabra Terrell 1959. 
Hedyotis longifolia var. tenuifolia Hedyotis longifolia (Gaertner) Hooker, var. tenuifolia (Nuttall) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 2: 40. 1841.Houstonia tenuifolia Nuttall 1818.NORTH CAROLINA:
Hedyotis nuttalliana Hedyotis nuttalliana Fosberg, Virginia J. Sci. 2: 111. 1941.Houstonia tenuifolia Nuttall 1818. 
Hedyotis purpurea var. longifolia Hedyotis purpurea (Linnaeus) Torrey & A. Gray, var. longifolia (Gaertner) Fosberg, Castanea 19: 34. 1954.Houstonia longifolia Gaertner 1788. 
Hedyotis purpurea var. tenuifolia Hedyotis purpurea (Linnaeus) Torrey & A. Gray, var. tenuifolia (Nuttall) Fosberg, Castanea 19: 35. 1954.Houstonia tenuifolia Nuttall 1818. 
Houstonia longifolia var. compacta Houstonia longifolia Gaertner, var. compacta Terrell, Rhodora 61: 202. 1959. WEST VIRGINIA: Cabell Co.: Roland Park, 9 Jul 1937, Jun 1939, Gilbert s.n. (holotype; GH; isotypes: ARIZ, CAS, CU, DUKE, F, GH, IA, ISC, LL, MICH, MO, MT, NCSC, NCU, NO, NY, OKL, OKLA, PAC, PH, TENN, TEX, TRT, UC, US, USF, WIS).
Houstonia longifolia var. glabra Houstonia longifolia Gaertner, var. glabra Terrell, Rhodora 61: 204. 1959. NORTH CAROLINA: Jackson Co.: Summit of Whitesides Mountain, ca. 5. mi. NE of Highlands, 1 Jul 1956, Terrell 3095 (holotype: GH).
Houstonia longifolia var. musci Houstonia longifolia Gaertner, var. musci B. Boivin, Phytologia 16: 29. 1968. CANADA: Alberta: Vegreville Distr., 2 mi. N of Bruderheim, 18 Aug 1952, Boivin et al. 10176 (holotype: DAO; isotypes: GH, MT, NY).
Houstonia longifolia var. soperi Houstonia longifolia Gaertner, var. soperi B. Boivin, Phytologia 16: 30. 1968. CANADA: Ontario: Turkey Point, 4 Jul 1938, Soper 588 (holotype: DAO).
Houstonia longifolia var. tenuifolia Houstonia longifolia Gaertner, var. tenuifolia (Nuttall) A. W. Wood, Class-Book Bot., ed. 1861. 403. 1861.Houstonia tenuifolia Nuttall 1818. 
Houstonia purpurea var. longifolia Houstonia purpurea Linnaeus, var. longifolia (Gaertner) A. Gray, Manual, ed. 5. 212. 1867.Houstonia longifolia Gaertner 1788. 
Houstonia purpurea var. tenuifolia Houstonia purpurea Linnaeus, var. tenuifolia (Nuttall) A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 26. 1884.Houstonia tenuifolia Nuttall 1818. 
Houstonia tenuifolia Houstonia tenuifolia Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 95. 1818. TENNESSEE: "near the confluence of Pidgeion river, and the French Broad",
Oldenlandia purpurea var. longifolia Oldenlandia purpurea (Linnaeus) A. Gray, var. longifolia (Gaertner) A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 173. 1856.Houstonia longifolia Gaertner 1788. 
Oldenlandia purpurea var. tenuifolia Oldenlandia purpurea (Linnaeus) A. Gray, var. tenuifolia (Nuttall) A. Gray ex Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 181. 1860.Houstonia tenuifolia Nuttall 1818. 
Hedyotis longifolia Hedyotis longifolia (Gaertner) Hooker, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 286. 1833.Houstonia longifolia Gaertner 1788. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Coosa, Crenshaw, Cullman, Etowah, Lee, Macon, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU132447 Clay 24 May 1973 R. David Whetstone
RDW-1300
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
AUA_ACC056659 Pike 5 AUG 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9285
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
AUA_ACC063536 Sumter 30 JUL 1980 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
18
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
JSU132450 Talladega 7 May 1994 J. M. Ballard
3891
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
JSU132441 Cherokee 29 Apr 1974 T. A. Atkinson
161
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
UNA00054573 Blount 7 Aug 1998 Brian R. Keener
1419
UNA
Houstonia longifolia Gaertn.
JSU132453 Talladega 9 May 1973 R. David Whetstone
RDW-1226
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
AUA_ACC048076 Shelby 21 MAY 1977 DOWLING, HUGH L.
74
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
AUA_ACC038371 Lee 9 JUL 1971 GENO, CONNIE
075
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
JSU132446 Clay 9 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
123
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
TROY000023430 St. Clair 22 May 2008 Brian R. Keener
4457
TROY
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner
JSU132440 Blount 29 May 1974 T. A. Atkinson
268
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
UNA00043714 Lee 29 May 1897 C. Baker
s.n.
UNA
Houstonia longifolia Gaertn.
JSU132452 Talladega 9 May 1973 R. David Whetstone
RDW-1228
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
AUA_ACC028473 Chilton 21 AUG 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
834
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
AUA_ACC023281 Macon 22 JUL 1971 FIRST, F. B.
085
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
TROY000023415 Chilton 03 May 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15304
TROY
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner
AUA_ACC023286 Lee 18 JUL 1971 MCKITRICK, S. R. L.
092
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
JSU132442 Cherokee 7 May 1974 T. A. Atkinson
184
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
UNA00043715 Clay 30 Apr 1987 Robert R. Haynes
9052
UNA
Hedyotis longifolia (Gaertn.) Hook.
UNA00043716 Lee 29 May 1897 C. Baker
s.n.
UNA
Houstonia longifolia Gaertn.
JSU139242 Calhoun 13 Jun 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8976
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
AUA_ACC027619 Clay 23 JUN 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
472
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
TROY000032293 Etowah 16 May 2009 Brian R. Keener
5334
TROY
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner
AUA_ACC039439 Autauga 14 JUL 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
906
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
AUA_ACC070320 Lee 13 MAY 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3938
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN. var. GLABRA TERRELL
JSU132451 Talladega 24 Jun 1969 Peggy Cobb
107
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
UNA00043713 Tuscaloosa s.d. Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Houstonia longifolia Gaertn.
AUA_ACC051602 Crenshaw 1 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7541
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
AUA_ACC047253 Russell 6 JUL 1981 BAIRD, E.
54
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
JSU132443 Cherokee 1 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1044
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
AUA_ACC038108 Russell 8 JUL 1981 ZAUNER, B.
031
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
UNA00043712 Bibb 4 Aug 1996 John R. MacDonald
9811
UNA
Hedyotis longifolia (Gaertn.) Hook.
AUA_ACC039411 Autauga 15 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
724
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
AUA_ACC039429 Wilcox 23 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
845
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
TROY000008697 Lee 13 Aug 1978 Robert Kral
62509
TROY
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner
TROY000037771 Coosa 30 May 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24147
TROY
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner
UWAL0003933 Etowah 16 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5334
UWAL
Houstonia longifolia Gaertn
JSU132439 Bibb 31 Jul 1998 R. D. Whetstone
19636
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
UWAL0014642 Coosa 30 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24147
UWAL
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner
AUA_ACC072468 Cleburne 29 MAY 2003 SPAULDING, LESLEY M.
4515
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
UWAL0003934 St. Clair 22 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4457
UWAL
Houstonia longifolia Gaertn
AUA_ACC027354 Randolph 16 JUN 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
380
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
AUA_ACC021555 Cullman 7 AUG 1947 HENRY, MARY G.
4759
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
JSU132449 St. Clair 12 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13211
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
AUA_ACC047285 Clay 14 JUL 1974 WILLIAMS, B.
90
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
AUA_ACC050176 Pike 11 SEP 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6370
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
AUA_ACC058727 Cleburne 25 APR 1981 CAUSEY, ANN S.
2123
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
JSU132454 Talladega 15 May 1973 R. David Whetstone
RDW-1293
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
AUA_ACC064917 Chilton 3 MAY 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15304
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
AUA_ACC046169 Cherokee 5 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3331
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
JSU132444 Clay 17 May 1994 J. M. Ballard
3992
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
AUA_ACC011225 Macon 22 JUN 1963 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
AUA_ACC050304 Pike 20 JUN 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8333
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
JSU132438 Bibb 4 Aug 1996 John R. MacDonald
9811
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
JSU132448 Shelby 4 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16289
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
AUA_ACC046154 Pike 26 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3382
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
AUA_ACC060818 Cleburne 25 JUN 1967 EICHLIN, THOMAS D.
100
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
AUA_ACC042701 Russell 25 JUN 1972 HUDGINS, CHARLES H.
34
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
TROY000040930 St. Clair 14 May 2011 Brian R. Keener
6497
TROY
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner
AUA_ACC046057 Wilcox 12 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3366
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
JSU132445 Cleburne 20 Jun 1969 Janis Brooks
80
JSU
Houstonia longifolia Gaertner var. compacta Terrell
AUA_ACC050953 Pike 10 AUG 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6262
AUA
HOUSTONIA LONGIFOLIA GAERTN.
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