Pyrus communis

Family:ROSACEAE
Species:Pyrus communis Linnaeus
Common Name:Common Pear
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PYCO
Plant Notes:Common Pear is an introduced deciduous tree in the Rosa family (Rosaceae). It is native to Eurasia. In Alabama it can be found statewide. Common Pear occurs around old home sites, in pastures, along fence rows, and in urban woodlands. It is a small to medium sized tree reaching heights of 20-60 feet. The bark is grayish brown and occurs in long vertical plates. Short side shoots are often thorn tipped. Leaves are petiolate, alternate, ovate to elliptic in outline, slightly pubescent (especially when young), and with serrate to crenate or rarely entire margins. The leaf margins are usually densely ciliate when young. The leaves turn yellow or golden before falling in the autumn. Flowers occur in 4-9 flowered umbel-like racemes or corymbs. Each flower has 5 white petals and 3-5 styles. The fruit is a globose or pyriform pome that is green, yellow, or reddish in color. Common Pear is widely cultivated for its edible fruit. It is of hybrid origin involving multiple species, and over 1,000 cultivars have been developed.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyROSACEAE - Rose family
Genus Pyrus
Species Pyrus communis Linnaeus - Common Pear

Citation

Citation PYRUS COMMUNIS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 479. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 647.1). Lectotypified by Amaral Franco & Rocha Alfonso, Rev. Fac. Ci. Univ. Lisboa, Sér. 2, C, Ci. Nat. 13: 177. 1965.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Pyrus achras Pyrus achras Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 44. 1791    
Pyrus communis var. achras Pyrus communis Linnaeus, var. achras (Gaertner) Wallroth, Sched. Crit. 1: 213. 1822.Pyrus achras Gaertner 1791. 
Pyrus communis var. pyraster Pyrus communis Linnaeus, var. pyraster Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 479. 1753.  
Pyrus communis var. pyraster Pyrus communis Linnaeus, var. pyraster Wallroth, Sched. Crit. 1: 213. 1822, non Linnnaeus 1753.  
Pyrus communis var. sylvestris Pyrus communis Linnaeus, var. sylvestris de Candolle, in de Candolle & Lamarck, Fl. Franc. 4: 430. 1815, nom. inadmiss.Pyrus communis Linnaeus 1753. 
Pyrus communis var. volema Pyrus communis Linnaeus, var. volema Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 479. 1753. Without data (lectotype: Bauhin & Cherler, Hist. Pl. 1: "Pyra dorsalia eademque Libralia dicta". 1650). Lectotypified by Aldasoro & Aedo, in Cafferty & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 51: 543. 2002.
Pyrus pyraster Pyrus pyraster (Linnaeus) Borkhausen, Theor. Prakt. Handb. Forstbot. 2: 1287. 1803.Pyrus communis Linnaeus, var. pyraster Linnaeus 1753. 
Pyrus sylvestris Pyrus sylvestris Moench, Methodus 679. 1794, nom. illegit.Pyrus communis Linnaeus 1753. 
Sorbus pyrus Sorbus pyrus Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc. 2: 56. 1763, nom. illegit.Pyrus communis Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Coosa, Dale, DeKalb, Etowah, Hale, Houston, Jefferson, Limestone, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1966 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00050127 Randolph 28 Jul 1988 C. F. Nixon
4098
UNA
Pyrus communis L.
JSU131250 Etowah 5 Mar 1994 L. M. Hodge
738
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
JSU131248 Etowah 12 Sep 1982 F. E. Pugh
42
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
TROY000008468 Coffee 10 Mar 2000 Brian H. Martin
475
TROY
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
JSU131253 Marshall 18 Apr 1993 D. D. Spaulding
3467
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
TROY000008470 Houston 20 May 1995 David Chasteen
1
TROY
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
JSU131251 Jefferson 4 Apr 1979 Elizabeth Christian
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
TROY000008469 Dale 20 Feb 2000 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
JSU131249 Etowah 15 Jul 1969 D. A. Edwards
s.n.
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
USAM000013814 Mobile 30 Mar 1974 Michael G. LeLong
7480
USAM
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
JSU131257 St. Clair 13 Jul 1969 Randy Day
s.n.
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
UWAL0003841 Sumter 14 Sep 1993 Stanton, Lee E.
s.n.
UWAL
Pyrus communis L.
UWAL0037164 Cleburne 22 Mar 2016 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14470
UWAL
Pyrus communis L.
JSU131260 Shelby 2 Oct 1983 E. M. Lowe
s.n.
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
JSU131255 Randolph 28 Jul 1988 C. F. Nixon
4098
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
TROY000038633 Bullock 28 Mar 2013 Bailee Dykes
1539
TROY
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
JSU131254 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
AUA000023854 Russell 8 MAR 2002 GIL, GLENDA
2001-59
AUA
PYRUS COMMUNIS L.
JSU131258 St. Clair 13 Jul 1969 Jerry Ellard
s.n.
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
TROY000008471 Pike 05 Apr 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12333
TROY
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
TROY000032065 Montgomery 01 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21842
TROY
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
UWAL0005379 Montgomery 01 Apr 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21842
UWAL
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
TROY000008467 Butler 20 Mar 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17328
TROY
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
TROY000022875 Bibb 05 Jan 1991 Bernie Tucker
19
TROY
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
JSU131245 Calhoun 14 Jul 1969 Jan E. Payne
s.n.
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
JSU131259 Shelby 10 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12283
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
UWAL0014226 Bullock 28 Mar 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1539
UWAL
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
TROY000044764 Autauga 14 Feb 2017 Matthew R. Parker
351
TROY
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
UNA00066659 Butler 20 Mar 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17328
UNA
Pyrus communis L.
UNA00025950 Hale 08 Mar 1994 Carroll J. Mann
27
UNA
Pyrus communis L.
JSU131247 DeKalb 5 Jul 1969 Linda Millican
s.n.
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
TROY000008472 Washington 04 May 1991 Loren D. Powers
5
TROY
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
USAM000013815 Mobile 15 Mar 1973 Michael G. LeLong
6906
USAM
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
UNA00015642 Coosa 20 Mar 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8790
UNA
Pyrus communis L.
JSU131243 Calhoun 18 Oct 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3034
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
USAM000013813 Mobile 30 Mar 1974 Michael G. LeLong
7480
USAM
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
JSU131252 Limestone 3 Aug 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18302
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
UWAL0003840 Sumter 14 Sep 1993 Stanton, Lee E.
s.n.
UWAL
Pyrus communis L.
AUA000023853 Pike 15 MAR 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9023
AUA
PYRUS COMMUNIS L.
UWAL0003838 Butler 20 Mar 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17328
UWAL
Pyrus communis L.
JSU131256 Randolph 2 Aug 1986 C. F. Nixon
2555
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
UWAL0030142 Marengo 26 Mar 2014 England, J. Kevin
4741
UWAL
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
JSU131246 Clay 21 Mar 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10469
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
UNA00015641 Autauga 18 Mar 1966 Charles E. Tucker
62
UNA
Pyrus communis L.
JSU131381 Shelby 10 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12323
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
UWAL0003839 Hale 21 Apr 1993 Stanton, Lee
s.n.
UWAL
Pyrus communis L.
USAM000013817 Baldwin 18 Mar 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4222
USAM
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
USAM000013816 Mobile 08 Mar 1977 Michael G. LeLong
9642
USAM
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
JSU131244 Calhoun 18 Oct 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3035
JSU
Pyrus communis Linnaeus
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