Pyrus calleryana

Family:ROSACEAE
Species:Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
Common Name:Bradford Pear; Callery Pear
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PYCA80
Plant Notes:Callery Pear is an introduced deciduous tree in the Rose family (Rosaceae). It is native to China, Japan, and Vietnam. In Alabama it can be found statewide. Callery Pear can be found along fence rows, in vacant lots, in pastures, in prairies, along roads and railroads, and in disturbed woodlands. It is a small tree reaching heights of 20-60 feet. The bark is reddish brown when young and grayish and fissuring with age. Buds are densely hairy. Wild plants are often armed with stout thorn-tipped side shoots. Leaves are petiolate, alternate, ovate to oblong in outline, glabrous, with serrate margins. The leaves turn red, gold, orange, or yellow before falling in the autumn. Flowers are produced in umbel-like 4-9 flowered racemes or corymbs before the leaves. Each flower has 5 white petals and 2-3 styles. The fruit is a globose brown pome with light colored spots on its surface. The fruit is 10-15 mm in diameter. Callery Pear, especially the cultivar “Bradford”, has been widely planted as an ornamental. It is fast growing and adapts to poor, dry soils of urban environments. Some cultivars have the tendency to split with age. Callery Pear is listed as a Category 2 invasive species by the Alabama Invasive Plant Council. Common Pear (Pyrus communis Linnaeus) sometimes persists around old home sites. It has 3-5 styles and larger, usually green fruit without light colored spots. Some escaped individuals resembling the Bradford pear but with larger fruit appear to be of hybrid origin.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyROSACEAE - Rose family
Genus Pyrus
Species Pyrus calleryana Decaisne - Bradford Pear; Callery Pear

Citation

Citation PYRUS CALLERYANA Decaisne, Jard. Fruit. 1: sub. t. 8. 1872.
Basionym: **
Type: CHINA: Without data, Callery s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by Vidal, in Tardieu-Blot, Fl. Cambodge 6: 94. 1968.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chilton, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Elmore, Geneva, Greene, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Limestone, Marengo, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Shelby, Talladega, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2001 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0008636 Marengo 13 Mar 2011 England, J. Kevin
2667
UWAL
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UNA00059267 Butler 12 Oct 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13713
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UWAL0003842 Butler 23 Aug 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17954
UWAL
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UNA00064123 Morgan 10 Apr 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12079
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
AUA000023847 Jefferson 1 MAY 2005 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12255
AUA
PYRUS CALLERYANA DCNE.
TROY000039093 Elmore 02 Mar 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24810
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UNA00060674 Conecuh 31 Jul 2003 Michael A. Vincent
11316
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
TROY000045739 Autauga 13 Oct 2016 Matthew R. Parker
174
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UWAL0010712 Houston 11 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22752
UWAL
Pytus calleryana Decaisne
TROY000008460 Butler 23 Aug 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17954
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
TROY000039067 Conecuh 20 Mar 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24894
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
AUA000023850 Pike 28 FEB 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10138
AUA
PYRUS CALLERYANA DCNE.
TROY000022873 Colbert 02 Apr 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12071
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
JSU131242 Calhoun 29 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2938
JSU
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
AUA000023852 Talladega 26 OCT 1980 WEBB, A. L.
174
AUA
PYRUS CALLERYANA DCNE.
UNA00060964 Jefferson 25 Jul 2003 Michael A. Vincent
11241
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UNA00060960 Cullman 31 Jul 2003 Michael A. Vincent
11321
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
AUA000032680 Covington 14 Sep 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4906
AUA
PYRUS CALLERYANA DCNE.
TROY000042240 Houston 11 Dec 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22752
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
TROY000022874 Jefferson 01 May 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12255
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
JSU131240 Calhoun 20 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2902
JSU
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
AUA000023851 Talladega 16 OCT 1980 WEBB, A. L.
174
AUA
PYRUS CALLERYANA DCNE.
UNA00060963 Jefferson 25 Jul 2003 Michael A. Vincent
11240
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UNA00060959 Shelby 31 Jul 2003 Michael A. Vincent
11320
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UNA00054185 Lamar 08 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10090
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UWAL0016090 Conecuh 20 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24894
UWAL
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UWFP016047 Baldwin 14 Mar 2015 James R. Burkhalter
25241
UWFP
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
TROY000031871 Conecuh 13 Mar 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21167
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
TROY000008462 Crenshaw 10 Jun 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17699
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UNA00060967 Elmore 25 Jul 2003 Michael A. Vincent
11244
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UNA00060962 Limestone 31 Jul 2003 Michael A. Vincent
11323
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
TROY000045003 Autauga 02 Mar 2017 Matthew Parker
374
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
JSU142316 Jackson 24 Sep 2009 T. Wayne Barger
HC-410
JSU
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
TROY000046113 Wilcox 22 Feb 2018 Alvin R. Diamond
28063
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
AUA000023849 Montgomery 29 OCT 2002 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
13725
AUA
PYRUS CALLERYANA DCNE.
TROY000045065 Geneva 16 Feb 2017 Cameron Byrd
757
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
TROY000008466 Pike 08 Oct 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13712
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UWAL0015843 Elmore 02 Mar 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24810
UWAL
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UNA00060965 Chilton 25 Jul 2003 Michael A. Vincent
11242
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UNA00060961 Morgan 31 Jul 2003 Michael A. Vincent
11322
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
TROY000008461 Butler 12 Oct 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13713
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UWAL0035169 Limestone 04 Mar 2017 England, J. Kevin
7161
UWAL
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UNA00059553 Montgomery 29 Oct 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13725
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UWAL0014853 Bullock 02 Feb 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0286
UWAL
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UNA00064128 Colbert 02 Apr 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12071
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
JSU131239 Calhoun 13 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2827
JSU
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
AUA000023848 Morgan 10 APR 2004 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12079
AUA
PYRUS CALLERYANA DCNE.
SAMF0006003 Jefferson 11 Mar 2016 Davenport, L. J.
6032
SAMF
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UNA00060675 Butler 31 Jul 2003 Michael A. Vincent
11318
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UWAL0002022 Conecuh 13 Mar 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21167
UWAL
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UWAL0031468 Morgan 12 Mar 2016 England, J. Kevin
5922
UWAL
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
TROY000008464 Montgomery 29 Oct 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13725
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UNA00059266 Pike 08 Oct 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13712
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UNA00065830 Jefferson 01 May 2005 D. D. Spaulding
12255
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
JSU131241 Calhoun 18 Oct 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3003
JSU
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
AUA000023846 Colbert 2 APR 2004 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12071
AUA
PYRUS CALLERYANA DCNE.
UNA00060958 Montgomery 31 Jul 2003 Michael A. Vincent
11319
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UWAL0002160 Covington 13 Mar 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21170
UWAL
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
TROY000039556 Elmore 19 Jul 2012 Robert Pullen
165
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UWAL0010392 Greene 24 Feb 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6851
UWAL
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
UNA00067216 Crenshaw 10 Jun 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17699
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
TROY000031868 Covington 13 Mar 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21170
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
TROY000036312 Greene 24 Feb 2012 Brian R. Keener
6851
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
TROY000008465 Morgan 10 Apr 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12079
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
UNA00060670 Mobile 26 Jul 2003 Michael A. Vincent
11310
UNA
Pyrus calleryana Dcne.
TROY000037079 Bullock 02 Feb 2012 Bailee Dykes
286
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
TROY000045593 Autauga 11 Nov 2016 Matthew Parker
308
TROY
Pyrus calleryana Decaisne
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