Gillenia stipulata

Family:ROSACEAE
Species:Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
Common Name:American Ipecac; Midwestern Indian Physic
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:American Ipecac is a native herbaceous perennial in the Rose family (Rosaceae). It can be found in central and northern Alabama. American Ipecac grows in rich hardwood forests, in ravines, on steep slopes, and in rocky woods. It is a perennial from a woody rhizome. Stems are upright, 2-3 feet in height, usually unbranched below the inflorescence, green or reddish in color, and glabrous or pubescent with simple and glandular hairs. Leaves are basal and cauline. The leaves are petiolate (stem leaves may be sessile), and ternate. The leaves are subtended by a pair of large, persistent ovate stipules with serrate or doubly serrate margins. The leaflets are ovate to oblong in outline and doubly serrate to laciniately lobed margins with gland tipped teeth. The upper surface of the leaf is glabrous or pubescent with short hairs and/or sessile glands. The lower surface of the leaf is pubescent with longer hairs and stalked glands. The leaves turn reddish-yellow to orange in the autumn before falling. Flowers are produced in open, terminal 3-9 flowered panicles. Individual flowers have 5 green sepals, and 5 white or pale rose pink petals. The fruit is an aggregated of long-beaked follicles. American Ipecac can be used in a woodland garden. It prefers a well-draining soil in partial shade. The dried and powdered roots of American Ipecac were once used as a laxative and emetic.—A. Diamond.
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyROSACEAE - Rose family
Genus Gillenia
Species Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt. - American Ipecac; Midwestern Indian Physic

Citation

Citation Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall, Veg. Mater. Med. U.S. 1: 71, t. 6. 1817.
Basionym: Spiraea stipulata Muhl. ex Willd. 1809.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Porteranthus stipulatus    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Cullman, DeKalb, Etowah, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Morgan, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1952 - 1988

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000023364 Morgan Chapman, Alvan W.
S.N.
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
UNA00015266 Jackson 06 Jun 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
791
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
UNA00058027 Marion 03 Jun 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2133
UNA
Porteranthus stipulatus (Muhl. ex Willd.) Britt.
JSU130605 Etowah 25 Jul 1995 Hodge-Spaulding, Lesley M.
4294
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
JSU130536 Calhoun 27 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
595
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
AUA000023351 Lauderdale 21 May 1970 Morris, Janice
S.N.
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
UNA00015271 Tuscaloosa 31 May 1952 Williams, B.C.
s.n.
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
UNA00015261 Tuscaloosa 19 May 1974 Clemens, Jean
s.n.
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
JSU130612 Marshall 2 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3255
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
AUA000023352 Lauderdale 5 May 1970 Boyles, James
S.N.
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
UWAL0003877 Etowah 16 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5332
UWAL
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Baill.
UNA00015259 Madison 26 May 1982 Meigs, Russell A.
660
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
AUA000027087 Lauderdale 23 Jul 2009 Holt, Brian D.
SC-126
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
JSU130610 Marshall 30 May 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1935
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
SAMF0002000 Bibb 18 May 2011 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4688
SAMF
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
UNA00015265 Tuscaloosa 10 May 1975 Hoener, Fred K.
1231
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
JSU130535 Blount 24 May 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
TROY000032292 Etowah 16 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5332
TROY
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
JSU130540 Cherokee 22 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5007
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
AUA000023358 St. Clair 21 May 2004 Keener, Brian R.
2653
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
JSU130613 St. Clair 14 Jun 1997 Ballard, J. Mark
7213
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
SAMF0002001 Blount 06 May 1956 Davenport, Lawrence J.
s.n.
SAMF
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
AUA000023355 Shelby 23 May 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1387
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
TROY000023027 St. Clair 21 May 2005 Keener, Brian R.
2653
TROY
Porteranthus stipulatus (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Britton
AUA000023349 DeKalb 24 Jun 1972 Galloway, Juanita
41
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
TROY000023024 Marion 03 Jun 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2133
TROY
Porteranthus stipulatus (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Britton
USAM000013692 Madison 22 Jun 1976 Crafts, Price
s.n.
USAM
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
UNA00064103 Calhoun 27 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
595
UNA
Porteranthus stipulatus (Muhl. ex Willd.) Britt.
UWAL0003808 St. Clair 21 May 2005 Keener, Brian R.
2653
UWAL
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Baill.
UNA00053830 Blount 26 May 1997 Keener, Brian R.
177b
UNA
Porteranthus stipulatus (Muhl. ex Willd.) Britt.
JSU145742 Cleburne 31 Jul 1992 Hutchinson, Francine
717
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
JSU130602 Clay 14 Jun 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
2800
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
AUA000023356 Shelby 16 May 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1351
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
JSU130603 Cleburne 8 Sep 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13697
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
SAMF0002005 Shelby 06 May 1955 Smith, Joanna
s.n.
SAMF
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
JSU130537 Calhoun 15 May 1973 Whetstone, R. David
RDW-1215
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
SAMF0001999 Jefferson 16 May 1998 Crider, Tim
59
SAMF
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
UNA00015270 DeKalb 28 May 1964 Deramus, Rebecca
399
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
SAMF0002002 Jefferson 23 May 1965 Myers, Martha Crystal
s.n.
SAMF
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
TROY000023025 Marion 28 May 1972 Kral, Robert
46810
TROY
Porteranthus stipulatus (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Britton
AUA000023348 Bibb 6 May 1955 Stacy, Jack
S.N.
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
AUA000023353 Lowndes 16 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
620
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
UNA00015264 Jackson 06 Jun 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
791
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
UNA00015260 Madison 26 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
660
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
AUA000023347 Bibb 29 Jun 1977 Ahrens, W.H.
77
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
JSU139257 Cherokee 22 Sep 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9254
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
UNA00015258 Marion 17 May 1987 Burckhalter, Robert
1012
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
JSU130615 Talladega 24 May 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
127
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
SAMF0008155 Bibb 14 May 2009 Davenport, L.J.
3945
SAMF
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
JSU130538 Chambers 15 May 1954 Edge, J.T.
s.n.
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
JSU130604 Cullman 20 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4770
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
AUA000023354 Macon 20 May 1973 Campbell, Benny
151
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
TROY000027523 Sumter 18 May 2004 Kral, Robert
95207
TROY
Porteranthus stipulatus (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Britton
UNA00034425 Lowndes 16 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
620
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
JSU130606 Etowah 4 Jun 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1601
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
JSU130534 Bibb 23 May 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
771
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
AUA000023200 Chilton 15 Jun 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15445
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
UNA00015267 Tuscaloosa 31 May 1952 Williams, B.C.
s.n.
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
UWAL0051146 Jefferson 28 May 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
385
UWAL
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
JSU130609 Jefferson 5 Jun 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
678
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
ALNHS00003017 Colbert 20 Aug 2014 Barger, T. Wayne
FH-511
ALNHS
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl.) Baill.
SAMF0006746 Clay 01 Jun 2017 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6563
SAMF
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willenow) Nuttall
ALNHS00003401 Lauderdale 23 Jul 2009 Holt, Brian D.
SC-126
ALNHS
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl.) Nutt.
JSU130611 Marshall 18 May 1973 Landers, Kenneth E.
RDW-1312
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
JSU130607 Etowah 24 May 1972 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
AUA000023350 Jefferson 24 May 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1429
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
UWAL0019207 Chilton 05 Oct 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8619
UWAL
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl.ex Willd.) Baill.
TROY000023026 Randolph 02 Jun 1988 Nixon, Christopher F.
3912
TROY
Porteranthus stipulatus (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Britton
AUA000023359 Talladega 22 May 1976 Rutland, David W.
3021
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
JSU130608 Jefferson 28 May 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
385
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
UNA00015278 Autauga _ Jul _ Smith, Dr. John
s.n.
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
SAMF0002004 Shelby 06 May 1955 Stallings, Ruth
s.n.
SAMF
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
UNA00058720 St. Clair 21 May 2005 Keener, Brian R.
2653
UNA
Porteranthus stipulatus (Muhl. ex Willd.) Britt.
JSU130601 Clay 14 Jun 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
209
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
UNA00022683 Marshall 07 Jul 1956 Thomas, Joab L.
46
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
AUA000023346 Bibb 12 May 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1302
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
JSU130614 St. Clair 31 May 1972 Whetstone, R. David
RDW-1262
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
SAMF0002006 DeKalb 28 May 1964 Deramus, Rebecca
399
SAMF
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
UNA00047415 Lamar 18 May 1988 McDaniel, Sidney
29800
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
JSU130539 Cherokee 31 May 1968 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
UNA00015262 Tuscaloosa 21 May 1963 Deramus, Rebecca
386
UNA
Gillenia stipulata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.
SAMF0002003 Jefferson 19 May 1963 Heath, Joe E.
83
SAMF
Gillenia stipulata (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall
TROY000027524 Chilton 16 Jun 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15445
TROY
Porteranthus stipulatus (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Britton
AUA000023357 St. Clair 24 May 1994 Keener, Brian R.
97
AUA
Gillenia Stipulata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Baill.
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