Crataegus viridis

Family:ROSACEAE
Species:Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
Common Name:Green Hawthorn; Tree Haw
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyROSACEAE - Rose family
Genus Crataegus
Species Crataegus viridis Linnaeus - Green Hawthorn; Tree Haw

Citation

Citation Crataegus viridis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 476. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: TYPE: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 526 (lectotype: BM). Lectoytpified by Eggleston, Rhodora 10: 83. 1908.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Crataegus abbreviata Crataegus abbreviata Sargent, J. Arnold Arbor. 3: 187. 1923. TEXAS: Brazos Co.: On the Brazos River, near Brazoria, 5 Oct 1914, Palmer 6734 (holotype: A?).
Crataegus amicalis Crataegus amicalis Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 2: 238. 1913. ARKANSAS: Hempstead Co.: Near Fulton, 24 Apr 1902, Bush 1420 (holotype: A?).
Crataegus atrorubens Crataegus atrorubens Ashe, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 16: 78. 1900. MISSOURI: St. Louis Co.: Without locality, 1886, Eggert s.n. [fruiting portion] (lectotype: A). Lectotypified by J. B. Phipps et al., Harvard Pap. Bot. 11: 183. 2007.
Crataegus coccinea var. viridis Crataegus coccinea Linnaeus, var. viridis (Linnaeus) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 465. 1840.Crataegus viridis Linnaeus 1753. 
Crataegus enucleata Crataegus enucleata Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 2: 239. 1913. ARKANSAS: Hempstead Co.: Near Fulton, 18 Apr 1901, Bush & Sargent 14 (holotype: A?).
Crataegus glabriuscula Crataegus glabriuscula Sargent, Bot. Gaz. 31: 235. 1901. TEXAS: Dallas Co.: Bottomlands of the Trinity River, Dallas, 15 Apr 1900, Bush 493 (lectotype: A; isolectotype: A). Lectotypified by J. B. Phipps, Novon 16: 3886. 2006.
Crataegus lutensis Crataegus lutensis Sargent, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 75. 1912. MISSOURI: Newton Co.: Shoal Creek, Reading's Mill, 8 May 1909, Palmer 37 (lectotype: A; isolectotypes: A, MO). Lectotypified by J. B. Phipps, Harvard Pap. Bot. 11: 188. 2007.
Crataegus micrantha Crataegus micrantha Sargent, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 57: 658. 1905. PENNSYLVANIA: Bucks Co.: Near Sellersville, May & Sep 1903, Fretz 183 (holotype: A?).
Crataegus newelliana Crataegus newelliana Murrill, Castanea 7: 24. 1942. FLORIDA: Levy Co.: Vicinity of Gulf Hammock, 7 Apr 1940, Murrill 34609 (holotype: FLAS).
Crataegus subviridis Crataegus subviridis Beadle, Biltmore Bot. Stud. 1: 51. 1902. FLORIDA: Gadsden Co.: Near Chattahoochee,
Crataegus velutina Crataegus velutina Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 2: 238. 1913. ARKANSAS: Hempstead Co.: Near Fulton, 8 Nov 1905, Bush 10C (holotype: A?).
Crataegus viridis var. atrorubens Crataegus viridis Linnaeus, var. atrorubens (Ashe) E. J. Palmer, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 561. 1935.Crataegus atrorubens Ashe 1900. 
Crataegus viridis var. glabriuscula Crataegus viridis Linnaeus, var. glabriuscula (Sargent) J. B. Phipps, Novon 16: 386. 2006.Crataegus glabriuscula Sargent 1901. 
Crataegus viridis var. lutensis Crataegus viridis Linnaeus, var. lutensis (Sargent) E. J. Palmer, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 561. 1935.Crataegus lutensis Sargent 1912. 
Crataegus viridis var. velutina Crataegus viridis Linnaeus, var. velutina (Sargent) J. B. Phipps, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1009. 2007.Crataegus velutina Sargent 1913. 
Crataegus subpaludosa Crataegus subpaludosa Murrill, Castanea 7: 28. 1942. FLORIDA: Suwannee Co.: Margin of a small limesink near Hildreth, 10 Jul 1940, Murrill 34892 (holotype: FLAS).
Mespilus coccinea var. viridis Mespilus coccinea (Linnaeus) Marshall, var. viridis (Linnaeus) Castiglioni, Viagg. Stati Uniti 2: 293. 1790.Crataegus viridis Linnaeus 1753. 
Mespilus viridis Mespilus viridis (Linnaeus) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 134. 1826.Crataegus viridis Linnaeus 1753. 
Phaenopyrum viride Phaenopyrum viride (Linnaeus) M. Roemer, Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 3: 156. 1847.Crataegus viridis Linnaeus 1753. 
Crataegus arborescens Crataegus arborescens Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 550. 1821. GEORGIA: Fort Argyle on the Ogeechee River,
Crataegus blanda Crataegus blanda Sargent, Bot. Gaz. 33: 121. 1902. ARKANSAS: Hempstead Co.: Near Fulton,
Crataegus ingens    
Crataegus interior Crataegus interior Beadle, Biltmore Bot. Stud. 1: 52. 1902. TENNESSEE: Hamilton Co.: Near Chattanooga,
Crataegus lanceolata Crataegus lanceolata Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 2: 65, pl. 130. 1908. MISSOURI: St. Louis Co.: Bottomlands of the Desperes River at Carondelet, South St. Louis, 6 May 1902, Kellogg 4 (lectotype: A). Lectotypified by J. B. Phipps et al., Harvard Pap. Bot. 11: 187. 2007.
Crataegus ovata Crataegus ovata Sargent, Man. Trees 402, f. 321. 1905. MISSOURI: St. Louis Co.: Desperes River, St. Louis, 21 Oct 1901, Kellogg s.n. (lectotype: A; isolectotype: MO). Lectotypified by J. P. Phipps et al., Harvard Pap. Bot. 11: 190. 2007.
Crataegus paludosa Crataegus paludosa Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 1: 15, pl. 8. 1902. FLORIDA: Volusia Co.: Haw Creek, 1 Aug 1900 & Mar & Sep 1901, Curtiss 6678 (holotype: A?).
Crataegus penita    
Crataegus viridis var. lanceolata Crataegus viridis Linnaeus, var. lanceolata (Sargent) E. J. Palmer, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 561. 1935.Crataegus lanceolata Sargent 1908.  
Crataegus viridis var. ovata Crataegus viridis Linnaeus, var. ovata (Sargent) E. J. Palmer, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 561. 1935.Crataegus ovata Sargent 1905. 
Crataegus vulsa    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Choctaw, Colbert, Dallas, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Houston, Jefferson, Madison, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Russell, Shelby, Talladega, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1980 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000034692 Bullock 22 Mar 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22866
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
TROY000008319 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18264
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
TROY000038100 Bullock 29 Mar 2012 Bailee Dykes
416
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
AUA000032646 Escambia 25 Jun 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4815
AUA
CRATAEGUS VIRIDIS
JSU130221 Colbert 5 Jul 1969 Donny Sizemore
s.n.
JSU
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
TROY000033035 Bullock 03 Jul 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22313
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
USAM000013640 Monroe 22 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8336
USAM
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
JSU130226 Marshall 11 Sep 1979 Pat Wolford
0027
JSU
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UWAL0015080 Bullock 29 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0438
UWAL
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
USAM000013642 Monroe 27 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8440
USAM
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
TROY000008317 Choctaw 30 Jun 1980 Robert Kral
65561
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UWAL0005391 Wilcox 12 May 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22074
UWAL
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UNA00047402 Geneva 14 Jun 1997 John R. MacDonald
10699
UNA
Crataegus viridis L.
JSU130220 Calhoun 7 Aug 1991 F. Hutchinson
0039
JSU
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UWAL0037740 Mobile 06 Apr 1974 Lelong, Michel G.
7540.2
UWAL
Crataegus viridis L.
TROY000008320 Montgomery 10 Jun 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17697
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UWAL0012430 Bullock 29 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0425
UWAL
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
TROY000008316 Butler 21 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17421
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
TROY000038059 Bullock 29 Mar 2012 Bailee Dykes
438
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
AUA000022913 Houston 12 AUG 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
51186
AUA
CRATAEGUS VIRIDIS L.
JSU130218 Calhoun 7 Aug 1991 F. Hutchinson
0037
JSU
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UWAL0038345 Monroe 27 Apr 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8440
UWAL
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
TROY000035200 Montgomery 11 Mar 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22832
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
TROY000008318 Monroe 13 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18082
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UWAL0015046 Bullock 29 Mar 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0416
UWAL
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UNA00015202 Monroe 08 May 1987 Robert Burckhalter
975
UNA
Crataegus viridis L.
TROY000038654 29-5-2012 Bailee Dykes
425
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
JSU130228 Pike 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14162
JSU
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
AUA000022912 Greene 29 MAR 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
45239
AUA
CRATAEGUS VIRIDIS L.
JSU130219 Calhoun 7 Aug 1991 F. Hutchinson
0038
JSU
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
SAMF0001980 Jefferson 02 Apr 2007 Davenport, L. J.
3657
SAMF
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
TROY000032599 Wilcox 12 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22074
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
TROY000034691 Pike 20 Mar 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22865
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
AUA000022914 Montgomery 4 APR 1970 MURCHISON, GROVER R.
008
AUA
CRATAEGUS VIRIDIS L.
UNA00064244 Russell 03 Apr 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7670
UNA
Crataegus viridis L.
AUA000022909 Choctaw 21 MAR 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
816
AUA
CRATAEGUS VIRIDIS L.
JSU130223 Etowah 22 Sep 1999 D. D. Spaulding
10747
JSU
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
TROY000046535 Monroe 27 Apr 1975 Michael G. Lelong
8440
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
USAM000013639 Monroe 22 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8336
USAM
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UNA00068531 Dallas s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Crataegus viridis L.
USAM000013637 Baldwin 28 Oct 1972 Pat Smith
s.n.
USAM
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
JSU130222 Colbert 21 Oct 1976 R. Kral
59431
JSU
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UWAL0042957 Baldwin 05 Jun 2009 Larsen, H.S.
1677
UWAL
Crataegus viridis L.
UWAL0010811 Montgomery 18 Mar 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22862
UWAL
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
USAM000013643 Mobile 06 Apr 1974 Michael G. LeLong
7540.4
USAM
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UNA00067214 Montgomery 10 Jun 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17697
UNA
Crataegus viridis L.
TROY000034657 Montgomery 18 Mar 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22862
TROY
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
AUA000022911 Etowah 15 APR 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
49591
AUA
CRATAEGUS VIRIDIS L.
JSU130227 Pike 6 Jun 1972 R. Kral
47333
JSU
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UWAL0010798 Pike 20 Mar 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22865
UWAL
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
USAM000013641 Mobile 06 Apr 1974 Michael G. LeLong
7540.5
USAM
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
JSU130224 Etowah 12 Aug 1995 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4305
JSU
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UWAL0003772 Wilcox 12 Jul 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5503
UWAL
Crataegus viridis L.
JSU130230 Talladega 11 May 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11018
JSU
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
AUA000022910 Choctaw 21 MAR 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
823
AUA
CRATAEGUS VIRIDIS L.
AUA000022915 Pike 15 JUL 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9674
AUA
CRATAEGUS VIRIDIS L.
JSU130229 Shelby 16 Apr 1973 R. Kral
49673
JSU
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UWAL0011001 Montgomery 11 Mar 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22823
UWAL
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UNA00068559 Baldwin 08 Jun 1982 Maureen Powers
1013
UNA
Crataegus viridis L.
JSU130225 Madison 25 Jun 1993 J. M. Ballard
2684
JSU
Crataegus viridis Linnaeus
UNA00066835 Butler 21 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17421
UNA
Crataegus viridis L.
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