Delphinium carolinianum ssp. carolinianum

Family:RANUNCULACEAE
Species:Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
Common Name:Carolina Larkspur; Prairie Larkspur; Blue Larkspur
Habitat:Prairies, limestone glades, thin soil over sandstone.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Carolina Larkspur is a native herbaceous perennial in the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). It is found primarily in central and western portions of the state. Carolina Larkspur occurs in prairies, in cedar glades, in calcareous woodlands, and on limestone outcrops. It is a perennial from a fascicle of thickened roots. The stems are erect, 1-3 feet in height, unbranched, green in color, and pubescent. Leaves are basal and cauline. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, slightly pubescent, and deeply palmately divided into 3-20 narrow lobes. Flowers are produced in terminal 8-20 flowered racemes. The pedicel and sepals are glabrous. Each flower has 5 petal-like sepals, the upper one spurred, and 4 petals. The flowers are purple to blue or white in color. The fruit is a follicle. Carolina Larkspur is sometimes available as seed. It preforms best in alkaline soils in full sun. The seed should be sown in the garden as Carolina Larkspur does not transplant well. It can be used in prairies and grasslands, along fence rows, and in a bed for cut flowers.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRANUNCULACEAE - Buttercup/Crowfoot family
Genus Delphinium
Species Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum - Carolina Larkspur; Prairie Larkspur; Blue Larkspur

Citation

Citation Delphinium carolinianum Walter, ssp. carolinianum, Fl. Carol. 155. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: USA: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Walter s.n. [Fraser/Walter 40-B] (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Warnock, Syst. Bot. 6: 48. 1981. USA: SOUTH CAROLINA: McCormick Co.: 4.5 mi. SE of Clarks Hill, 11 May 1957, Radford 22407 (epitype: GH; isoepitypes: CA, FLAS, GA, NCU, NY). Epitypified by D.B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 475-476. 2008.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Chilton, Clarke, Cleburne, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Russell, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1873 - 2020

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
SAMF0001472 Jefferson 20 May 1959 McCullough, Herbert A.
s.n.
SAMF
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UNA00073616 Blount 02 May 1999 Keener, Brian R.
1894
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
JSU128178 Elmore 10 May 1980 Whetstone, R. David
10078
JSU
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
ALNHS00004056 Cleburne 26 May 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2317
ALNHS
Delphinium carolinianum Walt. ssp. carolinianum
UWAL0003586 Bibb 25 Jun 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4658
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
TROY000036675 Greene 26 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6046
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0003588 Dallas 13 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5262
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
TROY000022634 Butler 18 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19274
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
SAMF0001474 Tuscaloosa 08 May 1963 Farrell, Lenore E.
s.n.
SAMF
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0001978 Wilcox 20 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21325
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
AUA_ACC_46829 Russell 14 May 1981 Maynard, J.A.
90
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
UNA00030500 Bibb 06 Jun 1980 McDaniel, Sidney
23915
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
AUA_ACC_23856 Macon 19 Jun 1971 First, F.B.
9
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
UNA00030311 Bibb 13 Jul 1979 Haynes, Robert R.
7465
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
TROY000031190 Bibb 07 Jun 1955 Davis, Donald E.
s.n.
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0030322 Dallas 13 May 2015 Davenport, L.J.
5752
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
TROY000033300 Wilcox 20 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21325
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0019489 Wilcox 20 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82400
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
UWAL0056228 Lawrence 28 Apr 2020 England, Kevin J.
10941
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
SAMF0001468 Jefferson 15 May 1957 Westbrook, John
s.n.
SAMF
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UNA00030356 Tuscaloosa 28 May 1955 Chermock, Ottilie D.
s.n.
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
AUA_ACC_41725 Macon 11 May 1973 Guyse, Keith D.
139
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
JSU128175 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11693
JSU
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0052961 Bibb 20 Jun 2016 Davenport, L.J.
6388
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
SAMF0002957 Dallas 13 May 2015 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5752
SAMF
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0017070 Washington 13 Jun 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8478
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
TROY000022454 Sumter 27 Apr 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11783
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
UWAL0012023 Blount 02 May 1999 Keener, Brian R.
1894
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
ALNHS00001118 Jefferson 12 May 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#448
ALNHS
Delphinium carolinianum Walt. ssp. carolinianum
TROY000049128 Sumter 06 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2850
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
UWAL0005401 Escambia 14 May 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22106
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UNA00013723 Perry 03 May 1873 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
AUA_ACC_2248 Bibb 7 Jun 1955 Davis, Donald E.
S.N.
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
JSU128182 Tuscaloosa 12 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4650
JSU
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
TROY000032948 Escambia 14 May 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22106
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0010233 Bibb 27 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7296
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
TROY000046566 Autauga 08 Jun 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
912
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
UWAL0015310 Sumter 06 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2850
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walt. ssp. carolinianum
TROY000022449 Bibb 07 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11900
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
UWAL0011879 Washington 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7191
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0002095 Lowndes 20 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21346
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
AUA_ACC_23858 Hale 4 Jul 1971 Mckitrick, S.R.L.
48
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
UNA00030376 Tuscaloosa 04 May 1959 Williamson, Nelda Kathleen
s.n.
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
AUA_ACC_58457 Morgan 27 May 1993 P.P.S.
129
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
UNA00030391 Pickens 05 Jun 1971 Kral, Robert
43019
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
TROY000039326 Autauga 12 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25178
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
JSU128176 Chilton 30 Mar 1970 Kral, Robert
39390
JSU
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
JSU128177 Elmore 10 May 1980 Whetstone, R. David
10078
JSU
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
ALNHS00002510 Bibb 26 Jun 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1091
ALNHS
Delphinium carolinianum Walt. ssp. carolinianum
UWAL0011700 Clarke 24 May 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7872
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
TROY000032374 Butler 17 Apr 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21911
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0016460 Autauga 12 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25178
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UNA00013724 Bibb 20 Jul 1877 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
SAMF0001470 Morgan 26 Apr 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5162
SAMF
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0005658 Butler 17 Apr 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
21911
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
AUA_ACC_41724 Lee 3 May 1973 Lynn, David
131
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
UNA00065185 Bibb 25 May 1990 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2706
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
UNAF0001808 Lawrence 07 May 2008 Webb, David H.
6758
UNAF
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
UWAL0049741 Lawrence 07 May 2008 Webb, David H.
6758
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walt. subsp. carolinianum
ALNHS00007881 Dallas 12 May 2021 Barger, T. Wayne
PL-422
ALNHS
Delphinium carolinianum Walt. ssp. Carolinianum
JSU140326 Pickens 21 May 1966 Johnson, Alfred W.
3326
JSU
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
TROY000022452 Lawrence 27 May 1978 Kral, Robert
61943
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
JSU128174 Bibb 15 Jun 1996 MacDonald, John R.
9616
JSU
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
ALNHS00001919 Dallas 23 May 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-672
ALNHS
Delphinium carolinianum Walt. ssp. carolinianum
SAMF0001471 Bibb 25 May 1990 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2706
SAMF
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
TROY000046444 Clarke 08 Jun 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28357
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
AUA_ACC_34119 Chilton 26 May 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1455
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
UNA00031721 Wilcox 20 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
641
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
SAMF0001473 Bibb 24 May 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5243
SAMF
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
TROY000022453 Sumter 30 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2548
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
UWAL0003587 Butler 18 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19274
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
AUA_ACC_51212 Bullock 18 May 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
6908
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
JSU128180 Jefferson 23 May 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1533
JSU
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0033872 Clarke 23 Apr 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9526
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
ALNHS00003856 Lawrence 12 May 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2271
ALNHS
Delphinium carolinianum Walt. var. carolinianum
AUA_ACC_62756 Autauga 1 Jun 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13975
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
JSU128183 Tuscaloosa 12 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4650
JSU
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
TROY000033296 Dallas 13 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5262
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0017445 Marengo 18 May 2013 England, J. Kevin
4271
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
UNA00062305 Hale 15 Jun 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11966
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt. subsp. carolinianum
UWAL0009712 Greene 26 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6046
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
TROY000022450 Hale 15 Sep 2003 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11966
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
AUA_ACC_46056 Wilcox 12 Jun 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3368
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
UWAL0046950 Autauga 08 Jun 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
912
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
UWAL0050252 Madison 07 May 2020 Finzel, Brian
s.n.
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UNA00065285 Lawrence 09 Apr 2003 England, J. Kevin
391
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
UWAL0001662 Sumter 14 May 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3602
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
TROY000045358 Marengo 18 May 2013 England, J. Kevin
4271
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
AUA_ACC_25904 Chilton 19 May 1972 Redmond, Bill
57
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
UNA00021963 Jefferson 28 May 1974 Kral, Robert
53155
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
TROY000046690 Lawrence 06 May 2006 England, J. Kevin
651
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
JSU128179 Jackson 15 May 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
653
JSU
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0056897 Bibb 05 Jun 2019 Keener, Brian R.
11278
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
JSU140324 Pickens 21 May 1966 Johnson, Alfred W.
3326
JSU
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
TROY000032456 Lowndes 20 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21346
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
SAMF0001469 Jefferson 14 May 1955 Smith, Joanna
s.n.
SAMF
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UNA00070196 Lawrence 07 May 2008 Webb, David
6758
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
AUA_ACC_34008 Bibb 10 May 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1277
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
UNA00030341 Tuscaloosa 28 May 1955 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
SAMF0006771 Bibb 20 Jun 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6388
SAMF
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UNA00030301 Chilton 09 Jul 1987 Haynes, Robert R.
9212
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
USAM000013380 Chilton 30 May 1970 Kral, Robert
39390
USAM
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
UWAL0049880 Lawrence 06 May 2008 Webb, David H.
6746
UWAL
Delphinium caroliniana Walt. subsp. caroliniana
UWAL0035258 Bibb 21 May 2012 Cobb, Richard
s.n.
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
ALNHS00003217 Lowndes 12 May 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1830
ALNHS
Delphinium carolinianum Walt. ssp. carolinianum
TROY000047387 Autauga 26 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
881
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
UWAL0050216 Dallas 13 Jun 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28981
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
TROY000022448 Autauga 01 Jun 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13975
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UWAL0014335 Lawrence 06 May 2006 England, J. Kevin
651
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
UWAL0056190 Morgan 16 May 2020 England, Kevin J.
11030
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walter ssp. carolinianum
UNA00030351 Tuscaloosa 28 May 1955 Chermock, Ottilie D.
s.n.
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
AUA_ACC_39375 Wilcox 20 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
641
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt.
JSU128173 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11675
JSU
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
JSU128181 Macon 3 May 1973 Hollis, James B.
116
JSU
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
SAMF0001475 Blount 03 Jun 2005 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3198
SAMF
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
UNA00058738 Sumter 30 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2548
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt. subsp. carolinianum
UWAL0003589 Dallas 19 Apr 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5211
UWAL
Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
TROY000040846 Clarke 24 May 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7872
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
AUA_ACC_11132 Lee 22 Jun 1963 Rogers, Ken
S.N.
AUA
Delphinium Carolinianum Walt. Ssp. Carolinanum
UNA00030321 Chilton 30 May 1970 Kral, Robert
39390
UNA
Delphinium carolinianum Walt. var. carolinianum
TROY000040267 Blount 02 May 1999 Keener, Brian R.
1894
TROY
Delphinium carolinianum Walter
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