Clematis terniflora

Family:RANUNCULACEAE
Species:Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
Common Name:Japanese Virgin's Bower; Sweet Autumn Clematis; Yam Leaf Clematis
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Vine
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Japanese Virgin's Bower is an introduced herbaceous twining vine in the Buttercup family (Ranunculaceae). It is native to Asia but is widely cultivated in the eastern United States. In Alabama it can be found state wide. Japanese Virgin's Bower occurs on vacant lots, in urban woodlands, along streams, on roadsides, and in forest edges. In the southern part of the state it is evergreen, in north Alabama it usually sheds its leaves and may die back to ground level each year. The vines are up to 25 feet in length, green in color, and pubescent or glabrous. It climbs by tendril-like leaf petioles and rachises that wrap around other vegetation. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, and pinnately 3-5 foliolate. The leaflets are ovate to lanceolate in outline, entire, and glabrous or sparsely pubescent on the veins. The foliage is dark green and may be variegated with spots of a light green or silvery green color. Flowers are produced in axillary cymes or panicles. The flowers have 4 spreading liner or elliptic white sepals and no petals. The sepals are pubescent along their margins. Each flower has 50 or more white stamens. Some flowers are staminate or bisexual. The bisexual flowers have 5-10 pistils. The fruit is a broad flat achene with a conspicuous rim and a long persistent style. The style is pubescent with long hairs. Japanese Virgin's Bower is listed as a Category 2 Invasive Species by the Alabama Invasive Plant Council.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FAC- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyRANUNCULACEAE - Buttercup/Crowfoot family
Genus Clematis
Species Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle - Japanese Virgin's Bower; Sweet Autumn Clematis; Yam Leaf Clematis

Citation

Citation CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 1: 137. 1817.
Basionym: **
Type: CHINA: Chekiang: Without data, Staunton s.n. (holotype: BM).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Clematis recta subsp. paniculata Clematis recta Linnaeus, subsp. paniculata Kuntze, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 26: 115. 1885.Clematis paniculata Thunberg 1794, non J. F. Gmelin 1791. 
Clematis recta subsp. terniflora Clematis recta Linnaeus, subsp. terniflora (de Candolle) Kuntze, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 26: 114. 1885.Clematis terniflora de Candolle 1817. 
Clematis flammula var. robusta Clematis flammula Linnaeus, var. robusta Carrière, Rev. Hort. 46: 465, f. 59. 1874.  
Clematis maximowicziana Clematis maximowicziana Franchet & Savatier, Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 261. 1878. JAPAN
Clematis maximowicziana var. robusta Clematis maximowicziana Franchet & Savatier, var. robusta (Carrière) Nakai, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. 33: 7. 1953.Clematis flammula Linnaeus, var. robusta Carrière 1874. 
Clematis paniculata var. dioscoreifolia Clematis paniculata Thunberg, var. dioscoreifolia (H. Léveillé & Vaniot) Rehder, J. Arnold Arbor. 1: 195. 1920.Clematis dioscoreifolia H. Léveillé & Vaniot 1920. 
Clematis parviloba var. maximowicziana Clematis parviloba Gardner & Champion, var. maximowicziana (Franchet & Savatier) Kuntze, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 26: 148. 1885.Clematis maximowicziana Franchet & Savatier 1878. 
Clematis terniflora var. robusta Clematis terniflora de Candolle, var. robusta (Carrière) Tamura, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 15: 18. 1953.Clematis flammula Linnaeus, var. robusta Carrière 1874. 
Clematis dioscoreifolia Clematis dioscoreifolia H. Léveillé & Vaniot, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 7: 339. 1909. KOREA
Clematis dioscoreifolia var. robusta Clematis dioscoreifolia H. Léveillé & Vaniot, var. robusta (Carrière) Rehder, J. Arnold Arbor. 26: 70. 1945.  
Clematis paniculata Clematis paniculata Thunberg, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 337. 1794, non J. F. Gmelin 1791. JAPAN

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Limestone, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Randolph, Sumter, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0007783 Montgomery 28 Aug 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22463
UWAL
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
TROY000008126 Dale 28 Jul 2000 Tiffany Pennington
942
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0003571 Crenshaw 17 Aug 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19787
UWAL
Clematis terniflora DC.
UNA00066963 Tuscaloosa 6 Nov 2006 Brian R. Keener
3269
UNA
Clematis terniflora DC.
JSU128099 Etowah 20 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3087
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
JSU128105 Jefferson 17 Oct 1975 A. E. Radford
s.n.
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
USAM000013354 Mobile 12 Aug 1972 Michael G. LeLong
6734
USAM
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
5889 Baldwin 27 JUL 1968 BURTTRAM, A. KENNETH
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
73205 Limestone 9 SEP 2012 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
3933
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
UWAL0003572 Escambia 21 Aug 1981 Kral, R.
67857
UWAL
Clematis terniflora DC.
TROY000033851 Montgomery 28 Aug 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22463
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
TROY000008127 Escambia 21 Aug 1981 Robert Kral
67857
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
TROY000045286 Marengo 28 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3841
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
JSU128109 Marshall 9 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
835
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
JSU128101 Jackson 6 Aug 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1056
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0036343 Mobile 05 Aug 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4069
UWAL
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
USAM000013358 Mobile 07 Aug 1981 Michael G. LeLong
12224
USAM
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
64201 Jackson 15 JUL 1998 BRODEUR, KRISTIN R.
1009 & 19502
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
UWAL0037937 Mobile 12 Aug 1972 LeLong, Michel G.
6734
UWAL
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
63818 Butler 17 AUG 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14618
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
JSU128097 Calhoun 9 Oct 1986 P. C. Carden
s.n.
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0003573 Greene 24 Aug 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5573
UWAL
Clematis terniflora DC.
UNA00061007 Barbour 13 Aug 2002 G. Gil
2001-330
UNA
Clematis terniflora DC.
UWAL0003576 Sumter 08 Nov 2006 Mustain, Robert A.
0188
UWAL
Clematis terniflora DC.
17243 Lee 7 AUG 1969 THORNHILL, RANDY
204
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
UNA00056134 Geneva 28 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11864
UNA
Clematis terniflora DC.
JSU128111 Randolph 17 Aug 1988 C. F. Nixon
4173
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
TROY000031811 Greene 24 Aug 2009 Brian R. Keener
5573
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
35335 Covington 17 AUG 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
7266 Limestone 25 JUN 1960 EVANS, E. M.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
TROY000008128 Geneva 28 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11864
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
TROY000039739 Tuscaloosa 06 Sep 2008 S.L. Younghance
158
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
SAMF0001462 Clarke 05 Aug 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4430
SAMF
Clematis terniflora A. P. de Candolle
22929 Lee 21 OCT 1971 HUDSON, MARY
143
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
JSU128110 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9208
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0017465 Marengo 28 Jun 2012 England, J. Kevin
3841
UWAL
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0012448 Crenshaw 24 Aug 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23251
UWAL
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
TROY000037668 Elmore 11 Aug 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24445
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
SAMF0001464 Lee 23 Aug 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4800
SAMF
Clematis terniflora A. P. de Candolle
JSU128104 Jackson 5 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5735
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0008752 Lee 23 Aug 2011 Davenport, L.J.
4800
UWAL
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0014888 Elmore 11 Aug 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24445
UWAL
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
5893 Baldwin 27 JUL 1968 SCARSBROOK, ELLEN
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
USAM000013352 Mobile 14 Aug 1980 Michael G. LeLong
11291
USAM
Clematis dioscoreifolia H. Léveillé & Vaniot
SAMF0001460 Bibb 10 Aug 2004 Davenport, L. J.
3109
SAMF
Clematis terniflora A. P. de Candolle
JSU128107 Marshall 20 Aug 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2679
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
67438 Tuscaloosa 6 NOV 2006 KEENER, BRIAN R.
3269
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
TROY000008124 Butler 17 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14618
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0015929 Bullock 06 Aug 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1666
UWAL
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
USAM000013356 Mobile 07 Aug 1981 Michael G. LeLong
12224
USAM
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
SAMF0001463 Jefferson 25 Aug 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4814
SAMF
Clematis terniflora A. P. de Candolle
UWAL0039578 Geneva 25 Aug 2016 Byrd, Cameron
68
UWAL
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
JSU128100 Jackson 5 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5735
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0003575 Montgomery 07 Feb 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21139
UWAL
Clematis terniflora DC.
TROY000022962 Sumter 08 Nov 2006 Robert A. Mustain
188
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
SAMF0001461 Cullman 05 Aug 2005 Davenport, L. J.
3334
SAMF
Clematis terniflora A. P. de Candolle
TROY000038227 Bullock 06 Aug 2013 Bailee Dykes
1666
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
TROY000008125 Coffee 08 Aug 2000 Brian H. Martin
862
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0003574 Jackson 29 Sep 2001 Giannasi, D.
0164
UWAL
Clematis terniflora DC.
UWAL0007777 Conecuh 20 Aug 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22429
UWAL
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UNA00062926 Butler 17 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14618
UNA
Clematis terniflora DC.
UWAL0012802 Mobile 10 Jul 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
0648
UWAL
Clematis terniflora DC
UWAL0003577 Tuscaloosa 06 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3269
UWAL
Clematis terniflora DC.
JSU128096 Bibb 31 Jul 1998 R. D. Whetstone
19614
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
35354 Butler 29 AUG 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
UNA00068636 Sumter 8 Nov 2006 Robert A. Mustain
188
UNA
Clematis terniflora DC.
UWAL0018123 Limestone 09 Sep 2012 England, J. Kevin
3933
UWAL
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
TROY000022430 Tuscaloosa 06 Nov 2006 Brian R. Keener
3269
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
48326 Barbour 3 NOV 1980 WEBSTER, B.
110
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
TROY000030598 Montgomery 07 Feb 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21139
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
JSU128098 Calhoun 26 Sep 1986 C. L. Lawler
1282
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0007942 Tuscaloosa 06 Sep 2008 Younghance, S.L.
0158
UWAL
Clematis terniflora DC.
TROY000044138 Geneva 25 Aug 2016 Cameron Byrd
68
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
JSU128106 Madison 22 Sep 1995 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
35330 Covington 17 AUG 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
S.N.
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
USAM000013355 Mobile 01 Sep 1973 Michael G. LeLong
7253.1
USAM
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
TROY000033864 Conecuh 20 Aug 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22429
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
JSU128108 Marshall 27 Sep 1991 D. D. Spaulding
1007
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
19000 Crenshaw 17 AUG 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
609
AUA
CLEMATIS TERNIFLORA DC.
JSU128102 Jackson 15 Jul 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1009
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0038669 Jackson 27 Oct 2018 England, J. Kevin
9626
UWAL
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
USAM000013357 Mobile 07 Aug 1981 Michael G. LeLong
12224
USAM
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
JSU128103 Jackson 5 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5886
JSU
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0038478 Mobile 01 Sep 1973 LeLong, Michel G.
7253.4
UWAL
Clematis terniflora DC.
TROY000022631 Crenshaw 17 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19787
TROY
Clematis terniflora A.P. de Candolle
SAMF0003263 Crenshaw 17 Aug 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19787
SAMF
Clematis terniflora A. P. de Candolle
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