Lysimachia lanceolata

Family:PRIMULACEAE
Species:Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
Common Name:Lance Leaf Loosestrife; Lance Leaf Yellow Loosestrife
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:LYLA
Plant Notes:Lance Leaf Loosestrife is a native perennial in the Primrose family (Primulaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Lance Leaf Loosestrife grows in wet ditches, along streams, in swamps, in depressions in hardwood forests, and in wet prairies. It is a perennial from a thin rhizome. Stems are erect, glabrous, and from 6-18 inches in height. The stems are simple or slightly branched near the apex. The leaves are opposite, elliptic to linear-lanceolate in outline, glabrous, and entire. Leaves are often folded along the midrib. The basal leaves are wider and more rounded than those higher on the stems. The lower leaves often have short petioles while the upper leaves are often sessile. Solitary nodding flowers are produced on long pedicels from the axils of the leaves. Flowers have 5 sepals and 5 petals. The petals are yellow, sometimes with red at the base. The fruit is a capsule. Lance Leaf Loosestrife produces no nectar but does produce a flora oil. It is pollinated by the short-tongued Melittid bee, Macropsis steironematis, a specialist species that only visits Lysimachia flowers. This bee gathers both the oil and pollen, and in doing so pollinates the flower. Macropsis steironematis is in turn parasitized by the Cuckoo bee Epeoloides pilosula. This species is a cleptoparasite—it lays its eggs on the pollen masses made by Macropsis steironematis to feed its larvae. Lance Leaf Loosestrife is occasionally available from wildflower nurseries. It prefers full to partial sun and a moist, loamy soil. You might want to plant the Lance Leaf Loosestrife in its pot to limit its spread by rhizomes.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPRIMULACEAE - Primrose family
Genus Lysimachia
Species Lysimachia lanceolata Walter - Lance Leaf Loosestrife; Lance Leaf Yellow Loosestrife

Citation

Citation LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA Walter, Fl. Carol. 92. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: Along the Santee River, s.d., Walter s.n. (holotype: BM).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lysimachia angustifolia Lysimachia angustifolia Lamarck, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 440. 1793. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (holotype: P).
Lysimachia carpenteri Lysimachia carpenteri Riddell, New Orleans Med. Surg. J. 9: 609. 1853. LOUISIANA: East Feliciana Par.: Without data, Carpenter s.n. [1072] (lectotype: GH). Lectotypified by R. L. Wilbur & Whitson, Rhodora 109: 172. 2007.
Lysimachia ciliata var. angustifolia Lysimachia ciliata Linnaeus, var. angustifolia (Lamarck) Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 280. 1860.Lysimachia angustifolia Lamarck 1793. 
Lysimachia ciliata var. heterophylla Lysimachia ciliata Linnaeus, var. heterophylla (Michaux) Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 280. 1860.Lysimachia heterophylla Michaux 1803. 
Lysimachia heterophylla Lysimachia heterophylla Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 127. 1803. GEORGIA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P).
Lysimachia hybrida var. heterophylla Lysimachia hybrida Michaux, var. heterophylla (Michaux) A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl. 213. 1870.Lysimachia heterophylla Michaux 1803. 
Lysimachia lanceolata var. angustifolia Lysimachia lanceolata Walter, var. angustifolia (Lamarck) A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2. 273. 1856.Lysimachia angustifolia Lamarck 1793. 
Lysimachia lanceolata var. heterophylla Lysimachia lanceolata Walter, var. heterophylla (Michaux) A. Gray, Manual, 283. 1848.Lysimachia heterophylla Michaux 1803. 
Nummularia lanceolata Nummularia lanceolata (Walter) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 398. 1891.Lysimachia lanceolata Walter 1788. 
Steironema ciliatum var. angustifolium Steironema ciliatum (Linnaeus) Baudo, var. angustifolium (Lamarck) Chapman, Fl. South. U.S., ed. 3. 298. 1897.Lysimachia angustifolia Lamarck 1793. 
Steironema ciliatum var. heterophyllum Steironema ciliatum (Linnaeus) Baudo, var. heterophyllum (Michaux) Chapman, Fl. South. U.S., ed. 3. 298. 1897.Lysimachia heterophylla Michaux 1803. 
Steironema lanceolatum var. angustifolium Steironema lanceolatum (Walter) A. Gray, var. angustifolium (Lamarck) A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 12: 63. 1876.Lysimachia angustifolia Lamarck 1793. 
Steironema heterophyllum    
Steironema lanceolatum Steironema lanceolatum (Walter) A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 12: 63. 1876.Lysimachia lanceolata Walter 1788. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Crenshaw, Dallas, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Macon, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Shelby, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1858 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU130286 Cherokee 5 May 1994 J. M. Ballard
4052
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
AUA_ACC039379 Wilcox 23 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
860
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
UNA00026985 Lee 19 Jun 1897 Baker
334
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
AUA_ACC019385 Lee 29 MAY 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
364
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
UNA00014342 Tuscaloosa 21 May 1964 Rebecca Deramus
s.n.
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
JSU130365 Winston 7 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5140
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
SAMF0003970 Coosa 31 May 1990 Davenport, L. J.
2709
SAMF
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
JSU130288 DeKalb 19 Jun 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15191
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
TROY000022357 Chilton 16 Jun 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15425
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
TROY000037928 Coosa 30 May 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24172
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UWAL0015980 Bullock 24 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0795
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
JSU130363 Shelby 12 Oct 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9308
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UNA00021746 Shelby 11 Aug 1973 R. Kral
51156
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
AUA_ACC039392 Dallas 17 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
826
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
UNA00014361 Tuscaloosa 03 Jun 1952 B. C. Williams
s.n.
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
AUA_ACC020133 Macon 29 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
171
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
UNA00014340 Winston 04 Jun 1971 R. Kral
42900
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
JSU130293 Franklin 6 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4401
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
TROY000029767 Jackson 10 Jun 2009 Terry Wayne Barger
122
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
JSU130284 Cherokee 19 Jun 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15157
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UWAL0006354 Franklin 09 Jun 1982 Kral, R.
68745
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
JSU130299 Marshall 6 Jul 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4180
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
AUA_ACC064821 Chilton 16 JUN 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15465
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
JSU130361 Marshall 11 Jun 1994 D. D. Spaulding
5490
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
AUA_ACC061859 Macon 23 JUN 1967 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
S.N.
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
UNA00065186 Coosa 31 May 1990 L. J. Davenport
2709
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
JSU130295 Jackson 12 Jul 1999 K. R. Brodeur
2102
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UWAL0012426 Bullock 27 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0926
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UNA00058125 Fayette 14 Jun 2002 Brian R. Keener
2190
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
UWAL0031598 Lawrence 18 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4401
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UNA00014346 DeKalb 21 Aug 1945 Roland M. Harper
4002
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
JSU130292 DeKalb 9 Jun 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8572
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UWAL0017665 Montgomery 05 Oct 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25592
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
TROY000032526 Butler 05 Jun 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22200
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
JSU130362 Marshall 24 Jun 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2096
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
AUA_ACC034805 Lee 2 JUL 1980 DALRYMPLE, LARRY W.
101
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
AUA_ACC053628 Calhoun 23 JUN 1993 HILTON, JAREL L.
57
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
UNA00067183 Choctaw 03 Jun 2007 Elizabeth A. Harrell
486
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
UWAL0005954 Macon 21 Jun 1980 Davenport, L.J.
1976
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
UWAL0005953 Lawrence 26 Jun 2005 England, J. Kevin
0431
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
AUA_ACC039381 Wilcox 17 JUL 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
992
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
UNA00014348 Tuscaloosa 03 Jun 1952 B. C. Williams
s.n.
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
AUA_ACC020063 Macon 19 JUN 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
114
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
JSU130287 Colbert 6 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4309
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
TROY000034489 Franklin 09 Jun 1982 Robert Kral
68745
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
JSU130282 Cherokee 17 Jun 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15131
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UWAL0014655 Coosa 30 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24172
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
JSU130297 Jackson 30 Jun 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8995
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
AUA_ACC065160 Chilton 16 JUN 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15425
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
JSU130281 Calhoun 7 Jun 1987 C. L. Lawler
1598
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
AUA_ACC023845 Lee 19 JUN 1971 KIRKLAND, D. L.
63
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
UNA00026237 Bibb 26 Jun 1995 Kathy Gould
152
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
AUA_ACC047077 DeKalb 24 JUN 1972 GALLOWAY, JUANITA
85
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
UWAL0047439 DeKalb 26 Jun 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10746
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UNA00064528 Chilton 16 Jun 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15465
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
AUA_ACC065863 Butler 20 JUL 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16710
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
UNA00034397 Wilcox 23 Jun 1982 S. C. Gunn
860
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt. var. lanceolata
JSU130298 Jackson 21 Jun 1975 S. D. Durham
212
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
TROY000022356 Fayette 14 Jun 2002 Brian R. Keener
2190
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
JSU130283 Cherokee 13 Jun 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15112
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
TROY000008065 Bullock 12 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13589
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
JSU130300 Marshall 28 Aug 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2714
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
AUA_ACC046066 Conecuh 11 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3348
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
AUA_ACC047078 Monroe 18 JUN 1972 HYBART, MICHAEL G.
15
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
UNA00014389 Marshall 06 Jul 1956 Joab L. Thomas
28
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt. var. lanceolata
UWAL0035393 Marion 05 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7894
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
JSU130285 Cherokee 31 May 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
TROY000008067 Cherokee 31 May 1968 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UNA00053906 Blount 26 Jul 1997 Brian R. Keener
266
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
TROY000022620 Choctaw 03 Jun 2007 Elizabeth A. Harrell
486
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UNA00014347 Calhoun 25 May 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7192
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
JSU130290 DeKalb 9 Jun 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8505
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
AUA_ACC010723 Lee 16 MAY 1963 CREW, JOHN L.
S.N.
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
TROY000035590 Barbour 17 Jun 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23148
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UWAL0044960 Bullock 29 Aug 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4182
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
AUA_ACC037267 Marengo 8 JUN 1981 HENDERSON, T.
149
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
UNA00014337 Choctaw 20 Jul 1858 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
SAMF0003969 Calhoun 07 Jun 2005 Davenport, L. J.
3221
SAMF
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
AUA_ACC062978 Cleburne 26 JUN 1957 ADAMS, W. H.
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
TROY000037235 Dallas 20 Jun 2013 Wayne K. Webb
s.n.
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
TROY000022618 Crenshaw 10 Aug 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19776
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UNA00014362 Tuscaloosa 27 May 1974 Alan Cunningham
s.n.
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
UNA00014341 Tuscaloosa 15 Jun 1966 Carol J. Brooks
158
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
UNA00034396 Dallas 17 Jun 1982 S. C. Gunn
826
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt. var. lanceolata
JSU130296 Jackson 21 Jun 1969 Rebecca Bible
s.n.
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UWAL0013250 Dallas 20 Jun 2013 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
AUA000032670 Tallapoosa 11 Jun 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4731
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA
JSU130289 DeKalb 27 Jun 1992 D. D. Spaulding
5146
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
AUA_ACC051152 Crenshaw 1 JUN 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6947
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
AUA_ACC053599 Calhoun 23 MAY 1994 HILTON, JAREL L.
168
AUA
LYSIMACHIA LANCEOLATA WALTER
UNA00065483 Etowah 09 Jun 1993 J. M. Ballard
2741
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
UWAL0005348 Butler 05 Jun 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22200
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UWAL0005952 Choctaw 03 Jun 2007 Harrell, Elizabeth A.
0486
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
JSU130291 DeKalb 22 Jun 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
TROY000008066 Butler 20 Jul 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16710
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UNA00026983 Lee 19 Jun 1897 Baker
s.n.
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
TROY000022619 Escambia 04 May 2000 Darryl Searcy
s.n.
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UNA00014339 Coosa 22 Jun 1980 Robert R. Haynes
7894
UNA
Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.
JSU130366 Winston 7 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5140
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
SAMF0006595 Clay 22 Jun 2016 Davenport, L.J.
6411
SAMF
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
JSU130294 Jackson 23 Jun 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15308
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
TROY000022358 Chilton 16 Jun 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15465
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UWAL0044660 Lawrence 03 Jun 2019 England, J. Kevin
10299
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
UWAL0047910 Lawrence 14 Jun 2014 England, J. Kevin
4922
UWAL
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
JSU130364 Shelby 21 Jul 1999 D. D. Spaulding
10677
JSU
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
TROY000042376 Montgomery 05 Oct 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25592
TROY
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
SAMF0003960 Macon 21 Jun 1980 Davenport, L. J.
1976
SAMF
Lysimachia lanceolata Walter
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