Primula meadia

Family:PRIMULACEAE
Species:Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
Common Name:Eastern Shooting Star; Pride of Ohio
Habitat:Rich woods usually in circumneutral to alkaline soils.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Eastern Shooting Star is a native herbaceous perennial in the Primrose family (Primulaceae). It is native to northern and west-central Alabama. Eastern Shooting Star occurs in rich hardwood forests, in prairies, in rocky woods, and on limestone slopes. It is a perennial with white or tan colored cord-like fibrous roots. The plant is scapose with a basal rosette of leaves. Leaves are oblanceolate to spatulate with winged petioles. The leaves are glabrous with entire margins. Flowers are produced in a long stalked umbel with 5-25 flowers. Each flower has 4-5 green sepals with reflexed lobes. The corolla is short tubular with reflexed lobes. There are 4-5 white or pink petals with a red ring at their base. The stamens are exserted and the connective tissue between them is dark maroon or black. The pollen sacs are yellow. The fruit is a capsule. Eastern Shooting Star exhibits buzz pollination in which the pollen remains within the anthers until shaken loose by a bee grabbing the flower and vibrating its wings at the right frequency. Eastern Shooting Star is widely cultivated and readily available from nurseries. Several cultivars have been developed. It prefers a slightly shade location with dampish soils. Eastern Shooting Star is striking when planted in mass.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPRIMULACEAE - Primrose family
Genus Primula
Species Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal - Eastern Shooting Star; Pride of Ohio

Citation

Citation PRIMULA MEADIA (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal, Brittonia 59(1): 81. 2007.
Basionym: Dodecatheon meadia L. 1753.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Dodecatheon hugeri    
Dodecatheon meadia Dodecatheon meadia L., Species Plantarum 1: 144–145. 1753. (1 May 1753)  
Dodecatheon meadia var. brachycarpum    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Clarke, Colbert, Cullman, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, Marshall, Morgan, Shelby, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1951 - 2008

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU129198 Calhoun 1 Apr 1972 R. David Whetstone
RDW-1327
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
TROY000040843 Clarke 24 May 2013 Brian R. Keener
7846
TROY
Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A.R. Mast & Reveal
UWAL0005944 Sumter 19 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3420
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
JSU129214 Limestone 1 Apr 1996 T. Hofmann
00187
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
TROY000022339 Tuscaloosa 05 Mar 1994 Carroll J. Mann
24
TROY
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
JSU129342 Walker 12 May 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9746
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
SAMF0003948 Jefferson 13 Mar 1957 Helms, Peggy
s.n.
SAMF
Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A. R. Mast & Reveal
UWAL0010832 Butler 18 Mar 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22837
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
AUA_ACC045204 Limestone 5 MAY 1979 ATCHLEY, CECIL G.
125
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
JSU129196 Calhoun 28 Mar 1954 Lewis Leath
s.n.
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
UNA00014272 Tuscaloosa 21 Apr 1951 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
UNA00014279 Morgan 12 Apr 1980 Russell A. Meigs
327
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L. var. standfieldii (Small) Fassett
AUA_ACC045335 Jefferson 12 APR 1979 KEYSER, J. T.
28
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
UWAL0009891 Walker 11 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6916
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
UNA00067023 Jackson 15 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3497
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
JSU129207 Jackson 10 Mar 1974 R. David Whetstone
2227
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
TROY000031303 Lawrence 01 Apr 1956 Donald E. Davis
s.n.
TROY
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
UWAL0033903 Fayette 30 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9438
UWAL
Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A.R. Mast & Reveal
TROY000034705 Butler 18 Mar 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22837
TROY
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
JSU129200 Franklin 14 May 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16371
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
SAMF0003943 Jefferson 11 Mar 1955 Jones, Ross
s.n.
SAMF
Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A. R. Mast & Reveal
UWAL0005943 Lawrence 09 Apr 1955 Bunch, Jack
s.n.
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
AUA_ACC040652 Jefferson 30 MAR 1985 BARBER, J. P.
1332
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
JSU129345 Walker 8 Apr 1967 N. Sanford
s.n.
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
UNA00014274 Tuscaloosa 21 Apr 1951 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
UNA00014268 Madison 20 Apr 1979 Russell A. Meigs
119
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L. var. standfieldii (Small) Fassett
AUA_ACC057534 Madison 13 APR 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
49505
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
UNA00054253 Blount 27 Mar 1999 Brian R. Keener
1840
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
TROY000036201 Franklin 10 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
6906
TROY
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC034017 Bibb 10 MAY 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1282
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
JSU129204 Jackson 28 Mar 1976 T. A. Atkinson
964
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
TROY000022338 Tuscaloosa 21 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2473
TROY
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
JSU129213 Lawrence 27 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16443
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC012626 Talladega 3 APR 1966 WILSON, J. R.
S.N.
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
JSU129203 Jackson 4 May 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6094
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
UWAL0011693 Clarke 24 May 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7846
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
UWAL0005941 Cullman 24 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4084
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
UNA00022109 Morgan 29 Mar 1973 R. Kral
49417
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
UNA00014278 Tuscaloosa 11 Apr 1985 Robert Burckhalter
316
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
AUA_ACC032536 Lawrence 13 APR 1974 JENKINS, J. D.
135
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
UWAL0018012 Cullman 27 Mar 1986 Kral, R.
73165
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
AUA_ACC041461 Madison 8 APR 1972 DOOLEY, M. K.
49
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
UNA00058451 Tuscaloosa 21 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2473
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
JSU129218 Shelby 16 Apr 1973 R. Kral
49670
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
UWAL0005945 Tuscaloosa 05 Apr 2006 Skinner, Angie
0059
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
UNA00014264 Tuscaloosa 30 Mar 1964 James D. Williams
s.n.
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
JSU129212 Lauderdale 30 Mar 1967 Sonja Holladay
14
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
TROY000022335 Jackson 15 Apr 2007 Brian R. Keener
3497
TROY
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
JSU129219 Tuscaloosa 2 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8077
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
SAMF0003950 Jefferson 28 Mar 1953 Knight
s.n.
SAMF
Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A. R. Mast & Reveal
AUA_ACC003778 Lawrence 17 MAR 1955 BURCH, JACK
S.N.
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
SAMF0003951 Tuscaloosa 24 Mar 1965 Wall, Ben
W-13
SAMF
Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A. R. Mast & Reveal
UNA00014273 Tuscaloosa 09 Mar 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
JSU129195 Blount 27 Mar 1999 Brian R. Keener
1840
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC026035 Fayette 20 APR 1965 KRAL, ROBERT
23747
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
JSU129202 Jackson 26 Mar 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1573
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
UNA00068775 Cullman 24 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4084
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
JSU129215 Madison 16 Apr 1996 S. E. Hruska
1009
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
UWAL0037019 Lawrence 03 Apr 2011 England, J. Kevin
2721
UWAL
Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A.R. Mast & Reveal
UNA00014266 Bibb 30 Mar 1969 Joab L. Thomas
1883
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L. var. standfieldii (Small) Fassett
JSU129341 Tuscaloosa 2 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1155
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
TROY000022337 Sumter 19 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3420
TROY
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
JSU129211 Jefferson 2 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8030
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
SAMF0003945 Tuscaloosa 21 Mar 1962 May, Meredith
s.n.
SAMF
Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A. R. Mast & Reveal
JSU129217 Marshall 23 Apr 1993 D. D. Spaulding
3504
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC011318 Colbert 23 APR 1966 BURNS, EARL R.
S.N.
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
SAMF0003947 Jefferson 13 Mar 1957 Westbrook, John
s.n.
SAMF
Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A. R. Mast & Reveal
UNA00014269 Tuscaloosa 20 Mar 1963 Rebecca Deramus
267
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
TROY000037422 Butler 17 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23821
TROY
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC055226 Franklin 28 MAR 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
45211
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
SAMF0003946 Bibb 03 Apr 2008 Davenport, L. J.
3779
SAMF
Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A. R. Mast & Reveal
UNA00053715 Blount 16 Mar 1997 Brian R. Keener
37
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
JSU129343 Walker 13 Apr 1970 R. Kral
38410
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC003780 Lawrence 1 APR 1956 DAVIS, DONALD E.
S.N.
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
UWAL0015711 Winston 14 Apr 2007 England, J. Kevin
0669
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
JSU129201 Fayette 18 Apr 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9387
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
SAMF0003944 Franklin 10 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6906
SAMF
Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A. R. Mast & Reveal
TROY000022334 Calhoun 30 Mar 1994 Shounda L. Connell
29
TROY
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC072761 Jackson 18 MAR 2009 BARGER, T. WAYNE
HC29
AUA
PRIMULA MEADIA (L.) A.R. MAST & REVEAL
JSU129208 Jackson 10 Mar 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2227
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
UNA00014276 Tuscaloosa 21 Apr 1951 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
UNA00026991 Wilcox s.d. S. B. Buckley
s.n.
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
AUA_ACC057562 Jackson 14 APR 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
49562
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
JSU129210 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
655
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
JSU129220 Tuscaloosa 3 Mar 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9329
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
TROY000036590 Walker 11 Mar 2012 Brian R. Keener
6916
TROY
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
UWAL0005942 Jackson 15 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3497
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
JSU129206 Jackson 30 Mar 1974 T. A. Atkinson
76
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
TROY000021183 Cullman 24 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4084
TROY
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
JSU129205 Jackson 28 Mar 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7628
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
UWAL0013084 Butler 17 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23821
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
SAMF0006738 Bibb 25 Mar 2017 Davenport, L.J.
6494
SAMF
Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A. R. Mast & Reveal
JSU129199 Etowah 7 May 1995 L. M. Hodge
4211
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
UNA00014261 Tuscaloosa 21 Apr 1951 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
UNA00034386 Franklin 08 Apr 1988 Robert R. Haynes
9290
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
AUA_ACC062096 Blount 27 MAR 1999 KEENER, BRIAN R.
1840
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
UWAL0033633 Tuscaloosa 23 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9388
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
UWAL0009830 Franklin 10 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6906
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
UNA00066988 Sumter 19 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3420
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
JSU129344 Walker 13 Apr 1970 R. Kral
38410
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC014091 Calhoun 10 APR 1968 O'NEAL, JUDY
S.N.
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
JSU129197 Calhoun 26 Apr 1986 C. L. Lawler
174
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
UWAL0009747 Madison 27 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6969
UWAL
Primula meadia (L.) A.R. Mast & Reveal
JSU129194 Bibb 18 May 1984 R. D. Whetstone
13951
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
SAMF0003949 Walker 11 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6916
SAMF
Primula meadia (Linnaeus) A. R. Mast & Reveal
TROY000022336 Jackson 30 Mar 1974 T.A. Atkinson
76
TROY
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
AUA_ACC013870 Colbert 20 APR 1966 BERRY, ROBERT
S.N.
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
JSU129216 Madison 11 Jun 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8382
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
UNA00014258 Tuscaloosa 09 Mar 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
UNA00014277 Franklin 25 Apr 1984 Sidney McDaniel
27669
UNA
Dodecatheon meadia L.
AUA_ACC055716 Jackson 18 APR 1971 KRAL, ROBERT
42126
AUA
DODECATHEON MEADIA L.
JSU129209 Jefferson 30 Mar 1985 J. P. Barber
1332
JSU
Dodecatheon meadia Linnaeus
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