Claytonia virginica

Family:MONTIACEAE
Species:Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
Common Name:Virginia Spring Beauty; Eastern Spring Beauty
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Virginia Spring Beauty is a native perennial herb in the Spring Beauty Family (Montiaceae). It is found most commonly in the northern half of Alabama, with scattered locations in south Alabama. It appears to be absent from the Wiregrass Region on southeast Alabama. Virginia Spring Beauty can be found in lawns, on roadsides, in wetlands, in moist woods, in prairies, and in pastures. It is a perennial with a globose corm or tuber. The basal leaves are petiolate, linear, glabrous, with entire margins. The cauline leaves are sessile and linear. Flowers are produced in racemes. The racemes have 6-20 pedicellate flowers. The flowers have 2 leaf-like sepals and 5 white to pink petals. The petals are striped with dark pink/lavender. The fruit is a 3-valved capsule with shiny, smooth seeds bearing an elaisome. Virginia Spring Beauty is one of two species of Claytonia that occur in Alabama. The second species, Carolina Spring Beauty (Claytonia caroliniana Michaux), has only been documented in the extreme northeast counties of Alabama. It has shorter, wider leaves. Virginia Spring Beauty is one of our earliest flowering wildflowers, and often creates spectacular displays in woodlands, fields, lawns, and roadsides. The flower color ranges from white with pink stripes, through deep pink. The flowers only open when the sun is shining, and close at night and on rainy days. Several varieties with different chromosome numbers have been described, and polyploidy is common.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMONTIACEAE - Spring Beauty Family family
Genus Claytonia
Species Claytonia virginica Linnaeus - Virginia Spring Beauty; Eastern Spring Beauty

Citation

Citation Claytonia virginica Linnaeus var. virginica, Sp. Pl. 1: 204. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Claytonia media    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Cleburne, Colbert, Cullman, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1934 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU133620 Jackson 9 Mar 1968 Martha Stuart
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033336 Lawrence 09 Apr 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6453
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133635 Morgan 27 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7760
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033302 Tuscaloosa 09 Mar 1959 Jackie Edwards
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
TROY000037369 Bullock 12 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23799
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133646 Morgan 29 Mar 1997 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133633 Mobile 26 Mar 1993 Susan Hruska
9
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0031214 Pickens 26 Mar 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8688
UWAL
Claytonia virginica L.
UNA00033381 Madison 14 Mar 1979 Russell A. Meigs
32
UNA
Claytonia virginica L. var. virginica
AUA_ACC072755 Jackson 19 MAR 2009 BARGER, T. WAYNE
HC-61
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
SAMF0003729 Shelby 20 Feb 2009 Burns, Kelly L.
3
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
TROY000037402 Butler 17 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23832
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC019544 Lee 11 APR 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
67-69
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133603 Blount 29 Mar 1999 Brian R. Keener
1850
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC053626 Talladega 9 MAR 1994 HILTON, JAREL L.
149
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
UWAL0030242 Lowndes 08 Mar 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26000
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133623 Jefferson 18 Mar 1979 Elizabeth Christian
018
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC065514 Lee 14 MAR 2005 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
1714
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
UNA00033356 Jefferson 01 Apr 1978 L. J. Davenport
290
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UNA00033371 Greene 08 Apr 1934 Roland M. Harper
3156
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UNA00053704 Blount 14 Mar 1997 Brian R. Keener
26
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UNA00033346 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 1964 Jane Yeuell
2
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
AUA_ACC039385 Lowndes 7 APR 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
355
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133614 Cullman 31 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7906
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0005914 Elmore 22 Feb 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17290
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
AUA_ACC014886 Lee 20 MAR 1969 SHELDON, JOE
19.22
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133612 Cleburne 25 Apr 1969 Jessica Tudor
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033376 Tuscaloosa 16 Feb 1975 Susan Ulmer Frye
37
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
AUA_ACC045205 Macon 20 APR 1979 CRESWELL, TOMMY
102
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
SAMF0003734 Marengo 01 Apr 1962 Ingram, Dianne
43
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
TROY000044768 Autauga 14 Feb 2017 Matthew R. Parker
356
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
SAMF0003730 Bibb 03 Apr 2003 Davenport, L. J.
2820
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
TROY000033206 Montgomery 28 Mar 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21213
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC014092 Calhoun 19 MAR 1968 O'NEAL, JUDY
S.N.
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133642 Talladega 2 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1168
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC045206 Jefferson 15 APR 1979 GILCHRIST, SCOTT M.
32
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133638 Talladega 20 Mar 1993 J. M. Ballard
1417
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC025168 Talladega 3 MAR 1973 REDMOND, BILL
65
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133639 Talladega 11 Mar 1982 M. G. Bussey
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033312 Jefferson 04 Apr 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8877
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UWAL0005919 Sumter Apr 1935 Spieth, Alda M.
s.n.
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
JSU133643 Tuscaloosa 2 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8063
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033332 Tuscaloosa s.d. Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UNA00033351 Tuscaloosa 03 Mar 1955 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133634 Mobile 26 Mar 1993 Russell House
8
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0036808 Marion 11 Apr 2017 Keener, Brian R.
9982
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
SAMF0006721 Colbert 17 Mar 2017 Davenport, L.J.
6485
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133618 Jackson 13 Mar 1998 K. R. Brodeur
375
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0005920 Sumter 02 Mar 2004 Neal, Tamara
0008
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
AUA_ACC063208 St. Clair 28 MAR 2003 SHANE UMPHREY
10
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133626 Marshall 26 Feb 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1085
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC041033 Macon 25 FEB 1986 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
S.N.
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
UWFP015215 Escambia 25 Mar 2007 James R. Burkhalter
21327
UWFP
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC061943 Choctaw 31 MAR 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1356
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
UWAL0009809 Madison 27 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6947
UWAL
Claytonia virginica L.
UWAL0005921 Marengo 13 May 1993 Harris, J.W.
s.n.
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
UNA00033341 Tuscaloosa 16 Feb 1959 Nelda Kathleen Williamson
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UNA00033366 Madison 04 Apr 1980 Russell A. Meigs
299
UNA
Claytonia virginica L. var. virginica
UNA00058616 Tuscaloosa 22 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2484
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UNA00033386 Dallas 11 Apr 1969 Joab L. Thomas
1937
UNA
Claytonia virginica L. var. virginica
AUA_ACC062614 Lauderdale 29 MAR 2003 HUDSON, E. K.
7
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133637 Shelby 4 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16207
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0005916 Lamar 20 Mar 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5110
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
SAMF0003728 Jefferson 27 Mar 1989 Davenport, L. J.
2622
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133629 Lauderdale 23 Mar 1967 John Frutiger
6
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0005913 Marengo 13 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1594
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
AUA_ACC016940 Montgomery 29 APR 1969 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
676
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133606 Calhoun 16 Mar 1986 C. L. Lawler
108
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0013025 Macon 18 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23845
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
SAMF0003732 Jefferson 21 Mar 1955 Wade, Albert
s.n.
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0009836 Franklin 10 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6898
UWAL
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133621 Jackson 28 Mar 1976 T. A. Atkinson
953
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC046346 Lawrence 15 APR 1978 LAMB, TRIP
75
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133640 Talladega 3 Apr 1993 J. M. Ballard
1360
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133604 Calhoun 22 Apr 1970 Morris Borden
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033307 Lauderdale 09 Apr 1988 Robert R. Haynes
9369
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133619 Jackson 28 Mar 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7661
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00060647 Tuscaloosa 30 Mar 1964 James D. Williams
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
TROY000037996 Lowndes 13 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23805
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133617 Franklin 3 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8145
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU143998 Calhoun 19 Mar 1968 Martha Stuart
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC050058 Lauderdale 9 APR 1988 HAYNES, ROBERT R.
9369
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133605 Calhoun 8 Apr 1970 Janet D. Sims
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033331 Hale 22 Mar 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
AUA_ACC020912 Lauderdale 28 MAR 1970 BLACK, BRYAN W.
S.N.
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
SAMF0003735 Jefferson 20 Mar 1957 Helms, Peggy
s.n.
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
TROY000037273 Macon 18 Mar 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
23845
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC032141 St. Clair 29 MAR 1978 OWSLEY, M.
509
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133636 Randolph 1 Mar 1986 C. F. Nixon
2093
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC025923 Franklin 16 APR 1965 KRAL, ROBERT
23585
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
AUA_ACC047108 Talladega 1 APR 1978 FRANK, TIM R.
23
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133630 Lawrence 21 Mar 1992 F. W. Clearman
053
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC025178 Calhoun 15 APR 1972 REDMOND, BILL
18
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133615 Etowah 30 Mar 1996 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4432
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033391 Tuscaloosa 09 Mar 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
TROY000039488 Elmore 03 Mar 2012 Robert Pullen
325
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00054261 Blount 29 Mar 1999 Brian R. Keener
1850
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UNA00033361 Greene 17 Mar 1967 Joab L. Thomas
T 932
UNA
Claytonia virginica L. var. virginica
JSU133641 Talladega 7 Mar 1973 R. David Whetstone
RDW-1307
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0013961 Lowndes 13 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23805
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
SAMF0003726 Jefferson 27 Mar 1990 Davenport, L. J.
2703
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133608 Calhoun 11 Mar 1955 John Lowery
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0005917 Lawrence 15 Feb 2009 England, J. Kevin
1604
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
AUA_ACC021883 Fayette 11 APR 1970 RUSH, LARRY
.027
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133609 Calhoun 26 Apr 1987 C. L. Lawler
1552
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0037639 Limestone 03 Apr 2018 England, J. Kevin
8917
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus var. virginica
SAMF0003727 Jefferson 10 Mar 2001 White, Janet F.
14
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0014845 Bullock 21 Feb 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1511
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133645 Limestone 1 Mar 1996 T. Hofmann
00171
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133624 Jefferson 1 Mar 1985 J. P. Barber
1276
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133616 Etowah 26 Apr 1994 L. M. Hodge
1222
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00047567 Madison 27 Mar 1975 Richard W. Simmers
2811
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UWAL0005918 Morgan 04 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1853
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
JSU133644 Walker 18 Apr 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9399
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00064798 Cherokee 30 Mar 2006 Brian R. Keener
2727
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UNA00033303 Tuscaloosa 03 Mar 1955 Joe A. Farmer
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133611 Cherokee 9 Apr 1972 R. David Whetstone
RDW-1180
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0031465 Morgan 12 Mar 2016 England, J. Kevin
5919
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus var. acutiflora AP de Candolle
SAMF0003731 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5018
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133613 Colbert 11 Mar 1970 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0005915 Jefferson 28 Mar 1980 Kral, R.
66752
UWAL
Claytonica virginica L.
AUA_ACC016948 Montgomery 15 APR 1969 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
644
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133627 Marshall 10 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1541
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0033893 Fayette 30 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9427
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0032322 Jackson 08 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6113
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus var. virginica
JSU133631 Limestone 1 Feb 1997 T. L. Hofmann
00225
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
TROY000037083 Bullock 21 Feb 2013 Bailee Dykes
1511
TROY
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133607 Calhoun 2 Feb 1956 Marion Jones
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00054190 Lamar 08 Apr 2001 Robert R. Haynes
10085
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
AUA_ACC002158 Lauderdale 15 MAR 1955 BURCH, JACK
S.N.
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133610 Cherokee 24 Mar 1984 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00033313 Calhoun 02 Apr 1954 Harry Sherman
s.n.
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
UNA00033326 Tuscaloosa 27 Mar 1963 Joe E. Heath
7
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133632 Marshall 19 Mar 1980 S. Allred
013
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0033642 St. Clair 17 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9373
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
JSU133622 Jackson 13 Mar 1998 K. R. Brodeur
375
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UWAL0039052 Cullman 22 Mar 2019 England, J. Kevin
9973
UWAL
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus var. acutiflora A.P. de Candolle
SAMF0003733 Blount 04 Mar 1956 Avery, J. C.
s.n.
SAMF
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
UNA00066628 Elmore 22 Feb 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17290
UNA
Claytonia virginica L.
AUA_ACC067626 Limestone 31 MAR 2007 HARRIS, E. D.
SN
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
JSU133628 Lauderdale 5 May 1973 Andrea Langley
098
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC061942 Choctaw 4 MAR 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1329
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
UWAL0009864 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7015
UWAL
Claytonia virginica L.
JSU133625 Marshall 8 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1127
JSU
Claytonia virginica Linnaeus
AUA_ACC062100 Blount 29 MAR 1999 KEENER, BRIAN R.
1850
AUA
CLAYTONIA VIRGINICA L.
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