Brunnichia ovata

Family:POLYGONACEAE
Species:Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
Common Name:American Buckwheat Vine; Ladies' Eardrops; Redvine
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Vine
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Ladies' Eardrops is a native deciduous woody perennial vine in the Buckwheat family (Polygonaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Ladies' Eardrops occurs on riverbanks, around the margins of lakes and ponds, and in low wet woods. It is a perennial woody vine climbing by tendrils. The tendrils are branched. Vines are 20-60 feet in length, often climbing high in trees. Young stems are green and grooved. Older stems have reddish or gray bark with numerous lenticels. The deciduous leaves are alternate, petiolate, ovate to ovate-lanceolate in outline, with entire margins. The leaves are glabrous with truncate to cordate bases. The ocrea (formed by the stipules fused into a sheath around the stem) is tiny and fringed by reddish-brown hairs. Fragrant flowers are produced in large terminal and axillary panicles. Each flower is campanulate in shape with 5 yellowish-green tepals. The fruit is a large 3-angled achene. The achene resembles an ear pendant, thus the common name.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOLYGONACEAE - Buckwheat family
Genus Brunnichia
Species Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners - American Buckwheat Vine; Ladies' Eardrops; Redvine

Citation

Citation BRUNNICHIA OVATA (Walter) Shinners, Sida 3: 115. 1967.
Basionym: Rajania ovata Walter 1788.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Jasper Co.: Near Forks Lake Bluff, ca. 5 mi. NW of Hardeeville, 15 Jul 1984, Aulbach-Smith 3144 (neotype: USCH). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 1282. 2008.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Rajania ovata Rajania ovata Walter, Fl. Carol. 247. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA: Jasper Co.: Near Forks Lake Bluff, ca. 5 mi. NW of Hardeeville, 15 Jul 1984, Aulbach-Smith 3144 (neotype: USCH). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 1282. 2008.
Brunnichia cirrhosa Brunnichia cirrhosa Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 214, t. 45. 1788. BAHAMA ISLANDS

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Fayette, Greene, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Pike, Russell, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1879 - 2012

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00061011 Barbour 13 Aug 2002 G. Gil
2001-331
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
UNA00033880 Choctaw 26 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
641
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
AUA000039139 Pickens 12 Sep 1956 HOCKING, GEORGE M.
1054
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UNA00062934 Pike 08 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14590
UNA
Brunnichia cirrhosa Gaertn.
TROY000007924 Crenshaw 25 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13416
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
AUA_ACC038136 Jefferson 17 OCT 1975 WHETSTONE, R. DAVID
7198
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UWAL0038515 Baldwin 20 Jun 1970 LeLong, Michel G.
5426
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
UNA00033895 Madison 23 Jul 1980 Russell A. Meigs
1063
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
AUA_ACC019692 Dallas 7 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
386
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
JSU138996 Jefferson 17 Oct 1975 A. E. Radford
s.n.
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
TROY000007923 Crenshaw 07 Jul 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13456
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
TROY000039548 Elmore 07 Jul 2011 Robert Pullen
50
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
UWAL0013814 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1062
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
AUA_ACC063839 Montgomery 12 AUG 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14592
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UNA00033870 Mobile 12 Sep 1892 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
UNA00033829 Lowndes 18 Aug 1978 L. J. Davenport
768
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
JSU138994 Jackson 09 Oct 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1495
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
JSU142182 Dallas 07 Jul 2010 T. Wayne Barger
OC-342
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
AUA_ACC055527 Crenshaw 31 JUL 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9763
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
AUA_ACC050034 Baldwin 31 MAY 1986 BREWER, R. C.
S.N.
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UWAL0019992 Morgan 15 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5588
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
UNA00033890 Mobile 26 Jun 1964 Rebecca Deramus
D135
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
SAMF0003538 Tuscaloosa 28 Jul 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
465
SAMF
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
UWAL0030569 Covington 26 Jul 1990 Kral, R.
78123
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
TROY000022593 Marengo 27 Aug 2008 J. Kevin England
962
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
JSU139063 Washington 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18640
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
USAM000012987 Baldwin 03 Aug 1972 Michael G. LeLong
6712
USAM
Brunnichia cirrhosa Gaertner
AUA_ACC062217 Barbour 13 AUG 2002 GIL, GLENDA
(2001-331)
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UNA00053512 Greene 05 Aug 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2343
UNA
Brunnichia cirrhosa Gaertn.
UNA00033834 Tuscaloosa 29 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
667
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
UWAL0005809 Greene 25 Oct 2003 Walker, R.S.
0096
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
UNA00033805 Autauga 1 Sep _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
USAM000012986 Baldwin 17 Jul 1970 Michael G. LeLong
5443
USAM
Brunnichia cirrhosa Gaertner
JSU139270 Morgan 13 Jul 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9048
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
AUA_ACC042973 Lee 6 JUL 1972 YOUNG, BECKY
55
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
TROY000036388 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Bailee Dykes
1062
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
UWAL0016867 Jefferson 27 Aug 2014 Davenport, L.J.
5657
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
JSU138997 Jefferson 17 Oct 1975 A. E. Radford
s.n.
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
TROY000007926 Pike 08 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14590
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
TROY000039558 Elmore 29 Sep 2012 Robert Pullen
169
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
TROY000022257 Lauderdale 10 Oct 1978 Robert Kral
62855
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
AUA_ACC058467 Escambia 13 APR 1999 SEARCY, DARRYL
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UNA00055984 Covington 24 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11471
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
UNA00064064 Marshall 20 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15723
UNA
Brunnichia cirrhosa Gaertn.
AUA_ACC044271 Conecuh 29 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2734
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
TROY000048993 Autauga 07 Sep 2017 Matthew R. Parker
1179
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
AUA_ACC072932 Hale 1 JUL 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
SP33
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
TROY000007927 Pike 02 Sep 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13650
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
UNA00033869 Greene 18 Jul 1967 Rebecca Deramus
580
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
JSU138999 Limestone 26 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17756
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
AUA000037614 Morgan 15 Aug 2015 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
5588
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
AUA_ACC039722 Tallapoosa 23 SEP 1972 PATRICK D. HAGAN
37
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
JSU139061 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18506
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
TROY000007920 Butler 11 Aug 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16775
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
JSU138995 Jackson 21 Sep 1997 D. D. Spaulding
10112
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
TROY000044553 Lamar 04 Jul 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12991
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
UNA00022787 Dallas 03 Aug 1993 Chris G. Haynes
s.n.
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
UNA00033840 Houston 11 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
536
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
SAMF0003536 Crenshaw 19 Jun 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4393
SAMF
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
UNA00065640 Butler 11 Aug 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16775
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
AUA_ACC046372 Pike 7 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3462
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
AUA_ACC061824 Choctaw 14 SEP 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1498
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UWAL0005811 Marengo 27 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
0962
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
UNA00033885 Hale 04 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8059
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
AUA_ACC019260 Russell 12 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
263-69
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UWAL0035474 Lamar 13 Jul 2017 England, J. Kevin
8179
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
JSU138998 Limestone 14 Jun 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18037
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
USAM000012988 Baldwin 03 Aug 1972 Michael G. LeLong
6712
USAM
Brunnichia cirrhosa Gaertner
AUA_ACC012995 Macon 29 JUL 1967 GOSLIN, W. E.
S.N.
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
AUA_ACC061823 Choctaw 8 MAY 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1415
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UNA00033884 Greene 02 Jul 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2276
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
UNA00033874 Dallas 25 Sep 1977 L. J. Davenport
187
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
UWAL0046551 Autauga 07 Sep 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1179
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
TROY000033100 Escambia 08 Jul 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
4108
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
UWAL0002278 Lamar 04 Jul 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12991
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
SAMF0003537 Jefferson 06 Jul 2007 Davenport, L. J.
3744
SAMF
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
TROY000007919 Bullock 02 Aug 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17862
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
UNA00033854 Greene 18 Jul 1967 Rebecca Deramus
580
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
JSU138993 Houston 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14233
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
UWAL0014178 Fayette 23 Aug 2009 Younghance, Steve
0267
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
SAMF0003535 Jefferson 27 Aug 2014 Davenport, L. J.
5657
SAMF
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
TROY000007928 Wilcox 09 Sep 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16880
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
TROY000038610 Fayette 23 Aug 2009 Steve Younghance
267
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
AUA_ACC033037 Bibb 11 JUL 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
207
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UNA00033875 Montgomery 30 Jul 1879 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
UNA00033865 Crenshaw 13 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
595
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
AUA_ACC057525 Mobile 14 AUG 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
51350
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UNA00062942 Montgomery 12 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14592
UNA
Brunnichia cirrhosa Gaertn.
AUA_ACC063907 Pike 8 AUG 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14590
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
AUA_ACC017268 Macon 10 JUL 1969 THORNHILL, RANDY
90
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UWAL0001932 Escambia 08 Jul 2009 Hansen, C.J.
4108
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
UNA00033894 Montgomery 03 Sep 1977 Robert R. Haynes
6365
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
AUA_ACC020572 Marengo 19 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
306-69
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UWAL0042813 Baldwin 04 Jun 2000 Larsen, H.S.
403
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
UWAL0034183 Colbert 23 Aug 2015 Spaulding, Dan
14392
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
AUA_ACC069457 Escambia 8 JUL 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4108
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
TROY000007922 Covington 18 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13368B
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
AUA_ACC050196 Pike 10 SEP 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6356
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
UNA00069207 Marengo 27 Aug 2008 Kevin England
962
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
TROY000031262 Tallapoosa 23 Sep 1972 Jack H. Hagan
37
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
JSU142191 Dallas 07 Jul 2010 T. Wayne Barger
OC-342
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
AUA_ACC043297 Monroe 3 SEP 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1722
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
TROY000022258 Madison 23 Jul 1980 Russel A. Meigs
1063
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
AUA_ACC071683 Mobile 19 JUN 2013 BARGER, T. WAYNE
SP1107
AUA
BRUNNICHIA OVATA (WALT.) SHINNERS
TROY000007918 Barbour 03 Sep 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12073
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
UNA00033879 Tuscaloosa 28 Jul 1965 Rebecca Deramus
465
UNA
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
JSU138992 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19013
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
UWAL0005810 Lamar 02 Aug 2002 Keener, Brian R.
2332
UWAL
Brunnichia ovata (Walt.) Shinners
TROY000007921 Coffee 16 Aug 2000 Brian H. Martin
890
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
JSU139000 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18563
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
TROY000007925 Montgomery 12 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14592
TROY
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
JSU139062 Tuscaloosa 22 Jul 2000 D. D. Spaulding
10812
JSU
Brunnichia ovata (Walter) Shinners
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