Polygala nana

Family:POLYGALACEAE
Species:Polygala nana (Michaux) DC.
Common Name:Dwarf Milkwort; Candyroot; Low Bachelor's Button
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PONA2
Plant Notes:Yellow Bachelor's Button is an herbaceous biennial or short-lived perennial in the Milkwort family (Polygalaceae). It is found throughout most of Alabama. Yellow Bachelor's Button occurs in moist pine or hardwood forests, in moist, sandy clearings, in roadside ditches, and on roadsides. It is a biennial or short-lived perennial with a tap root. The tap root has a sweet, licorice-like flavor when chewed. This gives members of this genus their alternate common name of “candy root”. Most of the leaves are confined to a basal rosette, with few on the stems. Leaves are oblanceolate to spatulate in outline, glabrous, and entire. The leaves are a yellowish-green color and almost succulent to the touch. Stem leaves are alternate, sessile, and similar to the basal leaves but smaller. Each basal rosette produces 1-many upright stems. Stems are 4-6 inches tall, yellowish-green in color, glabrous, and terminate in a compact head-like raceme. The individual flowers have 3 small sepals and two larger petal-like sepals (wings) that are lemon yellow in color. The 3 petals are united into a tube with the central lobe lacerate. The petals are also lemon yellow in color. The fruit is a capsule. The seed have paired elaiosomes (fleshy often oily appendages) that are an adaptation for ant dispersal of the seed.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOLYGALACEAE - Milkwort family
Genus Polygala
Species Polygala nana (Michaux) DC. - Dwarf Milkwort; Candyroot; Low Bachelor's Button

Citation

Citation POLYGALA NANA (Michaux) de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 328. 1824.
Basionym: Polygala lutea Linnaeus, var. nana Michaux 1803.
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P?).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Pilostaxis hyemalis Pilostaxis hyemalis Rafinesque, New Fl. 4: 89. 1838 ("1836").Polygala hyemalis Rafinesque 1838. 
Pilostaxis nana Pilostaxis nana (Michaux) Rafinesque, New Fl. 4: 89. 1838 ("1836").Polygala lutea Linnaeus, var. nana Michaux 1803. 
Polygala hyemalis Polygala hyemalis Rafinesque, New Fl. 4: 89. 1838 ("1836"). FLORIDA/GEORGIA:
Polygala lutea var. nana Polygala lutea Linnaeus, var. nana Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 54. 1803. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Michaux s.n. (holotype: P?).
Polygala nana var. humillima Polygala nana (Michaux) de Candolle, var. humillima Chodat, Mém. Soc. Phys. Gèneve 31(2(2)): 200. 1893.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Jefferson, Lee, Macon, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1905 - 2006

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000042482 Conecuh 13 May 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26340
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) DC.
UWAL0031175 Conecuh 13 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26340
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michaux) DC
62975 Cleburne 15 JUN 1957 ADAMS, W. H.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
60778 DeKalb 17 JUL 1966 DALY, JR., ROBERT
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138922 Jefferson 07 Sep 1984 J. P. Barber
1077
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
JSU138906 Choctaw 04 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39665
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00028837 Monroe 11 May 1993 Robert Burckhalter
2262
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
41719 Macon 21 APR 1973 HOLLIS, JAMES B.
85
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138914 Cleburne 28 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
465
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00064991 DeKalb 11 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2877
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
63896 Pike 28 APR 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14361
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138901 Calhoun 12 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
468
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
USAM000012942 Mobile 02 May 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4464
USAM
Polygala nana (Michaux) DC.
33666 St. Clair 6 JUN 1979 OWSLEY, C. M.
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
32512 Clarke 19 APR 1974 SAUNDERS, M. R.
87
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
TROY000022234 Autauga 26 May 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12453
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0016297 Covington 09 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25075
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michaux) DC.
123 Baldwin 5 MAY 1957 BPM
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138907 Clay 19 Oct 1996 J. M. Ballard
6997
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00062989 Pike 28 Apr 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14361
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
UWAL0005797 Baldwin 25 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
2014
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
JSU138905 Cherokee 16 May 1972 R. David Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00009682 DeKalb 28 May 1964 Rebecca Deramus
407
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
4257 Mobile 24 APR 1965 HEATH, OLIVER
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
19771 Baldwin 3 MAY 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
167-69
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
SAMF0000976 Covington 19 May 1986 Davenport, L. J.
2451
SAMF
Polygala nana (Michaux) A. P. de Candolle
TROY000007895 Coffee 28 Apr 2000 Brian H. Martin
627
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000022589 Butler 24 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19041
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
JSU138899 Blount 13 Oct 1984 C. F. Nixon
955
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
37120 Monroe 23 APR 1981 O'HALLORAN, K.
92
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
30161 Talladega 18 MAY 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2944
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
UWAL0002664 Marengo 04 Jun 2010 England, J. Kevin
2523
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000022236 Cherokee 11 May 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11262
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
JSU138921 Etowah 07 May 1995 L. M. Hodge
4229
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
122 Baldwin 4 MAY 1957 BAKER, W. H.
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138909 Clay 01 Jul 1993 J. M. Ballard
2879
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0005799 Sumter 24 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4295
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
70207 Covington 28 OCT 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3560
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
SAMF0000977 Jefferson 09 Oct 1985 Davenport, L. J.
2436
SAMF
Polygala nana (Michaux) A. P. de Candolle
JSU145296 Calhoun 17 Jul 1992 F. Hutchinson
604
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
JSU138926 Randolph 11 Apr 1974 T. A. Atkinson
123
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00009674 Lee 21 Jun 1980 L. J. Davenport
1948
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
UNA00028702 Bibb 27 Apr 1988 Robert R. Haynes
9338
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
12324 Bullock 30 APR 1965 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
2289
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
UWAL0010862 Pike 18 May 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23051
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00009669 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
43697 Conecuh 9 JUN 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
789
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
TROY000034839 Montgomery 02 Apr 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22894
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0037489 Bullock 13 Apr 2016 Soehren, Eric C.
0230
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
TROY000038330 Bullock 18 Apr 2013 Bailee Dykes
1565
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) DC.
14880 Baldwin 3 MAY 1969 ROBERSON, B. J.
140
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138904 Cherokee 22 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5058
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
11697 Baldwin 29 APR 1967 BARRICK, WILLIAM E.
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138908 Clay 02 May 1993 J. M. Ballard
1653
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0014011 Bullock 18 Apr 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1565
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michaux) DC.
14879 Lee 3 APR 1969 HARMON, CRYSTAL
52
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU142229 Clarke 21 Mar 2012 Howard E. Horne
SWS-57
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0011881 Washington 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7183
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00009670 Sumter 05 Jun 1971 R. Kral
42973
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
UNA00009696 DeKalb 25 Nov 1905 Roland M. Harper
15
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
10804 Escambia 10 MAY 1963 LAMB, JAMES M.
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
UWAL0011788 Clarke 27 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7794
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000007897 Crenshaw 30 May 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11708
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00009681 Shelby 09 May 1981 Charles N. Horn
296
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
42402 Clay 22 JUL 1972 EUDALY, EDWIN M.
127
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
UWAL0005798 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4351
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
UWAL0037566 Mobile 14 Apr 1997 Sorrie, B.A.
9148
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
17858 Lee 7 MAY 1970 MURCHISON, GROVER R.
137
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
11204 Covington 1 MAY 1963 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138918 DeKalb 23 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5230
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
7050 Baldwin 6 MAY 1960 BAKER, SHELBY
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU140369 Escambia 01 May 1958 H. E. Grelen
36
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
JSU138924 Jefferson 23 May 1985 J. P. Barber
1526
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
70316 Escambia 19 MAY 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3962
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
UWAL0034267 Covington 08 May 1995 Kral, R.
84575
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC
JSU144406 Calhoun 02 Jun 1993 F. Hutchinson
1651
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
JSU138903 Cherokee 04 May 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1951
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000007898 Dale 04 Apr 1997 Hannelore Rundell
55
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00010632 Clarke 20 May 1989 Robert Burckhalter
1656
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
10733 Escambia 10 MAY 1963 KENNAMER, JAMES E.
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
UWAL0005800 St. Clair 15 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2884
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
UNA00009686 Winston s.d. C. B. Segars
62
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
48905 Crenshaw 29 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4901
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
USAM000012944 Baldwin 11 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8304
USAM
Polygala nana (Michaux) DC.
UWAL0009698 DeKalb 09 May 2009 Spaulding, D.D.
13175
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
24359 Chilton 19 MAY 1972 REDMOND, BILL
44
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138919 DeKalb 19 Jun 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15198
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
32506 Russell 8 MAY 1974 WILLIAMSON, CANDY
151
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
35993 Bibb 29 APR 1979 BECKETT, SCOTT W.
107
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138910 Clay 05 Oct 1992 J. M. Ballard
675
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000007900 Pike 28 Apr 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14361
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
JSU138925 Mobile 29 Mar 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1224
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000022237 Cherokee 16 May 1972 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0012142 Choctaw 07 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7728
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michaux) DC.
UNA00009677 Mobile 06 Mar 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D269
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
UNA00009676 Marshall 06 Jul 1980 Russell A. Meigs
951
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
32511 Covington 6 APR 1974 LANCASTER, D. S.
118
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
SAMF0000975 Autauga 18 May 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4700
SAMF
Polygala nana (Michaux) A. P. de Candolle
TROY000007896 Coffee 16 May 1999 Anthony Cole
8
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00053466 Mobile 27 Apr 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1665
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
JSU138920 DeKalb 11 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
183
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
5285 Monroe 6 MAY 1967 NEWMAN, GARY
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
29121 Tallapoosa 15 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2139
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
USAM000012943 Mobile 04 May 1968 D. L. Scott & B. E. Wofford
161
USAM
Polygala nana (Michaux) DC.
JSU138912 Cleburne 26 Jun 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
JSU138915 DeKalb 01 Jun 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
JSU138916 DeKalb 01 Jun 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00009675 Talladega 21 Jun 1980 Russell A. Meigs
875
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
34677 Covington 17 APR 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138928 Talladega 31 May 1992 J. M. Ballard
177
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000039432 Covington 09 May 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25075
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) DC.
UWAL0014719 Washington 25 May 2014 England, J. Kevin
4869
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michaux) DC.
JSU138917 DeKalb 26 Apr 1972 R. David Whetstone
RDW-1140
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00009693 DeKalb 28 May 1964 Rebecca Deramus
407
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
53627 Calhoun 23 MAY 1994 HILTON, JAREL L.
167
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138913 Cleburne 18 Jun 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
737
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00064941 Sumter 25 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2839
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
51249 Crenshaw 22 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4538
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138900 Calhoun 07 Jun 1987 C. L. Lawler
1600
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
33707 St. Clair 6 JUN 1978 OWSLEY, C. M.
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
27464 Clay 23 JUN 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
448
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
TROY000022235 Calhoun 15 Apr 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11201
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
USAM000012945 Baldwin 27 Apr 1975 Michael G. LeLong
8371
USAM
Polygala nana (Michaux) DC.
45395 Tallapoosa 3 MAY 1979 ATCHLEY, CECIL G.
110
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
50697 Escambia 16 JUN 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6981
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138923 Jefferson 17 May 1984 J. P. Barber
580
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
61600 Russell 2 MAY 2002 GIL, GLENDA
2001-153
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
UWAL0031080 Escambia 03 May 1987 Kral, R.
73882
UWAL
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC
JSU138911 Cleburne 07 Oct 1994 S. E. Hruska
467
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000007899 Escambia 04 Feb 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
4
TROY
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00010651 Tuscaloosa 18 May 1989 Robert Burckhalter
1635
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
46186 Covington 6 APR 1974 JENKINS, J. D.
80
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138927 Shelby 04 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16271
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00066878 St. Clair 15 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2884
UNA
Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
55473 Pike 28 MAY 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9568
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
JSU138902 Calhoun 13 Apr 1986 C. L. Lawler
146
JSU
Polygala nana (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle
USAM000012941 Mobile 07 Apr 1967 Michael G. LeLong
3012
USAM
Polygala nana (Michaux) DC.
13252 Baldwin 29 APR 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
168
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
15295 Lee 11 MAY 1966 SEARCY, JAMES W.
S.N.
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
45788 Mobile 22 APR 1971 WIDDER, E. J.
87
AUA
POLYGALA NANA (MICHX.) DC.
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