Polygala cruciata

Family:POLYGALACEAE
Species:Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
Common Name:Drumheads; Cross Leaf Milkwort; Purple Candyroot
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:Most of our plants have 5-12 leaf-bearing nodes. Sometimes a more northern entity with 3-5 leaf bearing nodes is recognized as either a var.(Polygala cruciata L. var. aquilonia Fern. & Schub.) or a subspecies (Polygala cruciata ssp. aquilonia (Fern. & Schub.) A. Haines). If the more northern entity occurs in Alabama, it would more than likely be in the extreme northern counties.
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOLYGALACEAE - Milkwort family
Genus Polygala
Species Polygala cruciata Linnaeus - Drumheads; Cross Leaf Milkwort; Purple Candyroot

Citation

Citation POLYGALA CRUCIATA L. Sp. Pl. 2: 706. 1753. (1 May 1753).
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Polygala cruciata subsp. aquilonia Polygala cruciata subsp. aquilonia (Fernald & B.G. Schub.) A. Haines, Stantec Bot. Notes 13(add.): 1. 2010.Polygala cruciata var. aquilonia Fernald & B.G. Schub. 
Polygala cruciata var. aquilonia Polygala cruciata var. aquilonia Fernald & B.G. Schub., Rhodora 50(595): 163–166, pl. 1100. 1948.  
Polygala cruciata var. ramosior Polygala cruciata var. ramosior Nash ex B.L. Rob., Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(1[2]): 458. 1897.  
Polygala ramosior Polygala ramosior (Nash ex B.L. Rob.) Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 771. 1933.Polygala cruciata var. ramosior Nash ex B.L. Rob. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Choctaw, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Houston, Lamar, Mobile, Montgomery, Russell, Shelby, Sumter, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1952 - 2006

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
19596 Baldwin 25 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
507-69
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
UNA00023242 Covington 13 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
586
UNA
Polygala cruciata L. var. cruciata
JSU138633 DeKalb 11 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3537
JSU
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
JSU138628 Baldwin 26 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15250
JSU
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
JSU138636 Shelby 01 Oct 1986 S. J. Boehm
176
JSU
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
65909 Baldwin 26 JUN 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16573
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
UNA00064808 Sumter 20 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
2995
UNA
Polygala cruciata L. var. cruciata
UWAL0005768 Baldwin 29 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5370
UWAL
Polygala cruciata L.
USAM000012912 Lamar 27 Jun 1970 Robert Kral
39786
USAM
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
53612 Calhoun 17 AUG 1993 HILTON, JAREL L.
93
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
TROY000007844 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3038
TROY
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
UNA00023261 Washington 05 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8127
UNA
Polygala cruciata L. var. cruciata
17329 Montgomery 16 JUL 1969 OWENS, JAMES R.
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
SAMF0000954 Baldwin 06 Aug 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4451
SAMF
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus var. cruciata
52552 Escambia 16 JUN 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6982
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
USAM000012909 Washington 03 Sep 1972 Michael G. LeLong
6830
USAM
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
JSU138635 Mobile 21 Jun 1998 D. D. Spaulding
10318
JSU
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
UNA00023264 Escambia 07 Aug 1979 L. J. Davenport
1485
UNA
Polygala cruciata L. var. cruciata
JSU138632 DeKalb 06 Sep 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14806
JSU
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
46533 Baldwin 24 OCT 1982 KUHNS, MICHAEL R.
115
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
JSU138631 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7396
JSU
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
TROY000007842 Baldwin 26 Jun 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16573
TROY
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
UNA00064824 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Brian R. Keener
3038
UNA
Polygala cruciata L. var. cruciata
UWAL0036154 Baldwin 08 Aug 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8126
UWAL
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
UWAL0005769 Butler 20 Jul 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19598
UWAL
Polygala cruciata L.
USAM000012911 Mobile 10 Jun 1980 Michael G. LeLong
11104
USAM
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
JSU138634 Etowah 31 Jul 1994 L. M. Hodge
2946
JSU
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
UNA00064065 DeKalb 11 Aug 1974 R. D. Whetstone
3537
UNA
Polygala cruciata L. var. aquilonia Fern. & Schub.
UWAL0038363 Mobile 08 Aug 1974 LeLong, Michel G.
8099.2
UWAL
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
UNA00023252 Baldwin 05 Jul 1963 Sidney McDaniel
3588
UNA
Polygala cruciata L. var. cruciata
UWAL0005771 Washington 14 Aug 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3038
UWAL
Polygala cruciata L.
UWAL0016746 Escambia 31 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25399
UWAL
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
46366 Escambia 8 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3475
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
72536 Baldwin 18 JUN 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-276
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L. var. CRUCIATA
67731 Covington 14 AUG 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3449
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
AUA000036091 Covington 15 Jul 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5147
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA
7324 Washington 31 AUG 1960 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
268
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
UNA00056029 Covington 30 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11569
UNA
Polygala cruciata L. var. cruciata
17327 Baldwin 25 JUL 1969 THORNHILL, RANDY
164
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
5876 Baldwin 27 JUL 1968 SCARSBROOK, ELLEN
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
TROY000007843 Coffee 10 Jul 2000 Brian H. Martin
763
TROY
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
UWAL0033917 Autauga 05 Oct 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8663
UWAL
Polygala cruciata L.
TROY000032939 Conecuh 13 Aug 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22405
TROY
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
USAM000012910 Mobile 08 Aug 1974 Michael G. LeLong
8099.1
USAM
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
USAM000012957 Baldwin 30 Jul 1972 Michael G. LeLong
6654
USAM
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
TROY000036382 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Bailee Dykes
1008
TROY
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
UWAL0013665 Mobile 14 Jul 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8043
UWAL
Polygala cruciata L.
UNA00023259 Baldwin 13 Sep 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Polygala cruciata L. var. cruciata
UWAL0018355 Baldwin 28 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79238
UWAL
Polygala cruciata L.
USAM000012907 Mobile 22 Aug 1966 Michael G. LeLong
4028
USAM
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
11330 Russell 27 AUG 1966 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
JSU138630 DeKalb 06 Sep 1984 C. F. Nixon
798
JSU
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
TROY000022214 Autauga 30 Jul 1980 Larry Dalrymple
49
TROY
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus var. aquilonia Fernald & Schubert
UNA00023253 Mobile 01 Jun 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D512
UNA
Polygala cruciata L. var. cruciata
TROY000040637 Escambia 31 Jul 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25399
TROY
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
18849 Washington 9 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1035
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
UWAL0011840 Washington 22 Jul 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7399
UWAL
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
UWAL0018349 Baldwin 28 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79259
UWAL
Polygala cruciata L.
TROY000034251 Baldwin 29 May 2009 Brian R. Keener
5370
TROY
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
51926 Butler 13 AUG 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6265
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
USAM000012908 Mobile 02 Jul 1977 Michael G. LeLong
9904
USAM
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
JSU138629 Baldwin 10 Aug 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4270
JSU
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
UNA00023257 Baldwin 24 May 1980 L. J. Davenport
1908
UNA
Polygala cruciata L. var. cruciata
UWAL0034471 Choctaw 18 Jul 1995 Kral, R.
85392
UWAL
Polygala cruciata L.
20718 Houston 30 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
522
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
JSU138627 Baldwin 28 Sep 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15266
JSU
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
UWAL0005770 Sumter 20 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2995
UWAL
Polygala cruciata L.
46284 Crenshaw 31 JUL 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3449
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
UNA00023270 Mobile _ Aug _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Polygala cruciata L. var. cruciata
63615 Autauga 30 JUL 1980 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
49
AUA
POLYGALA CRUCIATA L.
SAMF0000955 Sumter 25 Jul 2006 Davenport, L. J.
3503
SAMF
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus var. cruciata
TROY000033405 Barbour 20 Aug 2011 Bailee Dykes
25
TROY
Polygala cruciata Linnaeus
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