Phlox drummondii

Family:POLEMONIACEAE
Species:Phlox drummondii Hooker
Common Name:Annual Phlox; Drummond's Phlox
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PHDR
Plant Notes:Drummond's Phlox is an introduced winter annual in the Phlox family (Polemoniaceae). It can be found at scattered locations across the state but is most common in southeast Alabama. It is native to Texas. In Alabama it can be found on roadsides, along railroads, in fallow fields, in hay fields, and in other open, disturbed sites. Drummond's Phlox is a winter annual with a tap root. Seed germinate in in late winter. Stems are 6-12 inches in height, green in color, and branched above the middle. The stems are glandular pubescent. Leaves are opposite, sessile, oblong to elliptic in outline, with entire margins. The leaves are pubescent on both surfaces. Flowers are produced in terminal cymes. Individual flowers have a 5 lobed calyx and a salverform corolla. The tube of the corolla is glandular pubescent and there are 5 rounded lobes. Flower color varies widely from purple to red or white and bi-colored. Most flowers have a star-shaped “eye” at the mouth of the tube. The fruit is a capsule. Drummond's Phlox is a popular annual and seed are readily available. Over 250 varieties have been selected. It is used extensively in roadside wildflower plants and in wildflower seed mixtures.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOLEMONIACEAE - Phlox or Jacob's-Ladder family
Genus Phlox
Species Phlox drummondii Hooker - Annual Phlox; Drummond's Phlox

Citation

Citation PHLOX DRUMMONDII Hooker, Bot. Mag. 62: pl. 3441. 1835.
Basionym: **
Type: TEXAS: Austin Co.: San Felipe, s.d., Drummond 197 (lectotype: K). Lectotypified by Whitehouse, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 34: 390. 1945.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Armeria drummondii Armeria drummondii (Hooker) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 432. 1891.Phlox drummondii Hooker 1835. 
Phlox drummondii subsp. eudrummondii Phlox drummondii Hooker, subsp. eudrummondii Brand, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 27): 70. 1907, nom. inadmiss.Phlox drummondii Hooker 1835. 
Phlox drummondii var. goldsmithii Phlox drummondii Hooker, var. goldsmithii (Whitehouse) Erbe, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 67: 280. 1962.Phlox goldsmithii Whitehouse 1945. 
Phlox drummondii var. peregrina Phlox drummondii Hooker, var. peregrina Shinners, Field & Lab. 19: 127. 1951. TEXAS: Johnson Co.: 3 mi. SW of Alvarado, 27 Apr 1947, Bono 6 (holotype: SMU).
Phlox drummondii var. typica Phlox drummondii Hooker, var. typica Whitehouse, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 34: 390. 1945, nom. inadmiss.Phlox drummondii Hooker 1835. 
Phlox goldsmithii Phlox goldsmithii Whitehouse, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 34: 395. 1945. TEXAS
Polemonium drummondii Polemonium drummondii (Hooker) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 203. 1898.Phlox drummondii Hooker 1835. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Chilton, Clarke, Coffee, Crenshaw, Dale, Jefferson, Lee, Macon, Marshall, Montgomery, Pike, Russell, Talladega

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1970 - 1998

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU142243 Russell 03 May 1973 Andrea Langley
090
JSU
Phlox drummondii Hooker
TROY000035686 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Bailee Dykes
618
TROY
Phlox drummondii Hooker
AUA_ACC013178 Jefferson 10 MAY 1965 WRIGHT, LARRY
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
AUA_ACC056577 Crenshaw 1 MAY 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10215
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
JSU142245 Talladega 17 May 1970 Jessica Tudor
s.n.
JSU
Phlox drummondii Hooker
TROY000007801 Coffee 14 May 1995 Patti L Fries
3
TROY
Phlox drummondii Hooker
AUA_ACC003952 Lee 5 FEB 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
TROY000021966 Butler 18 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19278
TROY
Phlox drummondii Hooker
TROY000021967 Dale 10 Apr 2005 Robert Kral
96101
TROY
Phlox drummondii Hooker
AUA_ACC032514 Dale 6 APR 1974 HUTTO, NITA
159
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
UNA00050709 Barbour 09 May 1998 John R. MacDonald
11142
UNA
Phlox drummondii Hook.
AUA_ACC048869 Pike 18 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4459
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
AUA_ACC052170 Coffee 26 APR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8193
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
TROY000007802 Montgomery 03 Jul 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12483
TROY
Phlox drummondii Hooker
AUA_ACC012465 Lee 5 JUN 1964 COUCH, R. W.
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
JSU142180 Clarke 20 Apr 1970 R. Kral
38826
JSU
Phlox drummondii Hooker
AUA_ACC045360 Russell 11 MAY 1979 SIMMS, F. H.
088
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
TROY000034769 Pike 27 Apr 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22983
TROY
Phlox drummondii Hooker
AUA_ACC045783 Russell 1 MAY 1971 CARROLL, III, A. B.
046
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
JSU142242 Chilton 09 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14031
JSU
Phlox drummondii Hooker
AUA_ACC012272 Pike 30 APR 1965 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
2298
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
AUA_ACC005283 Macon 8 MAY 1967 WATKINS, GAIL
136
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
AUA_ACC021894 Crenshaw 21 MAY 1970 MONTGOMERY, JOHN
308
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
UWAL0010732 Pike 27 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22983
UWAL
Phlox drummondii Hooker
JSU142241 Chilton 09 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14031
JSU
Phlox drummondii Hooker
UWAL0005732 Dale 10 Apr 2005 Kral, R.
96101
UWAL
Phlox drummondii Hooker
JSU142244 Marshall 19 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1738
JSU
Phlox drummondii Hooker
AUA_ACC014869 Barbour 5 APR 1969 HALL, WILLIAM G.
049
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
AUA_ACC051974 Montgomery 20 JUN 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8682
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
AUA_ACC040696 Chilton 9 JUN 1984 WHETSTONE, R. DAVID
14031
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
TROY000007800 Coffee 12 Apr 2000 Brian H. Martin
579
TROY
Phlox drummondii Hooker
UWAL0011416 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0618
UWAL
Phlox drummondii Hooker
AUA_ACC041648 Russell 12 MAY 1973 GUYSE, KEITH D.
160
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
UNA00025568 Clarke 20 Apr 1970 R. Kral
38826
UNA
Phlox drummondii Hook.
AUA_ACC039859 Pike 19 APR 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
394
AUA
PHLOX DRUMMONDII HOOKER
USAM000012855 Clarke 20 Apr 1970 Robert Kral
38826
USAM
Phlox drummondii Hooker
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