Plantago rugelii

Family:PLANTAGINACEAE
Species:Plantago rugelii Decne.
Common Name:Black Seed Plantain; American Plantain; Broadleaf Plantain
Habitat:Disturbed sites, roadsides and grassy areas.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PLRU
Plant Notes:American Plantain is a native perennial in the Plantain family (Plantaginaceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. American Plantain occurs in lawns, along trails, on roadsides, and in other disturbed areas. It is a perennial with thick, fibrous roots. The leaves from a basal rosette. Leaves are petiolate, ovate in outline, glabrous or slightly pubescent, with entire to undulate and few-toothed margins. The leaf has 5-7 major veins. The petioles are purplish in color, at least at the base. Flowers are produced in spikes on scapes that exceed the length of the leaves. The scapes are glabrous or pubescent and round in cross section. The scapes may be loosely or densely flowered. Individual flowers are greenish with 4 sepals. The corolla is papery in texture, blueish to tan in color, with 4 reflexed lobes. Each flower is subtended by a bract as long or longer than the sepals. The fruit is a capsule with 4-10 black seed. The capsule is dehiscent below the middle. The seed become sticky when wet and attach to shoes, tires, and the fur of animals. American Plantain is similar in appearance to Great Plantain (Plantago major Linnaeus). That species has fruit that dehisce at the middle and contain 4-5 seed. The petioles of Great Plantain are usually green in color and the leaves have 3-5 major veins.—A. Diamond.
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPLANTAGINACEAE - Plantain family
Genus Plantago
Species Plantago rugelii Decne. - Black Seed Plantain; American Plantain; Broadleaf Plantain

Citation

Citation Plantago rugelii Decaisne, Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(1): 700. 1852.
Basionym: **
Type: USA: ALABAMA: Morgan Co.: Decatur, Sep 1843, Rugel s.n. (holotype: P; isotype: G-DC).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Plantago rugelii var. alterniflora Plantago rugelii Decaisne, var. alterniflora Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 99. 1923. NEW YORK: Washington Co.: East Greenwich, 1861, Fitch s.n. (holotype: MICH).
Plantago rugelii var. asperula Plantago rugelii Decaisne, var. asperula Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 1: 99. 1923. MICHIGAN: Oakland Co.: Near Oxford, s.d., Billington et al. 5616 (holotype: BLH; isotype: MICH).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Chilton, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1945 - 2023

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0001776 Montgomery 08 Jul 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21454
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
UWAL0017137 Colbert 26 Jun 2014 England, J. Kevin
5003
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UNA00058511 Blount 01 Aug 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1363
UNA
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
SAMF0004703 Tuscaloosa 17 Jun 1962 Deramus, Rebecca
196
SAMF
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141837 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 Nixon, Christopher F.
2054
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
TROY000029814 Crenshaw 05 Oct 2004 Faulkner, Leah R.J.
3
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UWAL0013054 Fayette 05 Jul 2010 Younghance, Steve L.
324
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
TROY000022088 Marshall 21 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5195
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_4341 Lee 30 Jul 1948 Jones, Jack Colvard
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141831 Marshall 03 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3317
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141695 Cullman 05 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3421
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_45454 Russell 11 May 1979 Simms, F.H.
085
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
TROY000007727 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18204
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA000038179 Morgan 15 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5590
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141697 Cullman 12 Aug 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
617
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_28549 Cleburne 11 Sep 1975 Rutland, David W.
1618
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
UNA00054338 Blount 17 Jul 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1245
UNA
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
AUA_ACC_34470 Lee 30 Jun 1979 Lahanas, P.N.
063
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141685 Bibb 31 Jul 1998 Whetstone, R. David
19650
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_22591 Baldwin 3 Jul 1970 Rogers, Norman
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
TROY000022087 Chilton 16 Jun 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15439
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_47247 Madison 3 Jul 1981 Baird, E.
38
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
TROY000007728 Butler 20 Jul 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16707
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141825 Lee 08 Aug 1968 Johnson, Stephen C.
X-49-189
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UNA00040976 Tuscaloosa 26 Sep 1980 Williams, John S.
86
UNA
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
JSU141822 Jefferson 07 Sep 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
1040
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_4342 Lee Burks
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141686 Bibb 25 Sep 1982 Whetstone, R. David
12580
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_32989 Bibb 24 Jun 1976 Sessler, Ann H.
133
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141694 Cleburne 06 Sep 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
787
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_28488 Cleburne 12 Sep 1975 Rutland, David W.
1827
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
UNA00058542 Blount 18 Jul 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1274
UNA
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
UWAL0019938 Morgan 20 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5759
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
TROY000036511 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1279
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141821 Jackson 03 Jul 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
970
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
TROY000043015 Colbert 26 Jun 2014 England, J. Kevin
5003
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UWAL0001702 Butler 21 Jul 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21447
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
TROY000044873 Marengo 13 Jun 2013 England, J. Kevin
4299
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_36283 Tallapoosa 1 Oct 1972 Bowers, John R.
096
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141838 Randolph 12 Jul 1973 Spencer, S.K.
071
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141687 Calhoun 22 Aug 1987 Lawler, Carol L.
1586
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_23957 Jefferson 21 Jun 1971 Kirkland, D.L.
077
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
TROY000049858 Elmore 17 Jun 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29330
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_33189 Shelby 26 Aug 1976 Sessler, Ann H.
407
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141700 Etowah 10 Aug 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
565
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
TROY000007723 Barbour 15 Jul 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12546
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_65701 Wilcox 26 Nov 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16071
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141830 Marshall 04 Jun 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1888
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_14109 Lee 13 Aug 1966 Rogers, Kenneth
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
TROY000007725 Pike 02 Jun 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
11713
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_13834 Lowndes 6 Jul 1967 Atkins, W.B.
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
TROY000031875 Montgomery 08 Jul 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21454
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141693 Cleburne 30 Jun 1994 Hruska, Susan E.
277
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UNA00040978 Tuscaloosa 21 Jun 1945 Harper, Roland M.
3989
UNA
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
UWAL0036532 Jackson 21 Jul 2017 England, J. Kevin
8235
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
SAMF0004705 Lawrence 02 Apr 2012 Davenport, Lawrence J.
5323
SAMF
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141834 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9211
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_34939 Shelby 19 Jun 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1617
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141829 Marshall 03 Aug 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
441
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UNA00040974 Hale 30 Jun 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
332
UNA
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
JSU141841 Tuscaloosa 17 Apr 1979 Whetstone, R. David
10570
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141827 Lee 18 Jun 1973 Hanlin, H.G.
036
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_41284 Franklin 1 Jul 1972 Pounders, C.T.
086
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141690 Chilton 22 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11566
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_17506 Lee 10 Aug 1969 Atkeson, Thomas D.
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141828 Marshall 29 Jun 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
2159
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141692 Clay 01 Jul 1993 Ballard, J. Mark
2871
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
TROY000022086 Blount 01 Aug 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1363
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UWAL0035205 Morgan 19 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
8029
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UNA00040972 Tuscaloosa s.d. Unknown
s.n.
UNA
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
SAMF0004704 Blount 13 May 1956 Avery, J.C.
s.n.
SAMF
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141688 Calhoun 18 Jun 1969 Clonts, Jerry A.
s.n.
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_17507 Tallapoosa 12 Jul 1969 Hayes, J.L.
057
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
AUA000018392 Tallapoosa 12 Aug 1974 Hutto, T.A.
463
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
TROY000039547 Elmore 07 Jul 2011 Pullen, Robert
49
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141826 Lee 04 Oct 1973 Bedwell, C.R.
149
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UWAL0049240 Bullock 18 Jun 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3317
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
ALNHS00003240 Jackson 2 Jul 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1742
ALNHS
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
AUA_ACC_42264 Jefferson 8 Jul 1972 Hallmark, Wendy
057
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141839 Shelby 20 Jul 1993 Whetstone, R. David
s.n.
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UNA00040968 Greene 22 Jul 1967 Thomas, Joab L.
T 1108
UNA
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
UWAL0034237 Limestone 26 Jul 2015 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14322
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
UWAL0056807 Fayette 21 Jun 2023 England, Kevin J.
13782
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UWAL0014196 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1279
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
TROY000022944 Cherokee 26 Sep 2007 Barger, T. Wayne
279
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UWAL0012277 Dallas 15 Jun 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7316
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141842 Winston 07 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5155
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UWAL0031566 Morgan 30 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
3041
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_65866 Butler 20 Jul 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16707
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
AUA000036892 Morgan 20 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5759
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141691 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18831
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141689 Calhoun 28 Jun 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
672
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UNA00050199 Randolph 21 Sep 1985 Nixon, C.F.
1352
UNA
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
AUA_ACC_4340 Lee 9 Aug 1948 Paseur, J.
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141696 Cullman 20 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4813
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_38340 Macon 22 Jul 1971 Anderson, Robert
066
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141699 Etowah 19 Jun 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
2670
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141840 Talladega 01 Jul 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
258
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
TROY000007729 Wilcox 26 Nov 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16071
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UWAL0019994 Morgan 15 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5590
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UNA00066393 Calhoun 18 Jul 1969 Beaty, Norma J.
s.n.
UNA
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
JSU141698 DeKalb 23 Aug 1992 Clearman, F.W., Jr.
268
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_52667 Crenshaw 21 Jul 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6030
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
AUA000037531 Jackson 21 Jul 2017 England, J. Kevin
8235
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141824 Lawrence 14 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3737
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
JSU141823 Jefferson 22 Aug 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1686
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UWAL0019199 Chilton 07 Jul 1990 Kral, Robert
77881
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decne
UNA00053885 Blount 07 Jul 1997 Keener, Brian R.
246
UNA
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
AUA_ACC_12383 Cherokee 15 Jul 1967 Cunningham, Hugh B.
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141836 Randolph 21 Sep 1985 Nixon, Christopher F.
1352
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UNA00055630 Blount 16 Jun 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1027
UNA
Plantago rugelii Dcne.
UWAL0051879 Madison 04 Oct 2020 England, J. Kevin
11292
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decne.
TROY000037392 Fayette 05 Jul 2010 Younghance, Steven L.
324
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA000043856 Lee 11 Aug 2018 Taylor, Chris T.
CSP-573
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141832 Marshall 03 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3317
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA_ACC_65226 Chilton 16 Jun 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15439
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141835 Morgan 05 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3447
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
UWAL0013414 Marengo 13 Jun 2013 England, J. Kevin
4299
UWAL
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
TROY000007724 Coffee 15 Oct 1999 Martin, Brian H.
318
TROY
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
AUA000038190 Morgan 19 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
8029
AUA
Plantago Rugelii Dcne.
JSU141833 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18525
JSU
Plantago rugelii Decaisne
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