Argemone albiflora

Family:PAPAVERACEAE
Species:Argemone albiflora Hornemann
Common Name:White Prickly Poppy; Carolina Poppy; Blue Stem Prickly Poppy
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:White Prickly Poppy is a native annual or biennial in the Poppy family (Papaveraceae). It can be found in the southern half of Alabama. White Prickly Poppy occurs on dunes, on roadsides, along railroads, in fields and pastures, and in dry, sand disturbed areas. It is an annual or weak biennial from a tap root. Stems are glaucous, prickly, branched, and up to 6 feet in height. Leaves are alternate, sessile, lanceolate or obovate in outline, with spinose dentate margins. The main veins on the lower side of the leaf have prickles. The leaves are pinnately lobed or cleft, dark green in color with light colored veins. All parts of the plant release a milky latex sap when damaged. Flowers are solitary and terminal at the ens of branches. The flowers have 4-6 large white petals and a cluster of numerous yellow stamens in the center. The fruit is a spiny ellipsoid capsule containing many globose, reticulate, dark brown or black seed. White Prickly Poppy seed are sometimes available from companies that sell native plants. The seed should be planted in well-draining sandy soil in full sun.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPAPAVERACEAE - Poppy family
Genus Argemone
Species Argemone albiflora Hornemann - White Prickly Poppy; Carolina Poppy; Blue Stem Prickly Poppy

Citation

Citation ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA Hornemann, Hort. Bot. Hafn. 489. 1815.
Basionym: **
Type: Cult. in Denmark, without data, Hornemann s.n. (lectotype: C). Lectotypified by Ownbey, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 21(1): 135-136. 1958.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Argemone georgiana Argemone georgiana Croom, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 25: 75. 1834. GEORGIA
Argemone mexicana var. albiflora Argemone mexicana Linnaeus, var. albiflora de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 86. 1821.  
Argemone vulgaris var. albiflora Argemone vulgaris Spach, var. albiflora (Hornemann) Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 2: 86. 1839.Argemone albiflora Hornemann 1815. 
Argemone alba Argemone alba Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 83. 1817. LOUISIANA

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Dale, Henry, Houston, Lee, Macon, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1995 - 2008

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
44352AUA_ACC Pike 10 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2676
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
57085AUA_ACC Macon 22 MAY 1989 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
2350AUA_ACC Conecuh 6 MAY 1956 YEATS, C. S.
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
48784AUA_ACC Henry 22 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4828
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
TROY000007637 Dale 12 Sep 1999 Tiffany Pennington
141
TROY
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
UNA00031815 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Argemone albiflora Hornem.
UWAL0030943 Henry 05 Aug 1996 Kral, R.
86422
UWAL
Argemone albiflora Hornem. ssp. albiflora
48785AUA_ACC Henry 22 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4828
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
TROY000034248 Baldwin 29 May 2009 Brian R. Keener
5375
TROY
Argemone albiflora Hornem.
TROY000021842 Barbour 17 Jul 2008 Kaleb K. Dyess
20
TROY
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
TROY000007638 Henry 09 May 1993 Malinda Carpenter
2
TROY
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
54519AUA_ACC Crenshaw 5 JUN 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9221
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
UNA00069046 Barbour 17 Jul 2008 Kaleb K. Dyess
20
UNA
Argemone albiflora Hornem.
TROY000032423 Montgomery 15 May 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22120
TROY
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
UNA00062999 Pike 17 May 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14399
UNA
Argemone albiflora Hornem.
45872AUA_ACC Dale 8 MAY 1971 GWALTNEY, JOHN R.
167
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
50838AUA_ACC Dale 31 MAY 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8300
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
UNA00045815 Houston 06 May 1995 John R. MacDonald
8608
UNA
Argemone albiflora Hornem.
UWAL0005643 Butler 05 Jun 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22197
UWAL
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
42032AUA_ACC Lee 7 JUL 1986 TUCKER, JAMES W.
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
23243AUA_ACC Barbour 17 JUL 1971 GUTHRIE, C. D.
120
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
55486AUA_ACC Crenshaw 30 JUL 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9728
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
TROY000007636 Coffee 21 Apr 2000 Brian H. Martin
587
TROY
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
TROY000032746 Butler 05 Jun 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22197
TROY
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
39879AUA_ACC Conecuh 12 MAY 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
643
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
49841AUA_ACC Bullock 31 JUL 1988 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
S.N.
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
TROY000042047 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26177
TROY
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
TROY000007640 Pike 17 May 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14399
TROY
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
TROY000035274 Bullock 24 May 2012 Bailee Dykes
761
TROY
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
UWAL0017672 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26177
UWAL
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
TROY000021843 Henry 24 Jul 2008 Kaleb K. Dyess
44
TROY
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
UWAL0005606 Baldwin 29 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5373
UWAL
Argemone albiflora Hornem.
12276AUA_ACC Bullock 30 APR 1965 KOELLING, ALFRED C.
2266
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
UWAL0005473 Montgomery 15 May 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22120
UWAL
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
UNA00069597 Henry 24 Jul 2008 Kaleb K. Dyess
44
UNA
Argemone albiflora Hornem.
JSU137744 Coffee 02 May 1972 R. Kral
46150
JSU
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
TROY000007639 Pike 20 May 1995 Buffy Ashton
8
TROY
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
46664AUA_ACC Pike 15 MAY 1983 MCLENDON, DEAN B.
139
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
UWAL0011429 Bullock 24 May 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0761
UWAL
Argemone albiflora Hornemann
63757AUA_ACC Pike 17 MAY 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14399
AUA
ARGEMONE ALBIFLORA HORNEM.
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