Fraxinus americana

Family:OLEACEAE
Species:Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
Common Name:White Ash; American Ash
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyOLEACEAE - Olive family
Genus Fraxinus
Species Fraxinus americana Linnaeus - White Ash; American Ash

Citation

Citation FRAXINUS AMERICANA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1057. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 732 (lectotype: LINN 1230.3). Lectotypified by Fernald, J. Arnold Arbor. 26: 391, pl. 3. 1946.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Calycomelia acuminata Calycomelia acuminata (Lamarck) Kosteletzky, Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 3: 1004. 1834.Fraxinus acuminata Lamarck 1788. 
Calycomelia alba Calycomelia alba (Marshall) Kosteletzky, Ind. Hort. Bot. Prag. 26. 1844.Fraxinus alba Marshall 1785. 
Calycomelia epiptera Calycomelia epiptera (Michaux) Kosteletzky, Ind. Hort. Bot. Prag. 26. 1844.Fraxinus epiptera Michaux 1803. 
Calycomelia americana Calycomelia americana (Linnaeus) Kosteletzky, Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 3: 1004. 1834.Fraxinus americana Linnaeus 1753. 
Calycomelia juglandifolia Calycomelia juglandifolia (Lamarck) Kosteletzky, Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 3: 1004. 1834.Fraxinus juglandifolia Lamarck 1788. 
Fraxinus acuminata Fraxinus acuminata Lamarck, Encycl. 2: 547. 1788.  
Fraxinus alba Fraxinus alba Marshall, Arbust. Amer. 51. 1785.  
Fraxinus americana var. acuminata Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, var. acuminata (Lamarck) Wesmael, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 31: 107. 1892.Fraxinus acuminata Lamarck 1788.  
Fraxinus americana var. ascidiata Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, var. ascidiata Meunissier, Gard. Chron., ser. 3. 76: 335, f. 122. 1924. NEW YORK:
Fraxinus americana var. crassifolia Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, var. crassifolia Sargent, Man. Trees, ed. 2. 841. 1922.  
Fraxinus americana var. epiptera Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, var. epiptera (Michaux) Wesmael, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 31: 107. 1892.Fraxinus epiptera Michaux 1803. 
Fraxinus americana var. iodocarpa Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, var. iodocarpa (Fernald) Fernald ex Rehder, in L. H. Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 1275. 1915.Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, forma iodocarpa Fernald 1912. 
Fraxinus americana var. juglandifolia Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, var. juglandifolia (Lamarck) D. J. Browne, Trees America 398. 1857.Fraxinus juglandifolia Lamarck 1788. 
Fraxinus americana var. latifolia Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, var. latifolia Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 2: 1232. 1838.  
Fraxinus americana subsp. novae-angliae Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, subsp. novae-angliae (Miller) Wesmael, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 31: 108. 1892.Fraxinus novae-angliae Miller 1768. 
Fraxinus americana subsp. typica Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, subsp. typica Wesmael, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 31: 107. 1892, nom. inadmiss.Fraxinus americana Linnaeus 1753. 
Fraxinus americana var. normalis Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, var. normalis Wesmael, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 31: 107. 1892, nom. inadmiss.Fraxinus americana Linnaeus 1753. 
Fraxinus canadensis Fraxinus canadensis Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 222, t. 49. 1788.  
Fraxinus caroliniensis Fraxinus caroliniensis Wangenheim, Beytr. Teut. Forstwiss. 81. 1787.  
Fraxinus curtissii Fraxinus curtissii Vasey, Cat. For. Trees U.S. 20. 1876. ALABAMA: Barbour Co.: Eufala, Aug 1875., Curtiss s.n. (holotype: US; isotype: GH).
Fraxinus epiptera Fraxinus epiptera Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 256. 1803.  
Fraxinus glauca Fraxinus glauca Rafinesque, Alsogr. Amer. 33. 1838, nom. illegit.Fraxinus americana Linnaeus 1753. 
Fraxinus juglandifolia Fraxinus juglandifolia Lamarck, Encycl. 2: 548. 1788.  
Fraxinus juglandifolia var. subserrata Fraxinus juglandifolia Lamarck, var. subserrata Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 1104. 1806.Fraxinus caroliniensis Wangenheim 1787. 
Fraxinus macrophylla Fraxinus macrophylla Hoffmannsegg, Verz. Pfl.-Kult., Nachtr. 2: 29, 120. 1828.  
Fraxinus nigra var. juglandifolia Fraxinus nigra Marshall, var. juglandifolia (Lamarck) Castiglioni, Viagg. Stati Uniti 2: 244. 1790.Fraxinus juglandifolia Lamarck 1788. 
Fraxinus novae-angliae Fraxinus novae-angliae Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.  
Fraxinus viridis Fraxinus viridis Bosc, Mém. Cl. Sci. Math. Inst. Natl. France 1808: 209. 1809.  
Leptalix acuminata Leptalix acuminata (Lamarck) Rafinesque, Alsogr. Amer. 33. 1838, nom. alt.Fraxinus acuminata Lamarck 1788. 
Leptalix alba Leptalix alba (Marshall) Rafinesque, Alsogr. Amer. 32. 1838, nom. alt.Fraxinus alba Marshall 1785. 
Leptalix epiptera Leptalix epiptera (Michaux) Rafinesque, Alsogr. Amer. 33. 1838, nom. alt.Fraxinus epiptera Michaux 1803. 
Leptalix glauca Leptalix glauca Rafinesque, Alsogr. Amer. 33. 1838, nom. alt.Fraxinus glauca Rafinesque 1838, nom. illegit.; Fraxinus americana Linnaeus 1753. 
Leptalix juglandifolia Leptalix juglandifolia (Lamarck) Rafinesque, Alsogr. Amer. 36. 1838, nom. alt.Fraxinus juglandifolia Lamarck 1788. 
Leptalix viridis Leptalix viridis (Bosc) Rafinesque, Alsogr. Amer. 32. 1838, nom. alt.Fraxinus viridis Bosc 1809. 
Fraxinus americana var. curtissii Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, var. curtissii (Vasey) Sudworth, U.S.D.A. Div. Forest. Bull. 14: 327. 1897, nom. illegit.Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, var. microcarpa A. Gray 1878; Fraxinus curtissii Vasey 1876. 
Fraxinus americana var. microcarpa Fraxinus americana Linnaeus, var. microcarpa A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 75. 1878.Fraxinus curtissii Vasey 1876. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Conecuh, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Escambia, Etowah, Hale, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Randolph, Russell, St. Clair, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1895 - 2007

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00058121 Blount 23 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
815
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
UNA00041208 Clarke s.d. Dr. T. Denny
s.n.
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
UWFP013704 Escambia 10 Jun 2006 James R. Burkhalter
20909
UWFP
Fraxinus americana L.
UWAL0030043 Morgan 06 Sep 2015 England, J. Kevin
5726
UWAL
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134786 Cleburne 6 May 1967 J. Reynolds
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
TROY000007287 Butler 18 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17411
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134784 Clay 21 Apr 1995 J. M. Ballard
5486
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134788 DeKalb 11 Jul 1993 D. D. Spaulding
5009
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134770 Calhoun 22 Jun 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11379
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
TROY000028480 St. Clair 09 Aug 2008 Brian R. Keener
4719
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134801 Madison 9 Sep 1995 S. J. Threlkeld
008
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
SAMF0004603 Tuscaloosa 23 May 1952 Chermock, R. L.
s.n.
SAMF
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134778 Calhoun 13 Jun 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15050
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UNA00041223 Jackson 30 Jul 1949 C. B. Segars
130
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
UNA00050717 Barbour 09 May 1998 John R. MacDonald
11164
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
JSU134807 Randolph 1 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4359
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134790 DeKalb 22 Jun 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
39242AUA_ACC Dallas 8 SEP 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1212
AUA
FRAXINUS AMERICANA L. var. AMERICANA
JSU134803 Marshall 9 Aug 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2623
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UWAL0013618 Marengo 02 Jun 2012 England, J. Kevin
3509.1
UWAL
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
44166AUA_ACC Butler 26 AUG 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2707
AUA
FRAXINUS AMERICANA L.
TROY000007286 Bullock 20 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13627
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
SAMF0004601 Blount 05 Apr 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5070
SAMF
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UWAL0005261 Butler 18 Apr 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17411
UWAL
Fraxinus americana L.
UNA00041213 Perry 23 Sep 1986 Robert Burckhalter
771
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
44164AUA_ACC Monroe 2 SEP 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2819
AUA
FRAXINUS AMERICANA L.
JSU134775 Calhoun 13 Jun 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15050
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UNA00041210 Blount 26 Jun 1895 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
UNA00041228 Hale 05 Aug 1966 Norris H. Williams
412
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
TROY000043631 Marengo 02 Jun 2012 J. Kevin England
3509A
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134795 Jackson 22 May 1998 K. R. Brodeur
709
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UWAL0005426 Wilcox 02 Sep 1986 Diamond, A.R.
2859
UWAL
Fraxinus americana L.
JSU134774 Calhoun 26 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
580
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
TROY000021731 Randolph 01 Sep 1988 C. F. Nixon
4263
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134793 Etowah 20 Sep 1982 F. E. Pugh
39
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134802 Madison 16 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
6578
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
72072AUA_ACC Jackson 26 APR 2012 BARGER, T. WAYNE
SP591
AUA
FRAXINUS AMERICANA L.
JSU134779 Calhoun 9 Oct 1972 R. L'Eplattenier
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
44169AUA_ACC Conecuh 2 SEP 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2862
AUA
FRAXINUS AMERICANA L.
JSU134789 DeKalb 15 Apr 1967 N. Sanford
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU145776 Calhoun 19 Aug 1994 F. Hutchinson
2252
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UNA00066873 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3097
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
UNA00048833 Henry 07 Apr 1997 John R. MacDonald
10121
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
JSU134768 Blount 10 May 1993 Adam Dasinger
92
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134777 Calhoun 29 Jul 1969 Jerry A. Clonts
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU144007 Cherokee 08 Jul 1969 Jan Cofield
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
47228AUA_ACC Russell 6 JUL 1981 TUCKER, S.
2
AUA
FRAXINUS AMERICANA L.
JSU134804 Marshall 2 Aug 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2517
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134799 Jefferson 23 Jul 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13486
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UWAL0011175 Marengo 11 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3632
UWAL
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UNA00041229 Tuscaloosa 23 May 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
TROY000007288 Dale 03 Jun 1998 Hannelore Rundell
582
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus var. americana
JSU134771 Calhoun 13 Jun 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15050
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134800 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
246
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134791 Etowah 12 Sep 1972 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UWAL0005262 Monroe 04 Oct 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18455
UWAL
Fraxinus americana L.
UNA00041209 Tuscaloosa 02 Oct 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
UNA00063505 Etowah 03 Jul 2002 R. Kral
92828
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
UWAL0005264 St. Clair 09 Aug 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4719
UWAL
Fraxinus americana L.
JSU134809 St. Clair 15 May 1984 D. D. Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134785 Clay 12 Jul 1993 J. M. Ballard
2948
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134806 Morgan 19 May 1996 R. D. Whetstone
17637
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
TROY000035090 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Bailee Dykes
604
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134782 Cherokee 8 Jul 1969 Rebecca Bible
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
TROY000024657 Montgomery 30 Apr 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20655
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134798 Jackson 28 Apr 1967 N. Sanford
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
TROY000021729 Etowah 03 Jul 2002 Robert Kral
92828
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UNA00041219 Lawrence 22 Aug 1949 C. B. Segars
169
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
UNA00050718 Barbour 09 May 1998 John R. MacDonald
11157
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
JSU134783 Cherokee 24 Sep 1987 C. C. Dickson
609
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134805 Marshall 28 Jun 1969 Jessica Tudor
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
47482AUA_ACC Russell 8 JUL 1981 GATES, WILLIAM R.
62
AUA
FRAXINUS AMERICANA L.
UWAL0005263 Montgomery 30 Apr 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20655
UWAL
Fraxinus americana L.
JSU134773 Calhoun 27 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2962
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134776 Calhoun 24 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11985
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UWAL0034475 Madison 19 May 1995 Kral, R.
84647
UWAL
Fraxinus americana L.
TROY000021733 Tallapoosa 27 Apr 2006 Terry Wayne Barger
151
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UNA00041259 Tuscaloosa 25 May 1962 Rebecca Deramus
159
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
44165AUA_ACC Monroe 2 SEP 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2796
AUA
FRAXINUS AMERICANA L.
JSU134772 Calhoun 13 Jun 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15050
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UNA00041212 St. Clair _ Jun 1892 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
UNA00041217 Sumter 30 May 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
1136
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
TROY000007289 Dale 19 Oct 2000 Tiffany Pennington
1099
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134797 Jackson 22 May 1998 K. R. Brodeur
692
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
TROY000037207 Marengo 11 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3632
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134787 Colbert 5 Jul 1969 Donny Sizemore
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
TROY000021732 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3097
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UWAL0011051 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0604
UWAL
Fraxinus americana L.
UNA00066827 Butler 18 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17411
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
71083AUA_ACC Dallas 24 APR 2013 BARGER, T. WAYNE
SP1008
AUA
FRAXINUS AMERICANA L.
JSU134796 Jackson 28 Jul 1975 R. David Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
44168AUA_ACC Conecuh 2 SEP 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2861
AUA
FRAXINUS AMERICANA L.
JSU134794 Etowah 16 Oct 1979 Lawrence L. Devroy
24
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
TROY000007290 Monroe 04 Oct 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18455
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UNA00041220 Morgan 06 May 1950 C. B. Segars
320
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
UNA00064178 Jackson 22 May 1998 K. R. Brodeur
709
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
JSU134808 Randolph 1 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4359
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134781 Cherokee 31 May 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
TROY000021730 Jackson 22 May 1998 K. R. Brodeur
709
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134769 Calhoun s.d. D. D. Spaulding
2835
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UWAL0035866 Blount 21 May 2013 Anderson, Kelly
0234
UWAL
Fraxinus americana L.
TROY000021728 Blount 23 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
815
TROY
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
AUA000030320 Lawrence 23 Sep 2014 CARSTENS, JEFFREY D.
92
AUA
FRAXINUS AMERICANA L.
SAMF0004602 Cullman 05 Aug 2005 Davenport, L. J.
3329
SAMF
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
UWAL0005265 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3097
UWAL
Fraxinus americana L.
UNA00041203 Hale 05 Aug 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
369
UNA
Fraxinus americana L.
44170AUA_ACC Wilcox 2 SEP 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2860
AUA
FRAXINUS AMERICANA L.
JSU134792 Etowah 5 Oct 1996 L. Hodge-Spaulding
4501
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
JSU134780 Calhoun 13 Jun 1985 R. D. Whetstone
15050
JSU
Fraxinus americana Linnaeus
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