Nyssa biflora

Family:NYSSACEAE
Species:Nyssa biflora Walter
Common Name:Swamp Tupelo; Water Gum; Swamp Black Gum
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Swamp Tupelo is a native deciduous tree in the Sour Gum family (Nyssaceae). It is native to most of Alabama. Swamp Tupelo occurs in swamps, in depression ponds, along streams and rivers, and in ox bow lakes. It often has enlarged (buttressed) bases, especially when it occurs in areas with standing water. Swamp Tupelo is a medium sized tree ranging in height from 30-90 feet. The bark is gray-tan in color and irregularly fissured. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, oblanceolate to elliptic in outline, with entire margins or occasionally with a few teeth near the apex. The leaves are glabrous or pubescent along the veins on the lower surface, and turn red in the autumn before falling. Flowers are produced in unisexual axillary umbels or heads. Staminate heads are 2-8 flowered and pistillate heads are 1-3 flowered. The flowers have 5 yellowish-green petals. The fruit is a purple-black drupe. Swamp Tupelo fruit are consumed by a wide variety of wildlife including black bears, raccoons, wood ducks, and song birds. The wood is dense with an interlocking grain making it difficult to split. It is used for pulp, inexpensive furniture, pallets, flooring, and gunstocks.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyNYSSACEAE - Sour Gum family
Genus Nyssa
Species Nyssa biflora Walter - Swamp Tupelo; Water Gum; Swamp Black Gum

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Nyssa sylvatica var. biflora    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Cherokee, Chilton, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Houston, Jefferson, Lamar, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Morgan, Perry, Pike, Randolph, Russell, St. Clair, Sumter, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1896 - 2013

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU134293 Baldwin 23 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14277
JSU
Nyssa biflora Walter
69583 Covington 21 MAY 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4071
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
TROY000030015 Covington 16 Apr 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
3727
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000007242 Butler 18 Jun 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15494
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
52203 Covington 4 JUN 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8309
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UNA00050951 Bibb 16 Nov 1995 Michelle Birk
633
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007270 Pike 05 May 1999 Brian H. Martin
21
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
SAMF0001912 Baldwin 05 Jun 1998 DGC
s.n.
SAMF
Nyssa biflora Walter
12841 Covington 14 SEP 1964 DUSI, JULIAN
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UNA00055765 Lamar 28 Apr 2002 Brian R. Keener
2007
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007263 Dale 06 May 1995 Robby McCarter
3
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0005525 Butler 29 Apr 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17489
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007239 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2914
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0033984 Tuscaloosa 28 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9899
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walter
JSU134290 Pike 6 Jun 1972 R. Kral
47335
JSU
Nyssa biflora Walter
JSU134287 Houston 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14219
JSU
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000007241 Butler 29 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17489
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000030052 Escambia 16 Apr 2009 Curtis J. Hansen
3715
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000007240 Bullock 11 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14145
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
65848 Crenshaw 4 JUL 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16632
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UNA00050833 Perry 18 May 1994 Michelle Birk
20
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007257 Coffee 03 May 2000 Brian H. Martin
681
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0035863 Blount 28 Aug 2014 Anderson, Kelly
0683
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007244 Conecuh 10 Jun 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16511
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0030766 Washington 28 Jul 1990 Kral, R.
78224
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
UNA00060857 Bullock 11 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14145
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007269 Pike 04 Apr 1997 Jeanese Holmes
282
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0005524 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18286
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
UWAL0016875 St. Clair 23 Sep 2014 Davenport, L.J.
5670
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0037679 Mobile 19 Apr 1967 Lelong, Michel G.
3034
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
JSU134291 Randolph 25 Jun 1978 R. Kral
62128
JSU
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000007256 Bullock 20 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13610
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
37334 Clarke 7 MAY 1981 HENDERSON, T.
046
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UWAL0035482 Lamar 13 Jul 2017 England, J. Kevin
8170
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walter
49112 Bullock 25 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5090
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
TROY000043594 Marengo 19 Jul 2013 J. Kevin England
4426
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UNA00056140 Geneva 28 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11886
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
UNA00065899 Cullman 11 Oct 1978 R. Kral
62914
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000021675 Chilton 18 May 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15382
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
62178 Russell 1 JUL 2002 GIL, GLENDA
2001-259
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UNA00064904 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2914
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
72540 Baldwin 13 AUG 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-450
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UWAL0012357 Bullock 24 May 2013 Dykes, Bailee
0779
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000007260 Dale 08 May 1997 Hannelore Rundell
114
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
65900 Conecuh 10 JUN 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16511
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
TROY000038584 Bullock 24 May 2012 Bailee Dykes
779
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000007249 Escambia 19 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13199
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
69503 Escambia 8 JUL 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4077
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UWAL0017695 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26201
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walter
64276 Conecuh 23 OCT 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14855
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
63813 Escambia 5 JUL 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14467
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UNA00051063 Chilton 26 Sep 1995 Michelle Birk
454
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007243 Coffee 08 Aug 2000 Brian H. Martin
838
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
17285 Baldwin 26 JUL 1969 FLOYD, JR., JOHN A.
094
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UNA00058507 Blount 18 Jul 1998 Brian R. Keener
1267
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
63603 Lowndes 16 APR 2004 BALLARD, D. M.
445
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UWAL0005460 Baldwin 26 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2914
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007264 Escambia 20 May 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
223
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0034512 Covington 08 May 1995 Kral, R.
84584
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
2432 Lee 28 APR 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
TROY000021676 Cleburne 02 Jun 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11346
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000007247 Crenshaw 25 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13237a
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000021677 Cullman 11 Oct 1978 Robert Kral
62914
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
49058 Pike 3 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4627
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UWAL0018427 Houston 13 Aug 1998 Kral, R.
87608
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walter
UNA00056670 Bibb 26 Jul 1995 Michelle Birk
321
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007261 Dale 12 Jul 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0005523 Houston 07 May 2005 Kral, R.
96217
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007248 Escambia 05 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14467
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0031843 Conecuh 18 Sep 1993 Kral, R.
83307
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walter
UNA00064510 Chilton 18 May 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15382
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
JSU134288 Mobile 3 Oct 1998 D. D. Spaulding
10431
JSU
Nyssa biflora Walter
USAM000016096 Baldwin 07 Aug 1970 Michael G. Lelong
s.n.
USAM
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000033661 Barbour 08 Oct 2011 Derek Morrison
143
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0013386 Marengo 10 Aug 2013 England, J. Kevin
4461
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walter
JSU134289 Monroe 1 Sep 1970 R. Kral
40944
JSU
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0019920 Morgan 22 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5647
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000007250 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18286
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000021705 Houston 07 May 2005 Robert Kral
96217
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
SAMF0003822 St. Clair 23 Sep 2014 Davenport, L. J.
5670
SAMF
Nyssa biflora Walter
63095 Crenshaw 27 MAY 2002 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
13237A
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
TROY000030874 Mobile 08 Apr 1986 Lorne K Malo
14
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UNA00050725 Houston 16 Jun 1997 John R. MacDonald
10726
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
UNA00055910 Bibb 09 May 1994 Robert Burckhalter
2569
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000042273 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26201
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000045738 Autauga 13 Oct 2016 Matthew R. Parker
167
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UNA00062996 Covington 05 Jul 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14467
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
UNA00014727 Mobile 16 Jun 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
72402 Baldwin 13 MAY 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-450
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UWAL0019609 Barbour 24 Jul 1990 Kral, R.
78001
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
41076 Monroe 1 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
40944
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
63141 Bullock 11 SEP 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14145
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
TROY000045285 Marengo 10 Aug 2013 J. Kevin England
4461
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
JSU134292 Washington 1 Nov 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
377
JSU
Nyssa biflora Walter
55479 Crenshaw 30 JUL 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9719
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
TROY000007238 Baldwin 27 Jul 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16747
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000021678 Walker 15 Jun 2002 Robert R. Haynes
10282
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UNA00029027 Perry 18 May 1994 Michelle Birk
20
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007258 Coffee 02 May 1998 Brian H. Martin
2
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0005521 Covington 09 May 2005 Kral, R.
96281
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007266 Macon 07 May 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14376
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0030518 Covington 26 Jul 1990 Kral, R.
78076
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
UNA00063666 Conecuh 23 Oct 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14855
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
JSU134286 Clay 15 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5303
JSU
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000032214 Escambia 07 Oct 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21613
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0005526 Sumter 01 Jul 2000 Holland, Richard
AP00-39
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
UWAL0017413 Marengo 19 Jul 2013 England, J. Kevin
4426
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walter
JSU134284 Baldwin 2 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39563
JSU
Nyssa biflora Walter
SAMF0003807 Jefferson s.d. McCullough, H. A.
s.n.
SAMF
Nyssa biflora Walter
50948 Coffee 3 JUL 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6997
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UWAL0001728 Escambia 07 Oct 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21613
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007245 Conecuh 23 Oct 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14855
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
TROY000021704 Covington 09 May 2005 Robert Kral
96281
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
SAMF0003820 Baldwin 24 Sep 1989 Davenport, L. J.
2696
SAMF
Nyssa biflora Walter
UNA00056681 Perry 02 Aug 1995 Michelle Birk
365
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
JSU134285 Cherokee 22 Sep 1999 D. D. Spaulding
10730
JSU
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0005522 Crenshaw 31 May 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20745
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
TROY000007246 Crenshaw 04 Jul 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16632
TROY
Nyssa biflora Walter
UWAL0010853 Bullock 10 May 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23028
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walter
UNA00064541 Butler 18 Jun 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15494
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
UNA00059407 Cleburne 02 Jun 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11346
UNA
Nyssa biflora Walt.
35938 Bibb 10 AUG 1979 BECKETT, SCOTT W.
253
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
SAMF0003823 Jefferson 02 Oct 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4528
SAMF
Nyssa biflora Walter
AUA000030771 Escambia 16 Apr 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4607
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALT.
65215 Butler 18 JUN 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15494
AUA
NYSSA BIFLORA WALTER
UWAL0001926 Escambia 08 Jul 2009 Hansen, C.J.
4077
UWAL
Nyssa biflora Walt.
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