Hibiscus aculeatus

Family:MALVACEAE
Species:Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
Common Name:Savannah Hibiscus; Comfort Root; Pineland Hibiscus
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:HIAC
Plant Notes:Savannah Hibiscus is a native perennial herb in the Hibiscus family (Malvaceae). It is found in the southern half of Alabama. Savannah Hibiscus grows in pine savannas, pine Flatwoods, mixed pine/hardwood forests, and in bogs. Other common names include wild cotton and wild okra. Savannah Hibiscus is an herbaceous perennial from thick cord-like roots. There are usually several ascending branches from the root crown. Stems are up to 3 feet in length. The stems are green or reddish in color and pubescent with stellate trichomes. The stems often tend to become slightly woody at the base. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, palmately 3-5 cleft, with irregularly serrate margins. The leaves and petioles are stellate pubescent. The hairs are stiff and give the plant a rough or irritating feel. Flowers are produced in racemes. Flowers have 5 cream petals with a red base that forms a crimson “eye” to the flower. Stamens are numerous and united to the style. Flowers fade to yellow and finally pinkish as they close. The fruit is a pubescent capsule. Savannah Hibiscus is available from some wildflower nurseries. It is more tolerant of well-draining soils or drought than our out native hibiscus species. It can also be grown from seed. After frost, the old stems should be removed. Savannah Hibiscus can be grown in containers, in a perennial border, in a bog garden, or in a wet spot in the landscape.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMALVACEAE - Mallow family
Genus Hibiscus
Species Hibiscus aculeatus Walter - Savannah Hibiscus; Comfort Root; Pineland Hibiscus

Citation

Citation HIBISCUS ACULEATUS Walter, Fl. Carol. 177. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Florence Co.: 3 mi. S of Lake City, 10 Jul 1927, Wiegand & Manning 1959 (neotype: GH; isoneotype: BH). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 477. 2008.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Hibiscus scaber Hibiscus scaber Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 45. 1803, non Lamarck 1789. "Carolina et Floridae",

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Russell, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1879 - 2002

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0018739 Russell 24 Jul 1990 Kral, R.
77985
UWAL
Hibiscus aculeatus Walt.
JSU131997 Mobile 21 Jun 1998 D. D. Spaulding
10309
JSU
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC019498 Coffee 25 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
389-69
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
SAMF0003402 Baldwin 30 Jul 2003 Davenport, L. J.
2917
SAMF
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
TROY000006975 Conecuh 09 Sep 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12101
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC023734 Covington 7 JUL 1972 HUDGINS, CHARLES H.
106
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
UNA00060757 Russell 04 Aug 2001 R. Kral
9175B
UNA
Hibiscus aculeatus Walt.
TROY000006973 Coffee 06 Jul 1999 Brian H. Martin
87
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
UWAL0034859 Monroe 18 Jul 1995 Kral, R.
85356
UWAL
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
UNA00010837 Mobile 15 Aug 1879 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Hibiscus aculeatus Walt.
AUA_ACC019021 Geneva 18 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
635
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
UWAL0012703 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1016
UWAL
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
UWAL0032012 Houston 30 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26660
UWAL
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
TROY000042553 Houston 30 Jul 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26660
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC015517 Baldwin 6 AUG 1966 SCHMITTON, H. R.
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
TROY000006977 Covington 08 Jul 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12498
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC023169 Covington 8 AUG 1971 HESTER, D.
146
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
UNA00010817 Covington 13 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
576
UNA
Hibiscus aculeatus Walt.
UWAL0031881 Dale 14 Aug 1987 Kral, R.
74226
UWAL
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
TROY000006979 Dale 12 Jul 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC048295 Monroe 18 OCT 1980 WEBB, A. L.
133
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
UNA00058657 Baldwin 10 Aug 2002 Brian R. Keener
2375
UNA
Hibiscus aculeatus Walt.
TROY000006971 Butler 14 Oct 1978 Robert Kral
63035
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC051553 Dale 19 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5996
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
AUA_ACC047207 Monroe 20 JUL 1983 REEVES, D. W.
119
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
TROY000039806 Mobile 21 Jun 1998 Daniel D. Spaulding
10309
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
TROY000006978 Dale 03 Sep 1999 Tiffany Pennington
104
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC040481 Covington 1 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
41010
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
AUA_ACC069810 Covington 20 JUN 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3367
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
TROY000040719 Crenshaw 02 Aug 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25413
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
UNA00010827 Washington 05 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8147
UNA
Hibiscus aculeatus Walt.
AUA_ACC051721 Geneva 27 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6120
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
AUA_ACC043344 Conecuh 26 JUL 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1318
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
AUA_ACC019172 Baldwin 10 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1067
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
TROY000021438 Washington 05 Oct 2008 Brian R. Keener
4927
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC022885 Baldwin 26 SEP 1971 BOONE, ALLISON
6
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
TROY000006972 Butler 25 Aug 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12627
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
USAM000008450 Mobile 14 Jul 2003 Ab R. Pate
60
USAM
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC057555 Coffee 13 AUG 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
51275
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
AUA_ACC017351 Baldwin 25 JUL 1969 HAYES, J. L.
94
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
TROY000041593 Pike 04 Aug 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25428
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
UNA00010832 Baldwin 07 Aug 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7525
UNA
Hibiscus aculeatus Walt.
JSU132001 Washington 24 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14272
JSU
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC043505 Conecuh 28 JUN 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1041
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
AUA_ACC043345 Conecuh 16 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1478
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
AUA_ACC020384 Henry 29 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
455
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
JSU131998 Washington 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18711
JSU
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
UWAL0006725 Washington 05 Oct 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4927
UWAL
Hibiscus aculeatus Walt.
TROY000006976 Covington 14 Nov 2000 Leigh Ann Meadows
2
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
UWAL0016406 Crenshaw 02 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25416
UWAL
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC007337 Russell 13 AUG 1960 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
301
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
UNA00010822 Mobile 26 Jun 1964 Rebecca Deramus
D153
UNA
Hibiscus aculeatus Walt.
TROY000006974 Coffee 07 Jun 1999 Brian H. Martin
87
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC059041 Crenshaw 25 OCT 1998 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11505
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
USAM000008453 Mobile 25 Jun 1968 B. E. Wofford
243
USAM
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
TROY000021437 Barbour 03 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19533
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC019033 Crenshaw 17 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
618
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
AUA_ACC051873 Pike 10 AUG 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6260
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
AUA_ACC046368 Escambia 8 AUG 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3473
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
SAMF0003405 Baldwin 06 Aug 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4443
SAMF
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC037658 Baldwin 22 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
597
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
UNA00010812 Houston 12 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
540
UNA
Hibiscus aculeatus Walt.
UWAL0034530 Butler 13 Jul 1995 Kral, R.
85222
UWAL
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
TROY000036043 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Bailee Dykes
1016
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC011633 Baldwin 22 JUL 1967 TEEM, DAVID H.
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
UNA00057629 Butler 25 Aug 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12627
UNA
Hibiscus aculeatus Walt.
JSU132000 Washington 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18711
JSU
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC072673 Baldwin 11 OCT 2007 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-108
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
TROY000006981 Russell 04 Aug 2001 Robert Kral
91756b
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC050663 Dale 16 AUG 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7669
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
AUA_ACC042427 Covington 6 AUG 1972 NELSON, JOHN
152
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
JSU132002 Washington 16 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3225
JSU
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
UWAL0016340 Pike 04 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25428
UWAL
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
UNA00028824 Conecuh 18 Jul 1993 Robert Burckhalter
2327
UNA
Hibiscus aculeatus Walt.
UWAL0014525 Baldwin 26 Sep 2009 England, J. Kevin
2221
UWAL
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC043343 Butler 26 JUL 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1227
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
USAM000008451 Mobile 11 Aug 1967 Michael G. LeLong
3541.2
USAM
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
USAM000008452 Mobile 25 Jun 1968 B. E. Wofford
243
USAM
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC017977 Crenshaw 16 AUG 1968 KRAL, ROBERT
32410
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
AUA_ACC019178 Monroe 10 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1097
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
AUA_ACC005827 Baldwin 26 JUL 1968 COOPER, W. L.
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
AUA_ACC037558 Mobile 14 SEP 1981 HENDERSON, T.
530
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
TROY000006980 Dale 04 Jul 1997 Hannelore Rundell
289
TROY
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
UWAL0032068 Houston 03 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26796.1
UWAL
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
JSU131999 Washington 24 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14272
JSU
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
AUA_ACC046290 Crenshaw 31 JUL 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3443
AUA
HIBISCUS ACULEATUS WALTER
UWAL0043180 Baldwin 31 Jul 2002 Larsen, H.S.
1069
UWAL
Hibiscus aculeatus Walter
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