Magnolia grandiflora

Family:MAGNOLIACEAE
Species:Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
Common Name:Southern Magnolia; Bull Bay; Flowering Magnolia
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:MAGR4
Plant Notes:Southern Magnolia is a large native evergreen tree in the Magnolia family (Magnoliaceae). It is native to the Coastal Plain of Alabama, generally south of the Blackbelt region. Southern Magnolia can be found state wide in Alabama, but occurrences north of the Coastal Plain represent plants that have persisted or spread from cultivation. Southern Magnolia grows to a height of sixty to eighty feet. It has alternate, simple leaves that are oval to elliptic in outline. The margins are entire. The upper surface is waxy and dark green while the lower surface is a dull green in color and covered in varying amounts of rusty pubescence. Flowers are produced singly at the ends of branches. The large showy flowers are fragrant and have six to fifteen white tepals (sepals and petals that are similar in color and shape). The fruit is a cone-shaped aggregate of follicles. Each follicle splits to release a single large seed with a red aril (a seed appendage that is high in fat or oil content). The seed remain attached to the follicle by a silky thread. For many people Southern Magnolias, Live Oaks and Spanish Moss represent the South. Southern Magnolia is a popular ornamental that is readily available in nurseries. Many cultivars have been developed, including dwarf forms that remain under twenty feet in height. Southern Magnolia prefers an acidic, sandy soil that is rich in organic matter. Although very shade tolerant, the best shape and flowering occurs on plants grown in full sun.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyMAGNOLIACEAE - Magnolia family
Genus Magnolia
Species Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus - Southern Magnolia; Bull Bay; Flowering Magnolia

Citation

Citation MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 1082. 1759.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 7. t. 172. 1757). Lectotypified by J. A. Vázquez, Brittonia 46: 5. 1994.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Magnolia ferruginea Magnolia ferruginea Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 78. 1840. ALABAMA
Magnolia grandiflora var. elliptica Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus, var. elliptica Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 251. 1789, nom. inadmiss.Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus 1759. 
Magnolia grandiflora var. ferruginea Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus, var. ferruginea Sims, Bot. Mag. 45: t. 1952. 1817.  
Magnolia grandiflora var. lanceolata Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus, var. lanceolata Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 251. 1789. "Florida & Carolina",
Magnolia grandiflora var. obovata Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus, var. obovata Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 251. 1789. "Florida & Carolina",
Magnolia lacunosa Magnolia lacunosa Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 78. 1840. FLORIDA
Magnolia virginiana var. foetida Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. foetida Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 536. 1753.  
Magnolia foetida Magnolia foetida (Linnaeus) Sargent, Gard. & Forest 2: 615. 1889.Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. foetida Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Russell, Shelby, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1950 - 2008

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNAF0001438 Lauderdale 11 Sep 1980 Bell, Skip
02412
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000041169 Elmore 19 Sep 2011 Robert Pullen
278
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNA00023764 Mobile 22 Apr 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
968
UNA
Magnolia grandiflora L.
JSU131280 Baldwin 22 Aug 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC053666 Pike 4 MAY 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9130
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
JSU131300 Lee 12 Mar 1968 Dickie Brown
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0044213 Baldwin 27 Jun 1995 Newton, Troy
2
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora L.
AUA_ACC036052 Barbour 12 MAY 1973 GUYSE, KEITH D.
167
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
UWAL0045845 Tuscaloosa 24 Mar 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15148
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora L.
USAM000008406 Mobile 13 May 1969 D. L. Scott & B. E. Wofford
306
USAM
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC043628 Monroe 26 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2421
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
JSU131298 Jefferson 10 May 1969 Sandra Morello
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0036929 Fayette 20 Oct 2017 England, J. Kevin
8600
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001444 Lauderdale 24 Sep 1989 Hammond, Kathryn
05829
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001434 Colbert 02 Oct 1989 Porter, Kim
06141
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000006930 Coffee 17 Sep 2006 Carla Roberts
41
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC047358 Chambers 4 JUL 1983 HAYES, SHERRAD
49
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
UWAL0017762 Choctaw 28 Mar 1986 Kral, R.
73177
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora L.
TROY000021427 Henry 19 Apr 2005 Robert Kral
96111
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001442 Lauderdale 24 Apr 1995 Garris, E. H.
s.n.
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNA00069204 Marengo 27 Aug 2008 Kevin England
968
UNA
Magnolia grandiflora L.
JSU131286 Chilton 16 Mar 1968 Judy O'Neal
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0006692 Henry 19 Apr 2005 Kral, R.
96111
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora L.
JSU131299 Lauderdale 20 May 1967 Charles A. Porter
77
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000030082 Monroe 03 Oct 2009 Ryanne Hooks
7
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC002318 Lee 12 FEB 1925 ANONYMOUS
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
UWAL0045840 Bibb 18 Mar 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15143
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora L.
TROY000006935 Dale 19 May 2000 Tiffany Pennington
686
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC043629 Wilcox 26 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2416
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
JSU131297 Jefferson 10 May 1969 Sandra Morello
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000021428 Marengo 27 Aug 2008 J. Kevin England
968
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001443 Lauderdale 10 Oct 1989 Grosso, Vincent
07632
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001448 Lauderdale 24 Jun 1980 Peck, Wanda
02409
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000006954 Coffee 09 May 2000 Brian H. Martin
705
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC017417 Lee 18 JUN 1969 HAYES, J. L.
67
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
UWAL0010754 Conecuh 05 May 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23015
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC045382 Dale 21 APR 1979 MERRILL, L. E.
76
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
UWAL0015755 Montgomery 13 Jul 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25302
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001437 Jackson 22 Sep 1989 Gamble, Michael
05852
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNA00045778 Houston 27 Nov 1992 John R. MacDonald
5767
UNA
Magnolia grandiflora L.
JSU131309 Tallapoosa 14 Sep 1985 C. M. Moore
021
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000033683 Barbour 03 Sep 2011 Lauren Ryan
81
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0006694 Monroe 03 Oct 2009 Hooks, Ryanne
0007
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora L.
UWAL0036752 Lawrence 09 Dec 2017 England, J. Kevin
8663
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000039704 Montgomery 13 Jul 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25302
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC043630 Wilcox 26 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2402
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
UWAL0031434 Colbert 30 Jan 2016 England, J. Kevin
5822
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
JSU131301 Lee 8 Aug 1968 S. C. Johnson
X-49-154
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000021429 Monroe 26 Aug 1972 J McCool
9325
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
JSU131307 Morgan 11 Mar 1984 C. F. Nixon
584
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001447 Lauderdale 09 Sep 1984 Oliver, Anne
02410
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000006937 Pike 05 May 1999 Brian H. Martin
63
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC070246 Escambia 28 OCT 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3600
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
SAMF0000154 Shelby 15 May 1969 Barclay
s.n.
SAMF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC059481 Pike 1999 MARTIN, BRIAN
63
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
UNAF0001440 Lauderdale 14 Oct 1989 Cook, Caroline
06147
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000006933 Dale 24 Apr 1997 Hannelore Rundell
89
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC017416 Blount 6 JUL 1969 ELLIS, H. C.
28
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
JSU131292 Colbert 5 Jul 1969 Kenneth E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
JSU131294 Etowah 2 Jul 1969 H. A. Edwards
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
USAM000016076 Mobile 20 Jun 1973 John Hayward Moore
s.n.
USAM
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC002319 Lee 15 MAY 1953 WALSH, C. S.
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
JSU131287 Choctaw 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19145
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC043627 Butler 25 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2342
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
TROY000021354 DeKalb 19 May 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11299
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNA00059379 Chambers 15 Jun 2002 D. D. Spaulding
11381
UNA
Magnolia grandiflora L.
JSU131283 Blount 29 Apr 1993 Adam Dasinger
59
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001451 Limestone 22 Sep 1989 Lolley, Kim
06142
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
SAMF0000155 Jefferson 03 Aug 1948 Pannell, E. J.
s.n.
SAMF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0006693 Marengo 27 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
0968
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora L.
AUA_ACC036051 Baldwin 14 APR 1973 PONDER, WILLIAM
124
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
UWAL0018535 Lowndes 06 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
81976
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora L.
JSU131293 Etowah 27 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1316
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001436 Cullman 28 Nov 1989 Cooke, Steve
07615
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000006939 Pike 02 Apr 1997 Jeanese Holmes
s.n.
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
JSU131308 Talladega 3 Jun 1980 J. Carlisle
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
USAM000016075 Mobile 30 Oct 1976 Marcus Manning
s.n.
USAM
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC017415 Conecuh 3 AUG 1969 WEAVER, JIMMY
118
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
JSU131305 Monroe 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19095
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC043625 Butler 25 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2351
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
UWAL0036926 Butler 25 Feb 2017 England, J. Kevin
7151
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC050542 Dale 15 SEP 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7736
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
JSU131285 Calhoun 10 May 1967 Albert Butts
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001435 Crenshaw 17 Jun 1991 Lovelace, Connie
010512
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000006934 Dale 20 Jun 1998 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0006695 Sumter 23 May 1984 Green
0005
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora L.
JSU131306 Monroe 26 Aug 1972 J. McCool
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC022194 Lee 25 MAY 1970 RUSH, LARRY
.167
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
UWAL0019461 Wilcox 06 Apr 1993 Kral, R.
82014
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora L.
UNAF0001450 Limestone 11 Aug 1989 Butler, Yvette
06135
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000034768 Conecuh 05 May 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23015
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNA00023768 Russell 24 Jun 1950 Lloyd C. Crawford
1281
UNA
Magnolia grandiflora L.
JSU131282 Baldwin 22 Aug 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0032114 Houston 07 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26290
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
JSU131303 Marshall 27 Jun 1982 Donna K. Minor
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000006932 Crenshaw 15 Jun 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16515
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC041853 Calhoun 19 OCT 1973 SUTHERLAND, M.
91
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
UWAL0006691 Baldwin 13 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1117
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora L.
AUA_ACC044007 Conecuh 26 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2435
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
TROY000034763 Butler 29 Apr 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22999
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0036930 Tuscaloosa 20 Oct 2017 England, J. Kevin
8601
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001445 Lauderdale 02 Sep 1989 Hardy, Dawn
06137
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001449 Lauderdale 23 Jun 1991 Stewart, Donald
010513
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
USAM000016074 Mobile 02 Oct 1976 Susan Brantley
s.n.
USAM
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0047944 Russell 6 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10721
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000043927 Henry 26 May 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27427
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
JSU131290 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19013
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001439 Lauderdale 21 Jun 1980 Cameron, Robbie
02413
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000006938 Pike 20 Apr 1991 Don E. McGee
12
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNA00023767 Mobile 25 Jul 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D968
UNA
Magnolia grandiflora L.
JSU131281 Bibb 1 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1635
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
JSU131295 Houston 7 Mar 1992 F. W. Clearman
034
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000006936 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18300
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC058167 Tallapoosa 11 APR 1998 TYLER, PATRICIA J.
TYLER 197
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
JSU131288 Choctaw 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19145
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC052271 Pike 2 JAN 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9001
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
TROY000021353 Chambers 15 Jun 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11381
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNA00023769 Walker 26 May 1974 Brown
43
UNA
Magnolia grandiflora L.
UWAL0038044 Cleburne 25 Jul 2017 Spaulding, Daniel D.
14900
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora L.
UNAF0001452 Winston 14 Sep 1984 Henderson, Taffy
02411
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000035533 Bullock 10 May 2012 Bailee Dykes
672
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA000038515 Lee 13 Mar 1952 PALACIO, ESTHER
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
UWAL0047925 Macon 6 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10743
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000044803 Geneva 16 Mar 2017 Cameron Byrd
822
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
JSU131296 Jackson 5 Mar 1999 R. D. Whetstone
20004
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001441 Lauderdale 02 Sep 1989 den Boer, John H.
05929
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNA00056702 Coffee 28 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11945
UNA
Magnolia grandiflora L.
USAM000008407 Mobile 18 Sep 1967 Michael G. LeLong
3798
USAM
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000042013 Houston 07 May 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26290
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UWAL0010867 Butler 29 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22999
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC048241 Shelby 12 OCT 1980 WEBB, A. L.
87
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
JSU131304 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18629
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC044898 Conecuh 26 APR 1986 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
2384
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
UWAL0038624 Barbour 25 Jul 2018 England, J. Kevin
9380
UWAL
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
JSU131291 Cleburne 9 Sep 1979 Regina Crenshaw
s.n.
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC043674 Conecuh 17 AUG 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1507
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
JSU131284 Calhoun 1 Nov 1983 C. F. Nixon
1022
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
UNAF0001446 Lauderdale 28 Jun 1991 McDaniel, Kevin
009323
UNAF
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
TROY000006931 Coffee 01 Oct 1999 Brian H. Martin
276
TROY
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC021979 Mobile 25 MAY 1970 BLANKENCHIP, B. P.
160
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
JSU131289 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
316
JSU
Magnolia grandiflora Linnaeus
AUA_ACC007394 Lee 21 MAY 1958 LOGAN, HERSCHELL J.
AUA
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA L.
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