Lythrum lanceolatum

Family:LYTHRACEAE
Species:Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
Common Name:Southern Winged Loosestrife
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Southern Winged Loosestrife is a native herbaceous perennial in the Loosestrife family (Lythraceae). It is native to most of Alabama. Southern Winged Loosestrife occurs in wet prairies, in low pastures, along pond and lake margins, and in wet roadside ditches. It is a perennial with an elongate rhizome. Stems are erect, branched above the middle, obscurely angled, glabrous, and green above and brown below. Leaves are opposite lower on the stem and alternate near the tips. The leaves are sessile, lance-ovate to linear-lanceolate in outline, glabrous, with entire margins. The leaves are greatly reduced upwards. Flowers are solitary in the axils of the upper leaves. Each flower has a cylindrical ribbed calyx with 5 triangular teeth and subulate intersepalar appendages alternating with them. The intersepalar appendages are longer than the calyx teeth. The corolla is funnel-form with 6 petals fused at the base into a short tube. The petals range in color from lavender to pale blue or pinkish, to almost white. Each petal has a purple or rose-pink mid-vein. The fruit is a capsule. Southern Winged Loosestrife is an important food plant for bees. It can be grown in a bog garden or along ponds or streams. It prefers a moist clay soil in full sun. Southern Winged Loosestrife is very similar to Northern Winged Loosestrife (Lythrum alatum Pursh) and is often treated as a variety of that species. It differs in having a minute bract on the distal part of the pedicel near the base of the flower while L. alatum produces a similar bract near the base of the pedicel.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:Very similar to L. alatum but bears a minute bract on distal part of pedicel near base of flower while L. alatum produces a similar bract near base of pedicel.
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLYTHRACEAE - Loosestrife family
Genus Lythrum
Species Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott - Southern Winged Loosestrife

Citation

Citation Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1(6): 544–545. 1821.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Elliott s.n. (holotype: CHARL).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lythrum alatum var. lanceolatum Lythrum alatum var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torr. & A. Gray ex Rothr., Rep. U.S. Geogr. Surv., Wheeler vol. 6, Botany 120. 1878[1879].Lythrum lanceolatum ElliottSOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Elliott s.n. (holotype: CHARL).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Cleburne, Crenshaw, Dallas, Etowah, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Montgomery, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Russell, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1897 - 2006

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00019075 Mobile _ Oct 1879 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00047682 Barbour 20 Jun 1997 John R. MacDonald
10743
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
UNA00008889 Wilcox 17 Jul 1982 S. C. Gunn
987
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
UWAL0005669 Wilcox 16 Aug 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13051.2
UWAL
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC022481 Cleburne 26 JUL 1970 COX, W. A.
131
AUA
LYTHRUM ALATUM PURSH var. LANCEOLATUM (ELL.) TORR. & GRAY EX ROTHROCK
TROY000041560 Lowndes 29 Aug 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25484
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000041558 Marengo 13 Aug 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25435
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0038781 Etowah 12 Sep 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9203
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC039229 Wilcox 17 JUL 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
987
AUA
LYTHRUM ALATUM PURSH var. LANCEOLATUM (ELL.) TORR. & GRAY EX ROTHROCK
TROY000035301 Macon 22 Jun 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23123
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00066928 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3198
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00019084 Dallas 18 Jun 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2228
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
UNA00019069 Marengo 09 Jul 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7399
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC057168 Pike 13 AUG 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9302
AUA
LYTHRUM ALATUM PURSH var. LANCEOLATUM (ELL.) TORR. & GRAY EX ROTHROCK
TROY000034192 Lowndes 12 Jul 2009 Brian R. Keener
5518
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000045199 Autauga 01 Sep 2016 Matthew Parker
18
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torr. & A. Gray ex Rothr.
JSU130598 Calhoun 17 Jun 1969 Jessica Tudor
s.n.
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0006663 Lowndes 23 Jun 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3703
UWAL
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0012192 Washington 21 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7951
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
TROY000020578 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Robert Kral
15 Aug 2005
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0006662 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3198
UWAL
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
JSU130599 Calhoun 11 Jul 1986 C. L. Lawler
748
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00062269 Hale 29 Jun 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11950
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
UNA00019064 Mobile 02 Aug 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D616
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0044491 Baldwin 10 Aug 2002 Larsen, H.S.
1075
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
USAM000008364 Baldwin 02 Aug 1980 Bob Lott
80
USAM
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC022420 Lee 21 JUL 1970 SMITH, WAYNE
166
AUA
LYTHRUM ALATUM PURSH var. LANCEOLATUM (ELL.) TORR. & GRAY EX ROTHROCK
JSU130681 Talladega 13 Jul 1992 J. M. Ballard
337
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
USAM000008363 Mobile 18 Aug 1980 Michael G. LeLong
11327
USAM
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
TROY000021328 Sumter 10 Jul 2006 Brian R. Keener
3198
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0012264 Washington 22 Jul 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7414
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
TROY000042856 Montgomery 03 Jul 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26544
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC030838 Macon 29 JUN 1973 OWEN, J. T.
67
AUA
LYTHRUM ALATUM PURSH var. LANCEOLATUM (ELL.) TORR. & GRAY EX ROTHROCK
UNA00058448 Hale 06 Jun 2002 Brian R. Keener
2238
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00019085 Montgomery 05 Jun 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2174
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
UNA00019086 Limestone 08 Jul 1980 Russell A. Meigs
973
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
AUA_ACC020127 Macon 29 JUN 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
176
AUA
LYTHRUM ALATUM PURSH var. LANCEOLATUM (ELL.) TORR. & GRAY EX ROTHROCK
AUA_ACC013839 Montgomery 15 JUL 1967 ATKINS, W. B.
AUA
LYTHRUM ALATUM PURSH var. LANCEOLATUM (ELL.) TORR. & GRAY EX ROTHROCK
JSU130597 Calhoun 17 Jun 1969 Judy Stanley
s.n.
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000034949 Wilcox 16 Aug 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
13051b
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0006659 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Kral, R.
96712
UWAL
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC071788 Marengo 20 AUG 2008 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
911
AUA
LYTHRUM ALATUM PURSH var. LANCEOLATUM (ELL.) TORR. & GRAY EX ROTHROCK
JSU130680 Calhoun 17 Aug 1986 C. L. Lawler
1011
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00022503 Marengo 13 Aug 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2420
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00019066 Perry 07 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8176
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000021255 Marengo 20 Aug 2008 J. Kevin England
911
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
JSU130596 Bibb 22 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11742
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0035639 Mobile 27 Jul 2013 Horne, Howard E.
2322
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC017343 Russell 19 JUL 1969 THORNHILL, RANDY
148
AUA
LYTHRUM ALATUM PURSH var. LANCEOLATUM (ELL.) TORR. & GRAY EX ROTHROCK
JSU130674 Jefferson 13 Jul 1984 J. P. Barber
798
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0018653 Baldwin 21 Aug 1993 Kral, R.
83238
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
UWAL0011005 Macon 22 Jun 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23123
UWAL
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0044488 Baldwin 26 Jun 2001 Larsen, H.S.
880
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0006658 Greene 08 Jul 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5496
UWAL
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0016300 Marengo 13 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25435
UWAL
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00019068 Greene 18 Jun 1966 H. Naugle
G 109
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00019063 Mobile 15 Jul 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D598
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000021326 Hale 29 Jun 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11950
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0006660 Marengo 20 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
0911
UWAL
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC042431 Marengo 23 JUL 1972 STREET, JIMMY J.
179
AUA
LYTHRUM LANCEOLATUM ELLIOTT
JSU130662 Cherokee 2 Sep 1997 J. M. Ballard
7607
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0017191 Lawrence 01 Aug 2006 England, J. Kevin
0657
UWAL
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC032284 Baldwin 26 JUL 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
35824
AUA
LYTHRUM ALATUM PURSH var. LANCEOLATUM (ELL.) TORR. & GRAY EX ROTHROCK
TROY000040281 Washington 22 Jul 2012 Brian R. Keener
7414
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0012126 Pickens 27 Jun 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7968
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0030082 Montgomery 03 Jul 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26544
UWAL
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A.Gray ex Rothrock
AUA_ACC060979 Montgomery 21 JUN 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
AUA
LYTHRUM ALATUM PURSH var. LANCEOLATUM (ELL.) TORR. & GRAY EX ROTHROCK
UNA00019062 Greene 31 Jul 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1741
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00019070 Marengo 26 Jul 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6747
UNA
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
AUA_ACC051601 Crenshaw 1 JUL 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7542
AUA
LYTHRUM ALATUM PURSH var. LANCEOLATUM (ELL.) TORR. & GRAY EX ROTHROCK
TROY000040963 Pickens 27 Jun 2013 Brian R. Keener
7968
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000006881 Choctaw 24 Jul 2003 Robert Kral
94257
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
JSU130673 Jefferson 7 Sep 1984 J. P. Barber
1047
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0019668 Crenshaw 23 Jul 1993 Kral, R.
82943
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Ell.
UWAL0012228 St. Clair 21 Aug 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5997
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0044492 Baldwin 04 Aug 2000 Nation, N. Fred
455
UWAL
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
UWAL0006661 Sumter 08 Jul 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5501
UWAL
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00019060 Hale 14 Jul 1965 Sherrie E. Maginness
s.n.
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0002994 Lowndes 12 Jul 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5518
UWAL
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00019077 Mobile 13 Jul 1897 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
UNA00065937 Choctaw 24 Jul 2003 R. Kral
94257
UNA
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Ell.) Torr. & Gray ex Rothrock
JSU130677 Talladega 13 Oct 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3251
JSU
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
TROY000006882 Crenshaw 07 Jul 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13448
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
SAMF0002727 Calhoun 16 Aug 2006 Davenport, L. J.
3533
SAMF
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray ex Rothrock
UWAL0039425 Jackson 27 Aug 2018 Webb, David H.
8592
UWAL
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum Torr. & A. Gray ex. Rothr.
TROY000021327 Hale 06 Jun 2002 Brian R. Keener
2238
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
USAM000008365 Baldwin 21 Oct 1977 Michael G. LeLong
9968
USAM
Lythrum lanceolatum Elliott
AUA_ACC046101 Cherokee 5 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3333
AUA
LYTHRUM ALATUM PURSH var. LANCEOLATUM (ELL.) TORR. & GRAY EX ROTHROCK
TROY000021325 Greene 29 May 1972 Robert Kral
46849
TROY
Lythrum alatum Pursh var. lanceolatum (Elliott) Torrey & Gray ex Rothrock
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