Carya aquatica

Family:JUGLANDACEAE
Species:Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
Common Name:Water Hickory; Bitter Pecan
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Water Hickory is a native deciduous tree in the Walnut family (Juglandaceae). It is found primarily in the southern half of Alabama, but occurs as far north as the Tennessee River. Water Hickory grows along larger streams and rivers, in hardwood floodplain forests, along sloughs, and in swamps. It is a medium to large tree reaching heights of 110-120 feet. It develops a deep tap root as a seedling, making transplanting difficult. The bark is light to dark gray in color and peels in long strips. The bud scales are valvate. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, pinnately compound with 9-13 leaflets. The leaflets are lanceolate to lance-ovate in outline with serrate margins. The leaflets are pubescent along the midrib and major veins. The leaves turn yellow before falling in the autumn. Male flowers are produced in pendulous green catkins. The female flowers are solitary or in 2-4 flowered spikes. The fruit is a brown, flattened, nut enclosed in a husk. The husk in thin and has 4 winged sutures. The husk splits to the base, releasing the nut. The seed are bitter. Water Hickory occurs as scattered individuals among other hardwoods in bottomlands. The wood is dense and hard, but is limited in supply. It is used primarily as a high-quality firewood. The nuts are consumed by squirrels and wild hogs. Water Hickory has been recognized for its ability to cleanse run off, and it is sometimes planted in retention ponds and artificial wetlands.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyJUGLANDACEAE - Walnut family
Genus Carya
Species Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall - Water Hickory; Bitter Pecan

Citation

Citation CARYA AQUATICA (F. Michaux) Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 222. 1818.
Basionym: Juglans aquatica F. Michaux 1810.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Carya aquatica var. australis Carya aquatica (F. Michaux) Nuttall, var. australis Sargent, Bot. Gaz. 66: 232. 1918. FLORIDA: Lee Co.: In the yard of a house at Alva, 16 Sep 1914, Harbison 2 (holotype: A?).
Hicoria aquatica var. australis Hicoria aquatica (F. Michaux) Britton, var. australis (Sargent) Sudworth, Check List For. Trees U.S., Revis. 53. 1927.Carya aquatica (F. Michaux)Nuttall, var. australis Sargent 1918. 
Hicoria integrifolia Hicoria integrifolia Rafinesque, Alsogr. Amer. 67. 1838. LOUISIANA
Juglans aquatica Juglans aquatica F. Michaux, Hist. Arbr. Forest. 1: 182, pl. 5. 1810.  
Hicoria aquatica Hicoria aquatica (F. Michaux) Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 15: 284. 1888.Juglans aquatica F. Michaux 1810. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Calhoun, Choctaw, Clarke, Conecuh, Covington, Dale, Dallas, Escambia, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Washington

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1966 - 2012

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU127524 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18949
JSU
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UNA00031857 Baldwin 21 Jun _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
TROY000006341 Pike 01 Oct 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12166
TROY
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
TROY000006340 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18259
TROY
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UNA00031867 Lowndes 24 Sep 1977 L. J. Davenport
167
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
UWAL0042899 Baldwin 04 Jun 2000 Larsen, H.S.
372
UWAL
Carya aquatica (Michx.) Nutt.
JSU127523 Clarke 31 Oct 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18935
JSU
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UNA00031842 Hale 09 May 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
248
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
TROY000006339 Covington 18 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13369B
TROY
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UNA00031832 Dallas 06 Jun 1978 L. J. Davenport
347
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
UWAL0015985 Bullock 26 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1104
UWAL
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UWAL0006400 Monroe 20 Sep 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18259
UWAL
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
USAM000007461 Mobile 18 Apr 1979 Michael G. LeLong
10775
USAM
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UNA00067457 Lawrence 27 Sep 2007 David Webb
6693
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
UNA00031822 Lowndes 09 Jul 1988 Robert Burckhalter
1430
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
UWAL0014554 Lawrence 21 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3775
UWAL
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
TROY000020660 Madison 13 Jul 1996 Steven J. Threlkeld
708
TROY
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UNA00031877 Baldwin 19 Sep 1982 Maureen Powers
983
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
TROY000038161 Bullock 26 Jul 2012 Bailee Dykes
1104
TROY
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
TROY000020531 Dale 31 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19672
TROY
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UNA00031882 Baldwin 4 Oct _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
JSU127526 Morgan 13 Jul 1996 D. D. Spaulding
9049
JSU
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
TROY000006338 Conecuh 24 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13397
TROY
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UNA00031827 Dallas 24 Sep 1977 L. J. Davenport
177
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
TROY000031998 Clarke 04 Aug 2010 Brian R. Keener
6143
TROY
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
TROY000039419 Montgomery 15 May 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25097
TROY
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UNA00031852 Mobile 06 Aug 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7515
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
UWAL0013365 Washington 27 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3819
UWAL
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
JSU140241 Dallas 07 Jul 2010 T. Wayne Barger
OC-383
JSU
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UNA00017113 Greene 13 Aug 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2398
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
UNA00059456 Madison 13 Jul 1996 R. D. Whetstone
708
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
UWAL0019999 Morgan 15 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5574
UWAL
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UWAL0012063 Monroe 02 Aug 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6618
UWAL
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UNA00031862 Choctaw 10 Jul 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7432
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
UWAL0017463 Marengo 28 Jun 2012 England, J. Kevin
3846
UWAL
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UWAL0001687 Clarke 04 Aug 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6143
UWAL
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
UNA00022430 Greene 13 Aug 1969 Joab L. Thomas
2410
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
USAM000007463 Dallas 18 Aug 1978 John H. Wiersema
498
USAM
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
TROY000006342 Pike 15 Aug 1997 Alvin R. Diamond
11077
TROY
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
JSU127525 Calhoun 30 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12631
JSU
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
AUA_ACC055377 Pike 9 JUL 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9643
AUA
CARYA AQUATICA (MICHX. F.) NUTT.
AUA_ACC050661 Macon 23 AUG 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7700
AUA
CARYA AQUATICA (MICHX. F.) NUTT.
UNA00028484 Monroe 15 Aug 1979 Royal D. Suttkus
79-15-1
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
AUA_ACC044802 Clarke 2 SEP 1975 MADDOX, WILLIAM K.
36
AUA
CARYA AQUATICA (MICHX. F.) NUTT.
AUA000032654 Escambia 25 Jun 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4820
AUA
CARYA AQUATICA
UNA00056015 Geneva 29 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11528
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
USAM000007462 Escambia 08 Jun 1969 Robert Kral
35157
USAM
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
TROY000043441 Washington 27 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3819
TROY
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
AUA_ACC001989 Lee 20 APR 1949 DOROTHY DEAN
AUA
CARYA AQUATICA (MICHX. F.) NUTT.
SAMF0002293 Clarke 05 Aug 2010 Davenport, L. J.
4422
SAMF
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UNA00031837 Choctaw 09 Jul 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7409
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
AUA_ACC061137 Choctaw 20 OCT 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1228
AUA
CARYA AQUATICA (MICHX. F.) NUTT.
UWAL0016271 Montgomery 15 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25097
UWAL
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
SAMF0002294 Monroe 02 Aug 2011 Davenport, L. J.
4754
SAMF
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
UNA00022831 Greene 05 Oct 1968 Joab L. Thomas
1842
UNA
Carya aquatica (Michx. f.) Nutt.
USAM000007464 Washington 03 Aug 1972 Michael G. LeLong
6732
USAM
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
TROY000045282 Marengo 28 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3846
TROY
Carya aquatica (Michaux f.) Nuttall
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