Gentiana villosa

Family:GENTIANACEAE
Species:Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
Common Name:Striped Gentian; Pale Gentian
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Sampson's Snakeroot is a perennial wildflower in the Gentian family (Gentianaceae). It is uncommon in Alabama, and is found in scattered locations across the state. Sampson's Snakeroot usually occurs in mesic to dry woods, sandy long leaf pine woods, and on prairies. It has opposite leaves that are dark green and usually widest above the middle. The stems are six to eighteen inches in height. This plant tends to recline or sprawl and not grow upright. The flowers are produced in autumn (September-November). Sampson's Snakeroot flowers are white with green markings on the outside and purple lines on the inside. Unlike some other species of Gentian, those of Sampson's Snakeroot are open. It is a mystery as to why the scientific name of this plant is “villosa” which means hairy. The plant is glabrous. Sampson's Snakeroot is not often available from wildflower nurseries. The seed often take several years to germinate, and plants don’t like their roots disturbed.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S1 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyGENTIANACEAE - Gentian family
Genus Gentiana
Species Gentiana villosa Linnaeus - Striped Gentian; Pale Gentian

Citation

Citation GENTIANA VILLOSA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 228. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 605 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Reveal & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 58: 979. 2009.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ciminalis ochroleuca Ciminalis ochroleuca (Froelich) Berchtold & J. Presl, Prir. Rostlin 1(Gentian.): 11. 1823.Gentiana ochroleuca Froelich 1796. 
Dasystephana deloachii Dasystephana deloachii Lemmon, Bartonia 19: 18. 1938. GEORGIA
Gentiana deloachii Gentiana deloachii (Lemmon) Shinners, Sida 1: 107. 1962.Dasystephana deloachii Lemmon 1938. 
Gentiana heterophylla Gentiana heterophylla Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 1: 211. 1828.  
Gentiana incarnata Gentiana incarnata Sims, Bot. Mag. 43: t. 1856. 1816.  
Gentiana intermedia Gentiana intermedia Sims, Bot. Mag. 49: t. 2303. 1822.  
Gentiana ochroleuca Gentiana ochroleuca Froelich, Gentiana 35. 1796.  
Gentiana ochroleuca var. heterophylla Gentiana ochroleuca Froelich, var. heterophylla (Rafinesque) Grisebach, in de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 114. 1845.Gentiana heterophylla Rafinesque 1828. 
Gentiana ochroleuca var. incarnata Gentiana ochroleuca Froelich, var. incarnata (Sims) Grisebach, in de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 114. 1845.Gentiana incarnata Sims 1816. 
Gentiana ochroleuca var. intermedia Gentiana ochroleuca Froelich, var. intermedia (Sims) Grisebach, in de Candolle, Prodr. 9: 114. 1845.Gentiana intermedia Sims 1822. 
Gentiana serpentaria Gentiana serpentaria Rafinesque, Ann. Nat. 13. 1820.  
Pneumonanthe incarnata Pneumonanthe incarnata (Sims) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 195. 1837.Gentiana incarnata Sims 1816. 
Pneumonanthe intermedia Pneumonanthe intermedia (Sims) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 195. 1837.Gentiana intermedia Sims 1822. 
Pneumonanthe ochroleuca Pneumonanthe ochroleuca (Froelich) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 195. 1837.Gentiana ochroleuca Froelich 1796. 
Pneumonanthe villosa Pneumonanthe villosa (Linnaeus) Schmidt, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 1: 10. 1796.Gentiana villosa Linnaeus 1753. 
Dasystephana villosa Dasystephana villosa (Linnaeus) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 931, 1336. 1903.Gentiana villosa Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Coosa, Covington, Escambia, Jefferson, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Mobile, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1880 - 1992

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU124829 Calhoun 7 Oct 1994 S. E. Hruska
493
JSU
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
JSU124831 Calhoun 1 Nov 1986 C. L. Lawler
1475
JSU
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC025899 Lee 29 OCT 1972 GOSLIN, W. E.
AUA
GENTIANA VILLOSA L.
UNA00015716 Covington 21 Sep 1880 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Gentiana villosa L.
TROY000032199 Butler 07 Nov 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21705
TROY
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
AUA000037878 Covington 24 Oct 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5290
AUA
GENTIANA VILLOSA L.
UNA00037888 Tuscaloosa 07 Oct 1986 Robert Burckhalter
808
UNA
Gentiana villosa L.
AUA_ACC022727 Lee 13 SEP 1971 LITTLE, JACKIE A.
038
AUA
GENTIANA VILLOSA L.
UWAL0043148 Baldwin 21 Nov 2004 Larsen, H.S.
1432
UWAL
Gentiana villosa L.
JSU124834 Jefferson 22 Oct 1967 Margaret Wimberly
127
JSU
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
UNA00059171 Bibb 26 Dec 1992 James R. Allison
7496
UNA
Gentiana villosa L.
AUA_ACC034979 Butler 30 SEP 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
GENTIANA VILLOSA L.
TROY000006085 Covington 31 Oct 2003 TeLenna Jones
23
TROY
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
JSU124832 Cherokee 3 Nov 1996 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC022728 Macon 1 OCT 1971 HARPER, DOUGLAS
001
AUA
GENTIANA VILLOSA L.
JSU124836 Winston 18 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6408
JSU
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
TROY000038921 Coosa 11 Oct 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24646
TROY
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
USAM000007109 Mobile 06 Oct 1976 Michael G. LeLong
9582
USAM
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC066925 Cleburne 4 NOV 2005 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2081
AUA
GENTIANA VILLOSA L.
JSU124835 Talladega 30 Oct 1986 Carol Lawler
s.n.
JSU
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
UNA00037889 Mobile 18 Nov 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6984
UNA
Gentiana villosa L.
JSU140937 Escambia 14 Oct 1958 H. E. Grelen
58
JSU
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
AUA_ACC060384 Lowndes 14 OCT 1996 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
1464
AUA
GENTIANA VILLOSA L.
UWAL0013096 Butler 23 Oct 2012 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
JSU124833 Clay 15 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5288
JSU
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
UWAL0015805 Coosa 11 Oct 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24646
UWAL
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
UWAL0043147 Baldwin 24 Oct 2003 Larsen, H.S.
1279
UWAL
Gentiana villosa L.
JSU124830 Calhoun 4 Nov 1986 C. L. Lawler
1484
JSU
Gentiana villosa Linnaeus
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