Gentiana saponaria

Family:GENTIANACEAE
Species:Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
Common Name:Soapwort Gentian; Harvest Bells; Bottle Gentian
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW- (NWI), S3 (State Rank), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyGENTIANACEAE - Gentian family
Genus Gentiana
Species Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus - Soapwort Gentian; Harvest Bells; Bottle Gentian

Citation

Citation GENTIANA SAPONARIA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 228. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 328.8). Lectotypified by J. S. Pringle, Brittonia 19: 2. 1967.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ciminalis saponaria Ciminalis saponaria (Linnaeus) Berchtold & J. Presl, Prir. Rostlin 1(Gentian.): 11. 1823.Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus 1753. 
Dasystephana latifolia Dasystephana latifolia (Chapman) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 930, 1336. 1903.Gentiana elliottii Chapman, var. latifolia Chapman 1860. 
Dasystephana cherokeensis Dasystephana cherokeensis Lemmon, Bartonia 17: 4. 1935. GEORGIA: Cobb Co.:
Gentiana axillaris Gentiana axillaris Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 1: 213. 1828, non Reichenbach 1824. KENTUCKY
Gentiana collinsiana Gentiana collinsiana Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 1: 213. 1828.  
Gentiana elliottea Gentiana elliottea Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 1: 212. 1828. KENTUCKY
Gentiana elliottii var. latifolia Gentiana elliottii Chapman, var. latifolia Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 356. 1860. FLORIDA
Gentiana gracilis Gentiana gracilis Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 1: 213. 1828, non Nees von Esenbeck 1818, nec Kunth 1819, nec Chamisso & Schlechtendal 1826. KENTUCKY
Gentiana latifolia Gentiana latifolia (Chapman) Britton, Man. Fl. N. States, ed. 2. 1075. 1905, non (Grenier & Godron) Jakow 1899.Gentiana elliottii Chapman, var. latifolia Chapman 1860. 
Gentiana puberula Gentiana puberula Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 76. 1803.  
Gentiana rigida Gentiana rigida Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 1: 212. 1828.  
Gentiana saponaria var. allegheniensis Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus,var. allegheniensis Jennings, Castanea 12: 57. 1947. PENNSYLVANIA: Fayette Co.: Markleysburg, 13 Oct 1946, Jennings s.n. (holotype: CM).
Gentiana saponaria var. puberula Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus, var. puberula (Michaux) Torrey & A. Gray ex A. Gray, Manual 360. 1848.Gentiana puberula Michaux 1803. 
Gentiana scaberrima Gentiana scaberrima Kusnezow, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 13: 59. 1893. LOUISIANA/MARYLAND:
Gentiana shortiana Gentiana shortiana Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 1: 211. 1828.  
Gentiana shortiana var. biflora Gentiana shortiana Rafinesque, var. biflora Rafinesque, Med. Fl. 1: 212. 1828.  
Pneumonanthe latifolia Pneumonanthe latifolia (Chapman) Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 71. 1904.Gentiana elliottii Chapman, var. latifolia Chapman 1860. 
Pneumonanthe puberula Pneumonanthe puberula (Michaux) Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 71. 1904.Gentiana puberula Michaux 1803. 
Pneumonanthe saponaria Pneumonanthe saponaria (Linnaeus) F. W. Schmidt, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 1: 10. 1796.Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus 1753. 
Xolemia trachiloma Xolemia trachiloma Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 3: 28. 1837 ("1836"). NEW JERSEY:
Xolemia trachiloma var. biflora Xolemia trachiloma Rafinesque, var. biflora Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 3: 28. 1837 ("1836").  
Dasystephana puberula Dasystephana puberula (Michaux) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 930, 1336. 1903.Gentiana puberula Michaux 1803. 
Dasystephana saponaria Dasystephana saponaria (Linnaeus) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 930, 1336. 1903.Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus 1753. 
Gentiana cherokeensis Gentiana cherokeensis (Lemmon) Fernald, Rhodora 41: 487. 1939.Dasystephana cherokeensis Lemmon 1935. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Calhoun, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Conecuh, Cullman, Dale, DeKalb, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Hale, Houston, Lamar, Lee, Macon, Mobile, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1877 - 2004

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000006095 Pike 07 Nov 2002 Christopher Terrell
6
TROY
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU124813 Cleburne 21 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12905
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU124812 Clay 15 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5297
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
UNA00037863 Mobile 6 Nov _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UNA00037864 Tuscaloosa 07 Nov 1979 L. J. Davenport
1603
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
JSU124826 Lamar 22 Oct 1976 R. Kral
59438
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU124825 Etowah 19 Oct 1994 L. M. Hodge
4020
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU124809 Calhoun 15 Nov 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14799
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
TROY000006093 Dale 19 Oct 1999 Tiffany Pennington
269
TROY
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU124828 Talladega 11 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5223
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
UNA00037875 Tuscaloosa 31 Oct 1952 C. G. Hollis
s.n.
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UNA00037870 Hale 31 Oct 1981 John H. Wiersema
2237
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UNA00037874 Bibb 13 Sep 1987 Robert Burckhalter
1249
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
JSU124810 Cleburne 25 Oct 1997 K. R. Brodeur
102
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU124819 Cleburne 20 Oct 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
548
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
UWAL0005993 Randolph 11 Nov 2009 England, J. Kevin
2234
UWAL
Gentiana saponaria L. var. saponaria
JSU124807 Calhoun 20 Nov 1993 D. D. Spaulding
4644
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU124815 Cleburne 10 Nov 1968 Jerry Clonts
s.n.
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
UNA00037878 Cullman 28 Oct 1887 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UNA00037867 Shelby 23 Nov 1962 Rebecca Deramus
249
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
TROY000020398 Franklin 20 Nov 2005 Daniel D. Spaulding
12361
TROY
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU124808 Calhoun 1 Nov 1986 C. L. Lawler
1477
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU124821 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7004
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
AUA_ACC066915 Winston 2 OCT 2004 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
12202
AUA
GENTIANA SAPONARIA L. var. SAPONARIA
AUA_ACC050859 Dale 26 OCT 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7817
AUA
GENTIANA SAPONARIA L.
UNA00060723 Chilton 01 Nov 1998 Alfred Schotz
1686
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UNA00037880 Walker 27 Oct 1984 Charles N. Horn
621
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UNA00037884 Lamar 24 Nov 1988 Robert Burckhalter
1531
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UWAL0032454 Lee 25 Nov 2007 Keener, Brian R.
4026
UWAL
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
AUA_ACC003884 Lee 22 NOV 1955 DAVIS, DONALD E.
AUA
GENTIANA SAPONARIA L.
JSU124823 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7004
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
UWAL0034965 Conecuh 07 Dec 2012 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Gentiana saponaria L.
AUA_ACC057540 Houston 13 DEC 1992 MACDONALD, JOHN R.
5775
AUA
GENTIANA SAPONARIA L.
UNA00037868 Tuscaloosa 31 Oct 1952 C. G. Hollis
s.n.
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UNA00053455 Winston 14 Oct 1967 Joab L. Thomas
1259
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UNA00055948 Tuscaloosa 21 Oct 1995 Robert Burckhalter
2694
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
JSU124820 Cleburne 10 Nov 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
AUA_ACC052780 Hale 12 NOV 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8982
AUA
GENTIANA SAPONARIA L.
JSU124822 DeKalb 14 Oct 1975 R. D. Whetstone
7004
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
UWAL0037819 Calhoun 11 Nov 2017 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15115
UWAL
Gentiana saponaria L.
AUA_ACC060675 Chilton 1 NOV 1998 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
1686
AUA
GENTIANA SAPONARIA L.
UNA00058637 Tuscaloosa 14 Nov 2002 Brian R. Keener
2440
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UNA00065471 Winston 02 Oct 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12202
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UNA00021876 Tuscaloosa 08 Nov 1989 Robert Burckhalter
1742
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
JSU124814 Cleburne 10 Nov 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
AUA_ACC040047 Cleburne 26 NOV 1985 DEAN, CAROLINE R.
S.N.
AUA
GENTIANA SAPONARIA L.
UWAL0018043 Etowah 12 Oct 1996 Kral, R.
86818
UWAL
Gentiana saponaria L.
AUA_ACC053916 Pike 31 OCT 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7846
AUA
GENTIANA SAPONARIA L.
JSU124817 Cleburne 1 Oct 1981 Carl Bollinger
s.n.
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU124811 Clay 9 Sep 1992 J. M. Ballard
847
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
UNA00037876 Mobile 15 Oct 1877 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UNA00037866 St. Clair 23 Nov 1962 Rebecca Deramus
237
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UWAL0015699 Fayette 25 Oct 2012 England, J. Kevin
4012
UWAL
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
TROY000020399 Winston 02 Oct 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12202
TROY
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU124816 Cleburne 15 Nov 1984 C. F. Nixon
1008
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
TROY000006094 Pike 04 Nov 1999 Connie Adams
13
TROY
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU124818 Cleburne 21 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12910
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU124827 Talladega 28 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5326
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
UNA00037877 Cullman 14 Oct 1888 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
UNA00037865 St. Clair 23 Nov 1962 Rebecca Deramus
237
UNA
Gentiana saponaria L.
AUA_ACC040046 Macon 18 NOV 1985 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
S.N.
AUA
GENTIANA SAPONARIA L.
JSU124824 Etowah 30 Oct 1994 L. M. Hodge
4066
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
JSU146073 Cleburne 23 Oct 1993 F. Hutchinson
2194A
JSU
Gentiana saponaria Linnaeus
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