Gentiana catesbaei

Family:GENTIANACEAE
Species:Gentiana catesbaei Walter
Common Name:Coastal Plain Gentian; Elliott's Gentian
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Coastal Plain Gentian is a native herbaceous perennial in the Gentian family (Gentianaceae). It can be found at scattered locations throughout the state, but is most common in the Coastal Plain. Coastal Plain Gentian occurs on creek banks, in steep, in moist ravines, and around springs. It is a perennial with a fibrous root system. The roots are thick and cord like. Stems are from 6-12 inches in length, and are often declining. The stems are unbranched, green in color, and pubescent. Leaves are opposite, sessile or short petiolate, elliptic to lanceolate in outline, with entire margins. The leaves are usually dark green in color and glabrous. Flowers are sessile in compact terminal cymes of 1-6 flowers. The calyx is green in color, glabrous, with lobes longer than the tube. The corolla is funnelform and is dark to light blue in color. Some flowers are almost white. The corolla lobes part only slightly at the apex, and the flowers never seem to “open”. The fruit is a capsule. Coastal Plain Gentian is listed as a S1 species in Alabama (typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology making it especially vulnerable in the state), and Globally as a G5 species (demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery). It is sometimes available from native plant nurseries. It prefers a constantly moist, organic-rich soil and full shade.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, OBL (NWI), S1 (State Rank), G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyGENTIANACEAE - Gentian family
Genus Gentiana
Species Gentiana catesbaei Walter - Coastal Plain Gentian; Elliott's Gentian

Citation

Citation GENTIANA CATESBAEI Walter, Fl. Carol. 109. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data, Fraser/Walter 50-A (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Fernald, Rhodora 49: pl. 1078. 1947; D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 414. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Gentiana catesbaei var. nummulariifolia Gentiana catesbaei Walter, var. nummulariifolia Fernald, Rhodora 49: 175. 1947. VIRGINIA: Greensville Co.: 1 mi. NW of Dahlia, 12 Oct 1938, Fernald & Long 9618 (holotype: GH
Gentiana elliottii var. parvifolia Gentiana elliottii Chapman, var. parvifolia Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 356. 1860. GEORGIA: Without data, Chapman s.n. (lectotype: US). Lectotypified by Pringle, Brittonia 19: 10. 1967.
Gentiana parvifolia Gentiana parvifolia (Chapman) Britton, Man. Fl. N. States, ed. 2. 733. 1905, non Gilg 1896.Gentiana elliottii Chapman, var. parvifolia Chapman 1860. 
Pneumonanthe catesbaei Pneumonanthe catesbaei (Walter) F. W. Schmidt, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 1: 10. 1796.Gentiana catesbaei Walter 1788. 
Pneumonanthe parvifolia Pneumonanthe parvifolia (Chapman) Greene, Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 71. 1904.Gentiana elliottii Chapman, var. parvifolia Chapman 1860. 
Xolemia trachiloma var. major Xolemia trachiloma Rafinesque, var. major Rafinesque, Fl. Tellur. 3: 28. 1837 ("1836"). NORTH CAROLINA:
Dasystephana latifolia    
Dasystephana parvifolia Dasystephana parvifolika (Chapman) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 930, 1336. 1903.Gentiana elliottii Chapman, var. parvifolia Chapman 1860. 
Gentiana elliottii Gentiana elliottii Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 356. 1860, non Gentiana elliotea Rafinesque 1832. SOUTH CAROLINA:

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Butler, Chilton, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Henry, Houston, Lee, Limestone, Marshall, Pike, St. Clair, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1893 - 1995

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC022729 Lee 14 NOV 1971 HARPER, DOUGLAS
188
AUA
GENTIANA CATESBAEI WALTER
AUA_ACC039030 Wilcox 30 OCT 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1415
AUA
GENTIANA CATESBAEI WALTER
AUA_ACC039912 Crenshaw 2 NOV 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
AUA
GENTIANA CATESBAEI WALTER
UNA00050713 Marshall 11 Oct 1986 Sidney McDaniel
29170
UNA
Gentiana catesbaei Walt.
TROY000033993 Pike 01 Nov 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21688
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
AUA_ACC044872 Crenshaw 9 NOV 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1878
AUA
GENTIANA CATESBAEI WALTER
TROY000006082 Conecuh 16 Nov 1978 Robert Kral
63177
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
TROY000006080 Coffee 03 Nov 2000 Brian H. Martin
1008
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
TROY000006087 Dale 27 Nov 1998 Hannelore Rundell
669
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
TROY000006081 Conecuh 11 Nov 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17226
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
AUA_ACC050061 Henry 17 NOV 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5631
AUA
GENTIANA CATESBAEI WALTER
UNA00065922 Coffee 14 Nov 1978 R. Kral
63128
UNA
Gentiana catesbaei Walt.
UNA00037853 Tuscaloosa 01 Nov 1944 Roland M. Harper
3988
UNA
Gentiana elliottii Chapman
TROY000006084 Covington 16 Nov 1978 Robert Kral
63181
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
TROY000006079 Coffee 08 Dec 1999 Brian H. Martin
385
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
TROY000006090 Pike 19 Nov 1999 James A. Hall
91
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
AUA_ACC032143 St. Clair 10 NOV 1978 OWSLEY, M.
227
AUA
GENTIANA CATESBAEI WALTER
AUA_ACC046030 Baldwin 28 MAY 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3266
AUA
GENTIANA CATESBAEI WALTER
TROY000006078 Coffee 14 Nov 1978 Robert Kral
63128
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
UWAL0005992 Conecuh 16 Nov 1978 Kral, R.
63177
UWAL
Gentiana catesbaei Walt.
TROY000006088 Dale 20 Jun 1998 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
AUA_ACC037393 Lee 3 NOV 1981 HENDERSON, T.
760
AUA
GENTIANA CATESBAEI WALTER
AUA_ACC031949 Limestone 8 NOV 1978 SHILL, JOHN L.
SN
AUA
GENTIANA CATESBAEI WALTER
UNA00065839 Covington 13 Nov 1978 R. Kral
63101
UNA
Gentiana catesbaei Walt.
TROY000006092 Pike 02 Nov 2000 Sabrina Cobb
1
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
UNA00037845 Wilcox 30 Oct 1982 S. C. Gunn
1415
UNA
Gentiana catesbaei Walt.
TROY000006091 Pike 27 Oct 1995 Jeanese Holmes
99
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
TROY000006086 Crenshaw 02 Nov 1996 Alvin R. Diamond
11149
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
AUA_ACC043445 Conecuh 4 NOV 1984 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
200
AUA
GENTIANA CATESBAEI WALTER
TROY000006089 Houston 24 Nov 1993 Linda MacDonald Campbell
6923
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
TROY000006077 Butler 22 Feb 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17269
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
AUA_ACC051107 Pike 25 OCT 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6548
AUA
GENTIANA CATESBAEI WALTER
UNA00037854 Talladega 15 Oct 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Gentiana elliottii Chapman
TROY000006083 Covington 13 Nov 1978 Robert Kral
63101
TROY
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
UWAL0010527 Pike 01 Nov 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21688
UWAL
Gentiana catesbaei Walter
AUA_ACC025955 Lee 7 NOV 1971 LITTLE, JACKIE A.
172
AUA
GENTIANA CATESBAEI WALTER
AUA_ACC050856 Dale 26 OCT 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7840
AUA
GENTIANA CATESBAEI WALTER
UNA00050939 Chilton 17 Oct 1995 Michelle Birk
584
UNA
Gentiana catesbaei Walt.
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