Quercus elliottii

Species:Quercus elliottii Wilbur
Common Name:Running Oak
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Running Oak is a native deciduous shrub in the Beech family (Fagaceae). It is known from extreme south Alabama. Running Oak occurs in dry sandy pine forests, in scrub oak woods, and rarely near depression ponds. It is a colonial shrub from 1-3 feet in height. The bark is dark gray and rough. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, oblong to obovate in outline, with entire revolute margins. The leaves are thick and leathery, glabrous or pubescent along the midrib on the upper surface, and uniformly gray-brown pubescent below. The leaves turn reddish-brown before falling. Male flowers are in drooping brownish-yellow catkins. The female flowers are sessile. The fruit is a nut. The acorns have a deep, saucer-shaped cup and mature in one year. Running Oak is a part of the fire maintained dry pine woodlands. It rapidly sprouts back after fire and produced acorns when only a few inches tall. Running Oak is available from some nurseries who specialize in native trees and shrubs. It prefers a dry, sandy soil in full sun. It is an interesting addition to any garden and its acorns are good wildlife food. This species was known for many years as Quercus pumila Walter, and may still be listed by that name in some field guides and plant catalogs.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.


FamilyFAGACEAE - Beech family
Genus Quercus
Species Quercus elliottii Wilbur - Running Oak


Citation Quercus elliottii Wilbur, Rhodora 104: 138–140. 2002.
Basionym: **
Type: USA: SOUTH CAROLINA: Hampton Co.: NW margin of Piggy's Rd., 1 mi. W of main office at James W. Web Wildlife Center, 4.2 mi. W of Garnett off secondary highway Rt. 20; 32.6216 N, 81.3213 W, 54 ft. elevation, 13 Oct 2000, Nelson 21668 & Wood (holotype: DUKE; isotypes: BKL, BRIT, CU, DLF, DUKE, F, FLAS, FSU, FTG, GA, GH, IBE, ILL, LSU, MICH, MISS, MISSA, MO, NCSC, NLU, NY, TEX, UNA, US, USCH, USF, VSC, WIS, WNC).

** Not applicable or data not available.


SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Quercus cinerea var. humilis Quercus cinerea Michaux, var. humilis Alph. de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 74. 1864.Quercus humilis Walter 1788, non Miller 1768, nec Lamarck 1785. 
Quercus cinerea var. nana Quercus cinerea Michaux, var. nana Alph. de Candolle, in de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 74. 1864.  
Quercus cinerea var. pumila Quercus cinerea Michaux, var. pumila (Walter) M. Curtis, Geol. Surv. N. Carolina 3: 37. 1860.Quercus pumila Walter 1788. 
Quercus humilis Quercus humilis Walter, Fl. Carol. 234. 1788, non Miller 1768, nec Lamarck 1785. SOUTH CAROLINA
Quercus phellos var. humilis Quercus phellos Linnaeus, var. humilis Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 625. 1814.  
Quercus phellos var. pumila Quercus phellos Linnaeus, var. pumila (Walter) Michaux, Hist. Chenes Amer. pl. 13. 1801.Quercus pumila Walter 1788. 
Quercus pumila Quercus pumila Walter, Fl. Carol. 234. 1788. SOUTH CAROLINA: Berkeley Co.: 8 mi. S of Moncks Corner, 11 Aug 1939, Godfrey & Tryon 1420 (neotype: GH). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2: 482. 2008.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Houston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1953 - 1993

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
JSU124228 Houston 14 Jun 1993 MacDonald, John R.
Quercus pumila Walter
UWAL0044565 Baldwin 31 Mar 2005 Larsen, Harry S.
Quercus pumila Walter
TROY000019997 Houston 10 Apr 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
Quercus pumila Walter
UNA00045755 Houston 14 Jun 1993 MacDonald, John R.
Quercus pumila Walt.
UWAL0018461 Houston 04 May 1988 Kral, Robert
Quercus elliottii Wilbur
UNA00032729 Houston 27 Sep 1953 Harper, Roland M.
Quercus pumila Walt.
UNA00047167 Houston 14 Jun 1993 MacDonald, John R.
Quercus pumila Walt.
UWAL0007770 Houston 10 Apr 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
Quercus elliottii Wilbur
ALNHS00001397 Baldwin 24 Jul 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
Quercus elliottii Wilbur
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