Quercus muehlenbergii

Family:FAGACEAE
Species:Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
Common Name:Chinquapin Oak; Yellow Chestnut Oak
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:QUMU
Plant Notes:Chinquapin Oak is a native deciduous tree in the Beech family (Fagaceae). It is scattered throughout most of Alabama, occurring in area with calcareous soils. Chinquapin Oak is a medium to large tree reaching heights of 90 feet. The bark is light gray, breaking into thin plates. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, elliptic to lanceolate in outline, leathery in texture, with regularly toothed margins. The upper surface of the leaf is shiny and dark green. The lower surface of the leaf is gray-glaucous with minute 6-10 rayed stellate hairs. The leaves turn yellow-brown before falling. Male flowers are produced in drooping yellow-green catkins. Female flowers are 1-2 and sessile. The fruit is a nut. The acorn matures in one year. The bowl-shaped cup encloses ¼-1/2 of the acorn. Chinquapin Oak acorns are thin shelled and sweet. They are consumed by many species of wildlife. Chinquapin Oak is available from nurseries specializing in wildlife plants. It prefers a well-draining loamy soil in full sun. Once established, trees are drought tolerant.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFAGACEAE - Beech family
Genus Quercus
Species Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann - Chinquapin Oak; Yellow Chestnut Oak

Citation

Citation QUERCUS MUEHLENBERGII Engelmann, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 3: 391. 1877.
Basionym: Quercus castanea Muhlenberg 1801, non Née 1801.
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Quercus acuminata var. alexanderi Quercus acuminata (Michaux) Sargent, var. alexanderi (Britton) Farwell, Rep. Michigan Acad. Sci. 6: 206. 1904.Quercus alexanderi Britton 1901. 
Quercus alexanderi Quercus alexanderi Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 336. 1901. MICHIGAN: Oakland Co.: Birmingham,
Quercus castanea Quercus castanea Muhlenberg, in Muhlenberg & Willdenow, Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 3: 396. 1801, non Nee 1801.  
Quercus castanea var. macrophylla Quercus castanea Muhlenberg, var. macrophylla Hampton, Annual Rep. Ohio State Forest. Bur. 1: 195. 1886. OHIO
Quercus muehlenbergii var. alexanderi Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann, var. alexanderi (Britton) Farwell, Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 3: 93. 1924.Quercus alexanderi Britton 1901. 
Quercus prinus var. acuminata Quercus prinus Linnaeus, var. acuminata Michaux, Hist. Chênes Amér. Quercus no. 5, pl. 8. 1801.  
Quercus acuminata Quercus acuminata (Michaux) Sargent, Silva N. Amer. 8: 55, pl. 377. 1895, non Roxburgh 1832.Quercus prinus Linnaeus, var. acuminata Michaux 1801. 
Quercus prinoides var. acuminata Quercus prinoides Willdenow, var. acuminata (Michaux) Gleason, Phytologia 4: 23. 1952.Quercus prinus Linnaeus, var. acuminata Michaux 1801. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Blount, Butler, Clarke, Colbert, Crenshaw, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pickens, Russell, Sumter, Washington, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2010 - 2014

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000020011 Etowah 22 Oct 1975 T. A. Atkinson
837
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
SAMF0003158 Jackson 08 Sep 2015 Davenport, L. J.
5946
SAMF
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
TROY000040559 Marengo 01 Oct 2011 J. Kevin England
3194
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
SAMF0002252 Clarke 15 Aug 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5360
SAMF
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UNA00054554 Blount 12 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
1723
UNA
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
JSU123865 Bibb 13 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
325
JSU
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0018806 Monroe 03 Aug 1996 Kral, R.
86339
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
TROY000020012 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 K. R. Brodeur
867
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
AUA000033158 Lee 11 Sep 2012 THOMPSON, PATRICK
AUA
QUERCUS MUEHLENBERGII
AUA_ACC050062 Russell 18 AUG 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5373
AUA
QUERCUS MUEHLENBERGII ENGELM.
TROY000005996 Lowndes 28 Jun 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17752
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
JSU123867 Blount 5 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
1712
JSU
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
SAMF0002253 Bibb 24 May 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5242
SAMF
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0007722 Sumter 13 Jul 1995 Cooper, Jennifer
B-058
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
TROY000020102 Marengo 05 Sep 2008 J. Kevin England
1025
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0007723 Sumter 07 Oct 1993 Stanton, Lee
B-057
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
UWAL0039347 Montgomery 07 Aug 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27607
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
AUA_ACC071141 Sumter 22 MAY 2013 BARGER, T. WAYNE
SP961
AUA
QUERCUS MUEHLENBERGII ENGELM.
AUA_ACC070542 Pickens 3 OCT 2010 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6197
AUA
QUERCUS MUEHLENBERGII ENGELM.
UWAL0007717 Winston 26 May 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19347
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
UNA00069351 Marengo 5 Sep 2008 Kevin England
1025
UNA
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
SAMF0002250 Butler 10 May 2007 Diamond, A. R.
17526
SAMF
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0044757 Jackson 02 Jun 2018 England, J. Kevin
9178
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
AUA_ACC062391 Lawrence 7 SEP 1971 GILBERT JEROME MUTH
1491
AUA
QUERCUS MUEHLENBERGII ENGELM.
TROY000020108 Jackson 19 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1697
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0019674 Montgomery 22 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79039
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
JSU123866 Blount 12 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
1723
JSU
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
SAMF0002254 Sumter 22 May 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5221
SAMF
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0007720 Monroe 27 Sep 2007 Diamond, A.R.
18361
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
TROY000030406 Jackson 27 Aug 2009 Terry Wayne Barger
382
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
SAMF0002251 Pickens 03 Oct 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6197
SAMF
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0007726 Sumter 02 Oct 1993 Stanton, Lee
B-060
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
UWAL0007721 Montgomery 08 Sep 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20912
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
UWAL0007724 Sumter 25 Jun 1998 White, James E.
B-149
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
UWAL0007718 Lawrence 14 May 2005 England, J. Kevin
0451
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
TROY000005995 Crenshaw 10 Jun 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17698
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0017378 Franklin 12 Sep 2009 England, J. Kevin
2189
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0007719 Marengo 05 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1025
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
UNA00067252 Lowndes 28 Jun 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17752
UNA
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
TROY000044029 Colbert 13 Sep 2014 J. Kevin England
5166
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
TROY000032154 Pickens 03 Oct 2010 Brian R. Keener
6197
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UNA00050085 Henry 22 May 1998 John R. MacDonald
11230
UNA
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
TROY000014744 Lawrence 07 Jul 2005 J. Kevin England
451
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0001581 Pickens 03 Oct 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6197
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
TROY000029238 Montgomery 08 Sep 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20912
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UNA00058903 Lawrence 15 Aug 2002 Robert R. Haynes
10303
UNA
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
SAMF0003087 Jefferson 17 Jul 1986 Davenport, L. J.
2497
SAMF
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UNA00067215 Crenshaw 10 Jun 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17698
UNA
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
UNA00054543 Blount 5 Oct 1998 Brian R. Keener
1712
UNA
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
TROY000020103 Monroe 27 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18361
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0035194 Morgan 15 Apr 2017 England, J. Kevin
7484
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
JSU123743 Jackson 19 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1697
JSU
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0033692 Greene 16 May 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9595
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0007725 Sumter 02 Oct 1993 Stanton, Lee
B-061
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelm.
UWAL0010665 Washington 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7197
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Englem.
UWAL0012690 Marengo 01 Oct 2011 England, J. Kevin
3194
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
TROY000044226 Montgomery 07 Aug 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27607
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
TROY000005994 Butler 10 May 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17526
TROY
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0018259 Colbert 13 Sep 2014 England, J. Kevin
5166
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
UWAL0036974 Fayette 18 May 2017 England, J. Kevin
7797
UWAL
Quercus muehlenbergii Engelmann
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