Quercus hemisphaerica

Family:FAGACEAE
Species:Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
Common Name:Darlington's Oak; Sand Laurel Oak
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Upland Laurel Oak is a native evergreen or tardily deciduous tree in the Beech family (Fagaceae). It is native to the southern two thirds of Alabama. Upland Laurel Oak occurs in sandhills, in dry, sandy hardwood or mixed pine/hardwood forests, on slopes, and near streams. It is potentially a large tree reaching heights of 75-100 feet. More often it is a poorly formed small tree from 20-30 feet in height. The bark is gray, smooth on young trunks and shallowly ridged and furrowed on older trees. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, and usually falling in early spring as new leaves emerge. The leaves are relatively thick and leathery, and elliptic to lanceolate in outline, with a sharp apex. The leaves are dark green, lustrous and glabrous above, lighter green and glabrous below. The margins are entire or sometimes with a few irregular teeth, especially on sprouts. Male flowers are produced in drooping greenish catkins. Female flowers are sessile or shore stalked. The fruit is a nut. The cap of the acorn is shallow and covers only the base of the fruit. Acorns take two years to mature. Upland Laurel Oak is sometimes confused with Laurel Oak (Quercus laurifolia Michaux). Laurel oak has leaves that are rounded at the apex and is deciduous, dropping its leaves in the autumn. Laurel Oak is also found on floodplains and other poorly draining soils, whereas Upland Laurel Oak is most common on xeric or well-draining sandy soils in uplands. Upland Laurel Oak has greatly increased its presence, often becoming dominant in forests where fire has been excluded. It often invades disturbed upland sites such as old fields. Upland Laurel Oak is occasionally planted as a shade tree. Its leaves and abundant acorns are often messy and difficult to remove.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFAGACEAE - Beech family
Genus Quercus
Species Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow - Darlington's Oak; Sand Laurel Oak

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Quercus hemisphaerica var. maritima Quercus hemisphaerica W. Bartram ex Willdenow, var. maritima (Michaux) C. H. Müller, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 65: 35. 1961.Quercus phellos Linnaeus, var maritima Michaux 1801. 
Quercus laurifolia subsp. maritima Quercus laurifolia Michaux, subsp. maritima (Michaux) E. Murray, Kalmia 13: 26. 1983.Quercus phellos Linnaeus, var. maritima Michaux 1801. 
Quercus laurifolia var. maritima Quercus laurifolia Michaux, var. maritima (Michaux) E. Murray, Kalmia 13: 26. 1983.Quercus phellos Linnaeus, var. maritima Michaux 1801. 
Quercus maritima Quercus maritima (Michaux) Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 424. 1805, non W. Bartram 1791.Quercus phellos Linnaeus, var. maritima Michaux 1801. 
Quercus phellos var. maritima Quercus phellos Linnaeus, var. maritima Michaux, Hist. Chênes Amér. t. 13(3). 1801; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 197. 1803.  
Quercus virens var. maritima Quercus virens Aiton, var. maritima (Michaux) Chapman, Fl. South. U.S. 421. 1860.Quercus phellos Linnaeus, var. maritima Michaux 1801. 
Quercus virginiana var. martima Quercus virginiana Miller, var. maritima (Michaux) Sargent, Silva N. Amer. 8: 100. 1895.Quercus phellos Linnaeus, var. maritima Michaux 1801. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Clarke, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Escambia, Henry, Houston, Mobile, Monroe, Pickens, Pike, Shelby, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU123476 Monroe 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19109
JSU
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UWAL0013894 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1326
UWAL
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000044619 Autauga 01 Sep 2016 Matthew R. Parker
25
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UNA00032449 Tuscaloosa 18 Nov 1968 Carol J. Brooks
562
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
TROY000005913 Coffee 01 Oct 1999 Brian H. Martin
267
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC064279 Pike 16 SEP 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14694
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
TROY000042133 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26210
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000005916 Henry 23 Jul 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10410
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC063175 Henry 23 JUL 2003 HAYNES, ROBERT R.
10410
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
AUA_ACC064231 Butler 18 SEP 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14705
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
TROY000036116 Bullock 28 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1326
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UNA00032391 Tuscaloosa 3 Feb 1983 Robert Burckhalter
104
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
TROY000045728 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Matthew R. Parker
258
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UNA00032469 Mobile _ Apr _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
TROY000005914 Coffee 12 Sep 1999 Brian H. Martin
214
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000005915 Dale 06 Oct 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13697
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UNA00032386 Tuscaloosa 9 Apr 1895 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
UWAL0016375 Covington 10 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25171
UWAL
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC040701 Baldwin 2 SEP 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
41026
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
AUA_ACC051544 Dale 19 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5944
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
UNA00063595 Pike 16 Sep 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14694
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
UNA00021747 Shelby 11 Aug 1973 R. Kral
51159
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
UNA00059796 Henry 23 Jul 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10410
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
UWAL0031810 Conecuh 22 Nov 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25689
UWAL
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UNA00032480 Mobile _ Apr 1894 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
AUA000037916 Covington 13 Mar 2012 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5373
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
TROY000033724 Coffee 04 Oct 2011 Kayla Counts
42
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex. Willdenow
UWAL0031998 Houston 03 Sep 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26784
UWAL
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000005920 Dale 02 Oct 1997 Hannelore Rundell
445
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC055940 Crenshaw 26 NOV 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10120
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
UNA00063550 Butler 18 Sep 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14705
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
TROY000033437 Barbour 03 Sep 2011 Bailee Dykes
93
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000048261 Autauga 16 Nov 2017 Matthew R. Parker
1471
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
JSU123475 Calhoun 11 Apr 1999 D. D. Spaulding
10564
JSU
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UNA00032470 Mobile 4 Oct 1894 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
JSU138669 Cleburne 02 Oct 2000 D. D. Spaulding
10958
JSU
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000005917 Dale 30 Mar 1997 Hannelore Rundell
51
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UWAL0017607 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26210
UWAL
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC045955 Houston 9 JUN 1971 KRAL, ROBERT
43147
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
AUA_ACC055398 Pike 28 JUL 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9700
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
TROY000005912 Butler 18 Sep 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14705
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000037173 Coosa 12 Jun 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
24216
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC033045 Dallas 3 AUG 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
227
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
AUA000031185 Escambia 24 Jun 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4780
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA
TROY000032762 Bullock 03 Jul 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22306
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UNA00056131 Henry 28 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11861
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
UWAL0044358 Baldwin 07 Oct 1994 Larsen, H.S.
241
UWAL
Quercus hemisphaerica W. Bartram ex Willd.
UNA00032465 Pickens 30 Sep 1967 Sidney McDaniel
9853
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
TROY000005921 Pike 16 Sep 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14694
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000040690 Covington 10 Jun 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25171
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UNA00032460 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
AUA_ACC070286 Escambia 19 MAY 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3958
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
UWAL0013280 Coosa 12 Jun 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24216
UWAL
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UNA00056724 Coffee 26 Dec 1998 John R. MacDonald
12482
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
UWAL0006195 Dale 25 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
69733
UWAL
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr.
TROY000042820 Houston 03 Sep 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26784
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000005918 Dale 01 Sep 1999 Tiffany Pennington
80
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000044087 Autauga 15 Sep 2016 Matthew Parker
58
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UNA00032474 Tuscaloosa 17 Nov 1968 Carol J. Brooks
557
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
TROY000005922 Pike 01 Mar 1999 Brian H. Martin
2
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UWAL0039564 Autauga 03 Nov 2016 Parker, Mathew
258
UWAL
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000041876 Conecuh 22 Nov 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25689
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000005923 Pike 26 Mar 2002 Robert Kral
92226
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000034853 Coffee 27 Apr 2006 Robert Kral
97212
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
TROY000020138 Pickens 29 May 1972 Robert Kral
46872
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC055011 Crenshaw 31 JUL 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9749
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
AUA_ACC059468 Pike 1999 MARTIN, BRIAN
2
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
UWAL0008090 Bullock 03 Jul 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22306
UWAL
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UNA00032479 Clarke 10 Nov 1968 Carol J. Brooks
554
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
TROY000005919 Dale 18 Jul 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UWAL0039553 Autauga 01 Sep 2016 Parker, Mathew
25
UWAL
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
AUA_ACC070204 Covington 28 OCT 2008 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3569
AUA
QUERCUS HEMISPHAERICA BARTR. EX WILLD.
TROY000034501 Dale 25 Sep 1982 Robert Kral
69773
TROY
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartram ex Willdenow
UNA00048893 Henry 7 Apr 1997 John R. MacDonald
10146
UNA
Quercus hemisphaerica Bartr. ex Willd.
First Page Previous Page Next Page Last Page
Records per Page: