Quercus coccinea

Family:FAGACEAE
Species:Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
Common Name:Scarlet Oak
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:QUCO2
Plant Notes:Scarlet Oak is a native tree in the Beech family (Fagaceae). It occurs throughout Alabama, but is most common in the northern two-thirds of the state. Scarlet Oak grows in dry sandy pine woods, on dry slopes, in rocky woods, and on ridges. It is a tree growing to 80 feet in height. The bark is dark grey to black and broken into ridges. The leaves are alternate, deciduous, ovate to obovate in outline, with 5-9 deep lobes. The lobes are bristle tipped and the sinus is rounded. The leaves are shiny green above and pale green below. The leaves are glabrous except for tuff of hairs in the axils of the major veins on the lower surface. Male flower are produced in catkins. The female flowers are on short stalks in the leaf axils. The fruit is an acorn that requires two years to mature. Acorns are about one inch in length with a cap covering about half of the acorn. The scales at the apex of the cap are tight. Large crops of acorns are produced every other year. Scarlet Oak is often planted as an ornamental for its bright red autumn color. It is moderately fast growing and tolerant of drought and nutrient poor soils. It is often available from nurseries, or can be grown from seed. Several varieties are available including “Splendens”, and “Ruby Red”.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFAGACEAE - Beech family
Genus Quercus
Species Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen - Scarlet Oak

Citation

Citation Quercus coccinea Münchhausen, Hausvater. 5(1): 254. 1770.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Quercus coccinea var. tuberculata    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, DeKalb, Etowah, Fayette, Houston, Jackson, Lee, Limestone, Marengo, Marshall, Montgomery, Morgan, Randolph, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU123322 Fayette 12 May 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9772
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123303 Calhoun 11 Sep 1985 C. L. Lawler
041
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123294 Calhoun 20 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2894
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123308 Cleburne 7 Oct 1994 S. E. Hruska
449
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123313 Colbert 26 Aug 1965 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
UNA00032329 Tuscaloosa 23 Nov 1968 Carol J. Brooks
579
UNA
Quercus coccinea Muenchh.
UWAL0006256 Bibb 22 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
69544
UWAL
Quercus coccinea Muenchh.
TROY000029244 Montgomery 30 Apr 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20654
TROY
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123329 Limestone 30 Sep 1998 T. L. Hofmann
01806
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU143610 Calhoun 15 Jul 1969 Peggy Cobb
s.n.
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123330 Marshall 16 Oct 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6778
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123325 Jackson 21 Sep 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9990
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
AUA_ACC050771 Montgomery 14 JUL 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7031
AUA
QUERCUS COCCINEA MUENCHH.
JSU123305 Cherokee 31 May 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
AUA_ACC062879 Cleburne 12 OCT 1956 ADAMS, W. H.
AUA
QUERCUS COCCINEA MUENCHH.
JSU123324 Houston 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14215
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
AUA_ACC041936 Cleburne 6 OCT 1983 GRIFFIN, TINA
104
AUA
QUERCUS COCCINEA MUENCHH.
TROY000020152 Tallapoosa 27 May 2006 Terry Wayne Barger
289
TROY
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123327 Jackson 28 Apr 1967 N. C. Sanford
s.n.
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123307 Clay 2 Sep 1994 J. M. Ballard
4870
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123331 Marshall 19 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1732
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
AUA_ACC048388 Clay 26 OCT 1980 WEBB, A. L.
195
AUA
QUERCUS COCCINEA MUENCHH.
JSU123333 Talladega 6 Aug 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11926
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU143609 Calhoun 15 Jul 1969 Jessica Tuder
s.n.
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123310 Cleburne 11 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
284
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
USAM000006874 Winston 28 Jun 1972 Michel G. Lelong
6576
USAM
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
AUA_ACC010223 Lee 4 MAY 1962 LANDERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
QUERCUS COCCINEA MUENCHH.
JSU123311 Cleburne 6 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
261
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123314 Coosa 30 Sep 1979 Gary R. Knight
048
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123301 Calhoun 18 Oct 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3032
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
TROY000039303 Conecuh 15 Jun 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25213
TROY
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU143885 Cleburne 06 May 1969 W. E. Boone
2-154
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123320 DeKalb 6 Jun 1969 Linda Millican
s.n.
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
USAM000006872 Winston 28 Jun 1972 Michel G. Lelong
6576
USAM
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
AUA_ACC047538 Conecuh 24 OCT 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3725
AUA
QUERCUS COCCINEA MUENCHH.
JSU123316 Cleburne 15 Sep 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
889
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123315 Etowah 12 Sep 1982 F. E. Pugh
22
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123302 Calhoun 18 Oct 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3013
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123298 Calhoun 29 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2931
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123326 Jackson 9 Oct 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1508
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
AUA_ACC067446 Sumter 29 SEP 2006 KEENER, BRIAN R.
3099
AUA
QUERCUS COCCINEA MUENCHH.
JSU123319 Calhoun 27 May 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11162
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
UWAL0010406 Limestone 28 Mar 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7030
UWAL
Quercus coccinea Muenchh.
JSU123328 Limestone 14 Jun 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18062
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123300 Calhoun 13 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2865
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123296 Calhoun 20 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2925
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
UNA00032314 DeKalb 8 Nov 1959 Roland M. Harper
4434
UNA
Quercus coccinea Muenchh.
JSU123312 Cleburne 26 Jun 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
UNA00032334 Tuscaloosa 6 Dec 1968 Carol J. Brooks
590
UNA
Quercus coccinea Muenchh. var. tuberculata Sarg.
JSU123323 Houston 22 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14215
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
TROY000026825 Marengo 29 Oct 2008 J. Kevin England
1475
TROY
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
AUA_ACC015118 Morgan 20 APR 1969 GRIFFIN, J. W.
82
AUA
QUERCUS COCCINEA MUENCHH.
AUA_ACC035925 Bibb 16 AUG 1979 BECKETT, SCOTT W.
255
AUA
QUERCUS COCCINEA MUENCHH.
JSU123304 Cherokee 1 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13568
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
UNA00066875 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3099
UNA
Quercus coccinea Muenchh.
JSU123295 Calhoun 20 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2893
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
UWAL0007678 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3099
UWAL
Quercus coccinia Muenchh,
JSU123297 Calhoun 31 Jul 1996 S. E. Hruska
1389
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123309 Colbert 2 Sep 1972 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
UNA00032304 Tuscaloosa 1 Dec 1968 Carol J. Brooks
585
UNA
Quercus coccinea Muenchh. var. tuberculata Sarg.
TROY000020151 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3099
TROY
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
UWAL0007677 Marengo 29 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1475
UWAL
Quercus coccinia Muenchh,
TROY000032788 Butler 24 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21970
TROY
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123332 Randolph 28 May 1986 C. F. Nixon
2179
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123306 Choctaw 1 Nov 1997 R. D. Whetstone
19042
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123318 Calhoun 15 Jul 1969 Jan Cofield
s.n.
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123299 Calhoun 20 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2879
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
USAM000006873 Clay 29 May 1905 B. Davis
s.n.
USAM
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123317 Calhoun 6 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12167
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
JSU123321 DeKalb 2 Nov 1968 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
UNA00032324 St. Clair 24 Jun 1951 C. G. Hollis
s.n.
UNA
Quercus coccinea Muenchh.
UWAL0016261 Conecuh 15 Jun 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25213
UWAL
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
AUA_ACC007373 Lee 16 MAY 1958 LEWIS, ARNOLD D.
AUA
QUERCUS COCCINEA MUENCHH.
JSU123334 Talladega 18 Sep 1986 A. Luft
030
JSU
Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen
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