Quercus arkansana

Family:FAGACEAE
Species:Quercus arkansana Sargent
Common Name:Arkansas Oak
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:QUAR2
Plant Notes:Arkansas Oak is a native deciduous tree in the Beech family (Fagaceae). It occurs in central and southern Alabama. Arkansas Oak grows in sandhills and around the upper slopes of ravines and steepheads. It is a small tree reaching heights of 20-45 feet. The bark is dark gray to black smooth when young, and with rough ridges and furrows when older. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, obovate in outline, sometimes shallowly three lobed at the apex, with entire margins. The leaves sometimes resemble those of Black Jack Oak (Quercus marilandica Muenchhausen), but are thinner in texture. The leaves are glabrous or pubescent below with conspicuous axillary tufts of tawny hairs. The leaves are glabrous above. The leaves turn yellowish-brown before leaf fall. The male flowers are produced in drooping yellowish green catkins. The female flowers are solitary or paired on a short spike. The fruit is a nut. The saucer-shaped cap covers approximately ┬╝ of the nut, and it is similar in size and shape to that of the Water Oak (Quercus nigra Linnaeus). Nuts take two years to mature. Arkansas Oak is listed as a S2 species in Alabama (Typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state), and globally as a G3 species (Imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors). Arkansas Oak is sometimes available from nurseries that specialize in rare or uncommon native species. It prefers a well-drained sandy soil in full sun.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S2 (State Rank), G3 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFAGACEAE - Beech family
Genus Quercus
Species Quercus arkansana Sargent - Arkansas Oak

Citation

Citation QUERCUS ARKANSANA Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 2: 121, pl. 152. 1911.
Basionym: **
Type: ARKANSAS: Hempstead Co.: Ca. 4 mi. N of Fulton, 4 Oct 1909, Bush & Sargent 2939 (holotype: A).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Quercus caput-rivuli Quercus caput-rivuli Ashe, Rhodora 25: 179. 1923, pro hybr. FLORIDA: Okaloosa Co.: Near Crestview, 25 Apr & 23 Oct 1923, Ashe 97 (holotype: NCU ?; isotype: NY).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Chilton, Coosa, Hale, Henry, Houston, Perry, Pike, Sumter, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0012671 Pike 17 Aug 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
0338
UWAL
Quercus arkansana Sargent
UNA00032201 Hale 10 Oct 1982 Robert Burckhalter
60
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
TROY000045585 Autauga 28 Jun 2017 Alvin R. Diamond
27863
TROY
Quercus arkansana Sargent
UNA00032216 Autauga 11 Aug 1980 Sidney McDaniel
24324
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
TROY000020161 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3110
TROY
Quercus arkansana Sargent
AUA_ACC063097 Hale 19 APR 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
13881
AUA
QUERCUS ARKANSANA SARG.
AUA_ACC067444 Sumter 29 SEP 2006 KEENER, BRIAN R.
3110
AUA
QUERCUS ARKANSANA SARG.
TROY000045035 Autauga 07 Jul 2017 Matthew Parker
1007
TROY
Quercus arkansana Sargent
UNA00032231 Pike 6 Nov 1912 Roland M. Harper
152
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
JSU123287 Houston 26 Jun 1993 John R. MacDonald
6339
JSU
Quercus arkansana Sargent
UWAL0015524 Autauga 05 Oct 2014 Keener, Brian R.
8644
UWAL
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
UNA00032251 Pike 27 Mar 1913 Roland M. Harper
154
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
AUA_ACC050674 Henry 5 NOV 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7850
AUA
QUERCUS ARKANSANA SARG.
AUA_ACC051222 Autauga 2 JUN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7468
AUA
QUERCUS ARKANSANA SARG.
AUA_ACC059469 Pike 1999 MARTIN, BRIAN
19
AUA
QUERCUS ARKANSANA SARG.
TROY000045520 Autauga 05 Oct 2017 Alvin R. Diamond
27954
TROY
Quercus arkansana Sargent
AUA_ACC048389 Coosa 11 OCT 1980 WEBB, A. L.
073
AUA
QUERCUS ARKANSANA SARG.
UNA00056492 Autauga 23 Jun 1998 Alfred Schotz
1641
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
UWAL0017901 Autauga 03 Oct 1979 Kral, R.
64405
UWAL
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
UNA00056717 Houston 24 Oct 1998 John R. MacDonald
12377
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
UWAL0007670 Sumter 20 May 1998 White, James E.
B-132
UWAL
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
UWAL0007669 Sumter 11 Sep 1993 Stanton, Lee
B-059
UWAL
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
JSU123286 Baldwin 8 Jun 1997 D. D. Spaulding
9940
JSU
Quercus arkansana Sargent
UNA00032246 Pike 6 Nov 1912 Roland M. Harper
152
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
UWAL0017900 Autauga 21 Jun 1974 Kral, R.
53244
UWAL
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
UNA00021827 Hale 11 Jun 1990 Robert Burckhalter
1804
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
AUA_ACC046160 Pike 26 JUN 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3386
AUA
QUERCUS ARKANSANA SARG.
UNA00063672 Perry 20 Jun 2002 Alfred Schotz
1875
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
UNA00032211 Chilton 11 Aug 1980 Sidney McDaniel
24325
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
UNA00066897 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Brian R. Keener
3110
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
AUA_ACC066709 Chilton 20 JUN 2002 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
1874
AUA
QUERCUS ARKANSANA SARG.
TROY000005887 Pike 01 Mar 1999 Brian H. Martin
19
TROY
Quercus arkansana Sargent
UNA00032206 Tuscaloosa 4 Jun 1958 Roland M. Harper
4396
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
AUA_ACC051940 Perry 17 OCT 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8875
AUA
QUERCUS ARKANSANA SARG.
UWAL0043552 Baldwin 11 Jul 2003 Larsen, H.S.
1290
UWAL
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
UNA00032241 Hale 7 Oct 1982 Robert Burckhalter
34
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
AUA_ACC050585 Barbour 30 NOV 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8506
AUA
QUERCUS ARKANSANA SARG.
UNA00056487 Sumter 20 May 1998 Alfred Schotz
1622
UNA
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
UWAL0007668 Sumter 29 Sep 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3110
UWAL
Quercus arkansana Sarg.
TROY000020160 Hale 19 Apr 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13881
TROY
Quercus arkansana Sargent
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