Vicia tetrasperma

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
Common Name:Lentil Vetch; Slender Vetch; Four Seed Vetch
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:VITE
Plant Notes:Sparrow Vetch is an introduced spring annual in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It is native to Europe, North Africa, and Asia. In Alabama, it can be found statewide. Sparrow Vetch grows on roadsides, in lawns, in fields, and in pastures. It is an annual with a tap root. Stems are branched from near the base. The stems climb by way of tendrils. The stems are green in color and glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Leaves are alternate, pinnately compound with 4-10 leaflets, and glabrous. The leaflets are linear to oblong in outline with entire margins. The leaf terminates in a forked tendril. Flowers are produced in axillary racemes of 1-5 flowers. The flowers are papilionaceous, long pedicillate, and pale blue to white in color with the veins a darker blue color. The fruit is a flattened 4-5 seeded glabrous legume. This species is similar to, and sometimes confused with Tiny Vetch (Vicia hirsuta (Linnaeus) S.F. Gray). Tiny Vetch has 10-16 leaflets per leaf, 3-8 white flowers per raceme, 2 seed per legume, and the legume is pubescent. Like many other members of the Bean family, Sparrow Vetch has a symbiotic relationship with nodule forming bacteria on its roots that fix atmospheric nitrogen into a form that is used by the plant. Vetches are often planted as a green manure for this reason.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Vicia
Species Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb. - Lentil Vetch; Slender Vetch; Four Seed Vetch

Citation

Citation VICIA TETRASPERMA (Linnaeus) Schreber, Spic. Fl. Lips. 26. 1771.
Basionym: Ervum tetraspermum Linnaeus 1753.
Type: Without data, Magnol s.n. (lectotype: LINN 907.3). Lectotypified by Ali, Bot. Not. 120: 51. 1967.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ervilia tetrasperma Ervilia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Opiz, Seznam 41. 1852.Ervum tetraspermum Linnaeus 1753. 
Ervum tetraspermum Ervum tetraspermum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 738. 1753. Without data, Magnol s.n. (lectotype: LINN 907.3). Lectotypified by Ali, Bot. Not. 120: 51. 1967.
Vicia gemella Vicia gemella Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc., ed. 2. 5: 389. 1769.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Cleburne, Coffee, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, Elmore, Etowah, Geneva, Greene, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lawrence, Lee, Macon, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Pike, Shelby, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00018445 Dallas 11 Apr 1969 Joab L. Thomas
1938
UNA
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb. var. tenuissima Druce
AUA000014451 Barbour 16 APR 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5814
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
UWFP010104 Baldwin 28 Mar 1992 James R. Burkhalter
13133
UWFP
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
SAMF0001919 Clarke 06 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6311
SAMF
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UWAL0007165 Clarke 11 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1657
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
TROY000019701 Henry 13 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18981
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014473 Macon 2 APR 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
23
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
TROY000005793 Coffee 03 May 2000 Brian H. Martin
670
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UWAL0003101 Clarke 06 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6311
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
UWAL0009686 Lee 07 May 2009 Spaulding, D.D.
13162
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
UWAL0007166 Jackson 30 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4136
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
TROY000005798 Montgomery 23 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15006
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
TROY000028668 Marengo 23 Mar 2009 J. Kevin England
1696
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014456 Crenshaw 1 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4347
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
TROY000005797 Dallas 13 Apr 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16245
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014458 Crenshaw 22 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4517
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
TROY000042399 Chilton 13 Apr 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
12828
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014467 Lee 17 APR 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
TROY000005801 Pike 01 Apr 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12328
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UWAL0007167 Marengo 21 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1793
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
TROY000019699 Butler 13 Mar 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18759
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014463 Lee 27 APR 1970 MURCHISON, GROVER R.
073
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
TROY000019702 Butler 27 Mar 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18821
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UWAL0017725 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26144
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UWAL0032959 Covington 19 Mar 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27265
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UWAL0014023 Bullock 28 Mar 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1538
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
TROY000005790 Bullock 24 Apr 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16294
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
TROY000032253 Marengo 31 Mar 2009 J. Kevin England
1793
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014475 Montgomery 16 MAR 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16168
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
UNA00058505 Tuscaloosa 4 May 2003 Brian R. Keener
2556
UNA
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
JSU140769 Marshall 22 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1414
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
TROY000043976 Lawrence 27 Apr 2015 J. Kevin England
5432
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UNA00066657 Butler 20 Mar 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17326
UNA
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
UWAL0007171 Wilcox 18 Mar 2006 Diamond, A.R.
16178
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
TROY000038553 Bullock 28 Mar 2013 Bailee Dykes
1538
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UWAL0017999 Lawrence 27 Apr 2015 England, J. Kevin
5432
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
JSU140767 Lee 18 Apr 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UNA00045710 Houston 15 Apr 1995 John R. MacDonald
8385
UNA
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
JSU140770 Shelby 04 Apr 1993 R. D. Whetstone
16206
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014465 Lee 8 MAY 1979 CARTER, G. A.
092
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
AUA000020070 Bullock 24 APR 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16294
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
AUA000014477 Montgomery 23 MAR 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15006
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
TROY000044920 Autauga 09 Mar 2017 Matthew Parker
413
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UNA00064790 Greene 7 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2766a
UNA
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
JSU140766 Lee 16 Apr 1973 David Lynn
070
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
JSU140762 Jackson 26 May 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1855
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014472 Macon 8 APR 1971 DONOVAN, LOIS A.
096
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
UNA00064419 Montgomery 23 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15006
UNA
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
UWAL0037012 Shelby 25 Mar 2017 England, J. Kevin
7222
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Schreber
JSU140771 Talladega 27 May 1994 J. M. Ballard
4023
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
TROY000019700 Houston 10 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
18895
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UNA00018444 Mobile 26 Mar 1967 Rebecca Deramus
D1044
UNA
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
JSU140763 Jackson 10 Mar 1974 R. D. Whetstone
2221
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014452 Butler 1 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4361
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
AUA000014455 Covington 24 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4593
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
UNA00018510 _-_-1879 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
UWAL0038784 Clarke 13 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9358
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Schreber
UWAL0034941 Wilcox 05 Apr 2013 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
TROY000043865 Covington 19 Mar 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27265
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014466 Lee 6 MAY 1969 GRIFFIN, J. W.
163
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
TROY000005796 Dale 03 May 2000 Tiffany Pennington
608
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014474 Monroe 11 APR 1964 KRAL, ROBERT
19705
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
TROY000005792 Coffee 28 Mar 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15038
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
TROY000034235 Clarke 06 Mar 2011 Brian R. Keener
6311
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UWAL0007168 Marengo 27 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1751
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
UWAL0007164 Butler 20 Mar 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17326
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
TROY000005791 Butler 20 Mar 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17326
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
TROY000044669 Geneva 17 Aug 2017 Cameron Byrd
799B
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014476 Montgomery 10 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4398
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
TROY000005800 Montgomery 16 Mar 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16168
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014457 Crenshaw 31 MAR 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10158
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
JSU140772 Talladega 18 Apr 1982 R. D. Whetstone
10920
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
TROY000005795 Dale 01 Apr 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15050
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UWAL0007169 Marengo 23 Mar 2009 England, J. Kevin
1696
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
UNA00064435 Dale 1 Apr 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15050
UNA
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
JSU140765 Lee 29 Apr 1966 Robert Berry
s.n.
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
TROY000019735 Tuscaloosa 04 May 2003 Brian R. Keener
2556
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014453 Choctaw 4 MAY 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1377
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
AUA000014471 Lee 9 MAY 1964 ALLEN, L. R.
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
AUA000024893 Dallas 13 APR 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16245
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
TROY000042356 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26144
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UWAL0007170 Tuscaloosa 18 Mar 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3403
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
AUA000014460 Dale 15 APR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8115
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
UNA00018446 Mobile _-_-1878 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
UWAL0036340 Mobile 15 Feb 2017 Horne, Howard E.
3681
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Schreber
UWAL0012176 Greene 25 Apr 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5897
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
JSU140761 Etowah 26 Apr 1994 L. M. Hodge
1247
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014478 Pike 5 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4394
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
TROY000005799 Montgomery 28 Mar 2004 Robert Kral
94732
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014459 Crenshaw 28 APR 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
34599
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
TROY000005794 Crenshaw 26 Mar 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11653
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
JSU140764 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
386
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
JSU140768 Marshall 05 May 1993 D. D. Spaulding
3709
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014468 Lee 15 APR 1963 ELKINS, DONALD M.
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
TROY000005802 Wilcox 18 Mar 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16178
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
USAM000006773 Mobile 02 Apr 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4267
USAM
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014461 Dale 1 APR 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15050
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
UNA00054136 Blount 4 Apr 1998 Brian R. Keener
567
UNA
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
TROY000019716 Tuscaloosa 18 Mar 2007 Brian R. Keener
3403
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000014464 Lee 21 APR 1964 ELDKIDGE, D.
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
JSU140759 Chilton 27 Apr 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9699
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
TROY000019734 Lamar 06 Apr 2002 Daniel D. Spaulding
11175
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UWAL0002168 Chilton 13 Apr 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12828
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
UNA00066747 Wilcox 18 Mar 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16178
UNA
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
UWAL0002072 Montgomery 13 Apr 2010 Diamond, A.R.
21246
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
TROY000019733 Greene 07 Apr 2006 Brian R. Keener
2766a
TROY
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
AUA000027991 Clarke 6 MAR 2011 KEENER, BRIAN R.
6311
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
AUA000014454 Coffee 28 MAR 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15038
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
JSU140760 Cleburne 15 Jun 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
724B
JSU
Vicia tetrasperma (Linnaeus) Moench
UWAL0043881 Baldwin 28 Mar 2003 Larsen, H.S.
1181
UWAL
Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
AUA000014462 Elmore 27 APR 1966 SCARSBROOK, ELLEN
48
AUA
VICIA TETRASPERMA (L.) SCHREB.
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