Pinus clausa

Family:PINACEAE
Species:Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
Common Name:Sand Pine
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:PICL
Plant Notes:Sand Pine is a native evergreen needle-leafed tree in the Pine family (Pinaceae). It is native to the coastal areas of Baldwin County in Alabama, but has been widely planted in commercial forests inland. It occurs on dunes, in sandhills, and in other areas with deep sandy soils. Sand Pine is a tree reaching 60-40-60 feet in height. The trunk is often crooked with numerous branches. The bark is reddish-brown to gray and platy. The lower dead limbs often remain attached to the tree. The evergreen needle leaves occur in fascicles of 2. The leaves are yellowish green and straight to slightly twisted. Pollen cones are less than ½ inch in length and brownish-yellow in color. Seed cones are ovoid in outline, 1-3 inches in length, gray-brown in color, with sharp prickles. The cones are sometimes serotinous—remaining attached to the tree but not opening to release the seed until exposed to the heat of a forest fire. The seed are winged. Sand Pine is listed as an S2 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state), and globally as a G4 species (imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors). Sand Pine is sometimes planted for pulp on deep sandy sites, but the retention of branches and imbedded un-opened cones make it unsuitable for lumber.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S2 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPINACEAE - Pine family
Genus Pinus
Species Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent - Sand Pine

Citation

Citation PINUS CLAUSA (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent, Rep. For. N. America 199. 1884.
Basionym: Pinus inops Solander ex Dryander, var. clausa Chapman ex Engelmann 1877.
Type: FLORIDA: Franklin Co.:

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Pinus clausa subsp. immuginata Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent, subsp. immuginata (D. B. Ward) E. Murray, Kalmia 13: 22. 1983.Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent, var. immuginata D. B. Ward 1963. 
Pinus clausa var. immuginata Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent, var. immuginata D. B. Ward, Castanea 28: 4. 1963. FLORIDA: Walton Co.: Mossy Head, 10 Apr 1961, Ward & Smith 2570 (holotype: FLAS; isotypes: BM, FSU, GH, NCU, US, USF).
Pinus inops var. clausa Pinus inops Solander ex Dryander, var. clausa Chapman ex Engelmann, Bot. Gaz. 2: 125. 1877. FLORIDA: Franklin Co.:

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Houston, Lee, Marengo, Mobile, Pike, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UNAF, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1950 - 2006

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AMAL00019565 Baldwin 12 Sep 2012 T. Wayne Barger
747
AMAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelm) Vasey ex Sarg
JSU103965 Baldwin 15 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12821
JSU
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
UNA00029140 Baldwin 28 Jan 1950 W. A. Stallard
4
UNA
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
JSU103968 Baldwin 15 May 1964 Richard Couch
s.n.
JSU
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
UNAF0000809 Lee 15 Mar 1962 Landers, K.E.
04335
UNAF
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
UWAL0016259 Autauga 31 Aug 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25488
UWAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
AMAL00013510 Baldwin 08 Jun 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12474
AMAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
USAM000000625 Baldwin 30 Jul 1972 Michel G. Lelong
6673
USAM
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
UWAL0034055 Baldwin 18 Sep 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6731
UWAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
UNA00059633 Baldwin 10 Nov 2002 Tad M. Zebryk
8023
UNA
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
UWAL0039567 Autauga 01 Sep 2016 Parker, Mathew
21a
UWAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelman) Vasey ex Sargent
UWAL0001471 Baldwin 13 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1104
UWAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
AUA_ACC017078 Baldwin 26 JUL 1969 REBOIS, R. V.
101
AUA
PINUS CLAUSA (CHAPMAN EX ENGELM.) VASSEY EX SARG.
AUA_ACC007033 Baldwin 6 MAY 1960 NAIL, M. K.
AUA
PINUS CLAUSA (CHAPMAN EX ENGELM.) VASSEY EX SARG.
USAM000000488 Baldwin 19 Nov 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3961
USAM
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
AUA_ACC007040 Baldwin 30 MAY 1960 HOLDAWAY, JOY
AUA
PINUS CLAUSA (CHAPMAN EX ENGELM.) VASSEY EX SARG.
TROY000045202 Autauga 01 Sep 2016 Matthew Parker
21a
TROY
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
USAM000000661 Baldwin 13 Dec 1978 Michel G. Lelong
10711
USAM
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
AUA_ACC007390 Baldwin 3 MAY 1958 ELLIS, DON M.
AUA
PINUS CLAUSA (CHAPMAN EX ENGELM.) VASSEY EX SARG.
TROY000041555 Autauga 31 Aug 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25488
TROY
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
TROY000013691 Baldwin 08 Jun 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12474
TROY
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
USAM000016083 Mobile 01 May 1993 Michael G. Lelong
s.n.
USAM
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
AUA_ACC048561 Pike 10 MAR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4175
AUA
PINUS CLAUSA (CHAPMAN EX ENGELM.) VASSEY EX SARG.
UNA00068908 Baldwin 08 Jun 2006 D. D. Spaulding
12474
UNA
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
TROY000039219 Wilcox 20 Feb 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
24792
TROY
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
JSU103970 Conecuh 26 Sep 1985 T. L. Shaddix
040
JSU
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
UWAL0015773 Wilcox 20 Feb 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
24792
UWAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
AUA_ACC052418 Covington 1 FEB 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9007
AUA
PINUS CLAUSA (CHAPMAN EX ENGELM.) VASSEY EX SARG.
USAM000000484 Baldwin 08 Sep 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3725
USAM
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
JSU103969 Baldwin 16 May 1964 Gene A. Bozarth
s.n.
JSU
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
UWAL0009646 Houston 11 Dec 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22754
UWAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
TROY000039925 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Brian R. Keener
3941
TROY
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
TROY000034347 Houston 11 Dec 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22754
TROY
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
AUA_ACC007010 Baldwin 7 MAY 1960 MIXON, AUBREY
AUA
PINUS CLAUSA (CHAPMAN EX ENGELM.) VASSEY EX SARG.
UWAL0010256 Baldwin 13 Oct 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3941
UWAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
TROY000000589 Covington 28 Mar 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14313
TROY
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
UWAL0043482 Baldwin 20 Jul 2000 Larsen, H.S.
473
UWAL
Pinus clausa (Chapm. ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
UWAL0001472 Baldwin 25 Oct 1997 Keener, Brian R.
0488
UWAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
UNA00062168 Covington 28 Mar 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14313
UNA
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
UWAL0012784 Baldwin 13 Mar 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
1132
UWAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey
TROY000000590 Pike 17 Mar 2000 James A. Hall
177
TROY
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
AUA_ACC062689 Baldwin 10 NOV 2002 ZEBRYK, TAD M.
8023
AUA
PINUS CLAUSA (CHAPMAN EX ENGELM.) VASSEY EX SARG.
USAM000000486 Baldwin 08 Jul 1967 Michel G. Lelong
4102
USAM
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
AMAL00005546 Baldwin 26 Mar 1969 R. Kral
33980
AMAL
Pinus clausa (Engelm.) Vasey
TROY000046315 Autauga 09 May 2018 Alvin R. Diamond
28313
TROY
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
AUA_ACC063495 Covington 28 MAR 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14313
AUA
PINUS CLAUSA (CHAPMAN EX ENGELM.) VASSEY EX SARG.
JSU103964 Baldwin 15 Oct 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12821
JSU
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
TROY000037551 Marengo 08 Aug 2012 J. Kevin England
3896
TROY
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
JSU103967 Baldwin 27 Jul 1968 S. C. Johnson
s.n.
JSU
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
UNA00029142 Baldwin 06 Nov 1982 Robert R. Haynes
8690
UNA
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
UWAL0037994 Baldwin 19 Nov 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3961
UWAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
USAM000000666 Baldwin 12 Nov 1988 Elizabeth W. Benson
s.n.
USAM
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
JSU103966 Baldwin 17 May 1974 K. E. Landers
s.n.
JSU
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
USAM000000487 Baldwin 30 Jul 1972 Michel G. Lelong
6673
USAM
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
UWAL0011274 Marengo 08 Aug 2012 England, J. Kevin
3896
UWAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
AMAL00008548 Covington 28 Mar 2004 A.R. Diamond
14313
AMAL
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sar.
TROY000000591 Pike 07 May 1998 Brian F. Prazinko
9
TROY
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
AUA_ACC051408 Coffee 4 OCT 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6582
AUA
PINUS CLAUSA (CHAPMAN EX ENGELM.) VASSEY EX SARG.
AUA_ACC015092 Baldwin 29 APR 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
137
AUA
PINUS CLAUSA (CHAPMAN EX ENGELM.) VASSEY EX SARG.
USAM000000485 Baldwin 18 Mar 1978 Michel G. Lelong
10105
USAM
Pinus clausa (Chapman ex Engelmann) Vasey ex Sargent
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