Sesbania herbacea

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
Common Name:Bigpod Sesban; Dangle Pod; Hemp Sesban
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SEHE8
Plant Notes:Bigpod Sesban is a native herbaceous annual in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It is native to the southern half of Alabama with scattered locations northwards. Bigpod Sesban occurs in moist or wet disturbed sites such as low fields, roadside ditches, and on the banks of streams and ponds. It is an annual with a tap root. Stems are erect, 3-10 feet in height, branched, glabrous and sometimes glaucous, and green in color. Plants often become woody with age, particularly towards the base. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, even pinnately compound with 20-70 leaflets. The leaflets are oppositely arranged, entire, and pubescent or glaucous below. The leaflets have extra-floral nectaries along their margins (glands that secrete sugars). These sugars attract ants and wasps that help protect the plant by also feeding on caterpillars and driving away larger herbivores. Flowers are produced in elongated racemes from the axils of the leaves. Each raceme has 2-6 papilionaceous flowers that are lemon yellow to red-orange in color and streaked or spotted with purple. The fruit is a linear legume with 30-40 seed. The foliage of Bigpod Sesban has been reported as toxic to cattle. The seed of Bigpod Sesban are consumed by many bird species, and It is sometimes planted as a wildlife food. It is considered an invasive plant in Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, and Louisiana.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Sesbania
Species Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh - Bigpod Sesban; Dangle Pod; Hemp Sesban

Citation

Citation SESBANIA HERBACEA (Miller) McVaugh, Fl. Novo-Galic. 5: 695. 1987.
Basionym: Emerus herbaceus Miller 1768.
Type: MEXICO: Veracruz: Cult. in England, without data (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Isely, Sida 11: 438. 1986.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Aeschynomene emerus Aeschynomene emerus Aublet, Hist. Pl. Guiane 775; tabl. noms. 1. 1775. Without data (holotype: Plumier, Pl. Amer. t. 125(1). 1756).
Coronilla occidentalis Coronilla occidentalis Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 3: 1147. 1802.  
Darwinia exaltata Darwinia exaltata Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 106. 1817. LOUISIANA
Emerus herbaceus Emerus herbaceus Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768. MEXICO: Veracruz: Cult. in England, without data (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Isely, Sida 11: 438. 1986.
Emerus sesban var. occidentalis Emerus sesban (Linnaeus) Kuntze, var. occidentalis (Willdenow) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 181. 1891.Coronilla occidentalis Willdenow 1802. 
Sesban emerus Sesban emerus (Aublet) Britton & P. Wilson, Bot. Porto Rico 5: 395. 1924.Aeschynomene emerus Aublet 1775. 
Sesban macrocarpus Sesban macrocarpus (Muhlenberg ex Nuttall) Muhlenberg ex Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 614. 1903.Sesbania macrocarpa Muhlenberg ex Nuttall 1818. 
Sesban occidentalis Sesban occidentalis (Willdenow) Poiret, in Lamarck, Encycl. 7: 129. 1806.Coronilla occdentalis Willdenow 1802. 
Sesban exaltatus Sesban exaltata (Rafinesque) Rydberg, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 24: 204. 1924.Darwinia exaltata Rafinesque 1817. 
Sesbania emerus Sesbania emerus (Aublet) Urban, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 149. 1919.Aeschynomene emerus Aublet 1775 
Sesbania occidentalis Sesbania occidentalis (Willdenow) Persoon, Syn. Pl. 2: 316. 1807.Coronilla occidentalis Willdenow 1802. 
Sesbania exaltata Sesbania exaltata (Rafinesque) A. W. Hill, in B. D. Jackson, Index Kew., Suppl. 7. 223. 1929.Darwinia exaltata Rafinesque 1817. 
Sesbania macrocarpa Sesbania macrocarpa Muhlenberg ex Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 112. 1818. LOUISIANA: Orleans Par.: New Orleans,

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Choctaw, Clarke, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dallas, Elmore, Escambia, Greene, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
una00064879 Clarke 7 Sep 2003 Brian R. Keener
2962
UNA
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh
JSU137220 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18876
JSU
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
UWAL0036161 Baldwin 08 Aug 2013 Keener, Brian R.
8140
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
SAMF0003094 Tuscaloosa 06 Sep 1982 Davenport, L. J.
2315
SAMF
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
UNA00026484 Covington 15 Oct 1994 Michelle Birk
671
UNA
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh
AUA000013269 Crenshaw 6 SEP 1998 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11402
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
AUA000013261 Bullock 20 SEP 1981 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AU21
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
TROY000028112 Marengo 10 Oct 2008 J. Kevin England
1394
TROY
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
TROY000005556 Wilcox 09 Oct 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
17072
TROY
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
UWAL0009920 Tuscaloosa 05 Nov 2010 Spaulding, Dan
13305
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
UNA00060849 Bullock 11 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14142
UNA
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh
JSU137223 Washington 13 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18644
JSU
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
UWAL0018793 Monroe 16 Oct 1996 Kral, R.
86957
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P.Mill.) McVaugh
UWAL0043722 Baldwin 29 Aug 2001 Larsen, H.S.
797
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (Mill.) McVaugh
UNA00018061 Montgomery 17 Aug 1978 L. J. Davenport
753
UNA
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh
AUA000013281 Montgomery 3 SEP 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5453
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
UWAL0033434 Lawrence 18 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6776
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
AUA000013284 Tallapoosa 10 SEP 1981 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AU 15
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
AUA000037050 Morgan 15 Aug 2015 ENGLAND, J. KEVIN
5625
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
AUA000013272 Greene 8 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
931
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
UWAL0043723 Baldwin 12 Sep 2003 Larsen, H.S.
1285
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (Mill.) McVaugh
UNA00018064 Mobile 2 Oct _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh
SAMF0001818 Butler 21 Aug 2008 Diamond, A. R.
19828
SAMF
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
UWAL0015338 Sumter 03 Oct 2010 Keener, Brian R.
6189
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
UNA00018059 Mobile 26 Aug 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D713
UNA
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh
AUA000013271 Elmore 10 SEP 1981 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
AUA000013282 Pike 20 SEP 1981 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AU24
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
AUA000013265 Clarke 26 AUG 1975 MADDOX, WILLIAM K.
014
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
TROY000005554 Bullock 11 Sep 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
14142
TROY
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
AUA000037579 Lee 28 Sep 2018 SCHOTZ, ALFRED
CSP-505
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
UWAL0019913 Morgan 15 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5625
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P.Miller) McVaugh
TROY000029860 Clarke 07 Sep 2003 Brian R. Keener
2962
TROY
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
AUA000013279 Macon 7 AUG 1971 SPRATLING, R. E.
203
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
UNA00018062 Mobile s.d. Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh
AUA000013278 Lowndes 27 SEP 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3655
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
UWAL0007044 Marengo 10 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1394
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill) McVaugh
JSU137218 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1488
JSU
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
USAM000006649 Mobile 23 Sep 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4733
USAM
Sesban exaltata (Rafinesque) Rydberg
AUA000013285 Russell 29 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
397
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
JSU137225 Escambia 01 Jun 1970 R. Kral
39491
JSU
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
UNA00018063 Mobile 20 Sep 1898 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh
AUA000013267 Conecuh 11 AUG 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7622
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
UWAL0007045 Montgomery 08 Sep 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20913
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill) McVaugh
UNA00018058 Wilcox 27 Sep 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6975
UNA
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh
UWAL0013905 Bullock 31 Aug 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1196
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
TROY000029237 Montgomery 08 Sep 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20913
TROY
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
AUA000013286 Russell 3 SEP 1981 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AU 8
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
AUA000013289 Wilcox 27 JUL 1958 MATSCHKE, GEORGE
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
USAM000006650 Wilcox 27 Sep 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6975
USAM
Sesban exaltata (Rafinesque) Rydberg
AUA_ACC061228 Choctaw 25 AUG 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1160
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
AUA000013273 Lee 30 OCT 1971 HARPER, DOUGLAS
143A
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
AUA000013275 Lee 9 AUG 1960 JONES, JR., SAMUEL B.
250
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
TROY000040277 Baldwin 18 Sep 2011 Brian R. Keener
6719
TROY
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
AUA000013266 Conecuh 16 SEP 1995 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9936
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
JSU137221 Mobile 03 Oct 1998 D. D. Spaulding
10426
JSU
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
UWAL0019379 Lee 24 Jul 1990 Kral, R.
77973
UWAL
Sesbania exaltata (Raf.) A.W.Hill
TROY000019829 Butler 01 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17998
TROY
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
AUA000013287 Walker 9 SEP 1980 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
3
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
AUA000013268 Covington 19 AUG 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
739
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
UWAL0007043 Clarke 07 Sep 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2962
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill) McVaugh
UWAL0007042 Butler 21 Aug 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19828
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill) McVaugh
JSU137222 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18453
JSU
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
TROY000005555 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18126
TROY
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
UNA00008868 Lowndes 6 Sep 1982 S. C. Gunn
1133
UNA
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh
UNA00056208 Barbour 12 Aug 1998 John R. MacDonald
11707
UNA
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh
AUA000013283 Pike 29 AUG 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7083
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
TROY000044577 Autauga 13 Oct 2016 Matthew R. Parker
215
TROY
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
JSU137219 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1488
JSU
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
AUA000040239 Baldwin 27 Aug 2014 BARGER, T. WAYNE
SP#1454
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
AUA000013270 Dallas 7 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
866
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
AUA000013263 Choctaw 13 SEP 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1203
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
AUA000013276 Lowndes 6 SEP 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
1133
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
TROY000037064 Bullock 31 Aug 2012 Bailee Dykes
1196
TROY
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
AUA000013262 Bullock 11 SEP 2003 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14142
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
UWAL0030805 Mobile 21 Aug 1993 Kral, R.
83252
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P.Mill.) McVaugh
UNA00018060 Washington 6 Aug 1979 Robert R. Haynes
7505
UNA
Sesbania herbacea (P. Mill.) McVaugh
UWAL0019580 Butler 24 Aug 1991 Kral, R.
79633
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P.Mill.) McVaugh
TROY000030907 Wilcox 29 Aug 1960 Samuel B. Jones, Jr.
235
TROY
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
AUA000013280 Macon 4 SEP 1981 DLAMINI, GIDEON M.
AU12
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
AUA000013277 Lowndes 10 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1140
AUA
SESBANIA HERBACEA (P. MILL.) MCVAUGH
UWAL0012253 Baldwin 18 Sep 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6719
UWAL
Sesbania herbacea (P. Miller) McVaugh
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