Lupinus perennis var. gracilis

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Lupinus perennis Linnaeus var. gracilis (Nuttall) Chapman
Common Name:Southern Sundial Lupine
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Southern Sundial Lupine is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It is native to the southern half of Alabama. Southern Sundial Lupine grows in sandhills, in scrub oak forests, and in sandy Longleaf pine woods. It is a perennial with a deep taproot or rhizome. Stems are erect, 12-18 inches in length, green in color, and pubescent to glabrous. The stems may be branched or un-branched. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, and palmately compound with 7-11 leaflets. The leaflets are oblanceolate in outline, pubescent below, with entire or ciliate margins. Flowers are produced in a terminal raceme. The flowers are papilionaceous and blue-purple in color. The fruit is a pubescent legume. Southern Sundial Lupine is a larval host plant for Frosted Elfin (Callophrys irus) and Wild Indigo Duskywing (Erynnis baptisiae) butterflies and several species of moths. Southern Sundial Lupine is occasionally available from native plant nurseries, usually as seed. The seed have a hard seed coat and seed should be scarified before planting. The seed should also be inoculated with Lupine specific rhizobia before planting. Because of its long taproot Southern Sundial Lupine does not transplant well and should be planted in its permanent location in the garden. It prefers a well-draining sandy soil in full sun.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Lupinus
Species Lupinus perennis Linnaeus var. gracilis (Nuttall) Chapman - Southern Sundial Lupine

Citation

Citation LUPINUS PERENNIS Linnaeus, ssp. GRACILIS (Chapman) D. Dunn, Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 154. 1965.
Basionym: BASIONYM: Lupinus gracilis Nuttall 1834, non Kunth 1824.
Type: TYPE: GEORGIA:

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Lupinus gracilis Lupinus gracilis Nuttall, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7: 115. 1834, non Kunth 1824. TYPE: GEORGIA:
Lupinus nuttallii    
Lupinus perennis ssp. gracilis Lupinus perennis L. ssp. gracilis (Chapman) D. Dunn, Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 154. 1965.BASIONYM: Lupinus gracilis Nuttall 1834, non Kunth 1824. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Choctaw, Coffee, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Escambia, Henry, Lee, Mobile, Perry, Pike, Russell

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000045376 Autauga 11 Apr 2017 Matthew Parker
584
TROY
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus ssp. gracilis (Nuttall) D. Dunn
UNA00017191 Mobile 10 Apr 1878 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lupinus perennis L.
UNA00062170 Russell 1 Apr 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14316
UNA
Lupinus perennis L.
AUA000012424 Crenshaw 19 APR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8150
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
UNA00017188 Baldwin 12 Apr 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Lupinus perennis L.
TROY000038992 Covington 24 Apr 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25013
TROY
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus ssp. gracilis (Nuttall) D. Dunn
AUA000012426 Escambia 2 MAY 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
JSU135466 Autauga 30 May 1970 R. Kral
39364
JSU
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus ssp. gracilis (Nuttall) D. Dunn
UWAL0044485 Baldwin 18 Apr 2002 Larsen, H.S.
1400
UWAL
Lupinus perennis var. gracilis Chapm.
TROY000005393 Dale 27 Mar 2000 Tiffany Pennington
505
TROY
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus
TROY000043261 Coffee 15 Oct 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26931
TROY
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus ssp. gracilis (Nuttall) D. Dunn
AUA000012427 Escambia 23 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4578
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
USAM000006507 Mobile 19 Apr 1970 Robert Kral
38763
USAM
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus ssp. gracilis (Nuttall) D. Dunn
UWAL0006950 Autauga 12 Apr 1977 Sessler, Ann
0913
UWAL
Lupinus perennis L.
UNA00061329 Baldwin 1 Apr 2001 Alfred Schotz
1827
UNA
Lupinus perennis L.
AUA000012435 Russell 1 APR 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14316
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
UNA00017189 Baldwin 12 Apr 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Lupinus perennis L.
TROY000005392 Coffee 12 Apr 2000 Brian H. Martin
583
TROY
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus
AUA000012436 Escambia 18 APR 1970 KRAL, ROBERT
38714B
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L. ssp. GRACILIS (NUTT.) D. DUNN
AUA000012425 Dale 5 APR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8066
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
AUA000012433 Pike 17 OCT 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3715
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
UNA00048910 Autauga 5 Apr 1997 John R. MacDonald
10100
UNA
Lupinus perennis L.
TROY000005397 Pike 07 May 1998 Brian F. Prazinko
5
TROY
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus
AUA000012419 Autauga 12 APR 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
913
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
TROY000039126 Autauga 01 May 2014 Alvin R. Diamond
25030
TROY
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus ssp. gracilis (Nuttall) D. Dunn
TROY000005395 Pike 19 Apr 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12374
TROY
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus
UWAL0044484 Baldwin 18 Mar 2001 Larsen, H.S.
723
UWAL
Lupinus perennis var. gracilis Chapm.
UWAL0044483 Baldwin 09 Mar 2000 McArthur, Jill D.
294
UWAL
Lupinus perennis var. gracilis Chapm.
UWAL0016170 Autauga 01 May 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25030
UWAL
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus ssp. gracilis (Nuttall) D. Dunn
AUA000012430 Pike 30 APR 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8599
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
UWAL0016154 Covington 24 Apr 2014 Diamond, Alvin R.
25013
UWAL
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus ssp. gracilis (Nuttall) D. Dunn
AUA000012420 Baldwin 5 APR 1956 GILMORE, ROBERT E.
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
UNA00008871 Mobile 26 Apr 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Lupinus perennis L.
UNA00058301 Pike 16 Apr 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13045
UNA
Lupinus perennis L.
JSU135465 Elmore 27 Apr 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9653
JSU
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus ssp. gracilis (Nuttall) D. Dunn
AUA000012423 Covington 17 APR 1979 COGGINS, W. A.
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
UNA00017192 Baldwin 12 Apr 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Lupinus perennis L.
AUA000012432 Pike 13 APR 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4423
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
JSU135467 Henry 11 Apr 1977 R. Kral
59605
JSU
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus ssp. gracilis (Nuttall) D. Dunn
TROY000005394 Henry 13 Apr 1998 John R. MacDonald
11045
TROY
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus
TROY000005399 Russell 01 Apr 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14316
TROY
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus
TROY000040736 Choctaw 07 Apr 2013 Brian R. Keener
7732
TROY
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus ssp. gracilis (Nuttall) D. Dunn
AUA000012429 Perry 2 MAY 1993 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8606
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
USAM000006508 Baldwin 08 Apr 1968 R. Dale Thomas
6880
USAM
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus
TROY000005396 Pike 01 Apr 1999 Brian H. Martin
20
TROY
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus
AUA000012422 Covington 17 AUG 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8397
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
TROY000005398 Pike 03 Apr 1991 Don Mayne
2
TROY
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus
AUA000012431 Pike 1999 MARTIN, BRIAN
20
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
AUA000012428 Lee 30 MAY 1951 THORNTON, A. L.
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
AUA000012434 Pike 30 MAR 1974 HUTTO, T. A.
115
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
UWAL0012146 Choctaw 07 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7732
UWAL
Lupinus perennis Linnaeus ssp. gracilis (Nuttall) D. Dunn
AUA000012421 Coffee 26 APR 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8191
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
UNA00055966 Henry 13 Apr 1998 John R. MacDonald
11045
UNA
Lupinus perennis L.
AUA000012418 Autauga 30 APR 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6853
AUA
LUPINUS PERENNIS L.
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