Desmodium viridiflorum

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
Common Name:Velvet Leaf Tick Trefoil
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Velvet Leaf Tick Trefoil is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It occurs throughout Alabama. Velvet Leaf Tick Trefoil occurs in dry to mesic hardwood forests, in pine woodlands, in sandhills, on roadsides, and in forest openings and edges. It is a perennial with a tap root. The root crown produces 1-5 upright to sprawling stems that are from 3-6 feet in height. The stems are pubescent and have hooked hairs. The stems are green to brown in color. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, and trifoliate. The leaflets are ovate to rhombic or deltoid in outline, moderately pubescent above and velvety pubescent below. The margins are entire and both surfaces of the leaf have hooked hairs. Flowers are produced in an open panicle. The branches of the panicle are pubescent and have hooked hairs. Flowers are papilionaceous in shape and lavender in color. The standard petal has two spots of white and yellow at its base. The flowers become blue in color as they age. The fruit is a loment with 4-6 segments. It is pubescent with hooked hairs. Velvet Leaf Tick Trefoil is one of the larger members of the genus in Alabama. Plants are commonly called “beggar’s lice” because of the fruit segments that adhere to clothing or fur with their hooked hairs. The foliage of Velvet Leaf Tick Trefoil is browsed by deer and the seed are eaten by Bobwhite Quail and other birds.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Desmodium
Species Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle - Velvet Leaf Tick Trefoil

Citation

Citation DESMODIUM VIRIDIFLORUM (Linnaeus) de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 329. 1825.
Basionym: Hedysarum viridiflorum Linnaeus 1753.
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 190 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Reveal & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 58: 979. 2009.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Meibomia viridiflora Meibomia viridiflora (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 197. 1891.Hedysarum viridiflorum Linnaeus 1753. 
Meibomia viridiflora Hedysarum viridiflorum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 748. 1753. VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 190 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Reveal & C. E. Jarvis, Taxon 58: 979. 2009.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Crenshaw, Dale, Etowah, Geneva, Jefferson, Lee, Limestone, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00016817 Mobile _ Oct 1875 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Desmodium viridiflorum (L.) DC.
JSU133514 Clay 28 Sep 1994 J. M. Ballard
5056
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
AUA000011693 Bibb 20 SEP 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
766
AUA
DESMODIUM VIRIDIFLORUM (L.) DC.
TROY000019214 Randolph 14 Oct 1988 C. F. Nixon
4391
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
JSU133524 Winston 17 Sep 1994 D. D. Spaulding
6376
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000005143 Crenshaw 11 Oct 1998 Alvin R. Diamond
11456
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00016814 Tuscaloosa 1 Sep 1975 Fred K. Hoener
1289
UNA
Desmodium viridiflorum (L.) DC.
UWAL0015728 Winston 22 Sep 2013 England, J. Kevin
4604
UWAL
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
JSU133518 Etowah 21 Aug 1994 L. M. Hodge
3216
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000005144 Dale 06 Oct 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13700
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
AUA000011691 Baldwin 14 MAY 1955 MOORE, WILLIAM H.
AUA
DESMODIUM VIRIDIFLORUM (L.) DC.
TROY000005037 Coffee 01 Oct 1999 Brian H. Martin
266
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000030552 Cherokee 22 Aug 2007 Terry Wayne Barger
188
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00016818 Mobile 4 Jul 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Desmodium viridiflorum (L.) DC.
JSU133523 Talladega 6 Sep 1994 J. M. Ballard
3305
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
AUA000011692 Bibb 10 OCT 1979 BECKETT, SCOTT W.
349
AUA
DESMODIUM VIRIDIFLORUM (L.) DC.
UWAL0006861 Marengo 03 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
0991
UWAL
Desmodium viridiflorum (L.) DC.
JSU133521 Randolph 11 Oct 1985 C. F. Nixon
1390
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
USAM000006350 Mobile 05 Oct 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3828.3
USAM
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000005141 Butler 12 Sep 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12777
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00016816 Mobile 8 Sep 1888 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Desmodium viridiflorum (L.) DC.
TROY000005147 Pike 03 Jul 2000 James A. Hall
187
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000005145 Dale 02 Sep 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13648
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0005691 Limestone 21 Sep 1982 Kral, R.
68988
UWAL
Desmodium viridiflorum (L.) DC
TROY000005142 Butler 30 Sep 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12708
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000034500 Limestone 21 Sep 1982 Robert Kral
68988
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0015026 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1236
UWAL
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
JSU133517 Cleburne 28 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
571
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
JSU146266 Calhoun 24 Jun 1996 F. Hutchinson
2417
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000037590 Bullock 14 Sep 2012 Bailee Dykes
1236
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
AUA000011696 Montgomery 21 JUN 1967 RANKIN, H. TAYLOR
AUA
DESMODIUM VIRIDIFLORUM (L.) DC.
AUA000011695 Lee 29 SEP 1972 ADKINS, F. W.
058
AUA
DESMODIUM VIRIDIFLORUM (L.) DC.
JSU133511 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1486
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000044196 Montgomery 02 Oct 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27688
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
JSU133516 Cleburne 28 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
571
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000005038 Dale 17 Jul 2000 Tiffany Pennington
907
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
AUA000011694 Jefferson 25 SEP 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1892
AUA
DESMODIUM VIRIDIFLORUM (L.) DC.
UNA00016811 Tuscaloosa s.d. Linda Leigh Glenboski
33
UNA
Desmodium viridiflorum (L.) DC.
JSU133513 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1486
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
UNA00055877 Tuscaloosa 16 Nov 1974 Fred K. Hoener
1200
UNA
Desmodium viridiflorum (L.) DC.
UWAL0039853 Montgomery 02 Oct 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27688
UWAL
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
JSU133519 Etowah 25 Sep 1994 L. M. Hodge
3903
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0042494 Bullock 28 Aug 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4174
UWAL
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
UWAL0006862 Sumter 09 Oct 2008 England, J. Kevin
1389
UWAL
Desmodium viridiflorum (L.) DC.
UWAL0043022 Baldwin 09 Sep 2010 Larsen, H.S.
1737
UWAL
Desmodium viridiflorum (L.) DC.
JSU133512 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1486
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000033536 Barbour 08 Oct 2011 Bailee Dykes
216
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
JSU133515 Cleburne 28 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
571
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000005146 Lee 05 Oct 1954 William H. Moore
s.n.
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
JSU133522 Shelby 20 Jul 1993 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
JSU133520 Marshall 14 Sep 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3092
JSU
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
TROY000044997 Geneva 28 Sep 2017 Cameron Byrd
1586
TROY
Desmodium viridiflorum (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle
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