Crotalaria rotundifolia

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
Common Name:Low Rattlebox; Rabbitbells;
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:**
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Rabbitbells is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It can be found in the southern half of Alabama. Rabbitbells occurs in sandy pine woods, in prairies, on roadsides, and in lawns. It is a perennial with a tap root. Several prostrate to ascending stems arise from each root crown. The stems are green or reddish brown in color and pubescent. Leaves are alternate, short petiolate, ovate to elliptic in outline, pubescent, with entire margins. Flowers are produced in erect terminal racemes. The flowers are papilionaceous and yellow in color. The fruit is an inflated oblong-cylindrical legume. The fruit turns black when mature and the seed become detached and free within the fruit. When shaken the fruit “rattles”.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:See reference below for discussion of the past taxonomic confusion of this taxon and C. rotundifolia.
Status:Native, FACU (NWI)
References:Ward, D.B. 2009. The typification of Crotalaria rotundifolia and Crotalaria maritime (Fabaceae). J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 3(1): 219-225.
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Crotalaria
Species Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret - Low Rattlebox; Rabbitbells;

Citation

Citation CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA J. F. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2: 1095. 1792.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Hampton Co.: 3 mi. NW of Yemassee on SC 68, 23 Jul 1967, Windler & Windler 2769 (neotype: NCU). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 3: 222. 2009.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Crotalaria hookeriana Crotalaria hookeriana Alph. de Candolle, Mém. Soc. Phys. Gèneve 9: 97. 1841.  
Crotalaria leptoclona Crotalaria leptoclona Schauer, Linnaea 20: 737. 1847. MEXICO
Crotalaria ovalis Crotalaria ovalis (Michaux) Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 469. 1814.Crotalaria sagittalis Linnaeus, var. ovalis Michaux 1803. 
Crotalaria rotundifolia var. brachytricha Crotalaria rotundifolia J. F. Gmelin, var. brachytricha Sprague & L. Riley, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1923: 334. 1923. MEXICO
Crotalaria sagittalis var. ovalis Crotalaria sagittalis Linnaeus, var. ovalis Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 55. 1803.  
Crotalaria rotundifolia var. vulgaris Crotalaria rotundifolia J. F. Gmelin, var. vulgaris Windler, Phytologia 21: 264. 1971. SOUTH CAROLINA: Hampton Co.: 3 mi. NW of Yemassee on SC 68, 23 Jul 1967, Windler & Windler 2769 (holotype: NCU).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Chambers, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Franklin, Geneva, Henry, Lee, Macon, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Perry, Pike, Russell, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0011405 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0918
UWAL
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011200 Baldwin 11 MAY 1974 SKELTON, M.
161
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000019169 Sumter 14 May 2007 Brian R. Keener
3607
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011202 Baldwin 14 MAY 1955 MOORE, WILLIAM H.
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
USAM000006268 Mobile 11 May 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3143
USAM
Crotalaria angulata Miller
AUA000011226 Macon 13 MAY 1967 BARRICK, WILLIAM E.
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
AUA000011235 Russell 20 APR 1949 LUND, ZANE F.
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
AUA000027056 Baldwin 15 MAY 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-404
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL. var. VULGARIS WINDLER
UNA00008739 Wilcox 20 May 1982 S. C. Gunn
649
UNA
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
AUA000011251 Clarke 1 MAY 1966 WILSON, J. R.
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
UNA00015915 Mobile 18 May 1889 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
UWAL0043951 Baldwin 23 Apr 2000 McArthur, Jill D.
305
UWAL
Crotalaria rotundifolia J. F. Gmel.
TROY000004999 Pike 05 Jun 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16480
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
TROY000044998 Geneva 28 Sep 2017 Cameron Byrd
1584
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011230 Mobile 21 APR 1974 SAUNDERS, M. R.
095
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
AUA000011210 Clarke 5 MAY 1981 HENDERSON, T.
035
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
USAM000006269 Mobile 31 Mar 1970 D.L. Scott
280
USAM
Crotalaria angulata Miller
UWAL0044069 Baldwin 25 Jul 2000 Larsen, H.S.
410
UWAL
Crotalaria rotundifolia J. F. Gmel.
AUA000011206 Barbour 29 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
432
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
AUA000011237 Russell 10 AUG 1971 ANDERSON, ROBERT
166
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
AUA000011222 Franklin 4 AUG 1981 HENDERSON, T.
336
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
UNA00008734 Autauga 12 May 1982 S. C. Gunn
525
UNA
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
AUA000011231 Montgomery 12 AUG 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14600
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
UNA00015916 Mobile 16 May 1896 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
UWAL0035546 Mobile 22 May 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3178
UWAL
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walter ex J.F. Gmelin
TROY000004997 Montgomery 03 Jul 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12476
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011211 Coffee 17 SEP 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5498
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
AUA000011267 Lee 30 SEP 1932 SMITH, E. V.
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000004992 Dale 30 Jun 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011209 Chilton 20 MAY 1971 FREEMAN, JOHN D.
713
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
UNA00062937 Montgomery 12 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14600
UNA
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
TROY000004986 Bullock 12 Aug 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13540
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011236 Russell 1 MAY 1971 CARROLL, III, A. B.
050
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
AUA000011229 Macon 15 MAY 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
029
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000030697 Covington 30 May 1979 Lloyd C. Crawford
s.n.
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011218 Crenshaw 25 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6106
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000004988 Coffee 23 Jun 1999 Brian H. Martin
58
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
UNA00015917 Perry 26 Apr 1884 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
AUA000032675 Covington 14 Sep 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4911
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA
AUA000011204 Baldwin 28 MAY 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3271
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
UWAL0030299 Choctaw 18 Jul 2015 Keener, Brian R.
9009
UWAL
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F.Gmel.
AUA000011215 Coosa 2 SEP 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
1098
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
USAM000006272 Mobile 28 May 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4662
USAM
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011232 Pike 1999 MARTIN, BRIAN
114
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000004987 Butler 09 Sep 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12117
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011265 Lee 5 AUG 1950 BURNS, JOE D.
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
AUA000011221 Dale 30 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
536
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000035270 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Bailee Dykes
918
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011201 Baldwin 6 MAY 1960 BAKER, SHELBY
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000018952 Henry 19 Apr 2005 Robert Kral
96142
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
UNA00016014 Dale 20 Aug 1880 Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
AUA000011199 Autauga 12 MAY 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
525
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000004989 Crenshaw 09 Jul 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11798
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011219 Dale 23 JUN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7508
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
AUA000011263 Lee 20 MAY 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
UWAL0011104 Covington 18 Aug 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23235
UWAL
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
TROY000018950 Barbour 04 May 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19192
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
UWAL0006799 Crenshaw 26 May 2008 Diamond, A.R.
19348
UWAL
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
AUA000011241 Tallapoosa 30 APR 1974 CLAYBROOK, CHARLES R.
151
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000004990 Crenshaw 09 May 1998 James A. Hall
6
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011234 Pike 9 JUL 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9261
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
UNA00061746 Baldwin 27 Jul 2003 Mark Fishbein
5222
UNA
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
AUA000011228 Macon 9 MAY 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
206-69
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
USAM000006270 Baldwin 18 Jul 1970 Michael Gates
s.n.
USAM
Crotalaria angulata Miller
AUA000011214 Conecuh 11 JUN 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
811
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000018953 Dale 31 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19674
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011205 Baldwin MAY 1950 RICHARDS, HELEN
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
UWAL0043950 Baldwin 06 Aug 2010 Larsen, H.S.
1740
UWAL
Crotalaria rotundifolia J. F. Gmel.
USAM000006271 Mobile 23 Apr 1968 D.L. Scott
136
USAM
Crotalaria angulata Miller
UWAL0006801 Sumter 14 May 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3607
UWAL
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
AUA000011203 Baldwin 7 MAY 1960 KNIGHT, DWIGHT
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000004998 Pike 24 Jul 1995 Jeanese Holmes
43
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011238 Russell 2 MAY 2002 GIL, GLENDA
2001-152
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
UNA00015914 Mobile 30 Apr 1967 Rebecca Deramus
D1070
UNA
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
AUA000011224 Lee 11 MAY 1966 SEARCY, JAMES W.
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
UNA00067050 Sumter 14 May 2007 Brian R. Keener
3607
UNA
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
UWAL0035604 Mobile 11 Jun 2014 Horne, Howard E.
2578
UWAL
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) J.F. Gmelin
AUA000011264 Lee 23 APR 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000044260 Choctaw 18 Jul 2015 Brian R. Keener
9009
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011233 Pike 5 JUN 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16480
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
AUA000011227 Macon 2 JUL 1976 BOTTS, DANIEL A.
198
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
UWAL0006800 Sumter 23 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3523
UWAL
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
AUA000011208 Chambers 11 JUL 1969 SIMMONDS, E. P.
011
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
JSU130787 Talladega 15 Oct 1994 J. M. Ballard
5260
JSU
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
TROY000004994 Monroe 12 Aug 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16789
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011216 Covington 15 MAY 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000004991 Dale 29 Jul 1997 Hannelore Rundell
365
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011207 Bibb 24 AUG 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1846
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000004985 Baldwin 12 Aug 1927 Wolfgang Wolf
s.n.
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
UWAL0037394 Bullock 13 Apr 2016 Soehren, Eric C.
0229
UWAL
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. Ex. J.F. Gmel.
TROY000035351 Covington 18 Aug 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23235
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011239 Sumter 3 MAY 1974 GWALTNEY, JOHN
S. N.
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000018954 Monroe 27 Sep 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
18310
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011270 Lee 30 MAY 1963 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
AUA000011213 Coffee 19 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6017
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
AUA000011225 Macon 18 MAY 1970 WILLIAMS, S. A.
162
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000004995 Pike 01 Apr 1999 Brian H. Martin
114
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011223 Lee 14 AUG 1969 MILLER, L. C.
239
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
UNA00065767 Monroe 12 Aug 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16789
UNA
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. ex J.F. Gmel.
TROY000004996 Montgomery 12 Aug 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14600
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011217 Covington 15 MAY 1979 CRAWFORD, LLOYD C.
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
AUA000025687 Covington 30 MAY 1993 OBERHOLSTER, SUZANNE
411
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000004993 Dale 14 Nov 1998 Hannelore Rundell
653
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011212 Coffee 27 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4873
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
UWAL0038483 Mobile 19 Apr 1967 LeLong, Michel G.
3036
UWAL
Crotalaria rotundifolia Walt. Ex J.F. Gmel.
JSU130786 Geneva 18 Oct 1977 R. Kral
61135
JSU
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000025022 Covington 15 APR 2009 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
3697
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
TROY000018951 Henry 24 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19616
TROY
Crotalaria rotundifolia (Walter) Poiret
AUA000011220 Dale 9 JUN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7402
AUA
CROTALARIA ROTUNDIFOLIA WALTER EX J.F. GMEL.
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