Clitoria mariana

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
Common Name:Butterfly Pea; Atlantic Pigeon Wings
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Vine
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Atlantic Pigeon Wings is a native herbaceous perennial in the Bean family (Fabaceae). It is native to all of Alabama. Atlantic Pigeon Wings occurs in sandhills, in scrub oak woods, in dry pine or pine/hardwood forests, and on roadside banks. It is a perennial from a rhizome. Stems are erect to ascending, rarely twining near the tip, and unbranched or branched from near the base. The stems are green in color and glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, and trifoliate. The leaflets are ovate to lanceolate in outline, glabrous above and glabrous or short pubescent beneath, with entire margins. Flowers are produced in axillary 1-3 flowered racemes. Chasmogamous and cleistogamous flowers are produced. The cleistogamous flowers lack petals. Chasmogamous flowers are resupinate with the standard oriented downward. It has a cylindrical green calyx with a tube longer than the teeth. The corolla is papilionaceous and blue-purple in color. The standard petal is spurless and has a small white keel and darker purple lines. The wing petals are small and attached to the strongly incurved keel petals. The fruit is a flattened legume. The seed are sticky.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Clitoria
Species Clitoria mariana Linnaeus - Butterfly Pea; Atlantic Pigeon Wings

Citation

Citation CLITORIA MARIANA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 753. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (neotype: LINN 902.4). Neotypified by V. T. Nguen, in Aubreville & Leroy, Fl. Cambodge Laos Viet-Nam 17: 48. 1979.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ternatea mariana Ternatea mariana (Linnaeus) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 210. 1891.Clitoria mariana Linnaeus 1753. 
Vexillaria mariana Vexillaria mariana (Linnaeus) Eaton, Man. Bot. 83. 1817.Clitoria mariana Linnaeus 1753. 
Martiusia mariana Martiusia mariana (Linnaeus) Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 722. 1933.Clitoria mariana Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Geneva, Hale, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00054415 Blount 27 Jun 1998 Brian R. Keener
1118
UNA
Clitoria mariana L.
JSU130454 Etowah 16 Jul 1994 L. M. Hodge
2781
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011115 Jefferson 28 JUL 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1760
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
TROY000046587 Autauga 18 May 2017 Matthew R. Parker
837
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011088 Bibb 23 JUL 1979 BECKETT, SCOTT W.
209
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130468 Shelby 30 Jul 1997 D. Keener Morrow
60
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
TROY000004971 Escambia 10 Jun 2004 Alvin R. Diamond
14439
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
JSU130461 Limestone 14 Jun 1996 R. D. Whetstone
18064
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
USAM000006260 Mobile 24 May 1968 D.L. Scott
224
USAM
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011099 Crenshaw 21 MAY 1970 MONTGOMERY, JOHN
307
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000011120 Lee 31 JUL 1954 SANSING, NORMAN G.
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
TROY000038620 Fayette 10 Aug 2009 Steve Younghance
257
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UNA00016541 Tuscaloosa 21 May 1963 Rebecca Deramus
383
UNA
Clitoria mariana L. var. mariana
JSU130436 Bibb 31 Jul 1998 R. D. Whetstone
19615
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
JSU130449 Cleburne 18 Jul 1995 S. E. Hruska
772
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UWAL0036715 Lamar 13 Jul 2017 England, J. Kevin
8119
UWAL
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus var. mariana
AUA000011093 Choctaw 24 AUG 1994 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1150
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
SAMF0001697 Tuscaloosa 21 Jun 1962 Deramus, Rebecca
188b
SAMF
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UNA00016544 Tuscaloosa 27 Jul 1975 Fred K. Hoener
1270
UNA
Clitoria mariana L.
TROY000004967 Crenshaw 04 Jul 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
11763
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011123 Lee 24 JUL 1948 DUKE, F. M.
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130458 Jackson 20 Jun 1998 K. R. Brodeur
814
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UWAL0042971 Baldwin 23 Aug 2001 Larsen, H.S.
899
UWAL
Clitoria mariana L.
AUA000011105 DeKalb 25 JUL 1970 HOLCOMBE, W. H.
078
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130446 Clay 14 Jun 1992 J. M. Ballard
206
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011097 Coosa 23 JUN 1973 REDMOND, BILL
0082
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130437 Calhoun 27 Jul 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11768
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
TROY000004966 Coffee 04 Sep 2000 Brian H. Martin
950
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011094 Clay 24 JUN 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
619
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA_ACC027769 Clay 24 JUN 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
629
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
UNA00016552 Hale 21 Jun 1966 Norris H. Williams
314
UNA
Clitoria mariana L. var. mariana
UNA00008724 Lowndes 16 Jun 1982 S. C. Gunn
780
UNA
Clitoria mariana L.
JSU130455 Geneva 4 Jun 1972 R. Kral
47189
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
USAM000006258 Mobile 05 May 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3129.2
USAM
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011135 Wilcox 23 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
834
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
UWAL0042972 Baldwin 08 Sep 2006 Larsen, H.S.
1525
UWAL
Clitoria mariana L.
AUA000011121 Lee DAVIS, DONALD E.
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
UNA00053374 Marshall 6 Jul 1956 Joab L. Thomas
23
UNA
Clitoria mariana L.
AUA000011128 Macon 12 JUL 1956 ARNER, DALE H.
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000035562 Covington 13 Jul 2011 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5108
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L. VAR. MARIANA
JSU130457 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 K. R. Brodeur
948
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011113 Jefferson 29 JUL 1967 CARTER, RICHARD D.
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000011117 Lee 13 AUG 1970 MORRIS, KERMIT
171
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130463 Marshall 24 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2418
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
TROY000019159 St. Clair 17 Sep 2007 Brian R. Keener
3855
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011125 Macon 24 MAY 1970 REDMOND, BILL
127
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130445 Cherokee 28 Jul 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5288
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UWAL0037695 Mobile 26 Jul 1967 Lelong, Michel G.
3409
UWAL
Clitoria mariana L.
AUA000011107 Escambia 25 JUL 1969 SIMMONDS, E. P.
090
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130439 Calhoun 28 Jun 1986 C. L. Lawler
670
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UNA00016549 Tuscaloosa 14 Jun 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Clitoria mariana L. var. mariana
JSU130466 Randolph 1 Jul 1986 C. F. Nixon
2462
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
JSU130469 St. Clair 22 Jun 1969 Randy Day
16-65
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
TROY000004969 Dale 08 May 1997 Hannelore Rundell
147
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011086 Autauga 14 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
703
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
SAMF0005130 Jefferson 18 May 1955 Wade, Albert
s.n.
SAMF
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
JSU130459 Jefferson 27 Jul 1984 J. P. Barber
921
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UWAL0033501 Franklin 11 Jul 2009 England, J. Kevin
2098
UWAL
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011134 Sumter 2 MAY 1981 HENDERSON, T.
126
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
UNA00016547 Mobile _ Jun _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Clitoria mariana L. var. mariana
JSU130448 Cleburne 8 Aug 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
821
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011131 Russell 30 MAY 2002 GIL, GLENDA
2001-88
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130473 Talladega 14 Jun 1980 J. Carlisle
s.n.
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UWAL0035813 Blount 27 Oct 2014 Anderson, Kelly
0751
UWAL
Clitoria mariana L.
JSU130452 Cullman 20 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
4791
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
TROY000004968 Dale 30 May 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011126 Macon 19 JUN 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
117
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000011098 Crenshaw 19 MAY 1996 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
10256
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000011109 Fayette 14 SEP 1954 MOORE, WILLIAM H.
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
UNA00008719 Autauga 14 Jun 1982 S. C. Gunn
703
UNA
Clitoria mariana L.
JSU130474 Tallapoosa 25 Jun 1978 R. Kral
62153
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
TROY000035561 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Bailee Dykes
888
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011103 Dallas 17 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
808
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
TROY000004972 Pike 26 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13228
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
TROY000004970 Dale 05 Oct 2000 Tiffany Pennington
1018
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011092 Chilton 27 JUL 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15574
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
UNA00016559 Tuscaloosa 10 Jun 1950 B. C. Williams
s.n.
UNA
Clitoria mariana L.
UNA00053376 Marshall 6 Jul 1956 Joab L. Thomas
37
UNA
Clitoria mariana L.
AUA000026949 Dallas 7 JUL 2010 BARGER, T. WAYNE
OC-298
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000011091 Cherokee 24 AUG 1981 HENDERSON, T.
445
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
TROY000037345 Coosa 27 Jun 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24285
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011096 Cleburne 19 JUN 1957 ADAMS, W. H.
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000011110 Fayette 8 JUN 1955 MOORE, WILLIAM H.
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130462 Marshall 30 May 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1950
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
USAM000006261 Madison 10 Jul 1976 Nancy Short
s.n.
USAM
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011130 Pike 28 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5105
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
USAM000006259 Mobile 24 May 1968 D.L. Scott
224
USAM
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011111 Geneva 4 JUN 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
47189
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000011129 Marshall 27 JUL 1973 SPENCER, S. K.
126
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130438 Calhoun 30 Jun 1986 C. L. Lawler
695
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UNA00016545 Mobile 16 May 1965 Rebecca Deramus
D486
UNA
Clitoria mariana L. var. mariana
JSU130467 Randolph 14 Aug 1986 C. F. Nixon
2615
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
JSU130470 St. Clair 22 Jun 1969 Randy Day
s.n.
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UWAL0013973 Coosa 27 Jun 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24285
UWAL
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011108 Escambia 10 JUN 2004 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
14439
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
SAMF0006755 Jefferson 28 May 2017 Davenport, L.J.
6549
SAMF
Clitoria mariana L.
UNA00008709 Tuscaloosa 26 May 1977 J. Sawyer
39
UNA
Clitoria mariana L.
UWAL0011476 Bullock 19 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0888
UWAL
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011102 Dallas 16 JUL 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
970
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130456 Jackson 22 Jun 1999 K. R. Brodeur
2022
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011116 Lee 20 MAY 1954 BROWN, JERRY E.
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000011132 St. Clair 17 OCT 1969 KRAL, ROBERT
37932
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130472 Talladega 2 Aug 1992 J. M. Ballard
391
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011101 Dale 23 JUN 1991 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7510
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130453 Cullman 27 Jun 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5111
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UWAL0006797 Colbert 08 Jun 1981 Kral, R.
67395
UWAL
Clitoria mariana L.
AUA000011095 Clay 24 JUN 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
527
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130465 Randolph 27 Jun 1986 C. F. Nixon
2352
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
SAMF0001676 Cleburne 15 Jun 2002 Hataway, Drew
13
SAMF
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UNA00016542 Tuscaloosa 28 May 1955 O. D. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Clitoria mariana L. var. mariana
UNA00008714 Dallas 17 Jun 1982 S. C. Gunn
808
UNA
Clitoria mariana L.
JSU130440 Calhoun 26 Jul 1991 R. L. Naugher
276
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
TROY000031396 DeKalb 01 Jun 1949 H. B. Cunningham
s.n.
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000031242 Escambia 18 May 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4718
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA
AUA000011127 Macon 6 AUG 1969 OWENS, JAMES R.
112
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000011112 Henry 17 JUL 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5251
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
UNA00016550 Bibb 29 May 1950 C. B. Segars
349
UNA
Clitoria mariana L.
JSU130450 Cleburne 14 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
345
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011089 Bullock 4 JUN 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5901
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
TROY000046494 Autauga 26 May 2017 Matthew R. Parker
886
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011114 Jefferson 7 AUG 1971 COOK, HARRY D.
093
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130460 Lee 13 Jun 1973 G. H. Crance
11
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UWAL0006798 St. Clair 17 Sep 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3855
UWAL
Clitoria mariana L.
JSU130441 Calhoun 15 Jun 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11333
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
TROY000042642 Covington 13 Jun 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26467
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011100 Dale 30 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
540
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000026983 Baldwin 16 JUN 2008 BARGER, T. WAYNE
PERD-491
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000011087 Autauga 15 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
717
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
UNA00016538 St. Clair 29 May 1962 Rebecca Deramus
188
UNA
Clitoria mariana L. var. mariana
JSU130443 Cherokee 7 Sep 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15623
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
JSU130451 Cleburne 19 Jun 1995 S. E. Hruska
715
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011122 Lee 1 AUG 1948 DAVIS, DONALD E.
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000011106 Elmore 19 SEP 2000 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2000-85
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
TROY000019158 Bibb 01 Jun 2003 Alvin R. Diamond
13970
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UNA00016546 Mobile _ Jul _ Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Clitoria mariana L. var. mariana
JSU130447 Clay 23 Sep 1982 Melanie G. Bussey
447
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011118 Lee 17 MAY 1954 GAISSER, ROY
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
UWAL0032599 Morgan 05 Jun 2016 England, J. Kevin
6529
UWAL
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus var. mariana
AUA000011090 Chambers 23 JUL 1983 HAYES, SHERRAD
107
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130442 Calhoun 1 Jul 1969 Howard S. Mostowski
s.n.
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
UWAL0013891 Fayette 10 Aug 2009 Younghance, Steve
0256
UWAL
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
JSU130444 Cherokee 16 Jul 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14596
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
TROY000004964 Butler 30 Sep 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12717
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011133 Sumter 18 JUN 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
092
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000011104 DeKalb JUN 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
AUA000011119 Lee 7 JUL 1963 ROGERS, KENNETH E.
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
UNA00016543 Chilton 9 Jul 1987 Robert R. Haynes
9210
UNA
Clitoria mariana L.
JSU130471 St. Clair 9 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13741
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
TROY000018948 Barbour 17 Jul 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19555
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
AUA000011124 Lowndes 16 JUN 1982 GUNN, SCOTT C.
780
AUA
CLITORIA MARIANA L.
JSU130464 Marshall 2 Aug 1974 T. A. Atkinson
429
JSU
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
TROY000028078 Montgomery 02 Jun 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20750
TROY
Clitoria mariana Linnaeus
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