Arachis hypogaea

Family:FABACEAE
Species:Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
Common Name:Peanut
Habitat:Cultivated as a food crop.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyFABACEAE - Pea/Bean family
Genus Arachis
Species Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus - Peanut

Citation

Citation ARACHIS HYPOGAEA Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 741. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: BRAZIL/PERU: Cult. in Netherlands, without data, Herb. Clifford 353, Arachis 2 (lectotype: BM). Lectotypified by Krapovickas & W. C. Gregory, Bonplandia 8: 148. 1994.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Arachidna hypogaea Arachidna hypogaea (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus 122. 1794.Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus 1753. 
Arachis africana Arachis africana Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 2: 430. 1790, non Burman f. 1768.  
Arachis glabrata subsp. rasteiro Arachis glabrata Bentham, subsp. rasteiro (A. Chevalier) A. Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 28: 515. 1948.Arachis rasteiro A. Chevalier 1929. 
Arachis guaraniana Arachis guaraniana Bertoni, Cat. Pl. Estac. Agron. 6. 1912. PARAGUAY
Arachis hypogaea subsp. nambyquarae Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, subsp. nambyquarae (Hoehne) A. Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 13: 772. 1933.Arachis nambyquarae Hoehne 1922. 
Arachis hypogaea subsp. oleifera Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, subsp. oleifera A. Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 13: 770. 1933, nom. inadmiss.Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus 1753. 
Arachis hypogaea var. glabra Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, var. glabra de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 474. 1825.Arachis africana Loureiro 1790, non Burman f. 1768. 
Arachis hypogaea var. macrocarpa Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, var. macrocarpa A. Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 9: 194, pl. 5-6. 1929.  
Arachis hypogaea subsp. africana Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, subsp. africana Bois, Pl. Aliment. 1: 96. 1927.Arachis africana Loureiro 1790, non Burman f. 1768 
Arachis hypogaea var. africana Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, var. africana Girola, Cult. Mani Argentina 17. 1922, nom. illegit. et non K. Kurtz 1875.Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, var. glabra de Candolle 1825; Arachis africana Loureiro 1790, non Burman f. 1768. 
Arachis hypogaea var. communis Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, var. communis A. Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 9: 193. 1929.  
Arachis hypogaea var. microcarpa Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, var. microcarpa A. Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 9: 194, pl. 5-6. 1929.  
Arachis hypogaea subsp. procumbens Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, subsp. procumbens Waldron, Contr. Bot. Lab. Morris Arbor. Univ. Pennsylvania 4: 312. 1919.  
Arachis hypogaea subsp. rasteiro Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, subsp. rasteiro (A. Chevalier) A. Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 13: 772. 1933.Arachis rasteiro A. Chevalier 1929. 
Arachis hypogaea var. aegyptiaca Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, var. aegyptiaca Hasskarl, Retzia 1: 190. 1855.  
Arachis hypogaea var. gigantea Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, var. gigantea Patel & Narayana, Curr. Sci. 4: 737. 1936.  
Arachis hypogaea var. indica Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, var. indica K. Kurtz, Ver. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 1875: 45. 1875.  
Arachis hypogaea var. nambyquarae Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, var. nambyquarae (Hoehne) Burkart, Darwiniana 3: 281. 1939.Arachis nambyquarae Hoehne 1922. 
Arachis hypogaea var. robustior Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus, var. robustior A. Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 9: 193. 1929.  
Arachis nambyquarae Arachis nambyquarae Hoehne, Comiss. Linhas Telegr. Estrateg. Mato Grosso Amazonas 12: 21, pl. 190. 1922. BRAZIL: Rondonia: Cult. at Pimenta Bueno, Apr 1919, Kuhlmann 2052 (holotype: R).
Arachis rasteiro Arachis rasteiro A. Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 9: 196, pl. 5-6.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Coffee, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Geneva, Hale, Henry, Houston, Lee, Montgomery, Pike, Russell

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000036145 Bullock 18 Jul 2012 Bailee Dykes
996
TROY
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
UWAL0018292 Covington 17 Jul 1992 Kral, R.
81180
UWAL
Arachis hypogaea L.
JSU127821 Calhoun 1 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12023
JSU
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
UWAL0002289 Hale 12 Jul 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13001
UWAL
Arachis hypogaea L.
TROY000046403 Houston 05 May 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27365
TROY
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
JSU127820 Calhoun 1 Sep 1982 R. D. Whetstone
12023
JSU
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
UWAL0030937 Henry 05 Aug 1996 Kral, R.
86421
UWAL
Arachis hypogaea L.
TROY000036260 Covington 10 Nov 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23554
TROY
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
UWAL0014809 Covington 10 Nov 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23554
UWAL
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
TROY000004875 Dale 06 Jun 1997 Hannelore Rundell
238
TROY
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
JSU139950 Baldwin 24 Jul 2012 T. Wayne Barger
SP673
JSU
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
UNA00056319 Geneva 4 Oct 1998 John R. MacDonald
12442
UNA
Arachis hypogaea L.
AUA000010501 Pike 13 JUL 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5208
AUA
ARACHIS HYPOGAEA L.
AUA000010497 Crenshaw 19 JUN 1994 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
9252
AUA
ARACHIS HYPOGAEA L.
AUA000010499 Montgomery 11 AUG 1969 OWENS, JAMES R.
143
AUA
ARACHIS HYPOGAEA L.
TROY000032046 Montgomery 14 Oct 2010 Alvin R. Diamond
21650
TROY
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
TROY000035313 Hale 12 Jul 2008 Daniel D. Spaulding
13001
TROY
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
TROY000045481 Russell 17 Sep 2017 Alvin R. Diamond
27920
TROY
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
AUA000031180 Covington 24 Jun 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4786
AUA
ARACHIS HYPOGAEA
AUA000010498 Lee 31 JUL 1969 MCVAY, D. A.
129
AUA
ARACHIS HYPOGAEA L.
TROY000018930 Butler 21 Sep 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
20100
TROY
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
AUA000010500 Pike 24 JUL 1969 SIMMONDS, E. P.
62
AUA
ARACHIS HYPOGAEA L.
TROY000004874 Coffee 04 Sep 2000 Brian H. Martin
936
TROY
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
TROY000004876 Dale 14 May 1995 Clay Jernigan
3
TROY
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
UWAL0031913 Dale 26 Jun 1991 Kral, R.
79182
UWAL
Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus
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